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Systematic observation

Worldwide systematic observation of the climate system is a key prerequisite for advancing scientific knowledge on climate change and advising informed policy making.

The Convention calls on Parties to promote and cooperate in systematic observation of the climate system, including through support to existing international programmes and networks (Articles 4.1(g) and 5). Implementation is supported through cooperation with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS), World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and other agencies. Further background information >>

Parties provide detailed technical reports on systematic observation via their National Communications and in line with the revised UNFCCC reporting guidelines on global climate change observing systems (decision 11/CP.13).  


Report of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice on its forty-third session, held in Paris from 1 to 4 December 2015. FCCC/SBSTA/2015/5 Matters relating to science and review (Agenda item 8): Research and systematic observation, paragraphs 23-32

pdf-icon Climate Services for Supporting Climate Change Adaptation: Supplement to the Technical Guidelines for the National Adaptation Plan Processby the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).


2-4 March 2016 Global Climate Observation. The Road to the Future Shaping the next GCOS Implementation Plan, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Thursday 19 May, 14.30-18.00 Eighth meeting of the SBSTA Research Dialogue (RD 8)


Resources on systematic observation of the climate, climate change research and climate services from partners and relevant organizations, including the IPCC.
Calendar of upcoming worldwide climate change science and research related events from external organizations, including on issues of systematic observation.

SBSTA 45 will consider the GCOS Implementation Plan 2016.


The Adaptation Exchange