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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY(AIJ)

List of Projects

Uniform Reporting Format:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

A. Description of the AIJ project

1. Title of project: Doña Julia Hydroelectric Project

2. Host country: Costa Rica

3. Brief project description:

The Doña Julia Hydroelectric Project involves the construction and operation of a privately-owned and operated 16 megawatt (MW) hydroelectric plant that is expected to produce an estimated 83 gigawatthours (GWh) to 87.8 GWh of electricity per year, using the waters from the Puerto Viejo River and Quebradon Creek. The project will displace electricity and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions currently produced by thermal fossil fuel-burning facilities. The project facility became operational in December of 1998. Electricity generated by the project facility is being sold to the Costa Rican Institute of Electricity (ICE).

4. Participants:

Name of Organization or Individual

Country

Compañía Hidroeléctrica Doña Julia S.R.L

Costa Rica

Electrifica – Dora Nacional Limitada

Costa Rica

Grupo Corporativo Saret S.A

Costa Rica

Ingeniería Nautilus S.R.L.

Costa Rica

Corporación Costarricense de Acciones y Valores S.A.

Costa Rica

Lucascorp Desarrollos S.A.

Costa Rica

Venisys S.A.

Costa Rica

Equitable Resources

U.S.A.

Item

Please Complete If Applicable

Organization

Name of organization (original language)or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Compañía Hidroeléctrica Doña Julia S.R.L.

Name of organization (English)

None

Acronym (original language)

CHDJSRL

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project administration, owner and operator of facility

Street

P.O. Box 1420-3000

City

Heredia

State

Post code

Country

Costa Rica

Telephone

506-260-2433, 506-260-2459, 506-710-2095

506-710-3792

Fax

506-237-4583

E-mail

Clcinge@sol.racsa.co.cr

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Corrales

First name, middle name

Rafael

Job title

General Manager

Direct telephone

506-260-2433, 506-260-2459, 506-710-2095

506-710-3792

Direct fax

506-237-4583

Direct e-mail

Clcinge@sol.racsa.co.cr

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Please Complete If Applicable

Organization

Name of organization (original language)or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Electrifica – Dora Nacional Limitada

Name of organization (English)

None

Acronym (original language)

Electrifica Dora

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project administration, owner and operator of facility

Street

P.O. Box 1420-3000

City

Heredia

State

Post code

Country

Costa Rica

Telephone

506-260-2433, 506-260-2459, 506-710-2095

506-710-3792

Fax

506-237-4583

E-mail

Clcinge@sol.racsa.co.cr

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Corrales

First name, middle name

José

Job title

General Manager

Direct telephone

506-260-2433, 506-260-2459, 506-710-2095

506-710-3792

Direct fax

506-237-4583

Direct e-mail

Clcinge@sol.racsa.co.cr

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Please Complete If Applicable

Organization

Name of organization (original language)or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Grupo Corporativo Saret S.A – Quota holder

Name of organization (English)

None

Acronym (original language)

Saret

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project administration, owner and operator of facility

Street

P.O. Box 1420-3000

City

Alajuela

State

Post code

Country

Costa Rica

Telephone

506-443-0001, 506-381-3194

Fax

506-443-0202

E-mail

Grpsaret@sol.racsa.co.cr

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Ramírez

First name, middle name

Miguel

Job title

General Manager

Direct telephone

506-443-0001, 506-381-3194

Direct fax

506-443-0202

Direct e-mail

Grpsaret@sol.racsa.co.cr

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Please Complete If Applicable

Organization

Name of organization (original language)or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Ingeniería Nautilus S.R.L. Quota Holder

Name of organization (English)

None

Acronym (original language)

Nautilius

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project administration, owner and operator of facility

Street

P.O. Box 1420-3000

City

Curridabat

State

Post code

Country

Costa Rica

Telephone

506-260-2433, 506-260-2459, 506-710-2095

506-710-3792, 506-284-2753

Fax

506-237-4583

E-mail

Clcinge@sol.racsa.co.cr

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Corrales

First name, middle name

Rafael

Job title

General Manager

Direct telephone

506-260-2433, 506-260-2459, 506-710-2095

506-710-3792, 506-284-2753

Direct fax

506-237-4583

Direct e-mail

Clcinge@sol.racsa.co.cr

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Please Complete If Applicable

Organization

Name of organization (original language)or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Corporación Costarricense de Acciones y Valores S.A. – Quota Holder

Name of organization (English)

None

Acronym (original language)

CCAV

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project administration, owner and operator of facility

Street

P.O. Box 1420-3000

City

Heredia

State

Post code

Country

Costa Rica

Telephone

506-260-5595

Fax

506-237-1017

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Corea

First name, middle name

Nancy

Job title

General Manager

Direct telephone

506-260-5595

Direct fax

506-237-1017

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Please Complete If Applicable

Organization

Name of organization (original language)or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Lucascorp Desarrollos S.A. – Quota Hoder

Name of organization (English)

None

Acronym (original language)

Lucascorp

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project administration, owner and operator of facility

Street

P.O. Box 1420-3000

City

Escazú

State

Post code

Country

Costa Rica

Telephone

506-228-0864

Fax

506-289-7780

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Novello

First name, middle name

Guido

Job title

General Manager

Direct telephone

506-228-0864

Direct fax

506-289-7780

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Please Complete If Applicable

Organization

Name of organization (original language)or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Venisys S.A

Name of organization (English)

None

Acronym (original language)

Venisys

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project administration, owner and operator of facility

Street

P.O. Box 1420-3000

City

Curridabat

State

Post code

Country

Costa Rica

Telephone

506-253-7617, 506-253-8341

Fax

506-225-8983

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Constantino

First name, middle name

Lugo

Job title

General Manager

Direct telephone

506-253-7617, 506-253-8341

Direct fax

506-225-8983

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Please Complete If Applicable

Organization

Name of organization (original language)or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Equitable Resources

Name of organization (English)

(Same as above)

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

ERI

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project development, financing, joint owner

Street

255 Main Street

City

Hartford

State

Connecticut

Post code

06106

Country

U.S.A.

Telephone

860-249-4321

Fax

860-524-1211

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

http://www.eriservices.com

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Robert

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

860-249-4321

Direct fax

860-524-1211

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

5. Description of AIJ project activities

Item

Type of Project

Sector(s)

Energy

Primary activity(ies)

Alternative energy generation (hydroelectric)

Project Location

Country

Costa Rica

Exact location (city, state, region)

Colonia Cubujuquí, Horquetas District, Sarapiquí Cantón, Province of Heredia, Republic of Costa Rica

Key Dates and Current Stage of Project

Project starting date (month/year)

December 1998

Project ending date (month/year)

November 2013

Project lifetime (years)

15 (with possible 5 year extensions)

Current stage of project

Construction

General Project Description and Technical Data

The Doña Julia Hydroelectric Project involves the construction and operation of a 16 megawatt (MW) hydroelectric plant that is expected to produce an estimated 83 GWh to 87.8 GWh of electricity per year, using the waters from the Puerto Viejo River and Quebradon Creek. This hydro-generated power will displace electricity that would have been generated using thermal units that burn primarily high-sulfur diesel fuel, fuel oil, and IFO 180 fuel. Historically, Costa Rica has used fossil fuels as a marginal source of power during peak periods, but because of increased demand, fossil fuel generating plants are operating almost continuously. The project facility became operational in December 1998. Electricity generated by the facility is being sold to the Costa Rican Institute of Electricity (ICE).

6. Cost

(a) Explanation of methodology for calculating cost data

Methodology for Calculating Cost Data

The estimated total project cost is $32 million. The full capitalized costs of the project have been financed with a combination of debt (70%) and equity (30%).

(b) Cost data–Project development

  • $3.320.000.00

(c) Cost data–Project implementation

  • $28.630.000.00

7. Monitoring and verification of AIJ project activities and results

Item

Party(ies) that will be monitoring project activities

Compañía Hidroeléctrica Doña Julia

Party(ies) that will be externally verifying project results

This information is not yet available.

Date when the monitoring plan became (or will become) operational (month/year)

January 1999

Types of data that will be collected

Total fossil fuel use for the generation of electricity.

Description of Monitoring and Verification Activities and Schedule for Implementation

The Costa Rican Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mines (MINAE), through its Office of Energy Policy (DSE), will make available on an annual basis data on Costa Rica’s total fossil fuel use for the generation of electricity in the previous year. This information will be published within the first six months of the year following the year indicated within the fossil fuel consumption data. Compañía Hidroeléctrica Doña Julia, using conversion tables supplied by MINAE, or any other source they prefer, will convert the DSE-supplied information to develop a total and accurate GHG displacement profile for the project lifetime.

Monitoring will take place on a regular and constant basis in accordance with the Project Power Purchasing Agreement between the Doña Julia Hydroelectric Project and ICE. The development of offset information by the project will be completed by the month of September, with technical assistance and data provided by MINAE and ICE.

The participants in this project agree to independent, external verification of the information presented in the proposal, excluding confidential business information. The participants welcome inspection by members of the Panel or their designees to verify the accuracy of all data related to emission reductions and the appropriateness of any procedures or methodologies utilized to determine such reductions. In addition, the developer has expressed willingness to arrange a cooperative agreement with an internationally recognized environmental advocacy organization to verify the procedures and methodologies used. A verification schedule has not yet been developed.

B. Governmental approval

Item

Please check one of the following.

This report is a first report.Or

This report is an intermediate report.Or

This report is a final report.

Please check one of the following:

This report is a joint report. Letter(s) of approval of this report from the designated national authority of the other Party(ies) involved in the activity is(are) attached in Section J, Annex.Or

This report is a separate report.

Additional comments (if any):

C. Compatibility with, and supportiveness of, national economic development and socioeconomic and environmental priorities and strategies

Compatibility with Economic Development and Socioeconomic and Environmental Priorities

In a letter dated July 26, 1995, René Castro Salazar, Minister of MINAE, indicated that the project would "undoubtedly meet Costa Rica’s sustainable development goals by allowing for the diversification of [Costa Rica’s] energy resources and by bringing [Costa Rica] closer to its goal of satisfying current and future energy needs with a diverse portfolio of clean, renewable, and environmentally-sound energy sources." The project also helps to achieve Costa Rica’s goal of 100% renewable electricity generation by 2001. This goal is intended to fulfill the country’s commitments under the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC), the Biodiversity Convention, and Agenda 21.

D. Environmental, social/cultural, and economic impacts of the AIJ project

Non-Greenhouse-Gas Environmental Impacts of the Project

Hydroelectric projects involve major modifications of natural environments that generally have important side effects, both positive and negative. The negative effects include obstacles to fish migration, disruption of natural ecosystems by changing river regimes, changes in land use via construction of roads and transmission lines, sedimentation upstream of the dam, and riverbed erosion downstream. Positive effects include mitigation of floods, creation of new habitats for some animal species, recreation, and the improvement of transport in rural areas through construction of new roads.

Social/Cultural Impacts of the Project

The project developer states that there are no identifiable negative development impacts of the project. The citizens currently living on parcels dispersed in a rural settings; there are no cultural remains or archeological structures are believed to be on the site.

Economic Impacts of the Project

The project will provide employment during both the construction and operational phases. According to the developer, the project also will attract foreign capital investment while providing protection from rising fuel prices, and will help ICE diversify its electricity generation portfolio.

E. Greenhouse gas impacts of the AIJ project

1. Scenario description

Item

Site Designation

Site number (order of presentation in this report)

1 of 1

Site name/designation

Doña Julia Hydroelectric Project

Project sector

Energy

Reference Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Electricity generation from fossil fuels

Has the reference scenario changed since the last report? (If yes, explain any changes below.)

Yes

No

This is the first project report.

Description:

Without the project, the percentage of total electricity demand—and associated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions—provided by fossil fuels will not be displaced by the additional hydroelectric resource. Thermal units in Costa Rica were originally designed to meet only peak demand, while hydroelectric systems were intended to meet base load demand (hydroelectric is preferred because it is half the cost of thermal generation). However, decreased reliability of hydroelectric plants resulting from El Niño drought conditions has forced ICE to rely more heavily on thermal units to meet base load demand. At the same time, energy demand in Costa Rica is growing at a rate of 7 to 9 percent annually. This rapid growth has put pressure on ICE to continue to expand its current capacity. In September 1994, the Minister of MINAE announced the goal to meet all electricity needs in Costa Rica with renewable energy sources by 2001. While this goal is intended to fulfill commitments under the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC), the Biodiversity Convention, and Agenda 21, current energy demand and supply conditions suggest that such a phase-out may be delayed.

In light of ambiguities created by drought and potential conflicts between policy goals and actual utility expansion plans, the proposal provides a broad picture of future GHG emissions in Costa Rica by presenting two sets of reference case projections: one developed by ICE and USAID in 1992, and an "alternative" projection incorporating 1994 fossil fuel consumption data and the September 1994 Costa Rican government policy goals to phase out fossil fuels. The "alternative" reference scenario is presented in this report simply because it leads to a lower estimate of net project benefits and, hence, is more conservative. The "alternative" reference scenario is based on the assumption that consumption of diesel and fuel oil for the electricity generation in Costa Rica will remain at 1994 levels through 1997 and then decline to zero by 2001.

Predicted Project Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Alternative energy generation (hydroelectric)

Description:

The project will annually displace an estimated 83 to 87.8 GWh of electricity currently produced by the burning of fossil fuel. (Total output from thermal plants in 1994 was 829.8 GWh.)

The site location is in the northern zone of Costa Rica, a highly precipitous region with annual rainfall of up to 8,000 mm/year. The river flow variation during the course of the year is minimal, so the plant will be able to effectively manage the water resource year round. During periods when other hydroelectric facilities are experiencing low water supplies, the Doña Julia Project will be operational and will effectively displace CO2 emissions that otherwise would have been generated from burning fossil fuels. However, emissions in the project scenario occur only until 2001 because all fossil fuel-based generation is expected to be replaced by renewable energy resources by that year.

Actual Project

Primary activity(ies)

On seventy per cent construction completed.

Description:

This information is not yet available.

2. GHG emission/sequestration calculation methodology

GHG Emission/Sequestration Calculation Methodology

Site number

1 of 1

Project sector

Energy

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Reference Scenario

The reference case is based on historic and projected emissions from consumption of diesel and fuel oil used to power Costa Rica's generating plants. The developer assumes that the consumption of diesel and fuel oil will remain at 1994 levels through 1997. This is fully consistent with the MINAE Minister's announced goal to phase out fossil fuel by 2001, according to which fossil fuel consumption is expected to decline beginning in 1998 until it is totally eliminated by 2001. Based on Costa Rica's fossil fuel phase-out plan, emissions from fossil fuel consumption are expected to be reduced by approximately 33 percent by 1998, 66 percent by 1999, 99 percent by 2000, and 100 percent by 2001, relative to 1994 levels.

Estimated 1994 fossil fuel emissions were based on the quantities of diesel and fuel oil consumed in Costa Rica in 1994: 71,430,126 and 9,636,099 gallons, respectively. Emissions from diesel fuel were derived by multiplying the amount of fuel consumed by the heat content of diesel fuel and by a diesel fuel CO2 emission factor. For diesel fuel, emissions are therefore estimated as 751,696 t CO2 (= 71,430,126 gal * 0.145x106 Btu/gal * 0.0726 t CO2/106 Btu). Emissions from fuel oil were calculated using the same method, but with a heat content of 0.150x106 Btu/gal and a CO2 emissions factor of 0.0762 t CO2/106 Btu. Thus, for fuel oil, emissions equal 110,147 t CO2 (= 9,636,099 gal * 0.150x106 Btu/gal * 0.0762 t CO2/106 Btu). The emissions from both fuels were summed to obtain total 1994 emissions of 861,843 t CO2 (= 751,696 t CO2 + 110,147 t CO2).

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Project Scenario

Because there are no emissions associated with hydroelectric power, emissions in the project scenario represent Costa Rican fossil fuel electricity generation that is not displaced by the project's generation. The estimation methodology calculates the displaced generation (i.e., net project benefits), not the remaining generation.

Net project benefits are the avoided emissions from displaced fossil fuel. Beginning in 1996, net project benefits in a given year are estimated as the ratio of the plant's projected annual electricity generation (90 GWh) to total Costa Rican fossil fuel electricity generation in 1994 (829.8 GWh), multiplied by reference case emissions in that year. Because of the anticipated phase-out of fossil fuel plants, emission reductions decline annually until they reach zero in 2001. By calculating an annual reduction in net project carbon benefits based on the phase-out of fossil fuels, the project attempts to avoid double-counting emission reductions that may be claimed by other hydroelectric and wind projects in Costa Rica. (Reductions in the first year are multiplied by 3/12 to account for the fact that the plant came on-line in October of that year.) Net project benefits (emission reductions) are calculated as follows:

Year Calculation for Net Project Benefits

1 (1996) (90 GWh/ 829.8 GWh)(861,843 t CO2) * 3/12

2 (1997) (90 GWh/ 829.8 GWh)(861,843 t CO2)

3 (1998) (90 GWh/ 829.8 GWh)(574,942 t CO2)

4 (1999) (90 GWh/ 829.8 GWh)(288,041 t CO2)

5 (2000) (90 GWh/ 829.8 GWh)(1,138 t CO2)

6 (2001) (90 GWh/ 829.8 GWh)(0 t CO2)

Annual project scenario emissions are calculated by subtracting annual net project benefits from annual reference scenario emissions.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Actual Project

This information is not yet available.

3. GHG emission/sequestration data

(a) Reporting of GHG emissions/sequestration

Image

(b) Additional information on GHG emissions/sequestration

Indirect or Secondary GHG Impacts (Positive and Negative)

The major secondary GHG impact has resulted from clearing approximately two hectares of forest land at the project site to prepare for construction. However, the effect of such cutting in the overall carbon accounting is minimal.

Factors That Could Cause the Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

Given the nature of this project—substitution of fossil fuel generated power with hydroelectric power—loss or reversal of benefits that have been achieved is not possible. Factors that may cause a loss of projected emission reductions include natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes, etc.

Strategy for Reducing the Risk of Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

The project developers will undertake several steps to minimize potential losses of project benefits. These include obtaining insurance, assuring regular maintenance, and developing and implementing inspection protocols.

F. Funding of the AIJ project

1. Identification of funding sources

(a) Funding sources for project development

On February 1998, the Company signed Loan documents with Scotia Mercantile Bank from Grand Cayman and DEG – Deustch Investitions – und Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH from Germany; the total loan is $24 million.

(b) Funding sources for project implementation

This information is not yet available.

2. Assessment of additional funding needs

Current or Planned Activities to Obtain Additional Funding

None

G. Contribution to capacity building and technology transfer

Contribution to Capacity Building and Technology Transfer

The project contributes to capacity building by expanding the application of renewable energy technologies in Costa Rica, and thereby reducing reliance on fossil fuels.

  1. Recent developments, technical difficulties, and obstacles encountered
    • None

Recent Project Developments

This information is not yet available.

Technical Difficulties and Other Obstacles Encountered

This information is not yet available.

I. Additional information

Additional Information

None.

J. Annex

1. Host country acceptance of the AIJ project

Country/Project Title

Name, Title, and Government Agency of the Designated National Authority

Date of Approval(day/month/year)

Costa Rica/Doña Julia Hydroelectric Project

René Castro Salazar, Minister, Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mines (MINAE)

26 July 1995

2. Letters of approval of this AIJ project report

As demonstrated by the attached form, the host country concurred with the 1997 USIJI Reporting Document for this project. In accordance with instructions from the UNFCCC Secretariat, a new letter of host country concurrence is not required for the 1998 USIJI Reporting Document for this project because the lead developer reported no new information this year and the Reporting Document has not changed.