June 2014 Conference Updates
Conference Update Thursday 12 June
On 12 June, a stock-taking plenary was held to assess overall progress made at the climate
change talks which conclude on 15 June. Updates were provided on all areas of work at the
conference, including ongoing technical work, as well as work towards a new agreement in
Paris in 2015.
Regarding ongoing technical work, good progress was achieved in a number of important areas,
including technology cooperation, adaptation, forests and current mitigation.
In 2013, the Technology Mechanism was
made fully operational. The Technology Mechanism consists of the Technology Executive
Committee (TEC) and the Climate
Technology Centre and Network (CTCN). The TEC engages
various stakeholders from the public and private sector and observer organizations in the
work of its taskforces to mobilize their technical expertise and experiences to advance its
work. The CTCN is tasked with stimulating technology cooperation, transfer and development,
especially to developing countries. The Technology Mechanism has begun receiving concrete
requests for assistance from developing countries which shows the rapid progress in the
implementation of the mechanism.
Countries continue to strengthen the means of adapting to the impacts of climate change. The
aim is to boost the effectiveness of adaptation action on the ground by providing the
necessary tools and resources for it and by sharing lessons learnt. Additionally, the process
of planning for adaptation through national adaptation
plans was also strengthened.
In order to strengthen the implementation of the Warsaw Framework for reducing emissions from
deforestation and forest degradation, countries made progress towards completing the
consideration of non-carbon benefits and non-market-based approaches. This work will ensure
the long-term sustainability of REDD plus implementation.
In terms of current mitigation, countries reiterated the urgent need to increase ambition in
the years before the new agreement enters into force in 2020. To this end, there was much
support to continue a technical examination process on mitigation opportunities and to deepen
and widen this process into tangible mitigation action in the form of both new policies and
Additionally, countries are currently working on the review of the modalities and procedures
of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) under the
Kyoto Protocol. The goal is to
prepare revised modalities and procedures that will further improve the operation of the CDM
by streamlining the relevant processes, and lower barriers to accessing the CDM, while
strengthening its assets.
Other work on current mitigation focussed on reporting-related issues. The frameworks to
measure, report and verify mitigation actions by both developed and developing countries were
further strengthened and include provisions for technical assistance to developing countries.
Many Parties noted that their collective work needed to change gear and intensify towards the
Paris agreement in 2015. The next session of the ADP is planned for October 2014.
In-session workshop on long-term climate finance parts 1 and II
The first in-session workshop on long-term climate finance was organized in two parts and
took place on 11 and 12 June in conjunction with the Bonn Climate Change Conference. Part I
focused on developed country Parties' 2013 submission on strategies and approaches to
scale up climate finance.
Parties exchanged views on the information provided in 2013 and discussions held are expected
to inform the preparation of the updated submissions in 2014. Part II looked at how to meet
the needs of developing countries more effectively; climate finance effectiveness based on
lessons learned from the past, such as from the fast-start finance period; and ongoing
readiness activities across the Convention.
UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres gave opening remarks to the workshop,
stressing the importance of mobilizing trillions of scaled-up climate finance to fight combat
adverse impacts of climate change.
Herman Sips of the Netherlands and Kamel Djemouai of Algeria co-facilitated the workshop,
which began with scene-setting presentations from UNDP and the Overseas Development
UNDP presented an overview of the landscape of climate finance, insights that have emerged
from public interventions in mitigation and adaptation programmes/projects in developing
countries, and the role of international support in achieving scale and predictability of
ODI presented an overview of the experiences in assessing the financial needs of developing
countries, and lessons that can be drawn from country experiences on how to build conducive
enabling environments for scaling up financial resources from various sources.
Following the presentations, 3-4 panelists from governments and think tanks shared their
views based on their expertise and regional/country experiences. There were interactive
discussions between rotating breakout groups with different guiding questions ("carousel
approach") involving all participants, after which the discussion leads rounded up the
main points and reported back to the plenary.
Presentations at the workshop can be viewed on the dedicated webpage
on long-term climate finance.
View webcast part 1 |
View webcast part 1 (continued)
View webcast part II |
View webcast part II (continued)
Conference Update Wednesday 11 June
Countries continued to work constructively towards the new universal agreement to be adopted
in Paris in 2015. They also continued to advance ongoing technical work. Additionally,
countries actively participated in a technical expert meeting on land use.
In the context of the new agreement, countries had detailed discussions on what each would
contribute to the new agreement and what these contributions need to entail. Countries
engaged in a conceptual discussion on intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) in
order to determine their scope and nature. All countries agreed that INDCs need to include
mitigation, and many shared the view that contributions should include mitigation,
adaptation, finance, technology, capacity-building and transparency. The comparability of
efforts by countries was cited as an important factor by many. To this end, many countries
are of the view that existing provisions to measure, report and verify actions are an
important starting point to work towards such comparability. Countries will present their
contributions in March 2015.
On ongoing technical work, countries continued to refine work on national adaptation
plans, a key tool to identify medium- and long-term adaptation needs and to develop and
implement strategies and programmes to address those needs. They also had exchanges on
climate finance and how to
improve financial reporting. Furthermore, rich discussions were had on reporting guidelines,
how to finalize issues related to the end of the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, and how to address
damage from climate change impacts.
Today, a stock taking meeting will take place to assess progress made at the climate change
talks thus far.
2nd Dialogue on Article 6 of the Convention
Session III: Public access to information on climate change
The 2nd Dialogue on Article 6 of
the Convention wrapped up on Wednesday with a session on public access to information on
climate change. This session featured presentations on good practices and lessons learned
from enabling public access to climate change information and a lively discussion on how
public input leads to informed decision-making and effective climate action.
The session opened with brief remarks from Ms. Renilde Ndayishimiye, Co-facilitator of the
Dialogue and UNFCCC National Focal Point for Burundi, highlighting the importance of public
access to information.
Four presentations were given. First, the Philippines presented lessons learned from
enhancing public access to information on climate change in the Philippines, including the
role of information in preparation and response to Typhoon Haiyan. The Philippines uses a
diverse set of communication avenues to enhance resilience in natural systems and
communities. This has led to collaborative sharing of information, systematic use of climate
risk info, gender responsive communication, and high levels of involvement by civil society
and private sector.
Then the Lord Mayor of Bonn presented the perspective of a local government. Since 2008, the
City of Bonn has used web-based resources to communicate climate goals and other climate
information. Bonn has ambitious municipal emission reduction goals, with an eye on cutting
emissions 20% by 2020 and in half by 2030 from 1990 levels. Citizens play a key role, and the
Bonn website connects residents with consulting services that enable them.
This was followed by a Carbon
Disclosure Project (CDP) presentation on how carbon footprint disclosure information is a
useful instrument for investors, governments and cities. The CDP has been collecting data
since 2003. They have compiled a large data set using 140 data points from 81% of the
world’s largest companies in 81 countries. They also collect similar data from cities
through partnerships with C40 and ICLEI. The CDP seeks to enhance research, empower citizens in
systemic change, and shift capital towards low-carbon corporations and cities.
The final presentation was given by the
Southern African Confederation of Agricultural Unions and provided insight into using
mobile phone technology to connect with farmers and provide climate information. Cellular
phones, with the fastest uptake of technology in history, can create a multipurpose platform
to roll out climate-smart agriculture. This is still in development, but early results are
positive. Farmers served by cellular service can access early warning systems, extension
services and the organizational structure needed to make their farming climate friendly. Even
with challenges, cellular technology is changing the game for South African farmers.
Presentations were followed by a moderated discussion. Questions were posed to
representatives from the Government of Sweden, the International Trade Unions Confederation, the Casino Group, the Access Initiative and the World Resources Institute. These questions touched on:
- Mechanisms for ensuring public information access on policies and activities that may
adversely affect the climate;
- How information and communication technologies facilitate public access to information;
- Enhancing access to info on emission intensity of products to encourage sustainable
The ensuing discussion was far-reaching with highlights that included:
- A need to exchange information because you cannot give people what they need if you do
not know what they need;
- The ability of the ICT sector to visually present information in innovative ways that
allow for wider access and increased understanding; and
- Giving consumers access to simple information makes low-carbon more like low-calorie.
The floor was then opened to Parties and the audience. Parties from France, the Unites
States, Sudan, the EU and Ghana made statements regarding outreach and information
experiences. The audience was an active participant throughout this discussion and the
The 2nd Dialogue on Article 6 of the Convention closed with remarks from Mr. Amena Yauvoli,
Chair of the SBI and Chair of the Dialogue, who reiterated the need to connect global
processes with grassroots interests in inclusive, transparent and participatory ways. All
aspects under Article 6 converge to create a platform that enables engagement and plays a
critical role in the broad public understanding and support that moves the climate talks
Conference Update Tuesday 10 June
On 10 June, a special Forum on
experiences and best practices of cities and subnational authorities took place.
Speaking at the opening of the Forum, UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres said
that it would be impossible to address global climate change without addressing the key role
of cities, which are responsible for more than 70% of energy-related greenhouse gas
“We need a 40 – 70% global greenhouse gas reduction by 2050, and we need to get
to carbon neutrality in the second half of the century. This also means that we have to be on
a path to carbon neutral cities,” she said.
Cities have many opportunities to act and many are seizing these opportunities, both in
adaptation and in mitigation. Based on the clear identification of local needs, cities have
innovated action on transport, waste management and buildings.
They are also important influencers of behaviour and have done much to raise awareness.
Nevertheless, cities, notably in developing countries, face some formidable barriers to
action. Barriers often involve the lack of finance, the lack of capacity and skills, or a
lack of a formal mandate for action. In some cases, the spheres of influence between the
different levels of government lack clarity. Many of these barriers can be overcome, not
least through coordination between different levels of government, partnerships with other
domestic or foreign cities and the clarification of mandates.
Christiana Figueres at the opening of the City Forum.
Complementing the Forum, a technical expert meeting on urban environment was also held on 10
June. See highlights of the
technical expert meeting.
Meanwhile, the ADP, the body tasked with collectively constructing the 2015 agreement and
raising ambition to address climate change in the near-term, held its further contact group
meetings with a focus on adequate finance, technology and capacity-building support for
developing countries to build their own low-emission, climate-resilient futures. The
Co-Chairs stressed that at this stage they were looking in particular for Parties to give
their views on how the various parts of the agreement could be constructed, structured, and
implemented in concrete ways as well as what should be in the agreement. To this end, for the
finance discussions they provided a visual roadmap (below) of the elements of building blocks
as a tool to help countries in their discussions and this was generally well received.
Many Parties also called for a swift capitalization of the new Green Climate Fund.
Later, the ADP contact group on technology development and transfer had its first meeting.
All Parties reiterated the view not to create new institutions, but rather to make full and
effective use of the Technology Mechanism, and its two insitutional components (TEC and CTCN
– links here), and to strengthen the mechanism, among other ways by adequate funding
and resources and additional mandates.
The Co-Chairs also provided slides on Technology and Capacity-building summarizing key points to help Parties in their
Furthermore, the two Subsidiary Bodies (SBI and SBSTA) continued work on discussing and
constructing draft text on the many important technical aspects which will provide
substantive foundations of the 2015 agreement.
Launch of the UNFCCC Capacity-building Portal
The long-awaited UNFCCC Capacity-building Portal was
launched on 10 June during a side event at the Bonn Climate Change Conference.
Visually captivating, easy to understand and to operate, the Capacity-building Portal is an
innovative tool designed to help Parties, international financial institutions, bilateral and
multilateral assistance agencies and other stakeholders to monitor capacity-building
activities in developing countries. Visitors to the Portal can customize search criteria,
visualize data through interactive maps, bubbles and multi-coloured pie charts, line up
results in tables, print and export them.
Conference Update Sunday 8 June
On 8 June, countries continued working on key items including issues regarding the
implementation of existing work on adaptation, technology and forests. Additionally,
important work towards the universal agreement to be adopted in Paris in 2015 continued.
On adaptation, countries had
constructive discussions on the scope of the work to be carried out under the Nairobi work programme on Adaptation, which aims
to facilitate and catalyze the development and dissemination of information and knowledge
that will inform and support adaptation policies and practices.
On technology, countries
assessed progress of the
technology mechanism by discussing the annual report of the mechanism. The technology
mechanism aims to facilitate the implementation of enhanced action on technology development
and transfer in order to support action on mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
Regarding the reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), countries
continued to assess the role of 'non-carbon benefits' in the context of the existing
REDD+ mechanism. Non-carbon benefits are positive outcomes resulting from REDD+ activities
beyond those associated with carbon storage and/or sequestration.
Countries also continued work towards a new climate change agreement by clarifying their
views on how the reduction of emissions should best be handled under the deal. The agreement
needs to ambitiously tackle greenhouse gas concentrations in order to limit global average
temperature increases to well below 2 degrees Celsius.
Other issues discussed included guidelines for reporting actions already undertaken, the
status of finance as well as how best to include the latest scientific findings into current
and on-going work.
2nd Dialogue on Article 6 of the
Session II: Raising public awareness on climate change and mobilizing climate action
The 2nd Dialogue on Article 6 of
the Convention continued on Sunday with a session on raising public awareness and
mobilizing climate action. The session opened with remarks from Paul Watkinson,
Co-facilitator of the Dialogue and Chief Negotiator for France, who challenged the room to
avoid jargon and remember that climate change is about people, how they deal with climate
change and what it means to them. This set the tone for the session.
In the first of four presentations given, COP
in MyCity presented a programme to inform youth using the annual UNFCCC Conference of the
Parties as a reference point. The initiative seeks to bridge the gap between process and
people and has doubled its reach in the past year, currently engaging 3,000 young
Next up, the Global Call for Climate Action presented
their experience using digital tools to raise climate awareness that started in 2009. The
presentation traced web-based outreach, blogging and social media from its early use,
mobilizing record numbers of participants at the Copenhagen UN Climate Change Conference.
Lessons learned showed the climate movement is diverse, but disparate and targeted, cohesive
messaging is key for effective communication.
The government of Mozambique presented the results of its National Environmental Programme,
PECODA, which identified localities with environmental problems and empowered communities to
address these problems. The result is communities that are more resilient to climate change
and welcome climate solutions such as cleaner cookstoves and rainwater collection.
Finally, the World Bank Connect4Climate
initiative gave a presentation on reaching new audiences, with a focus on addressing climate
change as a step towards ending poverty. Connect4Climate works with music, fashion,
toy industries to reach diverse audiences in unexpected ways.
The subsequent panel discussion saw a lively exchange on effectively changing attitudes and
behaviors. Throughout the discussion, which included Twitter users following the
#ART6Dialogue, facilitator Paul Watkinson highlighted the importance of an open conversation
that involves and benefits people.
Raising public awareness and empowering individuals to act is emerging as a key component in
meeting the climate change challenge. This session of the 2nd Dialogue on Article 6 of the
Convention holds great potential to both sharpen the focus of those working in the area of
raising public and bring more governments and organizations on board to support this
The last session of the Dialogue will focus on public access to information on climate change
and will be held on Wednesday, 11 June, 11:00-13:00.
Conference Update Saturday 7 June
Countries working towards the new universal climate change agreement, which is set to be
adopted in Paris in 2015, continued their work and focused on the critically important issue
Exchanges centred on how best to anchor work on adaptation in the new agreement. All
countries agree that adaptation and risk reduction need to be strengthened across the globe,
and especially for the most vulnerable. To this end, there is an increased need to ensure
Conference Update Friday 6 June
High-level ministerial dialogue on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action
The ministerial roundtable on 6 June focused on issues related to mitigation before 2020, as
well as on key issues related to the universal climate agreement, which is set to be agreed
in Paris in 2015.
Throughout the day, Ministers and senior Party representatives had a rich exchange and made
interventions that aimed to guide work on increasing ambition before 2020 and next steps on
the road to Paris.
In that context, Ministers stressed the need to take the latest findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change into account, which
confirm the need for high global mitigation ambition. Many expressed that the level of
ambition before 2020 urgently needs to be increased. Countries also concurred that a new
agreement in Paris must follow scientific findings to ensure adequacy of global action.
Many Ministers and high-level officials stated that the Paris agreement needs to be
applicable to all countries, be based on ambitious nationally determined contributions, and
cover adaptation, finance, technology and capacity-building. Many
suggested that contributions should cover diverse actions, including mitigation as well as
adaptation and financial actions.
Other points made during the exchange include:
- The 2015 agreement should be under the Convention and in line with its objectives and
- There is an urgent need to increase and secure climate finance.
- The Kyoto Protocol could function as the basis for developing a multilateral rules-based
regime which also incentivizes domestic action.
- The preparation in Lima of the first draft negotiating text will be a crucial milestone
in the process to reach the new global Agreement in 2015.
View webcast (part 1) |
View webcast (part 2)
Conference Update Thursday 5 June
High-level ministerial roundtable under the Kyoto Protocol
The ministerial roundtable on June 5 focused on high-level political issues under the
Kyoto Protocol (KP), including
issues related to raising the ambition of developed countries before 2020 and ratification of
the Doha Amendment
to the KP so that it can come into force.
Ministers and senior Party representatives made a series of interventions which included both
recognition of achievements made and concerns that more is required to meet the immediate
needs identified by science. It was also noted repeatedly that ratification of the KP by
countries needs to speed up. There were also calls on developed countries to take the
opportunity to announce increased reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol at Secretary-General BAN's climate summit
in September 2014.
Other points made during the detailed discussions included:
- The experience and lessons learned under the KP can help increase global mitigation.
- Kyoto Parties with commitments in Annex B who spoke confirmed they remain committed to
their reduction targets and are broadly on track to meet them. A significant number of
Parties reported they were already over achieving their commitments.
- Several Parties explained how they reduced emissions and grew economies at the same time,
including reaping many co-benefits, for example: clean air, better health, more employment,
stronger national energy security.
- There was a call for Annex I Parties to continue or enhance their leadership in fighting
climate change. Those who have not joined or withdrew from the Kyoto Protocol were called
upon to present emission reduction pledges.
- All Parties who spoke highlighted their efforts to support the attainment of the
Convention’s ultimate objective -- to prevent dangerous human interference with the
climate system and allow sustainable environmental and economic development.
View webcast (part 1) |
View webcast (part 2)
View power point presentation (918 kB)
Special Press Conference by UNFCCC Executive Secretary and SIDS to mark World
Environment Day 5 June
Christiana Figueres gave the first UNFCCC press conference on World Environment Day (WED)
which this year focuses on Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and climate change. She was
joined by three Ministers from SIDS: Mr. Roland Bhola of Grenada, Mr. Tony De Brum from the
Marshall Islands and Mr. Abdullahi Majeed of the Marshall Islands.
Mr. Bhola underlined the immediacy of the problem, saying “it’s not about
preparing for the effects of climate change, it’s about dealing with them, while Mr. de
Brum spoke poignantly about one of the Marshall Islands which existed 20 years ago but has
Ms. Figueres said these small nations stand as a living reminder that the UN climate change
talks must deliver a lastingly successful Paris agreement and highlighted UNEP’s latest
Foresight Report on SIDS released today.
The report underlines the urgency to act given the particular vulnerability of SIDS to
extreme climate events, but also stresses the opportunity that can be seized by SIDS, which
are well ositioned to benefit in major ways from renewable energy. To download the SIDS
Foresight Report, please visit: www.unep.org
2nd Dialogue on Article 6 of the Convention
Session I: Public
participation in climate change policy decision-making and action
The 2nd Dialogue on Article 6 of
the Convention kicked off on Thursday with a session on public participation in climate
change policy decision-making and action. This Dialogue is another step in the ongoing
process to bring the public into discussions and decisions regarding why and how the world
must move to a low-emission future.
The incoming COP 20/CMP 10 President, H.E. Minister Pulgar-Vidal, highlighted in his
opening remarks that public participation is essential to climate action. He intends to
use COP 20/CMP 10 to build confidence among stakeholder groups and positively change the
narrative on climate change. The current and former Chairs of the SBI welcomed the Dialogue
and stressed that it is a key venue for laying the ground for changes in human behaviour and
the development paradigm towards low-emission societies.
Following the opening of the session, insightful presentations were delivered by civil
society representatives on gender dimensions of public participation, the importance of
building capacity of local communities to effectively participate in decision-making
processes, and lessons learned from indigenous peoples on effective participation processes.
Parties also shared their own stakeholder engagement successes. Furthermore, the UN
Alliance on Climate Change Education, Training and Public Awareness highlighted public
participation aspects of draft guidelines for National Focal Points for Article 6 of the
Convention that the Alliance is developing in response to an invitation by the COP.
During the subsequent panel discussion, Peru highlighted civil society as a ‘positive
force’ that will be fully engaged in COP 20/CMP 10, in particular indigenous peoples.
France reaffirmed its commitment to work closely with youth and other stakeholder groups in
the run-up to COP 21/CMP 11 and is designing a conference venue that ‘brings the blue
fence down’ and makes it a meeting ‘for the people’. UNITAR highlighted that Article 6 has moved from a ‘nice
to have’ to the heart of the development agenda and that the new climate change regime
should reflect this by ensuring effective public participation mechanisms.
Session II of the Dialogue will focus on raising public awareness and will be held on Sunday,
8 June, 11:00-13:00.
Conference Update Wednesday 4 June
June Conference gets underway in Bonn on 4 June
The fortieth sessions of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 40) and the Subsidiary
Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 40) opened in Bonn on 4 June 2014.
Additionally, the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP),
tasked with increasing climate action before 2020, as well as negotiating a new agreement by
2015 which will enter into force in 2020, resumed its work.
Some 1500 delegates from 194 countries will work together in view of strengthening the
response to climate change. In the SBI, delegates will discuss ways to increase adaptation
and how to secure the needed finance, how to build capacity in developing countries and how
to better assist Least Developed countries. In the SBSTA, delegates will focus on progress
made by the Technology Mechanism, which aims to strengthen international technology
cooperation, technical guidelines for the reporting of climate actions, as well as issues
related to the Kyoto Protocol.
The ADP will continue technical examinations of untapped mitigation opportunities as an
urgent measure to increase climate action before 2020. Additionally, delegates will continue
to collectively construct the structure and content of the 2015 agreement. The climate change
conference will for the first time see the participation of Ministers on 5 and 6 June. As a
result, work at the conference is likely to benefit from additional positive momentum.
Back to Bonn Climate Change Conference
- June 2014