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Year of ADP action begins in March 2014

Article by the ADP Co-Chairs

Mr. Kishan KUMARSINGH

Mr. Kishan Kumarsingh
of Trinidad and Tobago
Introduction and background

In Warsaw, Parties agreed that the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) would accelerate its important work at the fourth part of its second session in Bonn, Germany, from 10 to 14 March 2014. The March session is therefore critical to continue building the momentum to Lima and Paris and we, the Co-Chairs, are committed to assist Parties in taking forward the Warsaw mandates, building on the excellent work achieved by Parties to date.
Mr. Artur RUNGE-METZGER

Mr. Artur Runge-Metzger
of the European Union

In our pdf-icon reflections note, we outlined our vision for the work of the ADP in 2014. And in this regard, we see a clear focus for the March session which needs to move work onto the next level.  

Elaborating the content of the agreement and advancing the facilitation of domestic preparations

In Warsaw, Parties agreed to further elaborate elements for a draft negotiating text beginning at the March session. In view of having the elements for a draft negotiating in Lima, Peru in December 2014, our first session of the year is a key opportunity to begin a more specific elaboration. 

Our common starting point for this important work is that the 2015 agreement will be applicable to all Parties, that it will be under the Convention and that it will be guided by its objective and principles. In this intensified phase of our work towards the 2015 agreement we need to focus on reaching substantive understanding that will set the frame for ambitious action on mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology, capacity-building and transparency of action and support post-2020.

We have a rich basis for advancing this work from previous discussions on the elements of the 2015 agreement. In our pdf-icon scenario note for the up-coming session, we have summarized some of the key questions that have emerged from these discussions. 

Finding common and meaningful answers to these questions will directly impact the quality and effectiveness of the agreement. We encourage Parties to engage in a dialogue with each other, not only during our open-ended consultations in March, but also at available opportunities in an informal setting as well as between negotiating sessions,  in order to reach mutual understanding of the options on the table and ways of accommodating the needs of all Parties as this is essential for arriving at meaningful textual elements that are supported by all.

Another important outcome of Warsaw was the invitation to all Parties to initiate or intensify their domestic preparations for their intended nationally determined contributions to the 2015 agreement. In this context, the ADP was requested to identify by the end of 2014 the information that governments will provide when putting forward their contributions. It will be important to achieve early clarity on the expectations of Parties in this regard so as to facilitate their domestic preparations, which will in turn provide further clarity on the elements of the agreement.

A workshop on domestic preparations for intended nationally determined contributions will take place during the session which will provide a space for Parties to share experiences and learn from each other on approaches, processes, constrains and challenges, including on needs for support, in preparing their contributions. We have also organized a briefing by relevant organizations on support that is available to developing countries for their domestic processes, and will ensure that there is plenty of opportunity for further bilateral exchanges.    

Pre-2020 ambition

In Warsaw, Parties agreed that the work on enhancing mitigation ambition needs to be accelerated by intensifying the technical examination of opportunities for actions with high mitigation potential, including those with adaptation and sustainable development co-benefits. As a result, we propose to launch a process of technical examination of mitigation opportunities during the March session and to carry this work forward throughout the year through thematic technical expert meetings and focused in-depth inter-sessional work.

The March session is a valuable first opportunity for elevating the work already done to an action-oriented outcome. Through the technical expert meetings, Parties will have the chance to demonstrate how these mitigation opportunities can be turned into reality and how barriers to implementation on the ground can be addressed. To focus the work, we propose that the first technical examination in March centres on energy efficiency and renewable energy.  In subsequent sessions of the ADP in 2014, we will propose to focus on additional high mitigation potential areas.

Specifically, the technical examination process will aim to:

  • Promote the implementation of good practice mitigation policies and proven technologies that could be scaled up and replicated by 2020 through increased international cooperation.
  • Develop a set of options related to mitigation policies and technologies and matching support options to ignite and enable effective implementation.
  • Enable pre-2020 ambition to make a real contribution towards achieving the 2C goal. 

It is our conviction that these technical examinations will assist Parties in turning opportunities into practical reality. To this end, we have invited international expert organizations specialized in energy efficiency and renewable energy to participate in the technical expert meetings and have encouraged them to assist Parties in taking forward opportunities for action they wish to pursue. We also encourage all delegations to include experts in this field so that work can be directly advanced. Further, we also encourage delegations to come prepared with initiatives that you would like to advance. In these ways, we look forward to achieving specific and action-oriented results.

As part of this effort, in addition to the existing cooperative initiatives already presented in the portal on the UNFCCC website, interested Parties and organizations are invited to participate in an ADP virtual expo uploading relevant material for the technical expert meetings on renewable energy and energy efficiency.

We have seen climate change action increase year by year and country by country. There is clearly a growing sense of momentum for action, both within and outside these negotiations. More and more countries have policies on climate, renewables or energy efficiency in place and more and more countries are working towards climate resilience. The pre-2020 action, as well as the 2015 agreement, have the potential to both rest upon and significantly build on this momentum. We look forward to working with Parties in Bonn and trust that it will be a very productive session.