Developments under the SBSTA
During the 20th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 20) to the Montreal Protocol (Doha, Qatar, 16-18 November 2008),
Parties adopted Decision XX/7 (Environmentally Sound Management of banks of ODS) and Decision XX/8 (High
global warming potential alternatives for ozone-depleting substances). These decisions
call for collaboration with the UNFCCC in the preparation of a series of reports, sharing information,
participation in two workshops on these topics and dissemination of its outcomes.
At SBSTA 29 (December 2008), the SBSTA noted the above-mentioned decisions of the twentieth Meeting of the
Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The SBSTA encouraged the
secretariat to attend the related workshops, and Parties were encouraged to include their climate experts as
participants in the workshops ( FCCC/SBSTA/2008/13, paragraphs
The workshops took place during the 29th meeting of the Open-ended Working Group of the Parties to
the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (OEWG 30, July 2009).
- Workshop on the management and destruction of ozone-depleting substance banks and implications for
climate change (see related documents);
- Workshop for a dialogue on high-global warming potential alternatives for ozone-depleting substances (see
At SBSTA 30 (June 2009), the SBSTA requested the secretariat to prepare, before SBSTA 32 (June 2010), an
information paper summarizing relevant cooperative activities with international organizations, including the
secretariat for the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and its Montreal Protocol on
Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (the Ozone Secretariat).
The 21st Meeting of the Parties (MOP 21) to the Montreal Protocol took place from 4 to 6 November 2009 in
Port Ghalib, Egypt. Parties adopted two relevant decisions:
(“Environmentally Sound Management of Banks of Ozone-Depleting Substances”), which encourages
Parties to promote policies and measures aimed at avoiding the selection of high-GWP alternatives to HCFCs
and other ODS in those applications where other market-available alternatives exist that minimize impacts
on the environment;
(“Hydrochlorofluorocarbons and Environmentally Sound Alternatives”), which requests the Ozone
Secretariat and related bodies to further develop methodological work concerning destruction technologies
and funding possibilities. For the latter, the decision also requests to hold a seminar during OEWG-30
(Bangkok, Thailand, 21-25 June 2010).
Developments under the AWG-LCA
In the context of the process under the AWG-LCA, the negotiating text that was presented to the AWG-LCA by
its Chair in its 6th session (June 2009) and referred to the mitigation opportunities derived from
different actions guided by the precautionary principle, such as promoting the phase-down of
hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The text also referred to a possible arrangement to reduce emissions of HFCs.
The negotiating text was subject to comments from Parties, resulting in a revised negotiating text that was
further refined by submissions from Parties into a compilation of texts annexed to the report of the
7th session of the AWG-LCA (Bangkok, September-October 2009; Barcelona, November 2009). In this
compilation, reference was made to the above-mentioned mitigation opportunities, as well as to the
possibility of contributing to the reduction of HFC emissions through the adoption of appropriate measures to
progressively reduce production and consumption of HFCs. The text notes that these actions might have to be
undertaken under the Montreal Protocol, or working through the Montreal Protocol.
In its eighth session, the AWG-LCA prepared a set of conclusions presenting the outcome of the work of the
AWG-LCA to the COP, presented as draft decisions. One of these draft decisions (“Various approaches,
including opportunities for using markets, to enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote, mitigation
actions”) includes an optional paragraph where Parties are urged, under the Montreal Protocol on
Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, to pursue the adoption of appropriate measures to reduce production
and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons, in the context of non-market-based approaches (FCCC/AWGLCA/2009/L.7/Add.8/Rev.1).
In order to undertake further work on these decisions, the COP established a contact group on long-term
cooperative action, which, in turn, established drafting groups to work on specific draft decisions or parts
thereof. The texts were considered and modified by these drafting groups ( FCCC/CP/2010/2, Annex VII).
In 2010 and 2011, Parties continue discussions on this topic under the AWG-LCA agenda item on “Various
approaches, including opportunities for using markets, to enhance the cost-effectiveness of, and to promote,
Developments under the AWG-KP
The issues relating to HFCs and PFCs as well as additional new gases and methodological proposals for the
measurement of GHGs are also being considered by the AWG-KP.