ADP 2-4 highlights
ADP 2-4 highlights Wednesday 12 March
On Wednesday, some 17 international organizations, each with specific expertise in concrete
climate action and support, made presentations in Bonn on how they can assist countries in
the process of arriving at their nationally determined contributions to the 2015 universal
climate agreement, and how support - especially to developing countries - can be provided.
This active engagement was welcomed by all countries, which now have the opportunity to
continue to engage with these organizations. View
The presentations were made in response to a mandate from COP19 in Warsaw, where
international organizations were invited to engage in a dialogue to foster the sharing of
experience and relevant information. Also in Warsaw, countries agreed to initiate or
intensify domestic preparations for their intended nationally determined contributions, which
will be included in the 2015 climate change agreement and which need to be ready by March
2015. At COP 19, governments urged and requested developed country Parties, the operating
entities of the financial mechanism, and any other organizations in a position to do so, to
provide support for the preparations as early as possible in 2014. The contact details of the
relevant organizations are provided on the presentations page.
One example of support offered in Bonn, by UNDP
The technical expert meeting on renewable
energy wrapped up Wednesday, concluding three days of fruitful discussions. Summing up
the discussion, facilitator Youba Sokona said the meeting went a long way to demonstrate the
potential of renewable energy to close the pre-2020 ambition gap. He pointed out that there
are barriers and challenges to the deployment of renewable energy. But he also said policy
and technology solutions exist to address them, bearing in mind that there is no one size
fits all policy, and that different policies apply to different countries as per their
national circumstances. View
Also on Wednesday, the technical expert meeting on energy efficiency kicked off. Energy
efficiency is the "low hanging fruit" of climate action, covering a broad range of
issues across all sectors of the economy. Overall costs of energy efficiency are generally
low compared to other options, and many measures have low or negative net costs and short
payback time. South Africa, Japan, Columbia and Singapore made presentations about their experiences in promoting renewable
energy, with Singapore mentioning its target to green 80% of its buildings by 2030. View
Singapore’s energy efficiency target for buildings
Meanwhile, the World Bank made a useful visual reminder, warning that climate change would
roll back hard-won development gains, should the agreed goal of a maximum two degrees Celsius
temperature rise not be achieved.
See previous updates
ADP 2-4 highlights Tuesday 11 March
What countries intend to do in future to deal with climate change and its impacts - and to
the best of their different abilities - is a critical part of the work under the ADP.
Efforts to begin defining these nationally determined contributions towards the new, 2015
Paris climate change agreement got underway in Bonn during a Tuesday workshop dedicated to
this important issue. The workshop provided a space for Parties to share experiences and
learn from each other on approaches, processes, constraints and challenges, including on
different needs for support, in preparing their contributions. The presentations on the
contributions can be found here. View
Following the workshop, Parties also continued their discussions on the nature of
contributions, as well as on the information that needs to be provided when contributions are
put forward before March 2015. The discussion was constructive, with Parties initiating
important exchanges aimed at reaching a mutual understanding on the scope and nature of
contributions. This exchange continues Wednesday.
Parties also continued their discussions on further elaborating elements for a draft
universal climate change agreement, which needs to be ready by the next major climate change
conference to be held in Lima at the end of this year.
Meanwhile, crucial work continued on finding ways to raise ambition before the new climate
change agreement enters into force in 2020. In Tuesday’s latest technical examination
process, which will continue beyond the current session, Parties focused on renewable energy.
Several Parties and multilateral agencies gave presentations on what they are doing in this area, and there
was a rich discussion on the opportunities and barriers to more action.
The International Renewable Energy organization IRENA pointed out that
renewable power generation is increasingly becoming more cost competitive, and that
investments in clean energy significantly increased from USD 55 billion in 2004 to USD 319
billion in 2011. IRENA pointed out that the dip in clean tech investments in 2013 was partly
due to policy uncertainty and the increase in shale gas production, but also due to the fact
that the costs for renewables has significantly dropped, so more can be built for the same
With renewable energy, developing countries can also achieve their sustainable development
objectives. The UN’s Sustainable Energy for All initiative presented its platform to
harmonize the many initiatives that are already on the ground. It also mentioned the need to
scale up renewable energy investment through public-private partnerships. Several other
agencies, including the World Bank and the Global Environment Facility, showcased what they are already
doing to boost renewable energy. See all the presentations here.
Local governments are instrumental in getting climate action going on the ground through
various city initiatives, many of them voluntary. ICLEI
(Local Governments for Sustainability) presented the world's largest global database of local climate action. ICLEI
underlined the need for central policy effort to match direction to local effort, noting that
there are limits to what most cities can achieve on their own because they, for example,
often do not have the mandate for setting energy policy.
Several Parties and organizations pointed to the need for more tools that help countries
prepare bankable proposals to access financing for renewable energies. IRENA is currently
designing a Project Navigator to help facilitate this effort, and the UNFCCC secretariat will
in the future play a more active role in collecting information and presenting relevant
information. Interested Parties and organizations have begun uploading relevant material for
the technical expert meetings on renewable energy and energy efficiency, and uploaded
material can be found at a virtual
expo on the UNFCCC website.
Wednesday sees the launch of the second part of this technical examination process that aims
to assist Parties in raising ambition before 2020 through increased energy efficiency
See previous updates
ADP 2-4 highlights Monday 10 March
Photo by IISD
The ADP successfully opened in the morning of March 10, with countries eager to make progress
on advancing understanding on the elements of the 2015 agreement, as well as on contributions
to the 2015 agreement.
opening address to the plenary, UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres spoke of
2014 as a year with much promise and potential, and stressed that it must be a year of
greater action and ambition to check the advance of climate change and set the ground for a
successful, global climate agreement in Paris.
She drew attention to the groundswell of action among many different stakeholder groups,
including investor groups and the business community, cities and sub-national governments,
military forces, as well as youth, faith and environmental groups. A recurring message during
conversations she has held with many of these groups is: "climate action is the best way
to minimize risk and capture rewards."
Ms Figueres highlighted the fact that these stakeholder groups are taking responsibility and
acting themselves, while putting wind in the sails of the international negotiation process.
Photo by IISD
A technical expert meeting process was launched by ADP Co-Chair Artur Runge-Metzger on 10
March. The process kicked off with a focus on renewable energy and energy efficiency, and
will turn to other topics with a high emission reduction potential during the course of 2014,
such as avoiding deforestation. At the opening of the first meeting of the process, ADP
Co-Chair Artur Runge-Metzger gave a strong message about the need for this process to
showcase concrete results at COP 20 in Lima.
"By the end of the year at COP, we should be able to see tangible results – new
and strong national and international initiatives, governments adopting new policies and
taking on bankable and implementable actions, and the mobilization of resources needed to
make this happen," Artur Runge-Metzger said.
The purpose of the technical expert meeting on renewables is to begin a process to unlock
opportunities to curb emissions, involving all relevant stakeholders. Artur Runge-Metzger
also said that greater visibility of the outcomes of the technical examination process was
necessary to inspire all stakeholders to take the necessary action.
The International Renewable Energy Agency IRENA highlighted that the global renewable energy
share can reach and exceed 30% by 2030, and that together with energy efficiency, renewables
can play a central role in helping the world stay below the agreed maximum two degrees
Celsius temperature rise.
Already today, around half of all new electricity generation worldwide is based on renewable
energy, which is increasingly becoming a job creation machine. IRENA also pointed to the fact
that whilst there is a considerable potential for renewable costs to fall, fossil fuel
subsidies are still disrupting the market (See more details in the IRENA's
Renewable Energy Roadmap).
The US, China, Kenya and Marshall Islands gave presentations about efforts they are making nationally to
deploy renewables, and what challenges they have had to overcome, or barriers they continue
to face. Delegates spoke about challenges associated with deploying renewables, for example
around cost, access to technology, supply and demand imbalance.
On Tuesday, delegates will discuss how the challenges and barriers can be addressed and how
the UNFCCC process can assist Parties in realizing their ambition in deploying renewables.