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Work Streams - Science

The SBSTA considers all matters related to research at the first sessional period of the year.
In recognition of the importance of scientific research in meeting the needs of the Convention, the annual meetings of the research dialogue discuss needs for climate change research and research-related capacity-building, particularly those of developing countries, and convey relevant research findings and lessons learned from activities undertaken by regional and international research organizations and programmes.

The SBSTA considers all matters related to systematic observation at the second sessional period of the year.
A key dimension for implementation of systematic observation under the Convention is the cooperation with the Global Climate Observing System of the World Meteorological Organization, the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites and other relevant organizations and programmes.

At COP16 in Cancun, the COP agreed on a long-term global goal to reduce GHG emissions so as to hold the increase in global average temperature below 2°C above pre-industrial levels. The COP also decided to periodically review the adequacy of this long-term global goal in the light of the ultimate objective of the Convention and overall progress toward achieving the long-term global goal, including a consideration of the implementation of the commitments under the Convention. The 2013-2015 review also considered strengthening the long-term global goal, including in relation to temperature rises of 1.5°C.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an independent body founded under the auspices of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). It assesses the scientific literature and provides vital scientific information to the climate change process.

The Adaptation Exchange