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Systematic observation

Worldwide systematic observation of the climate system is a key prerequisite for advancing scientific knowledge on climate change. The Convention calls on Parties to promote and cooperate in systematic observation of the climate system, including through support to existing international programmes and networks, as indicated in Articles 4.1(g) and 5 of the Convention. A key dimension for the implementation of those Articles has been the cooperation with the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and other agencies participating in WMO's Climate Agenda. more >>

COP 5 urged Parties to address deficiencies in climate observing networks. It also invited all Parties to provide detailed reports on systematic observation in line with the reporting guidelines on global climate observing systems (as part of their national communications for Annex I Parties and on a voluntary basis for non-Annex I Parties).

Later on, by decision 11/CP.13 (refers to page 45) on Reporting on global observing systems for climate, the COP adopted revised UNFCCC reporting guidelines on global climate change observing systems and decided that these revised guidelines should take effect for the preparation of detailed technical reports on systematic observation in accordance with the provisions of decisions 4/CP.5 and 5/CP.5.  The decision further requests Annex I Parties to continue providing such reports in conjunction with their national communications.

For the latest national communications from Annex I Parties, including technical reports on systematic observation, see here

NASA to launch carbon observatory


Resources on climate change research related information from external organizations
Calendar of upcoming climate change science and research related events from external organizations

Outlook to SBSTA 41, 1–6 December 2014, Lima, Peru


SBSTA 41 will consider matters related to systematic observation.

The following information will be made available:

In February 2015 in Bonn, Germany, the GCOS secretariat, in collaboration with the IPCC and the UNFCCC secretariat, will organize a workshop to identify ways to enhance systematic observation and related capacity, especially in developing countries, to support preparedness and adaptation in a changing climate. (FCCC/SBSTA/2013/5, paragraph 48 and pdf-icon FCCC/SBSTA/2014/L.19, paragraph 6)

SBSTA 42 will address matters related to research.

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