COP 19/CMP 9 (Nov. 2013, Warsaw, Poland) adopted three decisions relating to national communications
(NCs) of Annex I Parties:
COP 19 adopted the guidelines 23/CP.19 for the technical review of information
reported under the Convention related to greenhouse gas inventories, biennial reports and national
communications by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention. COP decision 22/CP.19 requests the secretariat to
prepare a compilation and synthesis (C&S) report on the information reported by Annex I Parties in their
NC6 for consideration by COP 20 (Dec. 2014).
CMP decision 9/CMP.9 requests
the secretariat to prepare a C&S report on supplementary information incorporated in NC6 submitted in
accordance with Article 7, paragraph 2 of the Kyoto Protocol also for consideration by COP 20
COP 18, (Dec. 2012 in Doha, Qatar), adopted the common tabular format for the “UNFCCC biennial
reporting guidelines for developed country Parties” (decision 19/CP.18). Developed
country Parties shall use the reporting guidelines for the preparation of their biennial reports. First
biennial reports are due 1 January 2014.
COP18/CMP8 also adopted COP decision 20/CP.18 on the
"Status of submission and review and compilation and synthesis of fifth national communications from
Parties inccluded in Annex I to the Convention and a CMP decision 7/CMP.8 on the
"Supplementary information incorporated in national communications from Parties included in Annex I
to the Convention that are also Parties to the Kyoto Protocol and submitted in accordance with Article 7,
paragraph 2, of the Kyoto Protocol, which had been forwarded to these bodies by SBI 36.
SBI 37 (Doha) took note of the status of submission and review of fifth national communications (FCCC/SBI/2012/INF.11).
All national communications received so far have been reviewed and review reports have been posted on the
See also Recent
developments on requirements for Reporting and Review for Annex I Parties under the Convention and the
Under the Convention, all Parties should report on the steps they are taking to implement the Convention
(Articles 4.1 and 12). Most of the 41 Annex I Parties submitted their first report (known as a
"national communication" (NC)) in 1994 or 1995, their second in 1997–1998 and the third after
30 November 2001. The fourth NCs were due on 1 January 2006 and the fifth on 1 January 2010.
Decision 9/CP.16 calls for submission of the sixth NCs on 1 January 2014.
Annex I Parties submitted their fifth NCs to the UNFCCC secretariat through
portal. The fourth NCs
and the previous NCs
submitted to the UNFCCC secretariat could be also found on the website.
Reporting Guidelines for National Communications
In preparing their NCs, Annex I Parties should follow the UNFCCC guidelines for reporting and review. These
guidelines have been revised twice, at COP 2 (Geneva, July 1996) for the preparation of the second round of
communications, and again at COP 5 (Bonn, Oct./Nov. 1999), where revised reporting guidelines (FCCC
FCCC/CP/1999/7) were adopted for the preparation of third NCs and continue to be applied for the fourth and
fifth NCs. To facilitate the preparation of the
fifth NCs the UNFCCC secretariat has prepared an annotated outline (278 kB) including
reporting elements under the Kyoto Protocol and presented an overview on the
relevant guidelines and reporting requirement.
Compilation and Synthesis Reports
Upon requests from the Subsidiary Body of Implementation (SBI), the secretariat prepares
and synthesis (C&S) reports of the NCs that summarize information provided in the individual NCs. The
latest C&S report of the fifth NCs, presented to SBI 34 (Bonn, June 2011), has presented a summary of
information reported under both, the Convention and under its Kyoto Protocol.
In accordance with the existing procedures and decisions under the Convention and its Kyoto Protocol, the
secretariat is organizing and coordinating in-depth reviews (IDRs) of NCs of Annex I Parties. The review of
each NC typically involves a desk-based study and an in-country visit, and aims to provide a comprehensive,
technical assessment of a Party's implementation of its commitments under the Convention, and for the
Annex I Parties that are also Parties under the Kyoto Protocol, under the Kyoto Protocol. In-depth reviews
are conducted by an international team of experts from Annex I and non-Annex I Parties, selected from the
Roster of Experts.
The in-depth review results in an in-depth review report which aims to facilitate the
work of the COP/CMP in assessing the implementation of commitments by Annex I Parties. The in-depth review
reports also allow easier comparison of information between NCs of Parties. The in-depth review of fifth NCs
finished in October 2012.
The UNFCCC secretariat invited Annex I Parties to share their experiences in reporting and review of the NCs
in side events at SB 33 and