At its meeting in Bonn March 10 - 14, the UNFCCC's ADP negotiation is working to identify ways to ramp up national and
international cooperative efforts to curb greenhouse gas emissions, with a focus on renewable energy
and energy efficiency.
Cooperative initiatives can help governments increase ambition and deliver greater emission
reductions by engaging a broad spectrum of stakeholders.
For example, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s “Sustainable Energy for All” initiative provides a
platform for leaders from government, business, finance and civil society aimed at mobilizing action
from all sectors of society. It aims to provide universal access to modern energy services for all,
to double the rate of energy efficiency gains by 2030 and to double the share of renewable energy in
the global energy mix in 2030.
The Secretary-General aims for Sustainable Energy for All
Energy efficiency is regularly on the agenda of the G20, the group of the world’s 20 largest
economies. And the Clean Energy Ministerial
(CEM), mandated by the US-convened Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate, brings together
representatives from economies covering 80% of global greenhouse gas emissions. The CEM is currently
the only regular meeting of energy ministers that exclusively discusses clean energy.
Other important partnerships aim at providing global leadership on energy efficiency by identifying
and facilitating government implementation of policies and programs that yield high energy efficiency
gains. One such partnership is the Partnership for Energy Efficiency
Cooperation (IPEEC). IPEEC members represent developed and emerging economies, which collectively
account for over 75% of global GDP and energy-use.
Cities are powerful actors in reducing emissions and increasing sustainability
Cities are responsible for around 70% of energy-related emissions world-wide. The C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group on Initiatives of Cities spurs
climate action on the part of megacities. National governments and institutions increasingly
recognize the successes of cities in the climate arena and are turning to cities for solutions
to this critical issue. City action across the world has doubled since 2011, with cities now
reporting more than 8,000 climate actions currently under way. In addition to C40, a number of
agencies and organizations are doing important coordination work, for example ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability and UN-HABITAT.
Many of the largest energy efficiency gains can be made in the transport sector. The aviation
industry agreed global targets and has set a global strategy to achieve them. The International Air
Transport Association (IATA), the trade association for the world’s airlines representing some
240 airlines or 84% of
total air traffic, has made voluntary CO2 emission reduction commitments, aims to improve fuel
efficiency by 1.5% annually to 2020 and seeks to cut emissions in half by 2050 compared to 2005. The
Single European Sky Air Traffic Management Research Programme
aims to achieve a 10% reduction in emissions per flight by 2020 compared to 2005.
The IATA has agreed targets for emissions reductions
There is also significant mitigation potential in shipping sector. The International Maritime
Organization has mandated ships to carry energy efficiency management plans from 2020, and has
introduced an energy efficiency
design index for major classes of new ships built from 2013.
One key inspiring example of international cooperative action will be discussed at the UNFCCC’s
ADP meeting in Bonn, the energy management standard ISO
50001 that is based on the management system model of continual improvement. This makes it easier
for organizations to integrate energy management into overall efforts to improve quality and