Information submitted on methodologies & tools
Lowering Emissions in
Asia’s Forests (LEAF) Program
Link to Standard Operating
Procedures for Terrestrial Carbon Measurement
This manual provides standardized field measurements, based on proven field methods, for quantifying
carbon emissions and removals from changes in the use and management of lands. These procedures
are a key component of a quality assurance and quality control plan needed to provide confidence in
results of climate mitigation activities.
methods and procedures for monitoring, measuring and reporting
This sourcebook is the outcome of an ad-hoc REDD working group of GOFC-GOLD (Global Observation
of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics) that has been active since the initiation of the UNFCCC REDD
process in 2005. It provides a consensus perspective from the global community of earth
observation and carbon experts on methodological issues relating to quantifying carbon impacts of
implementation activities to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing
The Sourcebook is now available under the Doha COP 18 Version. It is to be understood as a
living document. Further methods and technical details can be specified and added with evolving
political negotiations and decisions. Respective communities are invited to provide comments
and feedback to evolve a more detailed and refined technical-guidelines document in the
Methodology for Estimating Reductions of GHG Emissions from Mosaic Deforestation (1394 kB) -
Updated: December, 2008
Description: The methodology is for estimating and monitoring greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of
project activities that reduce mosaic deforestation. Carbon stock enhancement of degraded and
secondary forests that would be deforested in absence of the RED project activity is also included in
this methodology. The underlying conceptual approach of this methodology is based on drafts of
the AFOLU Guidance Document of the Voluntary Carbon Standard. The methodologies is currently
being used by a number of projects around the world, including the Madagascar Ankeniheny-Zahamena
The Monitoring Matters Network
Participation in Natural Resource Monitoring – A Characterization of Approaches (771
No system exists to guide the development and expansion of natural resource monitoring schemes. To
help develop such a protocol, the authors present a typology of monitoring categories, defined by
their degree of local participation, ranging from no local involvement with monitoring undertaken by
professional researchers to an entirely local effort with monitoring undertaken by local people. The
strengths and weaknesses of each monitoring category are assessed. Locally based monitoring can lead
to rapid decisions to solve the key threats affecting natural resources, can empower local
communities to better manage their resources, and can refine sustainable-use strategies to improve
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries in a Post 2012 Climate Regime – A
The final report of a German research project on REDD discusses data availability and methodological
questions, especially for six countries (Brazil, Peru, Congo (Brazzaville), Madagascar, Indonesia,
Papua New Guinea).
removals from land-use, land use change and forestry activities in a post-Kyoto regime - quantitative
analysis of a framework for reducing deforestation (2322 kB)
Note: The main text of this report is in English, only the title and a 20 page summary are in German.
U.S. Environmental Protection
EPA is helping developing countries build national inventory management systems and offers two sets
of tools, consistent with UNFCCC reporting guidelines and available through the web-link below.
- National System Templates that can accommodate varying levels of national capacity and documents
and institutionalize the inventory management process.
- Targeted data collection strategies and software tools to assist developing countries in moving
to higher Tier IPCC methods.
In particular, the U.S. EPA—along with USAID and the University of Colorado—is working
with forest inventory teams in developing countries to enhance technical capacity and develop
sustainable inventory management systems. This work has included development of a software tool that
provides support for estimating the majority of emissions and removals from Land Use, Land Use Change
and Forestry and Agriculture. Thus far, the program has assisted 7 Central American countries and is
currently working with 6 Southeast Asian countries on their national greenhouse gas inventories for
land use, land use change and forestry, and agriculture.
Tropical Forest Group
estimating tropical forest carbon stocks: making REDD a reality (614 kB)
A peer-reviewed paper submitted by Mr. John O. Niles, on behalf of the Tropical Forest
Group, addresses the issues of monitoring and estimating tropical forest carbon stocks. The
paper has tabular information with multiple estimates of total forest carbon stocks for many
developing countries. The IPCC guidelines (Tier 1) are used for one of the models, but the
authors also use other models.