The mechanisms in the current negotiations:
Clean development mechanism
The first meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 1) adopted the modalities and
procedures for a clean development mechanism (CDM). Pursuant to that decision, the first review
of the modalities and procedures for the CDM, was to be carried out by CMP 9.
requested the UNFCCC secretariat, drawing on the discussions that took place at the thirty-ninth
session of the Subsidiary Body of Implementation (SBI 39), and that were reflected in
a note by the co-chairs, to prepare a technical paper
on issues relating to possible changes to the modalities and procedures for the CDM, including their
implications, for consideration at SBI 40 (see decision 4/CMP.9,
At SBI 40, Parties made progress in their consideration as captured in the second note by the co-chairs, but could not come to conclusions on this agenda item. At
SBI 41 Parties convened their
consideration of this matter and concluded (
FCCC/SBI/2014/L.35) to continue considering this at SBI42.
Background documents listed above:
procedures for the CDM (decision 3/CMP.1)
Technical paper on
issues relating to possible changes to the modalities and procedures for the CDM
Second note by the co-chairs
Other related documents:
- Submissions by Parties (2013 and
2014) and Observer
Review of the joint implementation guidelines
CMP 1 adopted the guidelines for the implementation of Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol (joint
In accordance with decision 6/CMP.8, SBI 39 (Nov. 2013) initiated the review of these guidelines and agreed to
continue its consideration of this matter at SBI 40 (June 2014).
At SBI 40, Parties decided to continue their consideration of this matter at SBI 41 (Dec. 2014) on
the basis of the draft decision text proposed by the co-chairs of the informal consultations on this
agenda item and contained in the annex to document
SBI 41 agreed to continue considering this matter at SBI 42 (June 2015), on the basis of the draft
decision text and its appendix proposed by the co-facilitators of the informal consultations on this
agenda sub-item and contained in the annex to document
CMP 10, through its decision 5/CMP.10,
requested the following work related to the review of the JI guidelines for consideration at SBI
1. The secretariat was mandated to prepare a technical paper on the opportunities for cost savings
and efficiencies for JI, learning from the experiences of the CDM, while recognizing the respective
mandates of the two mechanisms;
2. Parties were invited to submit examples of voluntary technical approaches, designed by host
Parties for their JI projects, that could assist the host Parties in achieving their quantified
emission limitation or reduction commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. The secretariat was asked to
prepare a synthesis report of these submissions;
3. The Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee (JISC) was requested to submit elaborated
recommendations on the review of the JI guidelines.
Modalities for expediting the continued issuance, transfer and acquisition of joint
implementation emission reduction units
Under the current guidance, an Annex I Party with commitments inscribed in Annex B to the Kyoto
Protocol may issue, transfer and acquire emission reduction units (ERUs) under JI only after its
assigned amount has been calculated and recorded, and its assigned amount units and removal units
have been issued.
At CMP 8 (Dec.
2012), Parties requested the SBI through decision 1/CMP.8, to
consider modalities for expediting the continued issuance, transfer and acquisition of ERUs valid for
the second commitment period.
SBI 39 initiated its consideration of this matter and agreed to continue discussions at SBI 40.
At SBI 40, Parties decided to continue their work at SBI 41 on the basis of the draft decision text
proposed by the co-chairs of the informal consultations on this agenda item and contained in the
annex to document
To further inform this consideration at SBI 41, Parties requested the secretariat to prepare a
technical paper on any technical implications for the processes and systems under the Kyoto Protocol,
including but not limited to reporting and review requirements under the Kyoto Protocol and the
functions of the international transaction log, arising from the proposed modalities referred to in
the draft decision text. In addition, the technical paper shall also contain information on budgetary
implications, the current status of ratification or provisional application of the Doha Amendment and the
status of the JI projects." The technical paper is available here.
SBI 41 agreed to continue discussing this matter at SBI 42 as referred to in the document
Synergy relating to accreditation under the mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol
CMP 9 requested the Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee (JISC) to submit elaborated
recommendations on the JI accreditation system aligned with that of the CDM, taking into
consideration decision 6/CMP.8, paragraph 15(b), for consideration by SBI 40.
SBI 40 considered the synergy relating to accreditation under the mechanisms established under
Articles 6 (JI) and 12 (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol, taking note of the recommendation from
the JISC, and recommended a draft decision on this matter for consideration and adoption at CMP 10.