The Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) carries a strong financial incentive for the
dissemination of clean energy technologies, including renewable energy technologies. CDM projects have helped
local communities in SIDS by providing opportunities for sustainable development, creating employment or
increased economic activity, improving air quality, and transferring technology. CDM projects can also earn
credits that are tradable and saleable.
CDM Project 2595 : Bionersis Project on La Duquesa Landfill, Dominican Republic
As part of the project, a landfill gas collection and flaring system has been built in the La Duquesa
landfill in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. The project reduces greenhouse gas emissions by replacing the
former system whereby methane was emitted into the atmosphere.
Besides climate change mitigation, the project contributes to sustainable development by hiring and training
local people, transferring technology, building capacity, creating a network of local suppliers of equipment,
while offering opportunities to local competitors to launch their own business.
More importantly, the project will raise awareness of what constitutes a proper waste management system and
demonstrate that environment preservation can also create jobs and wealth for the local community.
CDM Project 9570: Bundled Wind Power Project Cape Verde
Cape Verde is an African country consisting of 10 islands (9 inhabited) and 13 islets, situated in the
Atlantic Ocean. The number of inhabitants in the country is growing, resulting in a higher demand for
energy. Today, Cape Verde is highly dependent on electrical energy generation from fossil fuels.
The CDM project consists of a group of four wind farms, which contribute to the reduction of fossil fuel
dependence and consequently help to decrease the GHG emissions to the atmosphere by introducing a renewable
energy source: wind power.
The purpose of the proposed project is to generate renewable electricity to the grid. With the growing energy
demand in Cape Verde, this type of project is very important for the country’s energy sector. As Cape
Verde’s matrix is mostly based on fossil fuel, it is important to diversify.
The project contributes to sustainable development by producing renewable energy, reducing pollution and
reducing dependence on energy generated by fossil fuel plants. Moreover, the project promotes economic
development in the region, as it enables the creation of jobs at different levels of expertise.
Papua New Guinea
CDM Project 0279 : Lihir Geothermal Power Project
As part of the project, a geothermal power plant was constructed on Lihir Island, Papua New Guinea. Like many
of the island nations within the Pacific islands, Papua New Guinea is subject to substantial volcanic and
seismic activity, which provides an abundance of geothermal energy resources that can be used as an alternate
source of energy.
By utilizing the existing geothermal resources of Lihir Island to generate electricity, this project has been
displacing most of the existing diesel generation on the island driven by the combustion of carbon-intensive
heavy fuel oil.
The project makes a number of contributions to the sustainable development of Lihir Island specifically, and
Papua New Guinea more generally. Environmental benefits are achieved through the reduction of air-based
pollutants, being emitted into the atmosphere due to the reduced combustion of fossil fuels.
In addition, the project has the potential to contribute to the economic and social development of the
country through technology transfer, increased employment opportunities for locals, and the development of
skills and expertise of Lihirians and other Papua New Guinea nationals.
Currently, about 85 percent of the population in the country lives in rural areas where electrification rates
are still very low. By encouraging the use of renewable energy sources, rural access to electricity could be
improved in the future.