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Systematic observation

Worldwide systematic observation of the climate system is a key prerequisite for advancing scientific knowledge on climate change. The Convention calls on Parties to promote and cooperate in systematic observation of the climate system, including through support to existing international programmes and networks, as indicated in Articles 4.1(g) and 5 of the Convention. A key dimension for the implementation of those Articles has been the cooperation with the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and other agencies participating in WMO's Climate Agenda. more >>

COP 5 urged Parties to address deficiencies in climate observing networks. It also invited all Parties to provide detailed reports on systematic observation in line with the reporting guidelines on global climate observing systems (as part of their national communications for Annex I Parties and on a voluntary basis for non-Annex I Parties).

Later on, by decision 11/CP.13 (refers to page 45) on Reporting on global observing systems for climate, the COP adopted revised UNFCCC reporting guidelines on global climate change observing systems and decided that these revised guidelines should take effect for the preparation of detailed technical reports on systematic observation in accordance with the provisions of decisions 4/CP.5 and 5/CP.5.  The decision further requests Annex I Parties to continue providing such reports in conjunction with their national communications.

For the latest national communications from Annex I Parties, including technical reports on systematic observation, see here

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Outlook to SBSTA 41, 1–6 December 2014, Lima, Peru


SBSTA 41 will consider matters related to systematic observation.

The following information will be made available:

- Global Climate Observing System: pdf-icon GCOS submission to SBSTA 41 

SBSTA 33 invited the secretariat of the GCOS to report on progress made in the implementation of the 2010 updated GCOS implementation plan on a regular basis, at subsequent sessions of the SBSTA (FCCC/SBSTA/2010/13, paragraph 45)

- Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS): pdf-icon Progress report by the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) and the Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites (CGMS) on a coordinated response to UNFCCC needs for global observations

SBSTA 37 invited CEOS to provide, by SBSTA 41, an updated report on progress made by space agencies providing global observations in their coordinated response to relevant needs of the Convention (FCCC/SBSTA/2012/5, paragraph 41)

- World Meteorological Organization: WMO submission to SBSTA 41 on the outcome of the second session of the IBCS

SBSTA 39 invited WMO to provide, at SBSTA 41, information on the outcome of the second session of the Intergovernmental Board on Climate Services (IBCS), to be held in November 2014 (FCCC/SBSTA/2013/5, paragraph 43)

These submissions are also available here

will address matters related to research 

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