REDD Web Platform: Demonstration Activities
Demonstration activities are essential in order to establish a basic stock of practical experiences
related to REDD-plus. This section informs about ongoing and planned demonstration activities by
Parties, relevant organizations as well as joint initiatives.
Information submitted on demonstration activities
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF)
English PDF (308 kB) /
French PDF (313 kB) /
Spanish PDF (281 kB)
The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
(FCPF), which became operational in June 2008, is a global partnership focused on
reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, forest carbon stock
conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks
(REDD+). The FCPF complements the UNFCCC negotiations on REDD+ by demonstrating how REDD+ can
be applied at the country level and by learning lessons from this early implementation phase.
The FCPF has created a framework and processes for REDD+ readiness, which helps countries get
ready for future systems of financial incentives for REDD+. Using this framework, each
participating country develops an understanding of what it means to become ready for REDD+,
in particular by developing reference scenarios, adopting a REDD+ strategy, designing
monitoring systems and setting up REDD+ national management arrangements, in ways that are
inclusive of the key national stakeholders.
The FCPF currently has thirty six REDD Country Participants (13 in
Africa, 15 in Latin America and the Caribbean, and eight in Asia-Pacific). The partnership
relies on an effective and inclusive governance structure, with the Participants Assembly and
the Participants Committee at its core.
The Participants Assembly, which is comprised of all the countries and organizations
participating in the FCPF, meets annually and elects the Participants Committee. The
Participants Committee is made up of an equal number of forest (REDD+) countries (14) and
financial contributors (14), and is also comprised of observers representing indigenous
peoples, civil society, international organizations, the UN-REDD Programme, the UNFCCC
Secretariat and the private sector. The Committee is the main decision-making body of the
FCPF. It reviews country submissions, decides on grant resource allocation, approves budgets
The World Bank assumes the functions of trustee and secretariat. The World Bank, the
Inter-American Development Bank and United Nations Development Programme are Delivery
Partners under the Readiness Fund and responsible for providing REDD+ readiness support
services to distinct countries.
With assistance from the Readiness Fund (currently about US$258
million committed or pledged by 15 public donors, each having provided at least US$5
million), each participating country prepares itself for REDD+ by developing the necessary
policies and systems, in particular by adopting national strategies; developing reference
emission levels; designing measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) systems; and setting
up REDD+ national management arrangements, including the proper safeguards.
The focus of the FCPF to date has been on REDD+ readiness. A total of 33 countries have
already prepared their Readiness Preparation Proposals, of which 26 for formal assessment,
and nine have received grants to implement these proposals.
In the readiness phase, significant cooperation has been developed between the FCPF and the
UN-REDD Programme, the Forest Investment Program and the Global Environment Facility. In
addition, a common approach to environmental and social safeguards has been developed, which
allows the proceeds of the FCPF Readiness Fund to flow through the various Delivery Partners.
The Carbon Fund, the second fund of the FCPF became operational in
May 2011. It will provide payments for verified emission reductions from REDD+ programs in
countries that have made considerable progress towards REDD+ readiness. About five REDD
Country Participants will qualify for the Carbon Fund based on a progress assessment by the
FCPF Participants Committee.
Programs submitted to the Carbon Fund (currently about US$390 million committed or pledged by
ten public and private contributors, each having provided at least US$5 million) will have to
meet the following criteria:
• Focus on results, namely high-quality and sustainable emissions reductions
including social and environmental benefits;
• Sufficient scale of implementation, e.g., at the level of an administrative
jurisdiction within a country or at the national level;
• Consistency with emerging compliance standards under the UNFCCC and other
• Diversity, so as to generate learning value for the FCPF and other
• Clear mechanisms so that the incentives for REDD+ reach those who need them;
• Transparent stakeholder consultations.
In addition, programs implemented at the sub-national scale will need to be consistent with
the emerging national strategies, reference emission levels and MRV systems, and be
accompanied by measures to assess and minimize the risk of leakage.
The Carbon Fund is intended to play a catalytic role for REDD+, building on the experience of
pioneering initiatives such as the BioCarbon Fund. Accordingly, Carbon Fund commitments
should be made early enough to provide incentives to countries to adopt the necessary
policies and systems and undertake the necessary investments. Consistent with the UNFCCC
decision on REDD+ adopted in Cancun in December 2010, the readiness, investment and
performance-based payment phases are not purely sequential but will instead overlap to a
large extent. Nevertheless, to ensure that carbon finance builds on readiness achievements,
the FCPF Participants Committee must have assessed a country’s Readiness Package before
the country can enter into an Emission Reductions Payment Agreement with the Carbon
The Carbon Fund will deliver emission reductions to the financial contributors to the fund
pro rata to the capital share.
In the year ahead, the FCPF will advance its work on critical
issues at the interface between readiness and carbon finance, in particular the readiness
package assessment framework, reference levels and MRV for sub-national emission reductions
programs, valuation approaches for emission reductions, and the methodological and pricing
approach to govern the Carbon Fund.
Link to the FCPF
organization website on the REDD Web Platform
Kalimantan Forests and
Australia and Indonesia are currently working on a demonstration activity in the carbon rich
peatland forests of Central Kalimantan – the Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership
(KFCP). This Partnership is the first, large-scale demonstration activity of its kind in
Indonesia. It trials an innovative, market-oriented approach to financing and implementing
measures to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Central Kalimantan,
Indonesia. Australia has committed $30 million to establish the KFCP.
The KFCP is part of Australia’s
International Forest Carbon Initiative (IFCI)
Australia's country website on the REDD Web Platform
The UN-REDD Programme is the United Nations
collaborative initiative on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation
(REDD) in developing countries. The Programme was launched in 2008 and builds on the
convening role and technical expertise of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations (FAO), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP). The UN-REDD Programme supports nationally-led REDD+ processes
and promotes the informed and meaningful involvement of all stakeholders, including
Indigenous Peoples and other forest-dependent communities, in national and international
Support to Partner Countries
The Programme currently supports 44
partner countries spanning Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America, of which 16 are receiving
support to National Programme activities. These 16 countries are: Bolivia, Cambodia,
Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Ecuador, Indonesia, Nigeria, Panama, Papua New
Guinea, Paraguay, the Philippines, Republic of Congo, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Tanzania,
Viet Nam and Zambia. To-date, the UN-REDD Programme’s Policy Board has
approved a total of US$67.3 million for National Programmes in these 16 partner countries.
These funds help to support the development and implementation of national REDD+ strategies.
UN-REDD Programme countries not receiving direct support to National Programmes engage with
the Programme in a number of ways, including as observers to the Programme's Policy
Board, and through participation in regional workshops and knowledge sharing, facilitated by
the Programme’s interactive online workspace. These countries are: Argentina,
Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica,
Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico,
Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Peru, South Sudan, Sudan, Suriname and Uganda.
here for more information on UN-REDD National Programmes.
Global Support to National REDD+ Actions
In addition to supporting
partner countries through UN-REDD National Programmes, the UN-REDD Programme also provides
complementary support to countries through common approaches, analyses, methodologies, tools,
data and best practices developed through the UN-REDD Global Programme. The UN-REDD Global
Programme work is divided in the following six integrated work areas, designed to support
country actions on REDD+:
Improving Guidance on Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) and Monitoring
Increasing Stakeholder Engagement in REDD+
Promoting the Multiple Benefits of Forests
Increasing Transparency in National REDD+ Governance
Strengthening National Systems for Managing REDD+ Funding
Catalyzing Shifts to a Green Economy
for more information on the UN-REDD Global Programme
Donor contributions from Denmark, Japan, Norway and Spain now
total US$118.3 million. For an overview of current funds and budget allocations, consult the
Programme’s Multi-Partner Trust
Link to the UN-REDD
organization website on the REDD Web Platform