The Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) carries a strong financial incentive for
the dissemination of clean energy technologies, including renewable energy technologies. CDM projects
have helped local communities in SIDS by providing opportunities for sustainable development,
creating employment or increased economic activity, improving air quality, and transferring
technology. CDM projects can also earn credits that are tradable and saleable.
CDM Project 2595 : Bionersis Project on La Duquesa Landfill, Dominican Republic
As part of the project, a landfill gas collection and flaring system has been built in the La Duquesa
landfill in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. The project reduces greenhouse gas emissions by
replacing the former system whereby methane was emitted into the atmosphere.
Besides climate change mitigation, the project contributes to sustainable development by hiring and
training local people, transferring technology, building capacity, creating a network of local
suppliers of equipment, while offering opportunities to local competitors to launch their own
More importantly, the project will raise awareness of what constitutes a proper waste management
system and demonstrate that environment preservation can also create jobs and wealth for the local
CDM Project 9570: Bundled Wind Power Project Cape Verde
Cape Verde is an African country consisting of 10 islands (9 inhabited) and 13 islets, situated in
the Atlantic Ocean. The number of inhabitants in the country is growing, resulting in a higher
demand for energy. Today, Cape Verde is highly dependent on electrical energy generation from fossil
The CDM project consists of a group of four wind farms, which contribute to the reduction of fossil
fuel dependence and consequently help to decrease the GHG emissions to the atmosphere by introducing
a renewable energy source: wind power.
The purpose of the proposed project is to generate renewable electricity to the grid. With the
growing energy demand in Cape Verde, this type of project is very important for the country’s
energy sector. As Cape Verde’s matrix is mostly based on fossil fuel, it is important to
The project contributes to sustainable development by producing renewable energy, reducing pollution
and reducing dependence on energy generated by fossil fuel plants. Moreover, the project promotes
economic development in the region, as it enables the creation of jobs at different levels of
Papua New Guinea
CDM Project 0279 : Lihir Geothermal Power Project
As part of the project, a geothermal power plant was constructed on Lihir Island, Papua New Guinea.
Like many of the island nations within the Pacific islands, Papua New Guinea is subject to
substantial volcanic and seismic activity, which provides an abundance of geothermal energy resources
that can be used as an alternate source of energy.
By utilizing the existing geothermal resources of Lihir Island to generate electricity, this project
has been displacing most of the existing diesel generation on the island driven by the combustion of
carbon-intensive heavy fuel oil.
The project makes a number of contributions to the sustainable development of Lihir Island
specifically, and Papua New Guinea more generally. Environmental benefits are achieved through the
reduction of air-based pollutants, being emitted into the atmosphere due to the reduced combustion of
In addition, the project has the potential to contribute to the economic and social development of
the country through technology transfer, increased employment opportunities for locals, and the
development of skills and expertise of Lihirians and other Papua New Guinea nationals.
Currently, about 85 percent of the population in the country lives in rural areas where
electrification rates are still very low. By encouraging the use of renewable energy sources, rural
access to electricity could be improved in the future.