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Inspiring examples of international cooperative action
 
At its meeting in Bonn March 10 - 14, the UNFCCC's ADP negotiation is working to identify ways to ramp up national and international cooperative efforts to curb greenhouse gas emissions, with a focus on renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Cooperative initiatives can help governments increase ambition and deliver greater emission reductions by engaging a broad spectrum of stakeholders.

For example, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s “Sustainable Energy for All” initiative provides a platform for leaders from government, business, finance and civil society aimed at mobilizing action from all sectors of society. It aims to provide universal access to modern energy services for all, to double the rate of energy efficiency gains by 2030 and to double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix in 2030.

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The Secretary-General aims for Sustainable Energy for All

Energy efficiency is regularly on the agenda of the G20, the group of the world’s 20 largest economies. And the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM), mandated by the US-convened Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate, brings together representatives from economies covering 80% of global greenhouse gas emissions. The CEM is currently the only regular meeting of energy ministers that exclusively discusses clean energy.

Other important partnerships aim at providing global leadership on energy efficiency by identifying and facilitating government implementation of policies and programs that yield high energy efficiency gains. One such partnership is the Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC). IPEEC members represent developed and emerging economies, which collectively account for over 75% of global GDP and energy-use.

 

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Cities are powerful actors in reducing emissions and increasing sustainability

Cities are responsible for around 70% of energy-related emissions world-wide. The C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group on Initiatives of Cities spurs climate action on the part of megacities. National governments and institutions increasingly recognize the successes of cities in the climate arena and are turning to cities for solutions to this critical issue. City action across the world has doubled since 2011, with cities now reporting more than 8,000 climate actions currently under way. In addition to C40, a number of agencies and organizations are doing important coordination work, for example ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability and UN-HABITAT.

Many of the largest energy efficiency gains can be made in the transport sector. The aviation industry agreed global targets and has set a global strategy to achieve them. The International Air Transport Association (IATA), the trade association for the world’s airlines representing some 240 airlines or 84% of total air traffic, has made voluntary CO2 emission reduction commitments, aims to improve fuel efficiency by 1.5% annually to 2020 and seeks to cut emissions in half by 2050 compared to 2005. The Single European Sky Air Traffic Management Research Programme pdf-icon aims to achieve a 10% reduction in emissions per flight by 2020 compared to 2005.

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The IATA has agreed targets for emissions reductions

There is also significant mitigation potential in shipping sector. The International Maritime Organization has mandated ships to carry energy efficiency management plans from 2020, and has introduced an energy efficiency design index for major classes of new ships built from 2013.

One key inspiring example of international cooperative action will be discussed at the UNFCCC’s ADP meeting in Bonn, the energy management standard ISO 50001 that is based on the management system model of continual improvement. This makes it easier for organizations to integrate energy management into overall efforts to improve quality and environmental management.