Please note that the UNFCCC Secretariat does not promote any particular methods or publications.
to the Convention are required to periodically submit to the Conference of the Parties (COP), in accordance
Article 4, paragraph 1, and Article 12, paragraph 1, of the Convention a report containing
information on the following elements:
national inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases (GHGs)
not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, to the extent the Party's capacities permit, using comparable
methodologies to be promoted and agreed upon by the COP;
(b) A general description
of steps taken or envisaged by the Party to implement the Convention;
(c) Any other information
that the Party considers relevant to the achievement of the objective of the Convention and suitable for
inclusion in its communication, including, if feasible, material relevant for calculations of global emission
included in Annex I to the Convention (non-Annex I Parties) prepare their national communications following
the " Guidelines for the
preparation of national communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention
contained in the annex to decision 17/CP.8.
The COP, at
its fifteenth session,
reconstituted the CGE for a period of three years, from 2010 to 2012 with the objective of
improving the process of and preparation of national communications from non-Annex I Parties, by providing
technical advice and support to non-Annex I Parties, including those Parties that have not yet completed
their initial national communications.
As per its
current terms of reference, the CGE is mandated to, inter alia, provide technical assistance to non-Annex I
Parties for the regular development of national GHG inventories, vulnerability and adaptation (V&A)
assessment, mitigation assessment, research and systematic observation, education, training and public
awareness, technology transfer and capacity-building, with a view to improving the accuracy, consistency and
transparency of information in their national communications.
to the mandate referred to above, the CGE, in its work programme for
2010–2012, agreed to the update of
CGE training materials on national communications, including national GHG inventories, V&A assessments
and mitigation assessments developed in 2004 and 2005. These updated training materials have been published
below for use by national experts involved in the preparation of national communications and other interested
stakeholders. These updated training materials should be treated as working documents and hence would benefit
from continuous revision and improvement.
materials are designed to facilitate the preparation national communications by non-Annex I Parties in
accordance with the UNFCCC Guidelines for the preparation of national communications from Parties not
included in Annex I to the Convention (decision 17/CP.8). It is in no case intended to replace any of the
methodologies or tools referred to or mentioned in its various modules. For further detail and explanation,
the reader is therefore always encouraged to go back to the original documents or tools referred to. It
is also important to note that some files and links below are from external sites. They are presented merely
as an example or illustration. The UNFCCC secretariat is neither responsible for content from external sites
nor vouch for the accuracy of the information presented in those sites. In case of any difficulties with the
files, contact the relevant website directly.
training materials are also available in French and
Further, the CGE also compiled a list of:
Previous CGE training materials more>>
- Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry. 2003 more>>
- Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. 2000.
- IPCC Emission Factors Database (EFDB) more>>
- Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (3 Volumes) Approved in 1996, and
published in 1997. more>>
- For supporting material (Expert Meeting Reports) of the IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
Programme (IPCC-NGGIP) please click here.
- Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth
Assessment Report of the IPCC more>>
- IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. 2000. more>>
- IPCC Special Report on Technology Transfer. 2000. more>>
- IPCC Special Report on Land Use, Land Use Change, and Forestry. 2000. more>>
- Technologies, Policies and Measures for Mitigating Climate Change - IPCC Technical Paper I. November
English, French, Spanish
Vulnerability and adaptation
- Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the
Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC more>>
- IPCC Special Report on The Regional Impacts of Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability. 1998.
The science of climate change
- IPCC Working Group I - Fourth Assessment Report: The Physical Science Basis of Climate
- An Introduction to Simple Climate Models used in the IPCC Second Assessment Report - IPCC Technical Paper
II. February 1997.
English, French, Spanish
- Stabilization of Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: Physical, Biological and Socio-Economic Implications -
IPCC Technical Paper III. February 1997.
English, French, Spanish
- IPCC Technical Guidelines for Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Adaptations. 1995 (The guidelines are
out of print. They also cannot be downloaded from the Internet.)
- Handbook on Methods for Climate Change Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies. This handbook,
published by UNEP and the Free University of Amsterdam in 1998, was designed to be an introduction to a wide
range of methods that can be used to design assessment studies of climate change impacts and related
- Model for the Assessment of Greenhouse-gas Induced Climate Change / Global and regional SCENario
GENerator (MAGICC and SCENGEN). The MAGICC/SCENGEN workbook and technical manual may be downloaded from the
web site of the Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK. more>>
- Managing the Greenhouse Gas Inventory Process Handbook: This
handbook was developed under the leadership of the NCSP, who managed a
review process in which draft versions were circulated for comments to 130 project co-ordinators of non-Annex
I National Communications, interested Annex I Parties, the Consultative Group of Experts on non-Annex I
National Communications (CGE) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change National Greenhouse Gas
Inventories Programme (IPCC-NGGIP).
- LEAP: Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning system. LEAP is a software tool for integrated
energy-environment and greenhouse gas mitigation analysis. LEAP has been developed by the Stockholm
Environment Institute-Boston with support from international organizations to meet the needs of researchers,
NGOs and government agencies worldwide.
- Adaptation Policy Framework (APF). The UNDP National Communications Support Programme (NCSP) has
developed an Adaptation Policy Framework, which is currently undergoing a review process. The main objective
of the framework is to help countries strengthen their capacity for preparing national plans and prioritising
adaptations to climate change. According to the NCSP the work may also support preparation of National
Communications of non-Annex I Parties. more>>