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 World Environment Day 2014 - Opportunities under the Climate Change Convention
 

The Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) carries a strong financial incentive for the dissemination of clean energy technologies, including renewable energy technologies. CDM projects have helped local communities in SIDS by providing opportunities for sustainable development, creating employment or increased economic activity, improving air quality, and transferring technology. CDM projects can also earn credits that are tradable and saleable.

Dominican Republic

CDM Project 2595 : Bionersis Project on La Duquesa Landfill, Dominican Republic 

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As part of the project, a landfill gas collection and flaring system has been built in the La Duquesa landfill in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. The project reduces greenhouse gas emissions by replacing the former system whereby methane was emitted into the atmosphere.

Besides climate change mitigation, the project contributes to sustainable development by hiring and training local people, transferring technology, building capacity, creating a network of local suppliers of equipment, while offering opportunities to local competitors to launch their own business.

More importantly, the project will raise awareness of what constitutes a proper waste management system and demonstrate that environment preservation can also create jobs and wealth for the local community.

Cape Verde

CDM Project 9570: Bundled Wind Power Project Cape Verde

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Cape Verde is an African country consisting of 10 islands (9 inhabited) and 13 islets, situated in the Atlantic Ocean. The number of inhabitants in the country is growing, resulting in a higher demand for energy. Today, Cape Verde is highly dependent on electrical energy generation from fossil fuels.

The CDM project consists of a group of four wind farms, which contribute to the reduction of fossil fuel dependence and consequently help to decrease the GHG emissions to the atmosphere by introducing a renewable energy source: wind power.

The purpose of the proposed project is to generate renewable electricity to the grid. With the growing energy demand in Cape Verde, this type of project is very important for the country’s energy sector. As Cape Verde’s matrix is mostly based on fossil fuel, it is important to diversify.

The project contributes to sustainable development by producing renewable energy, reducing pollution and reducing dependence on energy generated by fossil fuel plants. Moreover, the project promotes economic development in the region, as it enables the creation of jobs at different levels of expertise.

 Papua New Guinea

CDM Project 0279 : Lihir Geothermal Power Project

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As part of the project, a geothermal power plant was constructed on Lihir Island, Papua New Guinea. Like many of the island nations within the Pacific islands, Papua New Guinea is subject to substantial volcanic and seismic activity, which provides an abundance of geothermal energy resources that can be used as an alternate source of energy.

By utilizing the existing geothermal resources of Lihir Island to generate electricity, this project has been displacing most of the existing diesel generation on the island driven by the combustion of carbon-intensive heavy fuel oil.

The project makes a number of contributions to the sustainable development of Lihir Island specifically, and Papua New Guinea more generally. Environmental benefits are achieved through the reduction of air-based pollutants, being emitted into the atmosphere due to the reduced combustion of fossil fuels.

In addition, the project has the potential to contribute to the economic and social development of the country through technology transfer, increased employment opportunities for locals, and the development of skills and expertise of Lihirians and other Papua New Guinea nationals.

Currently, about 85 percent of the population in the country lives in rural areas where electrification rates are still very low. By encouraging the use of renewable energy sources, rural access to electricity could be improved in the future.

 
 Small Island States Projects Part of Momentum for Change
 

Momentum for Change showcases shining examples of climate action around the world, including in small island developing states where people are particularly vulnerable to climate variability and sea-level rise. Many small island developing states are at the forefront of efforts to take action on the ground in response to climate change. Here are just a few.

 Seychelles: Schools Adapting to Climate Change through Rainwater Harvesting

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Harvesting rainwater from school roofs in Seychelles has cut the cost of water bills by USD 250 each month, educated school children on the impact of climate change on water resources, and raised awareness in the larger community. The water harvested at the school is being used for school gardens, cleaning purposes and toilets, as well as during the dry seasons when water restrictions are in place.

This 2011 Lighthouse Activity has been recognized by both government and the NGOs as an example of best practices for climate change adaptation by local, regional and international organizations.

Barbados: Making Biofuel from Used Cooking Oil

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A group of high school students in Barbados wanted to show that biodiesel can be used as an environmentally friendly alternative to diesel in vehicles. So they collected used vegetable oil from their homes and communities, took the used vegetable oil to school, and recorded the amount brought by each student. A sole proprietorship then collected the oil, produced biodiesel and glycerine, and paid the students a sum for the bottles and for each litre of biodiesel and glycerine sold.

Almost 4,000 liters of used cooking oil was collected, which would have otherwise been poured down the sink or disposed of in some other non-environmentally friendly manner. More than 3,000 liters of biodiesel were produced and used to fuel diesel vehicles, resulting in the reduction of approximately 6,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions.

Jamaica: Establishing the Caribbean Maritime Institute

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The Caribbean Maritime Institute was launched in 2010 as a learning center for renewable energy and producing potable drinking water. With the use of wind turbines made from recycled material – 45-gallon oil drums – the system produces potable water from rain, brackish and sea water that is purified on-site. The activity has helped to build the resilience of communities in Jamaica by using a reverse osmosis technology, which provides approximately 1,000 gallons of potable water daily for students and staff.