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Technical Workshop on Mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol 

(PDF) List of participants (42 kB)

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Technical Workshop on Mechanisms under Articles 6, 12 and 17 of the Kyoto Protocol was held from 9-15 April 1999 at La Redoute in Bonn-Bad Godesberg, Germany. The workshop was designed to advance the discussion on technological and methodological aspects of Article 6 (joint implementation), Article 12 (clean development mechanism) and Article 17 (emissions trading) so that the Conference of the Parties can take decisions on all three mechanisms at its sixth session.

The workshop was attended by approximately 100 invited participants, which included experts from Parties and representatives from governments, UN agencies, and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations. Core topics at the workshop included reference case/baseline methodologies, additionality, verification and reporting in relation to the clean development mechanism (CDM) and Article 6 projects.

Further issues addressed included the validation and funding of projects under the CDM and the adaptation component, and reporting, verification and accountability issues related to emissions trading. Participants also exchanged views on capacity building for developing country Parties.

The Climate Change secretariat arranged with the IISD ENB Reporting Services to cover the event:

A 17,000 word Earth Negotiations Bulletin summary of this meeting is now available at: (HTML)(PDF)

Photos available at
Streaming audio (RealAudio) files available for listening. You will need a sound card, 28,800 connection to the Internet (or better) and a copy of the free Real Audio player, available at

SBSTA Chair Chow Kok Kee's opening speech:
FCCC Executive Secretary Michael Zammit Cutajar's opening speech:
Eric Haites, Margaree Consultants, Inc., discussed the operation and governance of the Clean Development Mechanism:

Alex Michaelowa, presented "Project specific benchmark, top-down approach for baselines and additionality: a comparison."
Robert O. Williams, UNIDO, examined baselines for projects in the industrial sector:

Farhana Yamin, Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development (FIELD), presented options and issues for activities related to the adaptation component under the CDM:
Harris Gleckman, DESA UN, focused on the current practices and procedures for standard setting in the UN system and the ISO

Erik Haites provided an introduction to key issues on emissions trading:
Annie Petsonk, Environmental Defence Fund, discussed monitoring, reporting and review in emissions trading:

Michael Grubb, Royal Institute of International Affairs (RIIA) considered liability, supplementarity and other issues in emissions trading:
Frank Joshua, UNCTAD, outlined UNCTAD's launching of a plurilateral GHG emissions trading system:

Presentations of proposal by Parties on technical and methodological issues:
Norway (on behalf of Australia, Canada, Iceland, New Zealand, United States, Russian Federation, Ukraine and Japan:
South Africa:
United States:

Presentations of proposal by Parties on emission trading:
Germany, on behalf of the European Community, and Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Poland and Slovenia:
United States, on behalf of Australia, Iceland, New Zealand, United States, Russian Federation, Norway, Ukraine and Canada: