ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY(AIJ)
List of Projects
Uniform Reporting Format:
Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase
1) Title of project:
Burkina Faso Sustainable Energy Management
Please fill in if applicable
1. Purpose of the Report. This is the second joint report by the Government of Burkina Faso (GoBF)
and Norway to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The report is a follow-up
to the first joint report which was submitted to the UNFCCC in June 1997 as per the requirements of the
First Conference of the Parties (COP1-- Decision 5). It is intended to document the progress made and
difficulties encountered during the field implementation of the Burkina Faso Sustainable Energy Management
Project with a view to consolidating the lessons learned and thus contributing to the improvement of the
project’s performance overtime during the pilot phase.
2. Summary of the Project. The AIJ component within the Burkina Faso Sustainable Energy Management
Project supports a selection of climate change activities (solar PV dissemination for community purposes,
kerosene stove dissemination in major urban settlements to displace woodfuel and charcoal use, promotion of
improved carbonization techniques together with forest management activities by the Ministry of Environment
and demand side activities by the Ministry of Energy). The detailed design of project activities and
anticipated CO2 offsets, the budget allocation, the monitoring and supervision provisions together with the
anticipated benefits of the project are described in the June 1997 report to the UNFCC attached as Annex 1.
Type of project:a)
Energy Efficiency/demand side management
Location (exact, e.g. city, region, state):
Mouhon and Koudougou, Burkina Faso
Activity starting date:
February 3, 1997, a letter of intent to implement the project was signed between the governments of Burkina
Faso and Norway. June-July 1997 project actual implementation initiated. Implementation delayed by 6 months
because of cofinancing.
Expected activity ending date:
Stage of activity:b)
Lifetime of activity if different from ending date:c)
Emissions impact of the activity will continue throughout the lifespan of the project. The pilot phase
emissions reductions of 1.5 million tons of CO2 are based on a 6 year period including 1 year of
project preparation. Monitoring and evaluation of emissions reduction for reporting to UNFCCC will be
conducted on a continuous basis.
provided under section E of this report
4) Costs (to the extent possible)
5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures
Describe the procedures, including name of organizations involveda) :
(1) Project Implementation since September 1997. 3. Current AIJ Project Status. Since the
signing of the AIJ-Grant legal agreement between the World Bank and the GoBF in September of 1997, the
following project preparation and implementation activities have taken place:
(i) a national AIJ-Review of Policies of Traditional Energy Sectors (RPTES) workshop was held in
September 1997 to finalize the terms of reference (TOR) of the proposed studies together with the project
implementation plan. The workshop specifically contributed to: (a) raising national awareness on the
project activities for which prior national experience was limited; (b) enhancing national ownership of the
climate change policy aspects of the project and (c) creating an enabling environment to facilitate project
coordination between all line ministries by bringing together government institutions, the civil society,
the private sector and the NGO community;
(ii) subsequent to the above preparation workshop, all necessary provisions for the institutional
set up and oversight of the project were finalized for a national AIJ-Project Steering Committee to be
appointed by the Ministerial decree.
(iii) a Project Coordination Unit (PCU) was appointed by the GoBF which assigned the Solar and
kerosene stove promotion activities to the Ministry of Energy while the Ministry of Environment retained
responsibility for the implementation of the forest management and improved carbonization activities;
(iv) the villages participating in the solar promotion activities were identified;
(v) a Manual of Procedures following standard IDA guidelines was prepared by the GoBF and a project
accountant was hired;
(vi) an official AIJ-RPTES project launching ceremony took place in January 17, 1998 in Koudougou,
one of the AIJ-project sites, with the participation of eight Ministers together with several donor
(2) Detailed Review of Implemented Components
(i) . Institutional and Legal Arrangements. Items (ii) through (iii) of paragraph 3 above provides
information on key institutional and administrative arrangements accomplished to date. These arrangements
were undertaken by the GoBF to start field implementation of the AIJ-Project once the legal agreement
between the GoBF and the World Bank-IDA was signed.
(ii). Solar PV systems.. A survey of the identified local communities to receive the solar PV
equipment has been completed. An international competitive bidding process for the supply of the solar PV
systems to the local communities has been initiated. A final selection of the implementing firm is expected
by June 15, 1998.
(iii). Kerosene Stove Dissemination Activities. The project management team for the kerosene
activities traveled to Niger to take stock of the experience of that country in the promotion of kerosene
stoves (see Energy field mission report attached as Annex 2). Samples of kerosene stoves were brought from
Niger for testing in Ouagadougou.
(iv). Improved Carbonization/Charcoal Filière Assessment. A limited number of Consulting firms
have been identified and a preliminary consultation has been initiated. Implementation of follow-up
activities is in progress and an assessment will be conducted at a later date.
(v). Forest Management Activities. The initial Project implementation plan was revised and
provisions were made to hire two Forestry Engineers to strengthen the implementation team and would assist
with carbon analysis in sequestrations. Out of the 250 villages covered by the Sustainable Energy
Management Project, 34 villages have been selected and surveyed for the AIJ-Project field implementation.
Some equipment were provided to the village-based Task Teams towards the forest management activities by
the GoBF on January 17, 1998 during the official launching of the AIJ field implementation.
(3) Emissions Reductions. Projects of emissions reductions including technical parameters to be used,
baseline estimation, and the plan for monitoring the quantities of emissions will be conducted in
collaboration with Burkina Faso National Coordinator of Climate Change (CIMAC).
B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement
1) For the activity:
2) This report is a joint report:
_x_ Yes, forward copy of agreement/endorsement by the designated national authorities involved
3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:
C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socio-economic and environment
priorities and strategies
D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project
E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable
and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occured in the
absence of such activities
1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):
2) Estimated emissions with the activity:
F. Bearing in mind that the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to financial
obligations of the Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism
as well as to current official development assistance flows, please indicate
G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other
Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In
this process, the developed country parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities
and technologies of developing country Parties
H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects,
impacts or other obstacles encountered
Fill in as appropriate:
1) Any practical experience gained:
Remedial Actions Taken
To be able to start up the AIJ field activities on January 17, 1998 while awaiting DANIDA’s disbursement (now
expected by June 1998), the GoBF established a temporary project management unit in December 1997 with financial
support from the World Bank RPTES Program. DANIDA cofinancing delayed by 6 months. DANIDA cofinancing amended and
limited to forest management. A sub budget line within the AIJ has been initiated to include support for
2) Technical difficulties:
Project Implementation Constraints
Field implementation of the project was delayed by 3 months following the September 1997 signing of the legal
agreement because of the delay incurred by DANIDA in providing the funds intended to support the institutional
set-up of the overall Sustainable Energy Management Project. To date, all legal agreements have been signed.
Endorsement letters received from the Ministry of Finance.
3) Negative impacts and/or effects encountered:
4) Other obstacles encountered:
Project Risks. The project benefits could be affected by (i) delays in implementation; (ii) performance by
local institutions executing the project; (iii) inflation and depreciating local currency that might make the
prices of solar PV systems very expensive for local communities; (iv) lack of skills in use of solar PV systems and
carbonization technologies may make implementation of the project difficult and calculation and recording of
CO2 emissions abated impossible. (v) Property ownership between the government and local communities and
possible resource conflicts resulting from fuelwood wholesalers, charcoal processors, increasing urban demand for
energy creating shortages for fuelwood, and (vi) creating and expanding a sustainable market for solar PV systems
and non carbon energy technologies.
Monitoring and Evaluation Process. The project monitoring and evaluation for the government of Burkina Faso
will be carried out by its own structures.