Your location: Home > Methods > REDD > Methodological Guidance

Methodological guidance for activities relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries (SBSTA)
 

Background

According to the FAO (2005), deforestation, mainly conversion of forests to agricultural land, continues at an alarming rate of approximately 13 million hectares per year (for the period 1990–2005).  Deforestation results in immediate release of the carbon originally stored in the trees as CO2 emissions (with small amounts of CO and CH4), particularly if the trees are burned and the slower release of emissions from the decay of organic matter.  The IPCC WGIII (2007) estimated emissions from deforestation in the 1990s to be at 5.8 GtCO2/yr.  The IPCC also notes that reducing and/or preventing deforestation is the mitigation option with the largest and most immediate carbon stock impact in the short term per hectare and per year globally as the release of carbon as emissions into the atmosphere is prevented. 

The agenda item on “Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries and approaches to stimulate action” was first introduced into the COP agenda at its eleventh session in Montreal (December 2005).  The governments of Papua New Guinea and Costa Rica, supported by 8 other Parties, through their submission FCCC/CP/2005/MISC.1, requested for this issue to be taken up on the agenda.  This proposal received wide support from Parties and there was general agreement on the importance of the issue in the context of climate change mitigation, particularly in light of the large contribution of emissions from deforestation in developing countries to global greenhouse gas emissions.  The COP established a contact group on this item which drafted conclusions on initiating a process to address the issue of reducing emissions from deforestation.

This page presents information and the status of negotiations of this agenda item from the most recent development at the SBSTA to outcomes from previous sessions.  It also provides an outlook on the agenda item at the next session.



Outlook for future SBSTA sessions
 

Outlook for SBSTA 41 (December 2014)

At its forty-first session (December 2014), the SBSTA will consider the need for further guidance on the issues referred to in pdf-icon decision 12/CP.17, paragraph 6 (issues relating to safeguards).

For its consideration at its forty-first session (December 2014), the SBSTA invited:

  • Developing country Parties to submit to the secretariat, by 24 September 2014, their views on experiences and lessons learned from their development of systems for providing information on how all the safeguards are being addressed and respected and the challenges they face in developing such systems;
  • Parties and admitted observer organizations to submit to the secretariat, by 24 September 2014, their views on the type of information from systems for providing information on how the safeguards are being addressed and respected that would be helpful and that may be provided by developing country Parties.

The SBSTA also agreed to continue its consideration of the development of methodological guidance on non-market-based approaches at SBSTA 41.

(Refer to pdf-icon FCCC/SBSTA/2014/L.8 for conclusions)

 


SBSTA 40 (June 2014)

 At its fortieth session, the SBSTA continued its consideration of:

  • Methodological guidance for non-market-based approaches;
  • Issues referred to in pdf-icon decision 1/CP.18, paragraph 40 (methodological issues related to non-carbon benefits resulting from the implementation of REDD-plus).

SBSTA 38 invited Parties and admitted observer organizations to submit to the secretariat, by 26 March 2014, their views on these matters (refer to pdf-icon FCCC/SBSTA/2013/3). These views are compiled in documents FCCC/SBSTA/2014/MISC.3, Add.1, Add.2 and Add.3 and FCCC/SBSTA/2014/MISC.4 and Add.1.

The SBSTA agreed to continue its consideration of the development of methodological guidance on non-market-based approaches at SBSTA 41. The SBSTA agreed to continue its consideration of methodological issues related to non-carbon benefits at SBSTA 42 (June 2015)

(Refer to pdf-icon FCCC/SBSTA/2014/L.8 for conclusions)

The secretariat organized an in-session expert meeting at SBSTA 40 on matters relating to non-market-based approaches on 6 June 2014.  A report on the meeting will be prepared for SBSTA's consideration at its forty-first session.

In-session expert meeting website

 

SBSTA 39 (November 2013)

At this session, the SBSTA completed its work on several matters relating to methodological guidance and the SBSTA forwarded draft decisions to COP19 for adoption. The COP adopted these decisions on methodological guidance as part of the Warsaw Framework for REDD-plus.

REDD outcomes at SBSTA 35 - 39

REDD outcomes at SBSTA 29 - 34

REDD outcomes at SBSTA 24 - 28

 



 

 

 

REDD under SBSTA

Recent Sessions

SBSTA 35 - 39

SBSTA 29 - 34

SBSTA 24 - 28

 
UNFCCC documents
UNFCCC documents relating to REDD-plus, including:
   * Key decisions
   * Workshop reports
   * Technical papers
   * Submissions
 
Warsaw Framework for REDD-plus

COP 19 adopted the 7 decisions of the Warsaw Framework for REDD-plus (WFR)