This section summarizes resources, support and opportunities for action, as well as technologies that can be scaled up and replicated


1. Pursue sectoral planning approaches that integrate concerns relating to—and pursue solutions that contribute to—adaptation, mitigation, risk reduction and sustainable development

• Create an enabling environment to encourage planning, whether for ecosystem-based adaptation, urban resilience, or land use;

• Support research on ecosystems, climate change and human/ecosystem relationships, methodologies, GHG emissions, and the impact and cost-effectiveness of policy choices;

• Provide resources to relevant actors, including finance and information related to integrated planning approaches and the three global agendas.

2. Plan collaboratively, bring together relevant actors, encourage coherence of actions and make efficient use of available capacities

• Develop spaces and institutional structures to encourage dialogue between different sectors and ministries, including state and non-state actors;

• Implement mechanisms and incentives to connect actors at the local, regional, national and international levels;

• Provide resources, including relevant data, to non-state actors so they can participate meaningfully in planning and action;

• Account for transnational impacts when planning;

• Pool resources from diverse actors through multi-stakeholder partnerships to mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and finance, particularly for support to developing countries.

3. Work closely with vulnerable people and communities, and pursue “people-centred approaches” to policymaking

• Establish mechanisms, support and incentives to gather input from vulnerable people, communities and indigenous peoples;

• Provide financial, technical and capacity-building support at the community level to pursue relevant community-led projects;

• Consider a broad range of context-specific measures that increase resilience, are community/farmer centred and gender sensitive;

• Engage with local communities and integrate traditional and indigenous knowledge.

4. Create policy incentives that encourage action on mitigation and adaptation with related co-benefits

• Coordinate support for low-emission policies, technologies and practices to enable more targeted and impactful assistance to developing countries, to meet national SDG and mitigation targets;

• Improve monitoring and evaluation of mitigation and adaptation efforts, such as through SDG indicators, and consolidate institutional arrangements to support policymaking and implementation.

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