"Scientific evidence for warming of the climate system is
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Human influence on the climate
system is clear. This is evident from the increasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere,
positive radiative forcing, observed warming, and understanding of the climate system
The Earth system is complex and long-term policy direction can only be based on long-term observations and
comprehensive assessments of the best available science.
The Convention calls on Parties to promote and cooperate in research and systematic observation of the
climate system, including through exchange of information and supporting international programmes, networks
and organizations. Parties are also called upon to cooperate in improving the capacities of developing
countries so that they can participate in research and systematic observation activities (Articles 4.1(g,h) and 5). Further background information >>
Parties regularly report on their national and cooperative research activities and their contributions to
climate science, as well as emerging research needs and priorities through their National Communications.
At SBI 41 (Lima, December 2014), the compilation and
synthesis report of the sixth, and latest, Annex I national communications was presented
and included information on research and systematic opbservation (FCCC/SBI/2014/INF.20/Add.2).
Forty-first Session of the
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC-41) 24-27 February 2015, Nairobi, Kenya
Final press release
Outlook to SBSTA 42