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"Scientific evidence for warming of the climate system is unequivocal"
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Human influence on the climate system is clear. This is evident from the increasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, positive radiative forcing, observed warming, and understanding of the climate system

The Earth system is complex and long-term policy direction can only be based on long-term observations and comprehensive assessments of the best available science.

The Convention calls on Parties to promote and cooperate in research and systematic observation of the climate system, including through exchange of information and supporting international programmes, networks and organizations. Parties are also called upon to cooperate in improving the capacities of developing countries so that they can participate in research and systematic observation activities (Articles 4.1(g,h) and 5). Further background information >>

Parties regularly report on their national and cooperative research activities and their contributions to climate science, as well as emerging research needs and priorities through their National Communications.

Relevant Events

SBSTA Research Dialogue (RD 7), 15.00-18.00, Thursday 4th June, Bonn Climate Change Conference

Scientific conference 7-10 July 2015, at UNESCO, Paris, France “Our Common Future Under Climate Change


Resources on climate change research and systematic observation related information from external organizations, including IPCC and other relevant programmes
Calendar of upcoming worldwide climate change science and research related events from external organizations, including on issues of systematic observation

Outlook to SBSTA 42

Research Dialogue

The seventh SBSTA Research dialogue will be held on Thursday 4 June 2015, 15:00-18:00

Topics to be considered in the research dialogue include:

Those referred to in SBSTA 40 conclusions (FCCC/SBSTA/2014/2, paragraphs 56 - 68): 

  • Submissions from Parties and research programmes and organizations (to be submitted by 25 March 2015) on lessons learned and good practices for knowledge and research capacity building, in particular in developing countries;
  • Submissions from Parties on possible topics for onsideration as part of the research dialogue, taking into account the findings of the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC AR5);

AND those referred to in regards to cooperation with the IPCC, in the SBSTA 41 conclusions (FCCC/SBSTA/2014/5, paragraphs 26-32) and decision (Decision 12/CP.20,  FCCC/CP/2014/10/Add.2):

  • The SBSTA invited the IPCC and relevant international and regional research organizations to inform Parties about efforts undertaken to address the information gaps identified in the AR5, including (in developing countries, especially in Africa, and on emerging issues, such as the links between climate change and desertification), for example at the meeting of the research dialogue at SBSTA 42 (June 2015).

All submissions are available on the UNFCCC website: Parties and observer organizations.
The following submissions have been received from Parties:

The following submissions have been received from observer organizations:


Research workshop

SBSTA 42 will consider the need for a research workshop in regards to the themes from the research dialogue.


Progress made in regards to the availability and visibility of scientific information relevant to the Convention 

The SBSTA, at SBSTA 40 (FCCC/SBSTA/2014/2 paragraph 67), invited the secretariat to report at SBSTA 42 on:

  • Progress made in regards to the availability and visibility of scientific information relevant to the Convention (FCCC/SBSTA/2015/INF.1) *new*

This is a follow up to the previous note by the secretariat: Summary information on enhanced availability and visibility of scientific information relevant to the Convention on the UNFCCC website (FCCC/SBSTA/2014/INF.5).


SBSTA 43 will consider matters related to systematic observation.


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