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Guidelines under Articles 5, 7 and 8: Methodological Issues, Reporting and Review under the Kyoto Protocol for the first commitment period
 

Articles 5, 7 and 8 of the Kyoto Protocol address reporting and review of information by Parties included in Annex I, as well as national systems and methodologies for the preparation of greenhouse gas inventories.

  • Article 5 commits Parties included in Annex I to having in place, no later than 2007, national systems for the estimation of greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks (Article 5, paragraph 1). It also states that, where agreed methodologies (that is, the revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, see  decision (PDF) 2/CP.3)  are not used to estimate emissions and removals, appropriate "adjustments" should be applied (Article 5 paragraph 2);
  • Article 7 requires these Parties to submit annual greenhouse gas inventories, as well as national communications, at regular intervals, both including supplementary information to demonstrate compliance with the Protocol. In addition, Article 7 states that the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Protocol (CMP) shall decide upon modalities for the accounting of assigned amounts prior to the first commitment period;
  • Article 8 establishes that expert review teams will review the inventories, and national communications submitted by Parties included in Annex I.

The Protocol states that guidelines for national systems, adjustments, the preparation of inventories and national communications, as well as for the conduct of expert reviews, should be adopted by the CMP at its first session (CMP.1), and regularly reviewed thereafter. Links to the relevant CMP.1 decisions are at the bottom of this page.



The process to develop and agree on the guidelines
 
Developing and agreeing on the guidelines was an enormous amount of detailed work that took place over several years. Below you will find the main steps of that process: the Marrakesh Accords (COP 7, 29 Oct – 10 Nov 2001), the following five COP meetings (COP 8 in 2002 in New Delhi; COP 9 in 2003 in Milan; COP 10 in 2004 in Buenos Aires; and COP 11 in 2005 in Montreal), and the CMP.1 (2005 in Montreal) where all the decisions were formally adopted at the first meeting of the Parties (please click here for more information about the COP and the CMP).


COP 7 and Marrakesh Accords
 

At COP 7, Parties reached agreement on the details of Articles 5, 7 and 8. The accounting and reporting and review systems set out in the Marrakesh Accords aim to be transparent so that all data, except those designated as confidential, are to be made publicly available. At the conclusion of COP 7 some sections of the guidelines under Articles 7 and 8 were not completed, mainly because of the need to ensure coherence with other decisions.

In addition, the COP requested the SBSTA to develop technical standards for the purpose of ensuring the accurate, transparent and efficient exchange of data between national registries, the clean development mechanism registry and the transaction log.



COP 8, COP 9, COP 10 and COP 11
 

During these COPs Parties finalized the remaining work of the guidelines under Articles 5, 7 and 8 of the Kyoto Protocol.



CMP 1
 

CMP 1 held in Montreal, Canada, in November-December 2005 adopted the Marrakesh Accords as well as the draft CMP decisions that were negotiated after COP 7.

The CMP 1 adopted the following decisions relating to Articles 5, 7 and 8 of the Kyoto Protocol:

  • pdf-icon 13/CMP.1 Modalities for the accounting of assigned amounts under Article 7, paragraph 4 of the Kyoto Protocol;
  • pdf-icon 14/CMP.1 Standard electronic format for reporting Kyoto Protocol units;
  • pdf-icon 15/CMP.1 Guidelines for the preparation of the information required under Article 7 of the Kyoto Protocol;
  • pdf-icon 19/CMP.1 Guidelines for national systems under Article 5, paragraph 1 of the Kyoto Protocol;
  • pdf-icon 20/CMP.1 Good practice guidance and adjustments under Article 5, paragraph 2 of the Kyoto Protocol;
  • pdf-icon 21/CMP.1 Issues relating to adjustments under Article 5, paragraph 2 of the Kyoto Protocol;
  • pdf-icon 22/CMP.1 Guidelines for review under Article 8 of the Kyoto Protocol;
  • pdf-icon 23/CMP.1 Terms of service for lead reviewers;
  • pdf-icon 24/CMP.1 Issues relating to the implementation of Article 8 of the Kyoto Protocol – 1 (Training programme for members of expert review teams);
  • pdf-icon 25/CMP.1 Issues relating to the implementation of Article 8 of the Kyoto Protocol – 2 (Confidential information).