National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries
(LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and
immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would
increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage.
As of December 2008, the UNFCCC secretariat had received NAPAs from
39 LDCs, all NAPAs are available in pdf.
The main content of NAPAs is a list of ranked priority adaptation activities and projects, as well as short
profiles of each activity or project, designed to facilitate the development of proposals for
implementation of the NAPA. To facilitate access to project details from the NAPAs, the secretariat
has developed a NAPA
The NAPA project database webpage contains
- an index of projects by country, including project costs
- an index of projects by sector, including project costs
- lists of project profiles by sector, grouped according to the main sectors in which the project
falls. Some projects and activities are very cross-sectoral in nature, and difficult to classify into
any one sector. Such projects have been put into a 'cross-sectoral' group
- lists of projects by country showing cost with a downloadable pdf of project profiles per country
Focus of NAPAs
The NAPAs focus on urgent and immediate needs – those for which
further delay could increase vulnerability or lead to increased costs at a later stage. NAPAs should use
existing information; no new research is needed. They must be action-oriented and country-driven and be
flexible and based on national circumstances. Finally, in order to effectively address urgent and immediate
adaptation needs, NAPA documents should be presented in a simple format, easily understood both by
policy-level decision-makers and by the public.
The NAPA process
The steps for the preparation of the NAPAs include synthesis of
available information, participatory assessment of vulnerability to current climate variability and extreme
events and of areas where risks would increase due to climate change, identification of key adaptation
measures as well as criteria for prioritizing activities, and selection of a prioritized short list of
activities. The development of a NAPA also includes short profiles of projects and/or activities intended
to address urgent and immediate adaptation needs of LDC Parties.
Chronological evolution of the concept of NAPAs
Article 4.9 of the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) recognizes the specific needs and special situations of the
Decision 5/CP.7 of the
7th Conference of the Parties (COP) also acknowledged the specific situations of LDCs, in that
they do not have the means to deal with problems associated with adaptation to climate change, and
established an LDC work programme including NAPAs as well as other supporting activities.
Decision 28/CP.7 set the
guidelines for NAPAs.
Decision 29/CP.7 set up an LDC
Expert Group (LEG) to provide guidance and advice on the preparation and implementation strategy for NAPAs.