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Reporting of the LULUCF sector by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention
 

Background


Article 4 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) identifies commitments of all Parties, taking into account their common but differentiated responsibilities and their specific national and regional development priorities, objectives and circumstances. In particular, Article 4, paragraph 1(d) identifies commitment to promote sustainable management, and promote and cooperate in the conservation and enhancement, as appropriate, of sinks and reservoirs of all GHGs not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, including biomass, forests and oceans as well as other terrestrial, coastal and marine ecosystems. Article 4, paragraph 1(a) identifies further commitment to develop, periodically update, publish and make available to the Conference of the Parties, in accordance with Article 12, national inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, using comparable methodologies to be agreed upon by the Conference of the Parties. This commitment applies also to inventories of GHG emissions and removals from land use change and forestry, and land use for Parties included in Annex I.

 
Reporting of the LULUCF sector
 

The UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories for Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (pdf-icon Decision 24/CP.19) provide, among others, guidance on the estimation and reporting of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol caused by activities relating to land use, land use change and forestry. The guidance stipulates that reporting under the UNFCC covers all anthropogenic emissions and removals from the lands included in the LULUCF sector (land based approach). In principle, this approach applies a “wall-to-wall” comprehensive inventory of anthropogenic sources and sinks of greenhouse gases over the land units subject to activities relating to land use, land use change and forestry.

Depending on the reporting year, the preparation of GHG inventories that are transparent, consistent, complete, comparable and accurate should be consistent with methodologies from the following IPCC guidance and guidelines documents:

The Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines

pdf-icon Decision 18/CP.8 “Guidelines for the preparation of national communications by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention, part I: UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories” stipulates that Annex I Parties shall apply the Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories for preparing annual inventories under the Convention, due since the year 2004.

The Good Practice Guidance for LULUCF

pdf-icon Decision 13/CP.9 “Good practice guidance for land use, land-use change and forestry in the preparation of national greenhouse gas inventories under the Convention” requested Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (Annex I Parties) to apply the Good Practice Guidance for LULUCF for preparing annual inventories under the Convention, due since the year 2005.

The 2006 IPCC Guidelines

pdf-icon Decision 24/CP.19 “Revision of the UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories for Parties included in Annex I to the Convention” stipulates that Parties included in Annex I to the Convention should apply the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.

The 2013 Supplement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Wetlands

The same decision encourages Annex I Parties to use the "2013 Supplement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Wetlands" in preparing their annual inventories under the Convention due in the year 2015 and beyond.

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Key decisions

pdf-icon Decision 14/CP.11
Tables of the common reporting format for land use, land-use change and forestry

pdf-icon Decision 13/CP.9
Good practice guidance for LULUCF

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More information

Reporting by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention


National Communications and Biennial Update Reports from Non-Annex I Parties