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Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ)


Methodological Issues


NON-EXHAUSTIVE LIST OF READINGS RECOMMENDED BY EXPERTS

The following list of recommended readings has been compiled through a series of consultations with experts. The opinions expressed in the readings do not necesssarily reflect that of the UNFCCC secretariat. Contact information is included when available.

Alcamo, J.; Bouwman, A.; Edmonds, J.; Grubler, A.; Morita, T.; Sugandhy, A. Climate Change 1994, IPCC, Cambridge University Press, 1995, "An Evaluation of the IPCC IS92 Emission Scenarios", pages 237-304.

Anderson, Robert, "Joint Implementation of Climate Change Measures", March 1995, World Bank paper no. 005 (Contact: Environment Department, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC, 20433, Tel: +1 202 473-3641, Fax: +1 202 477-0565)

Andrasko, Kenneth; Carter, Lisa; van der Gaast, Wytze. "Technical Issues in JI/AIJ Projects: A Survey and Potential Responses", contribution to the UNEP AIJ Conference, San Jose, Costa Rica, October 29-31, 1996 (Contact: Kenneth Andrasko, USIJI Secretariat, 1000 Independence Ave, SW, Washington, DC, 20585, Email: andrasko.ken@hq.doe.gov)

Arquit-Niederberger, Anne, "Additionality in the context of AIJ projects in EIT countries funded by the Swiss government", August 1997 (Contact: Anne Arquit-Niederberger, Swiss AIJ Pilot Program SWAPP, BAWI, CH-3003 Berne, Switzerland, Tel: +41 31 323 0885, Fax: +41 31 324 0958)

Carter, Lisa, "Modalities for the Operationalization of Additionality", March 1997 (Contact: Lisa Carter, US EPA, Office of Policy, Planning, and Evaluation, USA, Tel: +1 202 426-2761, Fax: + 1 202 260-6405, Email: carter.lisa@epamail.epa.gov)

Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP), "Integration of Joint Implementation into an Annex I GHG Trading System", May 1997, (Contact: Center for Clean Air Policy, 750 First Street, NE, Suite 1140, Washington, DC, 20002, Tel: +1 202 408-9260, Fax: +1 202 408-8896)

Committee for Promotion of Activities Implemented Jointly, Japan. "Study on Promoting Measures for Activities Implemented Jointly to Cope with Global Warming", May 1996, pages 14-20, 23-25, 69-77. (Contact: Katsunori Suzuki, Global Environment Department, Environment Agency, Japan, 1-2-2. Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Toyko 100, Japan, Tel: 81-3-3581-7244, Fax: 81-3-3581-3348)

ECON Centre for Economic Analysis, "JI: Theoretical Considerations with Perspectives from the Industrial and Land Use Sectors", Commissioned by the World Bank. Section 4.4: "Baseline issues in the industrial sector", pages 28-31. (Contact: ECON Centre for Economic Analysis, P.O. Box 6823, St. Olavs plass., N-0130, Oslo, Norway, Tel: 47 22 98 98 50, Fax: 47 22 11 00 80)

Faris, Rob; Boscolo, Marco, "Carbon Offsets in Costa Rica: A Case Study", April 30, 1997 (Contact: Marco Boscolo, Harvard Institute for International Development, One Eliot Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, Tel: +1 617 495-3621, Fax: +1 617 495-0527, Email: mboscolo@hiid.harvard.edu)

FCCC/SBSTA/1995/Misc. 1.

  • van Ham, Joop; Rijkeboer, R.C.; Varga, Z. "Joint Implementation Simulation Study RABA/IKARUS", Interim Report No. 1, Delft/Budapest, March 1995, pgs 26-40. (Contact: J. van Ham and R.C. Rijkeboer, TNO Institute, P.O. Box 6011, 2600 JA Delft, The Netherlands, Z. Varga, RABA PLC, Engine Division, 9002 Györ, Hungary)
  • The Netherlands Agency for Energy and the Environment. "Energy-efficiency Improvement by Hungarian Municipalities and Utilities", Interim Report No. 1,Utrecht/Budapest, March 1995, pgs 51-53

Fichtner, Wolf; Lüth, Oliver; Wietschel, Martin; Rentz, Otto. "Cost-efficient greenhouse gas abatement strategies using linear optimization." (Contact: Armin Ardone, Dipl.-Ing, Institute for Industrial Production (IIP), University of Karlsruhe, Herzstrasse 16, 76187 Karlsruhe, Germany, Tel: +49 721 608 4470, Email: armin.ardone@wiwi.uni-karlsruhe.de)

Fichtner, Wolf; Wietschel, Martin; Ardone, A.; Rentz, Otto. "Modelling Cost-Efficient Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Strategies Considering Joint Implementation", 5p. (Contact: Wolf Fichtner, Dipl.-Ing, Institute for Industrial Production (IIP), University of Karlsruhe, Herzstrasse 16, 76187 Karlsruhe, Germany, Email: wolf.fichtner@wiwi.uni-karlsruhe.de)

Gallopin, Gilberto; Hammond, Al; Raskin, Paul; Swart, Rob; "Branch Points : Global Scenarios and Human Choice", a Resource Paper of the Global Scenario Group, February 1, 1997, 47p.

Gritsevich, Inna. "Baseline Case Study for the Joint Implementation Projects in Energy Efficiency in Russia." (Contact: Inna Gritsevich, Center for Energy Efficiency, 54, Novocheremushkinskaya str, Moscow, 117418, Russia, Email: cenef@glas.apc.org)

Gritsevich, Inna. Project Proposal: District Heating Renovation in Lytkarino, Moscow, Russia, 1997. (Contact: Inna Gritsevich, Center for Energy Efficiency, 54, Novocheremushkinskaya str, Moscow, 117418, Russia, Email: cenef@glas.apc.org)

Heister, Johannes. "Towards a Methodology for Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Offsets from Joint Implementation Projects", May 1997, 21p. (Contact: Johannes Heister, Consultant, World Bank, ENVGC, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC, 20433, USA, Email: jheister@worldbank.org, Tel: +1 202 458-4280, Fax: +1 202 522-3256)

Hourcade, J.C. et al; Economic and Social Dimensions of Climate Change, IPCC WG III, Cambridge University Press, 1996.

  • "Estimating the Costs of Mitigating Greenhouse Gases", Chapter 8, pages 263-296
  • "A review of Mitigation Cost Studies", Chapter 9, pages 297-366

International Energy Agency (IEA), "Key Issues on the Design of Activities Implemented Jointly; Baseline Determination and Additionality Assessment", May 15, 1997, 36p. (Contact: Lee Solsbery, IEA, 9, rue de la Fédération, 75739 Paris, Cedex 15, France, Email: lee.solsbery@iea.org)

International AIJ Workshop, Leipzig, March 1997. "Technical Issues (baseline, calculation methods, other environmental and economic impacts)" (Contact: Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Protection and Nuclear Safety, Co-ordinating office for Activities Implemented Jointly, Postfach 12 06 29, D-53048 Bonn, Germany, Tel: +49 228 3 05 23 58, Fax: +49 228 3 05 33 36, Email: g16-2004@wp-gate.bmu.de)

  • Adam, Hans-Georg. "Decentralized rural electrification in Indonesia - an AIJ project of the E7 initiative"
  • Erhard, Helmut S.; Beuermann, Christiane. "The cement industry projects in the Czech Republic"
  • Wietschel, Martin "A techno-economic approach to obtain comparable baselines for JI"
  • van Ham, Joop. "The RABA/IKARUS compressed natural gas bus engine project: baseline and methodology for credit sharing and simulation of JI"
  • Carter, Lisa. "Modalities for the operationalization of additionality"

Messenger, Michael. "Can Greed, Accuracy and Fairness be Mixed for the Public Good? The Case of the California Shareholder Incentive Experiment for Utility DSM Programs"

Nordic Council of Ministers, "Establishment of reference criteria and reference scenarios", Pilot Project on Joint Implementation, Nordic Workshop, TemaNord 1996: 556 (Contact: Nordic Council of Ministers, Store Strandstraede 18, DK-1255, Copenhagen K, Tel: +45 3396 0200, Fax: +45 3396 0202)

  • Morthorst, Poul Erik., "The implications of baseline assumptions on Joint Implementation projects"
  • Duer, Henrik; Ramlau, Marianne. "Reference scenarios for power and heat sector JI projects"
  • Ahmadzai, Husamuddin. "Joint Implementation of Nordic Environment Finance Corporation's Multilateral Projects; Establishment of reference criteria"

Nordic Council of Ministers, "Joint Implementation of Commitments to Mitigate Climate Change: analysis of 5 selected energy projects in Eastern Europe", TemaNord 1996: 573 (Contact: Nordic Council of Ministers, Store Strandstraede 18, DK-1255, Copenhagen K, Tel: +45 3396 0200, Fax: +45 3396 0202)

  • "Summary and conclusion", Chapter 2, pages 7-14
  • "Determination of References", Chapter 5, pages 27-33

OECD, "Arrangement on Guidelines for Officially Supported Export Credits", paragraph 8: Trade Related Concessional or Aid Credits, June 1992, (Contact: OECD, 2, rue André Pascal, 75775 Paris Cedex 16, France, Tel: +33 1 45 24 81 19, Fax: +33 1 45 24 80 07, Web site: http://www.oecd.org/ech/act/fequ/arrngmt.htm)

Parfomak, Paul; Lave, Lester. "How many Kilowatts are in a Negawatt? Verifying Ex Post Estimates of Utility Conservation Impacts at the Regional Level", The Energy Journal

Parikh, et al., Climate Change and North-South Cooperation: Indo-Canadian Cooperation in Joint Implementation, 1997, 266p.

  • Murthy, N.S.; Panda, M.; and Parikh, J.K. "Economic Development, Poverty Reduction, and CO2 Emissions in India", Chapter 6, pages 107-147
  • J.P. Painuly and J.K. Parikh, "Opportunities for JI", Chapter 10, pages 211-231

Pearce, David. "Report to EBRD, mechanisms and possibilities for joint implementation among European countries under the UNFCCC", Chapter 8, A Report to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) Environmental Advisory Council (ENVAC)

Sathaye, J.; Meyers, S. Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Assessment: Guidebook

Trieb, Franz, "Solar Thermal Power Stations for Activities Implemented Jointly", April 1997, 17p. (Contact: Dr. Franz Trieb, DLR-Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany, Tel: +49 711-6862-423, Fax: +49 711-6862-783)

  • "Performance, Cost and Environmental Impact of SEGS" pages 6-8

U.S. Initiative on Joint Implementation (USIJI), "Guidelines for a USIJI Proposal", 1997 (Contact: USIJI, PO-63, 1000 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20585, Tel: +1 202 586-3288, Fax: +1 202 586-3485, Web site: http://www.ji.org/usiji/guide.shtml)

Wirl, Franz; Huber, Claus; Walker, I.O. "Joint Implementation: Strategic Reaction and Possible Remedies" (Contact: Franz Wirl, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Universitätsplatz 2, P.O. Box 4120, D-39016 Magdeburg, Germany)

World Bank, "Guidelines for Climate Change Global Overlays", February 1997, World Bank paper no. 047 (Contact: Environment Department, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC, 20433, Tel: +1 202 473-3641, Fax: +1 202 477-0565)

World Resources Institute (WRI), "Carbon Counts: Getting the Numbers Right", Draft paper, March 1997, 67p. (Contact: WRI, 1709 New York Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, 20006, Tel: +1 202 638-6300, Fax: +1 202 638-0036)

World Resources Institute (WRI), "The Issue of Financial Additionality", 1996 (Contact: WRI, 1709 New York Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, 20006, Tel: +1 202 638-6300, Fax: +1 202 638-0036, Web site: http://www.wri.org/wri/climate/ccji-b02.html)

Wuppertal Institute, "Joint Implementation - Project Simulation and Organisation", pgs. 1-25, January 1997 (Contact: Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, Doeppersberg 19, 42 103 Wuppertal, Germany, Tel: +49 202 2492 129, Fax: +49 202 2492 108)

UNITED NATIONS - Climate Change Convention Secretariat
Attn. Kai-Uwe B. SCHMIDT (Mr.)
P.O. Box 260 124,
D-53153 Bonn

GermanyTelefax: (49 228) 815 1999
E-mail: secretariat@unfccc.intor
Direct E-mail: kschmidt@unfccc.int 

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