New UNFCCC practitioner’s guide ready to be launched at Nairobi
A guidebook for preparing project proposals for financing is currently being developed by the UNFCCC
secretariat with the support of the EGTT and will for the first time be made available in 3 UN languages
(English, French and Spanish) at COP 12 in Nairobi.
Since the adoption of the Marrakech Accords, the development and transfer of technologies and know-how and
its related activities under the Convention have been focused mainly on the implementation of the framework
for meaningful and effective actions to enhance the implementation of Article 4.5 of the Convention and on
the work of the Expert Group on Technology Transfer (EGTT). Lessons learned from the past five years
have indicated the demand for immediate follow-up actions in two main areas, first to continue to assist
developing country Parties to assess, prioritize and update their technology needs, and second to provide
technical assistance to project developers in developing countries in converting ideas and concepts into
project proposals that will meet international standards of financial providers.
In response to the call for actions by Parties in the Marrakech Accords, 94 non-Annex I Parties received
financial support from the Global Environment facility (GEF) to assess and prioritize their technology
needs. To date 23 countries completed their assessments and the reports can be found on the UNFCCC web page
through its technology information clearing house (TT:CLEAR). Technology needs
assessments (TNAs) are centerpieces of the work on technology transfer under the UNFCCC. They reflect the
concept of a country-driven approach to this process and are pivotal in bringing together the relevant
stakeholders at the national level to identify and prioritize specific technology needs and in developing a
plan of action for meeting those needs.
A synthesis report on technology needs identified in 23 completed TNA reports as well as in 25 initial
national communications submitted by non-Annex I Parties was prepared by the secretariat for consideration
by SBSTA at its twenty-fourth session ( FCCC/SBSTA/2006/INF.1).The
report shows that sectors with commonly identified technology needs were energy, industry, and transport
for mitigation technologies (see figure 1), and agriculture and coastal zones for technologies to adapt to
climate change (see figure 2). Although there are some difficulties in measuring the effectiveness of
identifying technology needs, because Parties are at different stages of conducting this process, the TNA
synthesis report provides useful insight into the types of challenges, barriers and opportunities that may
exist with regard to technology transfer.
The TNA studies also provide project concepts and ideas.In facilitating the implementation of the results
of these TNAs, the EGTT with the assistance of the secretariat organized a workshop in October 2005 in Bonn
as a follow-up activity to its work on innovative options for financing technology transfer. The
discussions that went on at the workshop emphasized the need to enhance the capacity of project developers
in developing countries and other stakeholders in preparing project proposals that could meet the standards
of international financial providers. In response to this need, the above-mentioned guidebook is being
developed and will be used as a tool to enable countries to transform project ideas resulting from TNAs
into project proposals for financing.
While recognizing that no single formula or template exists for preparing a successful project proposal,
the guidebook concentrates on common ingredients that most well prepared proposals contain.Understanding
and demonstrating a mastery of these common ingredients combined with knowing the audience will greatly
increase the chance of success.
The guidebook explains these common ingredients using a question-and-answer framework:
What is being proposed? -> the core concept
Where will the proposal be implemented? -> The setting
Who will champion the proposal and see it to completion, and who else must be involved?
-> The team
How will the proposal be implemented? -> Implementation plans
Why is the proposal important and why should it be supported? ->
What if things do not go as planned? -> Contingencies
To Whom is the proposal addressed? -> The audience
As the Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, Mr. Yvo de Boer stated in the preface of the guidebook,
“It is believed that better projects, increased funding and shorter funding cycles can be
achieved through enhanced tools accessible to both project developers and those who receive their requests
for financing. Further, it was observed in a series of UNFCCC workshops on innovative financing held in
2004 and 2005 that a language gap clearly slowed communication between development, environment and finance
professionals. It is our hope that this guidebook and its accompanying templates will contribute towards
closing that gap and producing better proposals for consideration”.
Apart from launching this guide, the UNFCC is planning to organize a series of activities at Nairobi
including hands-on training for using the guide for the EGTT members and some country representatives, a
field trip for EGTT members and international media to visit a geothermal plant outside Nairobi (with a
focus on discussing financial aspects relating to the development of such a plant), as well as a side event
to present this guidebook at the session.
Figure 1: Commonly identified mitigation sectors, subsectors and technologies considered by Parties in
Figure 2:Commonly identified adaptation sectors, sub-sectors and technologies by Parties in TNAs