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Compilation of information on mitigation benefits of actions, initiatives and options to enhance mitigation action: list of selected cooperative initiatives

Cooperative efforts undertaken at different levels contribute to catalysing national action and enhancing the ambition at the national level. Cooperative initiatives are implemented across various thematic areas with mitigation potential. The secretariat prepared a list of selected cooperative initiatives that is accompanied by a description and summary information on the type, coverage and participation in each initiative. The list compliments information contained in the technical paper on mitigation benefits of actions, initiatives and options to enhance mitigation ambition (FCCC/TP/2013/4).

List of selected cooperative initiatives

(Year of establishment)





Additional information

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Political dialogue
Group of Eight (G8)
G8 is an annual political forum, with general climate policy as one of its agenda points
X 8 countries and the European Union
Group of Twenty (G20) (1999) G20 is an annual political forum, with general climate policy as one of its agenda points. A subgroup of finance ministers and central bank governors from 20 countries meet at G20 summits to discuss several topics around finance, including inefficient fossil fuel subsidies X 20 countries
Technical dialogue
Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF) (2009) MEF is a platform that aims to facilitate a candid dialogue among major developed and developing economies, help to generate the political leadership necessary to achieve a successful outcome at the meetings of the UNFCCC, and advance the exploration of concrete initiatives and joint ventures that increase the supply of clean energy while cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions X X 17 countries
Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) (2009) CEM is a global forum to share best practices and promote policies and programmes that encourage and facilitate the transition to a global clean energy economy X X X X 23 countries
International Partnership on Mitigation and MRV (2010) The overall aim of the partnership is to support a practical exchange on mitigation-related activities and monitoring, reporting and verification regimes between developing and developed countries in order to help close the global ambition gap X 40 countries
Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) Global Partnership (2011) This partnership is an initiative that aims to strengthen the support for low-emission development in regions, to foster peer learning and capacity-building and coordinate low-emission development at the country, regional and global levels X Countries, organizations
Caring for Climate of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the United Nations Global Compact and the UNFCCC Secretariat (2007) Caring for Climate is an initiative aimed at advancing the role of business in addressing climate change. The initiative helps companies to advance practical solutions, share experiences and shape public policy as well as public attitudes X X X X X X X Companies
WWF Climate Savers
WWF Climate Savers is a global leadership platform which positions multinational corporations at the forefront of the low-carbon economy. The programme acts as a sounding board, providing guidance for companies seeking to substantially reduce their carbon footprints. The member companies work with other companies, suppliers and partners to implement innovative solutions for a low-carbon economy X X X X X X X Companies
Consumer Goods Forum (2009) The Forum provides a global platform for knowledge exchange and initiatives around five strategic priorities – Emerging Trends, Sustainability, Safety and Health, Operational Excellence and Knowledge Sharing and People Development X X X X X 400 companies
UNEP Finance Initiative (FI) (2003) UNEP FI is a global partnership between UNEP and the financial sector. The main activities cover capacity-building, participation in environmental policymaking forums, conferences and networking, as well as developing guidelines for financial institutions working in the field of environmental investments X Financial institutions
C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) (2005) C40 is a global network of large cities taking action to reduce GHG emissions. C40 provides its members with direct support, peer-to-peer exchange and research and communication. The Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI) is the implementing partner of C40. CCI works with participating cities on large-scale projects for reducing GHG emissions and improving energy efficiency X X X X X X X 61 cities
carbonn Cities Climate Registry (cCCR) (2010) cCCR is a platform where cities can report on their GHG emissions and reduction targets. It is now the world’s largest global database of local climate action. cCCR has been developed under the auspices of the Wolrd Mayors Council on Climate Change and with the support of Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI), among others. Cities reporting to cCCR include ICLEI member cities, Mexico City Pact signatories and WWF Earth Hour City Challenge candidates X X X X X X X 232 cities
Climate Alliance of European Cities with Indigenous Rainforest Peoples (1990) Climate Alliance is a European network of local authorities committed to the protection of the world’s climate. The member cities and municipalities aim to reduce GHG emissions through the development and implementation of local climate strategies. There are also measures taken to raise the public’s awareness of the protection of the rainforest and to refrain from the use of tropical timber derived from destructive logging. Climate Alliance is related to the Covenant of Mayors; it runs the Covenant of Mayors Office and acts as a Covenant Supporter for Climate Alliance members X X X X X X X Cities
World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) Urban Infrastructure Initiative (UII) (1992) WBCSD UII, co-chaired by CEMEX, GDF SUEZ, Siemens and WBCSD, brings together 14 leading companies from sectors including energy, buildings, materials, transport, engineering, water, equipment and support services to help city authorities to develop realistic, practical and cost-effective sustainability action plans. The companies in UII are working with cities upstream in the planning process to demonstrate the value of the early involvement of business X X X X 12 companies
Regions of Climate Action (R20) (2010) R20 is a group of subnational regions led by Arnold Schwarzenegger with a main focus on promotion and implementation of projects that are designed to produce local economic and environmental benefits in the form of reduced energy consumption and GHG emissions, strong local economies, improved public health and new green jobs X X X Subnational regions
Climate Group States and Regions Alliance (2005) The States and Regions Alliance, under the umbrella of the Climate Group, aims to promote subnational activities by bringing heads of subnational governments together X X X X Subnational regions
Energy efficiency/renewables/energy supply
The International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) (2009)
IPEEC is an international forum that catalyses global deployment of energy efficiency measures in all sectors by providing a high-level platform for policy dialogue and reform that spurs market transformation to promote energy-efficient technology, products and services
X X 15 countries
Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) (2012) SE4ALL is a global initiative of the United Nations Secretary-General. It is a partnership of leaders from governments, business, finance and civil society. SE4ALL guides stakeholders’ efforts through its Global Action Agenda, covering 11 action areas such as buildings and appliances. Short- and long-term commitments are then registered and progress is tracked and reported. A platform is provided for dialogue and knowledge sharing X X X X Countries, organizations
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) (2002) REEEP is a non-profit organization that has a primary focus on the scaling up of clean energy business models. It helps to fund small- to medium-scale projects that address barriers to market development, provides web-based information resources and is connecting countries and stakeholders that have developed best practice policies X X X 385 partners, including 45 governments
International Energy and Climate Initiative – Energy+ (2010) The idea of the Energy+ initiative was mainly promoted by the Government of Norway and is still in the establishment phase. It intends to support efforts to achieve universal access to sustainable energy and reduce GHG emissions in developing partner countries by scaling up access to renewable energy sources and increasing energy efficiency X X X Countries
International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) (2009) IRENA is an intergovernmental organization that supports countries in their transition to a sustainable energy future, and serves as the principal platform for international cooperation, a centre of excellence and a repository of policy, technology, resource and financial knowledge on renewable energy X X X 108 countries
Clean Energy Solutions Center (2009) The Solutions Center is an initiative of CEM, that receives support from a unique partnership with
UN-Energy, the United Nations interagency mechanism to scale up global clean energy use
Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) (2003) CSLF is a ministerial-level international climate change initiative that is focused on the development of improved cost-effective technologies for the separation and capture of CO2 emissions for its transport and long-term safe storage. The mission of CSLF is to facilitate the development and deployment of such technologies via collaborative efforts that address key technical, economic and environmental obstacles. CSLF also promotes awareness of and champions the legal, regulatory, financial and institutional environments conducive to such technologies X X X 24 countries and the European Union
UNEP Sustainable Buildings and Climate Initiative (SBCI) (2008) SBCI was created by UNEP in order to address GHG emissions and energy use reduction in the buildings sector in a global way. It is a partnership of governments, the private sector, and research centres. The main goals of the initiative are to: provide buildings stakeholders with a platform for collaboration and collective actions; set performance assessment baselines for buildings’ energy use and GHG emissions; elaborate strategies for policy measures acceptance; and implement measures and changes X X X
WBCSD Energy Efficiency in Buildings project (2006) The second phase of this four-year initiative (2013–2017) will analyse market opportunities and barriers concerning energy efficiency in buildings and will procure recommendations to stakeholders involved in the buildings sector X X X Companies
MEF – Energy Efficiency in Buildings (2009) This is one of the subgroups of MEF, focusing on energy efficiency in buildings X X X X Countries
UNEP En.lighten (2009) The En.lighten initiative has been established to accelerate global market transformation to environmentally sustainable lighting technologies by developing a coordinated global strategy and providing technical support for the phase-out of inefficient lighting X X X Governments and companies
Reducing emissions from fluorinated greenhouse gases
Refrigerants, Naturally! (2004) Refrigerants, Naturally! is a global not-for-profit initiative of companies committed to combating climate change and ozone layer depletion by substituting harmful fluorinated gases such as CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs with natural refrigerants with a focus on their point-of-sale cooling applications. Point-of-sale cooling may include the entire retail infrastructure, as in the case of heating, ventilation and air conditioning, but excludes manufacturing and distribution X X Companies
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987) The Montreal Protocol is an international treaty that entered into force in 1989. It was designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion X X X 197 countries
Reducing Short-Lived Climate Pollutants
Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC) (2012)
The initiative was launched in 2012 by UNEP with the aim of raising awareness of short lived climate pollutant impacts and mitigation strategies; enhancing and developing new national and regional actions, including by identifying and overcoming barriers, enhancing capacity and mobilizing support; and promoting best practices and showcasing successful efforts
X X X X 31 partner countries and 29 organisations
Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) (2009) GFEI is a partnership between 6 organizations that promote further research, discussion and action to improve fuel economy worldwide. The core activities of GFEI are data development and analysis of fuel economy potential, support for national and regional policymaking efforts and outreach and awareness-raising to stakeholders (e.g. vehicle manufacturers) X X X 6 organizations
Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership (LowCVP) (2003) LowCVP is a public-private partnership that wants to accelerate a shift to lower-carbon vehicles and fuels and create opportunities for United Kingdom businesses. The aims of LowCVP are to develop initiatives to promote the sale and supply of low-carbon vehicles and fuels, to provide input and advice on government policy, to provide a forum for stakeholders to share knowledge and to contribute to meeting the targets of the United Kingdom Government for road transport GHG emission reduction X X X 200 organizations
UNEP Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV) (2002) PCFV is a global initiative to promote cleaner fuels and vehicles in developing and transition countries. PCFV helps developing countries to eliminate the use of leaded gasoline and to phase down sulphur in diesel and gasoline fuels. It supports the development and adoption of cleaner fuel standards and cleaner vehicle requirements by providing a platform for the exchange of experiences and successful practices in developed and developing countries as well as technical assistance X X X More than 100 partners, including governments, international organizations, industry, NGOs and others
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) (1944) ICAO was founded in 1944 to promote the safe and orderly development of international civil aviation throughout the world. It sets the standards and regulations necessary for aviation safety, security, efficiency and regularity, as well as for aviation environmental protection X X X X 191 countries
International Air Transport Association (IATA) (1945) IATA is an international industry trade group of 240 airlines covering 84 per cent of international air traffic. It supports many areas of aviation activity and helps to formulate industry policy on critical aviation issues. Recently, it made voluntary commitments to CO2 emission reductions X X 240 companies
International Maritime Organization (IMO) (1958) IMO was established in 1948 with the purpose of developing and maintaining a comprehensive regulatory framework for shipping. Its remit today includes safety, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical cooperation, maritime security and the efficiency of shipping. IMO is governed by an Assembly of members and is financially administered by a Council of members elected from the Assembly X X X X 170 countries, and observers
Land use
Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (2009) The Alliance focuses on the research, development and extension of technologies and practices that will help to deliver ways to grow more food without increasing GHG emissions X X 30 countries
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) (2008) FCPF is a global partnership of governments, businesses, civil society and indigenous peoples aimed at REDD-plus,[1] including 37 tropical and subtropical developing countries. The objectives of FCPF are to assist countries in their REDD-plus efforts by providing them with financial and technical assistance, to pilot a performance-based payment system for REDD-plus activities, to test ways to sustain or improve livelihoods of local communities and to conserve biodiversity within the approach to REDD-plus, and to disseminate the knowledge gained in the process. To achieve these objectives FCPF has two separate complementary funding mechanisms, the Readiness Fund and the Carbon Fund X X X 14 REDD-plus countries, 15 donor countries, 6 observers, 3 organizations
Global Bioenergy Partnership (2007) The purpose of the Global Bioenergy Partnership is to provide a mechanism for partners to organize, coordinate and implement targeted international research, development, demonstration and commercial activities related to the production, delivery, conversion and use of biomass for energy, with a focus on developing countries. It aims to promote global high-level policy dialogue on bioenergy and international cooperation X X Partners: 23 countries and 12 international organizations; Observers: 24 countries and 10 organizations
REDD+ Partnership (2010) The partnership was launched during the Oslo Climate and Forest Conference hosted by Norway in May 2010, where Heads of State and Government, ministers and other representatives from 50 countries agreed on a framework for the rapid implementation of measures for reducing deforestation X X 57 countries
Global Partnership on Forest and Landscape Restoration (GPFLR) (2007) GPFLR is a proactive network that brings together governments, organizations, communities and individuals with a shared goal. The priorities of GPFLR are to catalyse support for forest and landscape restoration, to map and analyse restoration potential and to enhance knowledge and networks on forest landscape restoration. Through active engagement, collaboration and the sharing of ideas and information, GPFLR promotes an integrated approach that aims to ensure that forests and the services they provide are effectively restored and conserved to help secure sustainable livelihoods and ecological integrity for the future X X 160 countries
Asia Forest Partnership (AFP) (2002) AFP is a regional multi-stakeholder forum launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002. The partnership currently has 42 partners. AFP has set itself the task of information sharing, dialogue and joint action to promote sustainable forest management in Asia and the Pacific. By bringing them together, AFP can enhance the efforts of individual forest stakeholders to promote sustainable forest management X X X 42 organizations and countries
Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF) (2001) CPF is an inter-agency partnership on forests comprising 14 international organizations, institutions and secretariats which have substantial programmes on forests. CPF was created to support the work of the United Nations Forum on Forests and its member States and to improve cooperation and coordination among CPF member organizations. The objective of CPF is to promote the management, conservation and sustainable development of all types of forest and to enhance long-term political commitment X X X X 14 international organizations
United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries
(UN-REDD Programme) (2008)
The UN-REDD Programme is the United Nation’s collaborative initiative on REDD in developing countries. The programme's mission is to support countries’ efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. The programme supports nationally-led REDD-plus processes and promotes the involvement of all stakeholders in REDD-plus implementation X X X 46 countries
Global Methane Initiative (GMI) (2010) GMI is a multilateral initiative that unites public- and private-sector interests to advance the recovery and use of methane as a clean energy source. GMI builds on the existing structure and success of the Methane to Markets Partnership X X X X X X 16 countries