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 Scientific research is required to understand climate change - the historical background, current status, impacts and future predictions, the effects of human activities and the actions required at global, regional and local levels for mitigation and adaptation


The Convention calls on Parties to promote and cooperate in research, systematic observation and the development of data archives, including through exchange of information; to support programmes, networks and organizations; and improve the capacities of developing countries (Articles 4.1(g,h) and 5).

Parties report on their national and cooperative research activities and their contributions to climate science, as well as emerging research needs and priorities, in their national communications.

The Paris Agreement identifies the need for an effective and progressive response to the urgent threat of climate change on the basis of the best available scientific knowledge. 

Implementation of research under the Convention and Paris Agreement is supported through cooperation with the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), which coordinates the coupled model intercomparison project (CMIP), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and other programmes, networks and organizations. The secretariat facilitates dialogue and communication on the research needs and priorities expressed by Parties to the scientific community and on the most recent and relevant information from the scientific community to Parties, including through the research dialogue.                        

The IPCC has a well established role in the Convention process in communicating scientific research information to the Convention through its assessment reports, special reports and technical papers.

Further background information >>

Resources and Updates

Resources for negotiators for SBSTA 46 Agenda item 6(a)): Research and systematic observation

SBSTA 46 Conclusions proposed by the SBSTA Chair available see document FCCC/SBSTA/2017/L.3

Ninth meeting of the research dialogue (RD9), Wednesday 10 May, SBSTA 46 


Resources on climate change research and systematic observation related information from external organizations, including IPCC and other relevant programmes.
Calendar of upcoming worldwide climate change science and research related events from external organizations, including on issues of systematic observation.
Resources for negotiators SBSTA 46

SBSTA Agenda item 6(a)): Research and systematic observation

SBSTA 46 session page


Ninth meeting of the SBSTA research dialogue
Wednesday 10 May, SBSTA 46
13.15-14.45: Poster session
15.00-18.00: Dialogue  

  • RD9 Webpage including agenda and information note by  SBSTA  chair

Statements at the SBSTA opening plenary

Further information


See Chronology  for information on all previous SBSTA  sessions





The Adaptation Exchange