ADP 2.1 updates
Wednesday 1 May
Workstream 1 (discussing options towards the 2015 global climate agreement):
On 1 May, two round tables were held, one on
adaptation and one on
means of implementation of climate action. There was a clear tendency to see adaptation and
mitigation as "two sides of the same coin", with the need to combine both in a coherent
approach to address climate change and to drive the required transformation to resilient development.
Governments are in the process of identifying how the ADP could add value to adaptation on top of
existing arrangements. Delegates also began a discussion on finance in the context of the 2015
agreement. There was a constructive discussion, with many delegates emphasizing the need for support
to enable mitigation and adaptation in a transparent manner.
Workstream 2 (raising ambition to combat climate change now):
With regard to workstream 2, a workshop on
opportunities for mitigation and adaptation related to land use was held. Delegates heard expert
presentations on managing land use and forests – a scientific perspective on carbon
conservation and sequestration - as well as an overview of experience on the ground in the area of
land use and climate change. Views were exchanged on implementation of national climate change
strategies and mainstreaming of climate change considerations in policies and issues such as
addressing sustainable natural resources management, territorial planning, forest monitoring and
agricultural production. There was consensus that multiple benefits, such as food security,
sustainable livelihoods, economic and productivity gains, biodiversity conservation and poverty
alleviation represent a major driving force behind national action on climate change.
Participants furthermore shared views on the importance of international cooperation and potential
involvement of other international organizations and partnerships, such as FAO, UN-REDD programme
and REDD+ partnership. They noted that countries
that have taken ownership and shown leadership, and have engaged all important stakeholders from the
outset, are making particularly good progress in the implementation of REDD+.
Tuesday 30 April
On workstream 1 (discussing options towards the 2015 global climate agreement):
On 30 April, a
round table on workstream 1 was held. Responding to the Co-Chairs’ calls for more focus,
governments delineated clearly and concretely their ideas about the contours of the 2015 agreement.
Although many complex questions remain, signs of convergence were clearly visible in the statements
given. Many governments are seeking a system, in the context of the Convention and its principles,
that integrates bottom-up and top-down approaches, using best elements of both. In particular, a
strong interest emerged to create an innovative "menu" or "spectrum" of
commitments compatible with national circumstances, as well as a mechanism to regularly ratchet up
ambition to meet the requirements of the 2 degrees goal. The next step is to discuss what is needed
from the 2015 agreement to enhance, complement and add value to action on mitigation, adaptation,
means of implementation and transparency.
On workstream 2 (raising ambition to combat climate change now):
At a workshop on low-emission
development opportunities, participants saw expert presentations of examples of what can be
done to address issues such as energy efficiency, renewable energy and low-emission technology. It
emerged that a breadth of mitigation actions are already taking place both at national and
international levels, and ample opportunities exist to further scale up these actions. At this
workshop and at a
round table on workstream 2, delegates looked at how low-emission development strategies require
the right enabling environment and effective inter-ministerial cooperation as well as sufficient
financial means of implementation in order to achieve transformational change. Consensus emerged that
broad involvement of all stakeholders as well as support at the highest political level are
critically important for low-emission development implementation.
Monday 29 April
The ADP 2 successfully launched its work 29 April, engaging in some of the most challenging aspects
of the design of the 2015 legal agreement to ensure it is ambitious, durable and effective. The
launch also came against a background of steeply rising global greenhouse gas emissions and a growing
sense of urgency to take action to stave off the worst effects of climate change.
opening of ADP 2, UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres said: "My dear friends, I
welcome you here with a heightened sense of concern. The concern, which I am sure you have all read,
is that the measurements of atmospheric concentrations of CO2 provided by Mauna Loa Observatory are
already at 399.72 parts per million. We are just about to cross the 400 ppm threshold. Hence, this
meeting, the Second Meeting of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action,
meets in a heightened sense of urgency."
In the morning of 29 April, the ADP held an opening plenary and agreed on the organization of work.
In the afternoon, the ADP held this session's first
workshop on design aspects of the 2015 agreement. The workshop opened with expert presentations
on challenges in designing the agreement, on national climate-change related legislation, on ways to
allocate responsibilities and on equity and fairness. Governments then engaged in a 4-hour discussion
on general design aspects of the future agreement, on the relationship between the UN process and
national policy, on the question of commitments, and on how to combine fairness and effectiveness in
the agreement. You can see the presentations given at the workshop here.