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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY (AIJ)
 

Uniform Reporting Format:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

List of Projects

A. Description of project

A. 1) Title of project:

SUTSAINABLE HEAT AND POWER FOR PUBLIC NETWORKS IN POLAND

A. 2) Participants/actors:

Please fill in one table for each participant/actor. For individuals fill in as from item "Function within activity".

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organisation(a):

EDON International B.V.

Name of organisation (English):

EDON International B.V.

Department:

Acronym:

EDON

Acronym (English):

EDON

Function within activity:

Consultant

Street:

Dr. Van Deenweg 136

Post code:

P.O. Box 519

City:

8000 AM Zwolle

Country:

The Netherlands

Telephone:

+ 31 38 852 49 36

Fax:

+ 31 38 852 41 66

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

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Surname:

Van de Ven

First name, middle name:

Jan-Willem

Job title:

Project officer

Direct tel.:

+ 31 38 455 49 36

Direct fax:

+ 31 38 455 41 66

Direct E-mail:

100733.3021@compuserve.com

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

Item

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Name of organisation(a):

Energetyka Poznanska S.A.

Name of organisation (English):

Energetyka Poznanska S.A

Department:

Development Department

Acronym:

EP S.A.

Acronym (English):

EP S.A.

Function within activity:

Local Partner

Street:

F. Nowowiejskiego 11

Post code:

60-967

City:

Poznan

Country:

Poland

Telephone:

(+48 61) 856 13 02

Fax:

(+48 61) 856 11 17

E-mail:

epsa@epsa.com.pl

WWW-URL:

http://www.epsa.com.pl

Contact person (for this activity):

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Surname:

Andruszkiewicz

First name, middle name:

Jerzy

Job title:

Development Director

Direct tel.:

(+48 61) 856 13 02

Direct fax:

(+48 61) 856 11 17

Direct E-mail:

Jerzy.andruszkiewicz@epsa.pl

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

Item

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Name of organisation(a):

Cogen Spolka z.o.o.

Name of organisation (English):

Cogen Spolka z.o.o.

Department:

Acronym:

Cogen

Acronym (English):

Cogen

Function within activity:

Local project management; measurements and energy audits; engineering

Street:

F. Nowowiejskiego 11

Post code:

60-967

City:

Poznan

Country:

Poland

Telephone:

(+48 61) 856 13 02

Fax:

(+48 61) 856 11 17

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

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Surname:

Gronski

First name, middle name:

Mariusz

Job title:

Advisor

Direct tel.:

(+48 61) 856 13 02

Direct fax:

(+48 61) 856 11 17

Direct E-mail:

Mariusz.gronski@epsa.pl

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

Item

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Name of organisation(a):

Urzad Miasta i Gminy Szamotuly

Name of organisation (English):

Szamotuly Municipality

Department:

Development Department

Acronym:

Acronym (English):

Function within activity:

Realisation of modernisation programme

Street:

Dworcowa 26

Post code:

64-500

City:

Szamotuly

Country:

Poland

Telephone:

(+48 61) 29 20 631

Fax:

(+48 61) 29 20 072

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

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Surname:

Stanke

First name, middle name:

Janusz

Job title:

Head of Investment Department and Municipal Management

Direct tel.:

(+48 61) 29 20 631

Direct fax:

(+48 61) 29 20 072

Direct E-mail:

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

Item

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Name of organisation(a):

Narodowy Fundusz Ochrony Srodowiska i Gospodarki Wodnej, Sekretariat-JI

Name of organisation (English):

National Found for Environmental Protection and Water Management, JI-Secretariat

Department:

International Department

Acronym:

NFOSiGW

Acronym (English):

NFEP&WM

Function within activity:

National Focal Point, Reporting agency

Street:

Konstruktorska 3A

Post code:

02-673

City:

Warsaw

Country:

Poland

Telephone:

(+48 22) 849 22 80; 849 00 80

Fax:

(+48 22) 849 20 98

E-mail:

Jolantak@@nfosigw.gov.pl

WWW-URL:

http://www.mfosigw.gov.pl

Contact person (for this activity):

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Surname:

Mrs. Galon-Kozakiewicz, Ph.D.

First name, middle name:

Jolanta

Job title:

Head of JI-Secretariat

Direct tel.:

(+48 22) 849 22 80; 849 00 80 ext. 504

Direct fax:

(+48 22) 849 20 98

Direct E-mail:

Jolantak@@nfosigw.gov.pl

Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

A. 3) Activity:

Item

Please fill in if applicable

General description:

The project concerns energy efficiency in heat production by fuel switching. Gasification of a boiler house in combination with co-generation is demonstrated in Szamotuly. The cogenerator will be donated by the Netherlands government to support the introduction of these environmentally more friendly cogenerators and to support the transfer of technology. The donation is also needed at this stage in the Polish energy market development since this pilot project is not commercially viable yet. The heat produced by the cogenerator will be used for the supply of hot water to the end-users. The electricity will be delivered to the grid, owned by EP. In addition to this, environmental measurements concerning the reduction of the emissions of greenhouse gasses and other environmental aspects, will be executed during this project.

Type of project:a)

Energy efficiency heat production; fuel switching; co-generation

Location (exact, e.g. city, region,

state):

Municipality of Szamotuly in the Poznan region in Poland

Activity starting date:

01-01-1998

Expected activity ending date:

31-12-1999

Stage of activity:b)

Mutually agreed / in progress / completed.

Gasification of a boiler house and heat supply network were completed by October 1998. Remaining cogeneration unit and necessary automatic equipment are expected from Netherlands side soon.

Lifetime of activity if different from ending date:c)

15 years

Technical data:d)

The following equipment is assumed:

· Co-generation unit Zantec 230 HR,

· Two gas boilers with their heat capacity 1100 kW each,

· Heat accumulator with capacity 3,7 MW

The co-generation unit will work in the peak base load with the annual consumption of the installed capacity circa 6500 h/a, whereas the rest of the demand will be met by gas-fired heaters. The CHP plant will be fired by gas GZ-50 with heat of combustion Qc= 39 549 kJ/m3.

a) For example, using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) classification: energy efficiency; renewable energy; fuel switching; forest preservation, restoration or reforestation; afforestation; fugitive gas capture; industrial processes; solvents; agriculture; waste disposal or bunker fuels.

b) Circle the appropriate option.

c) Methodological work will be required to define lifetime of activities.

d) Methodological work will be required to determine for each type of activity what the minimum data requirements are.

A. 4) Cost (to the extent possible):

Item

Year 1

1998

Year 2

1999

...

Year X

2012

Cost of the project in US$:

465 000

AIJ component in US$:

236 000

US$ per avoided ton of CO2 equivalent:

30

The investment costs appear only in first year of the project, as a project foresees full modernisation of boiler house.

The total budget foreseen for the project is US$ 724 000. The difference between total cost of project and expenses in first year (1998) is US$ 259 000. This amount is sacrificed to all kind of environment monitoring, training, marketing and promotion activity, travelling and other. As a cost of project it is understood only investment costs. The AIJ factor is qualified as investment costs covered by Dutch government.

Describe briefly how costs are determined:

The cost effectiveness of the project (in US$ per avoided ton CO2 equivalent) is calculated according to the methodology used in the Dutch national CO2-reduction plan (annuity write of over the lifetime of the project, with an interest rate of 5 % divided by the amount of reduction per year).

A. 5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures:

Describe the procedures, including name of organisations involveda):

- NFEP&WM, Sekretariat-JI: overall responsibility for review of JI projects, co-ordination and communication to the UNFCCC Secretariat, Polish Ministry of Environmental Protection Natural Resources and Forestry (MEPNR&F) and foreign donors on matters relating to JI activities in Poland;

- EDON: Project manager; supplier of technology; engineering; financing;

- Cogen: Local project management; measurements and energy audits; engineering;

- EP: Human resources; buying electricity;

- DHC/Municipality of Szamotuly: buying heat; human resources; land and buildings.

a) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organisations mentioned is reported under

section A.2 above.

B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement

Bearing in mind that all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities, which shall be shown as follows:

(a) In the case of joint reporting, the report is submitted by the designated national authority of one participating Party with the concurrence of all other participating Parties as evidenced by attached letters issued by the relevant national authorities;

(b) In the case of separate reporting, the reports are submitted separately by the designated national authority of each and every participating Party. Information will only be compiled once reports have been received from all participating Parties.

B. 1) For the activity:

* First report and joint reporting: please add copies of letters of endorsement by each designated national authority of Parties involved in the activity.

* Subsequent reports:

Activity was: o suspended

o terminated earlier

Describe:

B. 2) This report is a joint report:

Yes, forward copy of agreement/endorsement by the designated national authorities involved

No

B. 3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:

C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socio-economic and environment priorities and strategies

Describe (to the extent possible) how the activity is compatible with and supportive of national economic development and socio-economic and environment priorities and strategies

Poland seeks energy security through stable energy deliveries at socially acceptable prices and with a minimal damage to the environment. Among the priority actions are to diversify the primary energy supplies and to comply with international environmental agreements to reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. This project is designed to be fully-integrated and consistent with the goals and development strategies of the government of Poland.

AIR PROTECTION

This is based on:

· the "Implementation Program of the National Environmental Policy till the year to 2000",

· voivodeship lists of priority projects regarding environmental protection for 1998,

The aim of the undertakings concerning the air pollution control is to achieve reductions of pollutant emissions into the atmospheric air by both improving the fuel quality parameters and replacing fuel, by installing equipment that reduces the flue gas emissions of pollutants, by modernising and replacing technologies and by conserving energy.

A. Directions:

1. Support for the undertakings leading to reductions of the emissions into the atmospheric air of gas and particulate pollutants, by means of the modernisation and upgrading of the fuel production and burning technologies.

2. Support for the undertakings related to the rationalisation of heat systems, including the recovery of heat, national production of highly efficient heating equipment, combined with the use of unconventional energy sources.

B. Programmes:

1. National Programme for Reduction of Sulphur Dioxide Emissions.

2. Programme to eliminate low emissions.

3. Programme to reduce nitric oxide emissions.

4. Reduction of the exhaust gas emissions from the means of public transport, particularly in large urban-industrial agglomerations.

5. Programme for the use of alternative sources of energy.

D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantitative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item

Please fill in

Describe environmental benefits in detail:

- Emission reduction of CO2, SO2 and NOx;

- Reduction of noise level.

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental benefits?

Yes, see E 2.1

Describe social/cultural benefits in detail:

- Better quality of heat and domestic hot water delivery;

- Cleaner laundry;

- More aesthetic appearance of boiler house.

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social benefits?

No

Describe economic benefits in detail:

Business development and transfer of technology to the Joint-Venture Cogen.

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic benefits?

No

E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities

E. 1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):

Description of the baseline or reference scenario, including methodologies applied:

BASELINE STUDY ABSTRACT

The objective of the baseline study was to examine the situation within the range concerning the emission of greenhouse gases and other pollutants which prevails before the pilot project is going to be realised. The pilot project consists in replacing two existing coal-fired boiler houses with one gas-fired CHP plant with a co-generation unit. The analysis was carried out by means of a method based on calculations of the volume of emission resulting from the conditions of operating sources which is heat load, fuel used and the quality of fuel.

Furthermore, taking into consideration the same parameters for heat base load, the calculations for the volume of greenhouse gases emission and other pollutants were carried out for the time once the project is implemented.

Those calculations allowed to estimate the quantity of the reduction of greenhouse gases and other pollutants as the result of activities undertaken in the connection with the pilot project.

THE ANALYSIS OF POLLUTANTS EMISSION FROM OLD BOILER HOUSES

The planned investment venture was going to cover the area which was served by two sources:

Boiler house no. 817 located in M.C. Sklodowskiej 1,

Boiler house no. 824 located in Wisniowa Street.

The maximum demand for heat generated in these two sources was:

for the needs of central heating 2,014 MW

for the needs of hot water 0,473 MW

General characteristics of the fuel

The heaters in both boiler houses were fired by the mixture of hard coal, class 31/05/04 size grade II and fine coal M-IIa (class 23/18/06) in the ratio 4:1. On the basis of date included in the invoices issued by the fuel supplier in 1997, the average technological parameters are as follows:

hard coal, class 31/05/04 size grade II

net calorific value Qw = 31 314 kJ/kg,

coal content Cr = 78,30 %,

ash content Ar = 3,64 %,

moisture content Wr = 4,27 %,

sulphur content Sr = 0,34 %,

fine coal M-IIa (class 23/18/06)

net calorific value Qw = 24 331 kJ/kg,

coal content Cr = 64,33 %,

ash content Ar = 16,30 %,

moisture content Wr = 9,00 %,

sulphur content Sr = 0,55 %,

The characteristics of the operation of the boiler houses in 1996 and 1997

On the basis of the data provided by Local Heating Company in Szamotuly some of the parameters were estimated, namely: the volume of heat generation, the monthly average heat power of the boiler houses, fuel consumption, separately for hard coal and fine coal for years 1996 and 1997. As it seems from the results, the average efficiency for both boiler houses was 50-53 % so there is a considerable discrepancy with their nominal efficiency.

The methodology of calculating the volume of the pollutants’ emission

Typical environmental pollutants emitted by coal-fired boiler houses are basically present in the combustion gas: non-toxic dust, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide and nitric oxide.

The emission of dust

The quantity of dust depends on the fuel quality (the content of ash, sinterability etc.), the construction features of a heater (the kind of grate, the system of channels) and the method of a heater’s maintenance. The volume of dust produced during the process of burning is stated in percentage of ash content which together with fuel goes to the grate, accounts for U= 10-20%. The reduction in the volume takes place in the cyclone dust collectors or sedimentation chambers.

The emission of dust once the dust collector is passed is calculated on the basis of the following relationship:

Gpe = B * Ar *U *(1-h ) [kg]

Where: B- the volume of burnt fuel [kg]

Ar - the content of ash in fuel [kg/kg]

U – the volume of dust carried by the combustion gas

h - the efficiency of dust collecting

In the calculations of the volume of dust emission in boiler houses in Szamotuly it was assumed that the ash content in fuel is the average content of ash in particular months in the case of thick coal (Ar = 3,64 %) and fine coal (Ar = 16,30 %). It was assumed that the volume of dust carried with the combustion gas is U=15% for natural sequence (a boiler house no. 817) and U = 20% for an induced sequence (a boiler house no. 824) and the efficiency of the dust collectors is respectively:

For a boiler house no. 817 (M.C. Sklodowskiej) with sedimentation chambers - h = 30%

For a boiker house no. 824 (Wisniowa) with cyclones - h = 75%.

The emission of SO2

While calculating the figures for the emission of sulphur dioxide it was assumed that in the case of coal burning 80% of sulphur in fuel is carried away together with combustion gases into the atmosphere and 20 % is in ash and slag. The emission of SO2 was calculated on the following basis:

GSO2 = 1.6 * B * Sr [kg]

Where: B- the quantity of burnt fuel

Sr- the content of sulphur in fuel [kg/kg}

The ratio1.6 can be explained by the fact that 90% of sulphur is carried by combustion gases as SO2 and that proportions of constituting this compound are as following:

32 kg S + 32 kg O2 = 64 kg SO2.

The emission of CO2 and CO

The emission of carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide depend primarily on the content of element of carbon C [kg/kg} in fuel. However the volume and relations between these compounds are determined by the quality of the very process of burning, and particularly by the quantity of losses in non-complete burning Sp and losses in non-complete burning of SCO.

The first loss will decide upon the volume of element carbon Cr will be burnt to CO2 i CO. The loss can be describe by the following relation:

Sp = Cp*33 900 / Qw

Where: Cp – the volume of non-burnt element carbon [kg/kg]

33 900 – the calorific value of burning element carbon [kJ/kg]

Qw – net calorific value of fuel [kJ/kg]

Therefore the volume of burnt element carbon is:

C – Cp = C*(1 – Sp * Qw / 33 900) [kg/kg].

The loss in non-complete burning will decide upon the quantitative relation CO2 to CO. That loss can be described by the following relation:

SCO = 25 000 / Qw * [CO] / ([CO]+[CO2])

Where: 25 000 - the calorific value of burning combustion gases

[CO] – the content of CO in combustion gases {m3/ m3 )

[CO2] – the content of CO2 in combustion gases {m3/ m3 )

From that relation it seems that element carbon which is burnt to CO2 is:

CCO2 = C*(1 – Sp * Qw / 33 900) * (1 – SCO* Qw / 25 000) [kg/kg],

Whereas the volume of element carbon burnt to CO is:

CCO = C*(1 – Sp * Qw / 33 900) * SCO* Qw / 25 000 [kg/kg].

Taking into account mass relations in the process of burning carbon C, then according to the following equations:

12 kg C + 32 kg O2 = 44 kg CO2,

12 kg C + 16 kg O2 = 28 kg CO,

The emission of carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide while burning B [kg} of fuel can be taken from the following relations:

GCO2 = B * 44 / 12 * C*(1 – Sp * Qw / 33 900) * (1 – SCO* Qw / 25 000) [kg],

GCO = B * 28 / 12 * = C*(1 – Sp * Qw / 33 900) * SCO* Qw / 25 000 [kg].

These formula were used while calculating the volume of emission of carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide in the analysed coal-fired boiler houses in Szamotuly assuming that in the case of stable grate the loss in non-complete burning of Sp = 6% (for natural sequence – a boiler house no. 817) and Sp = 8% (for induced sequence – a boiler house no. 824) whereas the loss in non-complete burning of SCO = 2.5 % for both boiler houses.

The emission of NO2

The emission of NO2 was calculated using the indicator of the load of NO2 determined experimentally for coal-fired heaters with a stable grate (advised by the Ministry of Environmental Protection Natural Resources and Forestry (MEPNR&F)):

For heaters with natural flow w = 1 kg/Mg,

for heaters with induced flow w = 1.5 kg/Mg

The emission of NO2 was calculated on the basis on the following relation:

GNO2 = B * w [kg].

The volume of emission determined for coal-fired boiler houses in Szamotuly

Using the methodology of determining the emission of pollutants into the atmosphere presented above and operating parameters of boiler houses, the calculations were carried out for the volume of dust emission, emission of SO2, CO2, CO and NO2 in the subsequent months of 1997 separately for a boiler house no. 817 (Sklodowska) and for a boiler house no. 824 (Wisniowa). In the calculations the average data characterising the consumed fuel were used.

THE POLLUTANTS EMISSION FROM SYSTEM POWER PLANTS GENERATING ELECTRICITY BEING THE EQUIVALENT OF THE ELECTRICITY GENERATED BY THE PLANNED CHP PLANT

Electricity which is to be generated in the planned CHP plant in Szamotuly would be otherwise produced in system power plants. It would be then connected with the emission of pollutants into the atmosphere. The evaluation of the volume of such pollutant emission is the result of the conditions which Polish power plants work. The complete data allowing for determining the emission indicators were gathered in 1994:

The annual production of CHP plants in Poland was 112 352 GWh,

The annual coal consumption in those CHP plants was 95 374 000 Mg

with the average calorific value 12 477 kJ/kg

The chemical energy consumption in those CHP plants was 1 189 981 300 GJ

The average generating efficiency 34 %

The emission of dust

The average content of dust in burnt coal in CHP plants accounted for Ar = 15,4 %. The indicator of dust emission was 0,176 kg/GJ which annually is 209 437 Mg. Taking into account the annual electricity generation – the indicator of dust emission per electricity unit was:

1,864 kg/MWh

The emission of SO2

The average content of sulphur in burnt coal in CHP plants accounted for Sr = 0,71 %.. The indicator of SO2 emission was 1 156 908 Mg. Taking into account the annual electricity generation – the indicator of SO2 emission per electricity unit was:

10,30 kg/MWh

The emission of CO2

According to Grubba the unit CO2 emission accounts for:

For hard coal 98,27 kg/GJ

For fine coal 94,60 kg/GJ

In Polish conditions, taking into account the relation between the hard coal consumption and lignite consumption, the unit emission from CHP plants was 95,80 kg/GJ. The annual value of CO2 emission for such an indicator was 114 000 200 Mg. Taking into account the annual electricity generation – the indicator of CO2 emission per electricity unit was:

1,01467 Mg/MWh

The emission of CO

The unit emission of CO for large heaters according to MEPNR&F is 5 kg/Mg.

The annual value of the CO emission for such an indicator is 476 875 Mg. Taking into account the annual electricity generation – the indicator of CO emission per electricity unit was:

4,24 kg/MWh

The emission of NO2

The unit emission of NO2 for large heaters according to the MEPNR&F is 4 kg/Mg. The annual value of the NO2 emission for such an indicator is 381 500 Mg. Taking into account the annual electricity generation – the indicator of NO2 emission per electricity unit was:

3,4 kg/MWh

For the value of generated electricity 1664 MWh which can be generated in the planned CHP plant the value of annual pollutant emission in CHP power plants is:

dust 1664 MWh * 1,864 kg/MWh = 3 102 kg

SO2 1664 MWh * 10,30 kg/MWh = 17 139 kg

CO2 1664 MWh * 1,01467 Mg/MWh = 1 688,4 Mg

CO 1664 MWh * 4,24 kg/MWh = 7 055 kg

NO2 1664 MWh * 3,40 kg/MWh = 5 658 kg

THE COMPARISON OF THE POLLUTANT EMISSION FROM THE PLANNED CHP PLANT WITH THE EXISTING BOILER HOUSES IN SZAMOTULY

The figures for the volume of pollutant emission from existing coal-fired boiler houses calculated above and the figures connected with the generation of 1664 MWh of electricity in CHP plants, allow for the calculating the total value of pollutant emission before the implementation of the project. Those figures are compared against the figures for the existing situation. They are all presented in the table E 2.1.

E. 2) Estimated emissions with the activity:

Description of the scenario, including methodologies applied:

Technical description of a planned CHP plant

The heat demand for the planned source in the local heating system in the area along M.C. Sklodowskiej in Szamotuly which is to replace two existing coal-fired boiler houses no. 817 and no. 824 includes both heat for local heating system as well as hot water and can be presented in the following figures:

heat (co) (external temp. 18oC 2014 kW,

hot water (cwu) 473 kW

Total 2487 kW.

The following equipment is assumed to meet the above demand:

Co-generation unit Zantec 230 HR,

Two gas heaters with their heat capacity 1100 kW each,

Heat accumulator with capacity 3,7 MW

The co-generation unit will work in the peak base load with the annual consumption of the installed capacity circa 6500 h/a, whereas the rest of the demand will be met by gas-fired heaters. The CHP plant will be –fired by gas GZ-50 with heat of combustion Qc= 39 549 kJ/m3

The characteristics of burnt fuel

Generating equipment in the CHP plant will be fired by gas GZ-50. On the basis of data sent by Local Gas Company in Poznan, the average technological parameters of this fuel in 1997 were the following:

Heat of combustion Qc = 39 549 kJ/m3

Net calorific value Qw = 35 670 kJ/m3,

Content of CH4 = 96,0886 %

Content of C2H6 = 1,3004 %

Content of C3H8 = 0,2392 %

Content of C4H10 = 0,0552 %

Content of C5H12 = ,0152 %

Content of C6H14 = 0,0142 %

Content of N2 = 2,2514 %

Content of CO2 = 0,0285 %.

The characteristics of CHP plant operation

In order to compare the work of planned CHP plant with the work of two existing boiler houses the calculations of energy generation were carried out with the assumption of heat demand from 1997. The volume of heat and electricity generation and the consumption of fuel was calculated. The assumed energy efficiency was 85%.

The methodology of calculating the volume of polluting substances

Typical pollutants emitted by gas-fired plants are present in combustion gas: carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide and nitric oxide.

The emission of SO2

There will be no emission of SO2 in the case of burning gas GZ-50 with its content given above, because in the composition of this fuel there are not any sulphur compounds present.

The emission of CO2

The emission of CO2 depends on the content of carbon C in fuel. The determinants will be hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide in gas GZ-50 presented above. Because the carbon dioxide present in the combustion gas is the co-product of carbon dioxide being the result of exothermic processes of hydrocarbons burning and pure carbon dioxide present in fuel, therefor the volume of emitted CO2 can be calculated from the following relation:

GCO2 = B * (CH4 + 2*C2H6 + 3*C3H8 +4*C4H10 +5*C5H12 +6*C6H14 + CO2 )*44 / 22,42/100

Where B; the volume of burnt gas fuel [m3]

CH4 , C2H6 , C3H8 , C4H10 , C5H12 , C6H14 , CO2 the volume share in fuel [%]

For the fuel composition given above this dependence can be presented as follows:

GCO2 = B * 1,958952 [kg].

The emission of CO

The emission of CO was calculated using the indicator of the load of CO determined experimentally for the equipment fired by gas GZ-50 with the heat efficiency < 1,4 MWt (suggested by MEPNR&F):

w = 360 kg/106m3

The emission of CO was calculated from the following relation:

GCO = B * w [kg].

The emission of NO2

The emission of NO2 was calculated using the indicator of the load of NO2 determined experimentally for the equipment fired by gas GZ-50 with the heat efficiency < 1,4 MWt (suggested by MEPNR&F):

w = 1280 kg/106m3

The emission of NO2 was calculated from the following relation:

GNO2 = B * w [kg].

The volume of the emission calculated for the planned CHP plant in Szamatuly

Using the methodology for the determination of the emission of polluting substances into the atmosphere, presented above and the operating parameters of the planned CHP plant in Szamotuly, the volume of CO2, CO and NO2 emission was calculated for the subsequent months of a year. The figures of this volume are presented in the table E 2.1.

Fill in the following tables as applicable:

E.2.1) Summary table: Projected emission reductions:

GHG

1999

2000

...

2013

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2 [Mg]

4857

4857

4857

N2O [kg]

7156

7156

7156

SO2 [kg]

25021

25021

25021

CO [kg]

68688

68688

68688

Dust [kg]

9880

9880

9880

B) Project activity scenarioa)

CO2 [Mg]

1620

1620

1620

N2O [kg]

1059

1059

1059

SO2 [kg]

0

0

0

CO [kg]

298

298

298

Dust [kg]

0

0

0

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2 [Mg]

3237

3237

3237

N2O [kg]

6097

6097

6097

SO2 [kg]

25021

25021

25021

CO [kg]

68390

68390

68390

Dust [kg]

9880

9880

9880

D) Cumulative effect

CO2 [Mg]

3237

6474

48555

N2O [kg]

6097

12194

91455

SO2 [kg]

25021

50042

375315

CO [kg]

68390

136780

1025850

Dust [kg]

9880

19760

148200

a) Includes indirect GHG leakage’s.

F. Bearing in mind that the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows, please indicate

Source of project funding

Including pre-feasibility phase

(For each source one line)

Amount

(US dollars)

Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs (PSO-JI)

446 000 (910 000 NLG)

Energetyka Poznanska S.A. (COGEN)

278 000 (566 000 NLG)

Total

724 000 (1 476 000 NLG)

G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties

Describe briefly the transfer of environmentally sound technology and know-how including where appropriate the type of technology, terms, education, capacity building etc.

Business development and transfer of technology to the Joint Venture Cogen. Establishing a business and institutional framework for the modernisation of similar BH’s. Technology transfer starts with gas fired boilers and small scale co-generation systems involving transfer of technology in terms of organisation, finance and operations.

H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered

Fill in as appropriate:

H. 1) Any practical experience gained:

H. 2) Technical difficulties:

During technical discussions appeared that due to very bad condition of circulation system of district heating network there is a possibility that not all heat produced in a boiler house might be distributed to the customers. So it was decided to extend investment by modernising also circulation system (pumps and vessels for hot water accumulation).

H. 3) negative impacts and/or effects encountered:

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantitative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item

Please fill in

Describe environmental negative impacts/effects in detail:

Not expected

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental negative impacts/effects?

No

Describe social/cultural negative impacts/effects in detail:

Possible fear of gas explosion

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social negative impacts/effects?

No

Describe economic negative impacts/effects in detail:

Necessity of additional investment (circulation system). See H.2)

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic negative impacts/effects?

no

H. 4) Other obstacles encountered:

H. 5) Other:

The project was submitted to JIRC, the Dutch Joint Implementation Registration Centre, for registration.


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