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The need for a better understanding of the global climate system and its variability and change are addressed in the Convention, which calls on Parties to promote and cooperate in research and systematic observation of the climate system, including through exchange of information and supporting international programmes, networks and organizations (Articles 4.1(g,h) and 5). Parties are also called upon to cooperate in improving the capacities of developing countries so that they can participate in research and systematic observation activities.

Climate change research focuses on a wide range of topics such as earth sciences, climate processes and system, climate variability, climate modelling and prediction, including extreme events; climate change impacts and vulnerabilities, including adaptation, and climate change mitigation. It also covers a broad spectrum of sectors, society, economies and ecosystems, as well as cross-cutting and interdisciplinary research. more >>

Parties regularly report on their national and cooperative research activities and their contributions to climate science, as well as emerging research needs and priorities, in their national communications.
For the latest national communications from Annex I Parties, see here

UNFCCC Workshop on technical and scientific aspects of ecosystems with high-carbon reservoirs not covered by other agenda items under the Convention more>>

Outlook to SBSTA 40


Resources on climate change research and systematic observation related information from external organizations, including IPCC and other relevant programmes
Calendar of upcoming worldwide climate change science and research related events from external organizations, including on issues of systematic observation

Outlook to SBSTA 40

Following the conclusions of SBSTA 38 (FCCC/SBSTA/2013/3, paragraphs 62 - 70): 

  • Parties are invited to submit to the secretariat, by 26 March 2014, their views on possible topics for consideration as part of the research dialogue to be held during SBSTA 40
  • The secretariat will make these available on the UNFCCC website
  • By SBSTA 40 (June 2014) the IPCC will have released the contributions of Working Groups I, II and III to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report - these could contribute relevant information to the SBSTA 40 research dialogue
  • The UNFCCC workshop on technical and scientific aspects of ecosystems with high-carbon reservoirs not covered by other agenda items under the Convention was held from 24 – 25 October in Bonn, Germany.  The SBSTA requested the secretariat to prepare a report on that workshop, which will be available before SBSTA 40
  • A summary report on the secretariat’s work on enhancing the availability and visibility of scientific information relevant to the Convention was also requested and will be available at SBSTA 40

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