Your location: Home >  > International Consultation and Analysis (ICA) (Non-Annex I)

International consultation and analysis for non-Annex I Parties

Important information for Parties:

The CGE has prepared the Technical Tool to Facilitate Parties Prepare for and Participate in the ICA process.  The technical tool aims to assist developing country Parties prepare for and participate in the technical analysis of their BURs and the facilitative sharing of views.  The technical tool includes the steps involved, the roles of the various stakeholders, the stages, and the key documents and tools used to conduct the technical analysis.

pdf-icon Technical Tool (1083 kB)

At COP 13, through the Bali Action Plan, Parties agreed on the principle of applying measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) for developing country Parties, which laid the foundation for the subsequent elaboration of the existing comprehensive MRV framework for developing country Parties.

Measurement (M) for non-Annex I Parties applies both to efforts to address climate change and to the impacts of these efforts. It occurs at the national level and refers to GHG emissions, mitigation actions and their effects, and the support needed and received;

Reporting (R) for non-Annex I Parties is implemented through the national communications and BURs, where Parties report on their actions to address climate change in their national communications and biennial update reports;

Verification (V) is addressed at the international level, through the ICA of BURs; It can also occur at the national level, but is voluntary.

(More information is available in this pdf-icon handbook)

The existing framework for MRV under the Convention for developing country Parties consists of several elements, which have been gradually implemented through  a set of decisions by the COP over the period 2004–2015.



International Consultation and Analysis (ICA)

What is ICA?


At COP 16 in 2010, Parties decided to conduct international consultation and analysis (ICA) of BURs from developing country Parties under the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI).


This process aims to increase the transparency of mitigation actions and their effects, in a manner that is non-intrusive, non-punitive and respectful of the national sovereignty.  The discussion on the appropriateness of domestic policies and measures is not part of the process.


The process consists of two steps, which are triggered from the submission of BURs:



Parties can choose policies and measures to address climate change based on their domestic priorities, and ICA will focus on the information provided on the latter.


The modalities and guidelines for ICA were adopted at COP 17, COP 19 adopted a further decision on the composition, modalities and procedures of the team of technical experts (TTE) for undertaking the technical analysis (TA) of BURs under ICA.


The ICA process contributes towards the capacity-building of non-Annex I Parties leading to improvement in the quality of its subsequent BURs.


All documents related to the ICA process (e.g. BUR submitted, summary reports of the technical analysis, FSV records, etc.) can be found here.


pdf-icon Image (1785 kB)



  Technical support for the Team of Technical Experts (TTE) to conduct the technical analysis
The Consultative Group of Experts (CGE) on National Communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention, in fulfilling its mandate, also provides support to the TTE with the aim of enhancing their capacity to conduct an efficient and effective technical analysis under the ICA. Among others, these criteria for selection of the TTE include successfully completing the CGE training programme  prepared by the CGE.

Recognizing the increasing numbers of BURs submitted over time and the likely high demand on experts nominated to the UNFCCC roster of experts to undertake the technical analysis, the secretariat encourages eligible experts to enrol in the CGE training programme. 


For more information on the training programme: link here


Contact and Feedback
For questions on the ICA process, please e-mail the secretariat at
MRV for Developing Countries
National Reports from non-Annex I countries

Consideration of Reports

Financial and Technical Support

Tools and Training Materials
Relevant webpages/Notifications

Technical Analysis of BURs

Facilitative Sharing of Views

ICA documents cycle 1

ICA documents cycle 2

pdf-icon Rounds of Technical Analysis (193 kB)


COP decisions / SBI conclusions

Key COP decisions relevant to ICA process:

pdf-icon 2/CP.17
pdf-icon 17/CP.18
pdf-icon 20/CP.19
pdf-icon 21/CP.19
pdf-icon 14/CP.19

Key NAI National Communications decisions

SBI conclusions relevant to non-Annex I Parties

pdf-icon ICA Guidelines and Modalities