The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change (IPCC) assesses the scientific, technical and
socio-economic information relevant for the understanding of the risk of human-induced climate
The IPCC is an independent body founded under the auspices of the World Meteorological Organization
(WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The IPCC is best known for its
comprehensive assessment reports, incorporating summaries for policymakers from a synthesis report
and from all three Working Groups, which are widely recognized as the most credible sources of
scientific information on climate change. In October 2014, the latest and Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC (AR5) was finalized.
The Conference of the Parties (COP) has repeatedly expressed its appreciation for the IPCC’s
work and called on the Convention bodies, in particular the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and
Technological Advice (SBSTA), to continue cooperation with the IPCC and to seek its advice. It has
also urged Parties to contribute financially to the IPCC’s work, as well as to nominate and
support experts for the IPCC, especially from developing countries. According to Article 21.2 of the Convention, the
secretariat “will cooperate closely with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to
ensure that the Panel can respond to the need for objective scientific and technical advice”.
Further background information >>
In the Draft Decision on the Paris Agreement (FCCC/CP/2015/L.9/Rev.1),
the COP, inter alia:
- Invites the IPCC to provide a special report in 2018 on the impacts of global
warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission
pathways (paragraph 21);
- Requests the SBSTA to provide advice on how the assessments of the IPCC can inform the
global stocktake of the implementation of the Agreement pursuant to its Article 14 of the
Agreement and to report on this matter to the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA) at
its second session (paragraph 101).
The new IPCC bureau was elected in 2015 opening the way to start the IPCC’s sixth
assessment cycle, with the sixth assessment report expected in 5-7 years.
The scientific community have already begun work on CMIP6, led by the
WCRP, which will include consideration of scenarios that limit warming in 2100 to below
1.5 °C relative to pre-industrial levels, and the range of impacts at the
regional and local levels associated with these scenarios (FCCC/SBSTA/2015/2,
11-13 April 2016, IPCC forty third session, Nairobi, Kenya