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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY(AIJ)
 

Uniform Reporting Format:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

List of Projects

A. Description of project

A. 1) Title of project: Renewable Energy Training/Demonstration Project

A. 2) Participants/actors:

Please fill in one table for each participant/actor. For individuals fill in as from item A Function within activity".

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

International Centre for the Application of Solar Energy

Department:

Acronym:

CASE

Function within activity:

Project Implementation

Street:

Level 8, 220 St George’s Terrace

City:

PERTH WA 6000

Country:

Australia

Telephone:

61-8-9321 7600

Fax:

61-8-9321 7497

E-mail:

------------

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

------------

Surname:

Butler

First name, middle name:

Ken

Job title:

Manager, Product & Service Delivery

Direct tel:

-------------

Direct fax:

-------------

Direct E-mail:

-------------

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

International Greenhouse Partnerships Office

Department:

Primary Industries and Energy

Acronym:

IGP Office/DPIE

Function within activity:

Government AIJ/CDM administration

Street:

GPO Box 858

Post code:

2601

City:

Canberra

Country:

Australia

Telephone:

61-2-6272 4791

Fax:

61-2-6271 6599

E-mail:

igp.office@dpie.gov.au

WWW-URL:

http://www.dpie.gov.au/resources.energy/environment/greenhouse/igp/index.html

Contact person (for this activity):

-------------------------------

Surname:

Stevens

First name, middle name:

Mark R.

Job title:

Assistant Manager, International Greenhouse Partnerships Office

Direct tel:

61-2-6272 4791

Direct fax:

61-2-6271 6599

Direct E-mail:

mark.stevens@dpie.gov.au

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

Australian Agency for International Development

Department:

Acronym:

AusAID

Function within activity:

Project Finance

Street:

GPO Box 887

Post code:

2601

City:

Canberra ACT

Country:

Australia

Telephone:

-----------------

Fax:

-----------------

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

-----------------

Surname:

Fleeton

First name, middle name:

Mark

Job title:

Director, Indonesia Section

Direct tel:

61-2-6206 4750

Direct fax:

61-2-6206 4242

Direct E-mail:

mark_fleeton@ausaid.gov.au

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Department:

Research and Development Centre for Applied Physics

Acronym:

LIPI/RDCAP

Function within activity:

Project Implementation

Street:

--------------------

Post code:

15314

City:

PUSPIPTEK, Serpong

Country:

Indonesia

Telephone:

62-21-7560089; 62-21-7560570

Fax:

62-21-7560554

E-mail:

--------------------

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

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Surname:

Kusnowo

First name, middle name:

Anung

Job title:

Director

Direct tel:

--------------------

Direct fax:

--------------------

Direct E-mail:

Kusnowo@server.indo.net.id

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

Indonesian Ministry of Environment

Department:

Acronym:

Function within activity:

Government AIJ administration

Street:

JL. D. I. Panjaitan Kav. 42

13410

Post code:

13410

City:

Jakarta Timur

Country:

Indonesia

Telephone:

62/21/8580111; 62/21/8518138

Fax:

62/21/8580111; 62/21/8518138

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

--------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Sugandhy

First name, middle name:

Aca

Job title:

Assistant Minister for Environment

Direct tel:

62/21/8580111; 62/21/8518138

Direct fax:

62/21/8580111; 62/21/8518138

Direct E-mail:

sugandhy@cbn.net.id

a) Organization includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organizations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

A. 3) Activity:

Item

Please fill in if applicable

General description:

The project will involve the delivery of technical education and training services in the use of renewable energy (RE) systems. The presence of these services will assist the establishment of AIJ collaborative projects between Australia and Indonesia in the RE field.

The project will build a close working relationship between the agencies in Indonesia and Australia which are responsible for the establishment of AIJ projects; ie the Ministry of Environment and the International Greenhouse Partnerships Office, respectively. At an operational level, the project will also promote collaboration between relevant government agencies responsible for training in the RE field; ie. the International Centre for Application of Solar Energy (CASE) and the Appropriate Technology Division - Indonesian Institute of Sciences, (Balai Pengembangan Tecknolgi Tempat Guna (BPTTG - LIPI). With support from the Australian and Western Australian Government, CASE has been established to facilitate the transfer of RE technology to developing countries.

The first phase provided the foundation for the project and involved the following components; socioeconomic baseline study, marker definition and institutional capability analysis; development of train-the-trainer program; development of business plan and marketing strategy, development of training modules.

The effectiveness of the training is being demonstrated by undertaking a small scale RE demonstration . This demonstration unit, which was selected from candidate projects which were given priority status by BPTTG – LIPI, involves the installation of a hydro/solar/wind power system in the remote village of Kemiri in eastern Irian Jaya. Electricity from the power supply will be provided to the village workshop for food processing and simple agricultural tool repair.

Type of project:a)

Renewable energy

Location (exact, e.g. city, region,

state):

Kemiri, Irian Jaya

Activity starting date:

July 1997

Expected activity ending date:

December 1998; monitoring until December 2000

Stage of activity:b)

in progress

Lifetime of activity if different from ending date:c)

The demonstration system is designed to remain in operation beyond the completion of formal monitoring and reporting for AIJ purposes.

Technical data:d)

The system will comprise a 10 kW micro hydro turbine, 1.5 kW photovoltaic array, 2.5 kW wind turbine, 20 kVA inverter/charger and 132 kWh battery bank.

a) For example, using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) classification: energy efficiency; renewable energy; fuel switching; forest preservation, restoration or reforestation; afforestation; fugitive gas capture; industrial processes; solvents; agriculture; waste disposal or bunker fuels.

b) Circle the appropriate option.

c) Methodological work will be required to define lifetime of activities.

d) Methodological work will be required to determine for each type of activity what the minimum data requirements are.

A. 4) Cost (to the extent possible):

Item

Total Cost

Cost of the project in US$:

$234,000 (approx)

AIJ component in US$:

$92,000 (approx)

US$ per avoided ton of CO2 equivalent:

180 (20 year economic life)

Describe briefly how costs are determined:

The costs are associated with all phases of the project including capacity and institutional strengthening, market and business development, training modules, demonstration system and workshop. The figures in the table are based on a conversion rate $1Aus to $0.63 US.

The estimated saving in CO2 per year is 65 tonnes. It has been assumed that the economic lifetime of the project is 20 years equalling a total saving of 1,300 tonnes. Hence that cost per tonne of CO2 is $180 per tonne saved. Further information on emission savings is contained in Section E of this paper.

A. 5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures:

Describe the procedures, including name of organizations involved):

The electricity output of the demonstration system will be monitored to determine the total amount of electricity produced annually. This data will be used to validate and/or refine the estimated emission savings arising from the project. Further information on the determination of greenhouse gas emissions is contained in Section E of this report.

a) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organizations mentioned is reported under

section A.2 above.

B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement

Bearing in mind that all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities, which shall be shown as follows:

(a) In the case of joint reporting, the report is submitted by the designated national authority of one participating Party with the concurrence of all other participating Parties as evidenced by attached letters issued by the relevant national authorities;

(b) In the case of separate reporting, the reports are submitted separately by the designated national authority of each and every participating Party. Information will only be compiled once reports have been received from all participating Parties.

B. 1) For the activity:

  • The joint reporting on this project has been endorsed by the Indonesian Ministry of Environment, the International Greenhouse Partnerships Office, the Australian Agency for International Development, the International Centre for the Application of Solar Energy and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences.

B. 2) This report is a joint report:

  • The presentation of this report and its contents are considered to be submitted as a joint report from the Indonesian Ministry of Environment, the International Greenhouse Partnerships Office, the Australian Agency for International Development, the International Centre for the Application of Solar Energy and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences.

B. 3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:

C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socioSeconomic and environment priorities and strategies

Describe (to the extent possible) how the activity is compatible with and supportive of national economic development and socioSeconomic and environment priorities and strategies

This project has a variety of non-greenhouse benefits.

The wide scale application of renewable energy systems across rural Indonesia coupled with a strong institutional capacity to train users and influence communities in the services arising from energy is fundamental to Indonesia’s efforts to bring about sustainable development. Moreover, examples around Asia show that national development is not progressing along an undifferentiated geographic space. Rural-urban migration is placing increasing pressures on urban infrastructures. By providing reliable sources of energy to rural communities and appropriate training and education programs which allows these communities to develop small-scale industry is a major step towards reducing the pressures on the built environment.

The early phases of the project have included undertaking a baseline socio-economic study for the village of Kemiri and the surrounding areas within Kabupaten Jayawijaya in Irian Jaya. The results of the baseline study, coupled with meetings with various decision makers in the Indonesian Government, revealed the opportunity for the installation/demonstration stage of the project to address a much broader range of community development needs.

Through the adoption of innovative and appropriate applications, such as the food-processing component of the village workshop to be established during the demonstration phase, it is clear that tangible development benefits could be achieved, over and above those originally envisaged in this project. The successful development of the village workshop concept would then lead to successful replication and sustainability within Kabupaten Jayawijaya.

In Indonesia, there are some 24 million rural households without electricity. The provision of electricity to these households is a major priority for the Indonesian Government. In recent years some 800,000 households have been provided with a new electricity supply each year, primarily by being connected into a centralised electricity grid.

A recent World Bank-funded study into solar-based rural electrification concluded that such systems could be an economically viable option for up to 25-40% of non-electrified households (ie. 6-10 million houses). Renewable energy technology typically has significantly less impact on the environment, both at a local and global level, than conventional energy sources (eg. coal, oil). By increasing the use of renewable energy where it is economically viable, the project will contribute to the twin goals of sustainable development and economic growth, particularly in the less economically endowed rural regions of Indonesia.

D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantitative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item

Please fill in

Describe environmental benefits in detail:

The aim is to increase the contribution of renewable energy in the mix of electricity generating options as community demand for electricity increases in step with their development, consequently avoiding the consumption of diesel fuel which is used to generate the electricity. The resultant reduction in diesel fuel consumption will have positive global environmental benefit through a reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases. There will also be local environmental benefits from a reduction in the use of diesel including a reduction in local air pollution and a reduced risk of spillage of diesel fuel, which could potentially have a major adverse impact in an environmentally sensitive environment (eg. coral reefs).

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental benefits?

Yes

Describe social/cultural benefits in detail:

As outlined in Section C, the project will deliver a wide variety of social benefits.

In addition, the project will have positive socio-economic benefits through the increase in local employment to service renewable energy systems. The project will also have a positive impact on the balance of payments of Indonesia by reducing the domestic demand for petroleum products (diesel) and enabling Indonesia to remain an exporter of crude oil. There are good prospects for attaining a high local content from the use of renewable energy systems. Even in this initial project, the micro-hydro component of the demonstration system will be sourced for Indonesia.

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social benefits?

No

Describe economic benefits in detail:

The renewable energy project will reduce costs of providing a 24-hour/day electricity supply to rural areas of Indonesia. The provision of a 24-hour/day electricity supply at relatively low marginal cost opens up the prospects for village-based industry. The establishment of a village workshop, which will process locally grown food and repair agricultural equipment, is an integral part of the project. Increased food security for the local community and the potential to contribute high quality food products to the wider region are medium term aims.

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic benefits?

Information gathered from this project will enable an assessment to be made of the costs and benefits of renewable energy systems for rural applications, in general, and as a basis for rural industry development, in particular.

E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities

E. 1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):

Description of the baseline or reference scenario, including methodologies applied:

It is estimated that the workshop power supply system initially will supply 81.94 kWh per day to the village. On an annual basis this corresponds to approximately 29,900 kWh.

In the absence of the demonstration system, the electricity supply for the workshop and surrounding buildings would otherwise have been provided by a diesel generator. In rural villages in Indonesia, small diesel generators are used extensively to provide electricity.

To obtain an estimate of the diesel fuel which would otherwise have been consumed, computer simulations were undertaken using the RAPSIM computer model developed by the Murdoch University Energy Research Institute (MUERI). MUERI has validated the outputs for their computer model against actual diesel generator systems.

Based on the likely load profile for the power supply, the computer simulation concludes that a total of 64.8 litres of diesel fuel will be consumed daily. On an annual basis this corresponds to approximately 23,600 litres of diesel.

Based on the IPCC report entitled "Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories", there are some 2.71 kilogram of carbon dioxide produced through the combustion of 1 litre of diesel. On this basis, it is estimated that the demonstration phase of the project will reduce annual carbon dioxide emissions by approximately 64 tonnes.

The electricity output of the demonstration system will be monitored to determine the total amount of electricity produced annually. This data will be used to validate and/or refine the estimated emission savings arising from the project.

E. 2) Estimated emissions with the activity:

Description of the scenario, including methodologies applied:

As the system will rely exclusively on renewable sources of energy, no greenhouse gas emissions will arise from the operation of the system. However the electrical output of the system will be monitored to enable a reliable estimate to be made of the emissions which would have otherwise occurred if the electricity was supplied by a small diesel generator (see Section E1).

E.2.1) Summary table: Projected emission reductions:

GHG

Over Project Year

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2

65 tonnes

B) Project activity scenarioa)

CO2

0 tonnes

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2

65 tonnes

D) Cumulative effect

CO2

a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.

F. Bearing in mind that the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows, please indicate

Source of project funding

(For each source one line)

Amount

(US dollars)

CASE/LIPI

$92,000 (approx)

Australian Agency for International Development

$142,000 (approx)

G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties

As noted under Sections C and D of this report, the project will contribute significantly to capacity building and in the transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to the developing country Parties involved in the project.

H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered

The Government of Indonesia has specified the target village (Kemiri) as a centrepiece for regional planning efforts. The policy is designed to create a commercial hub in and around Kemiri. This provides a strategic opportunity to demonstrate the environmental, economic, and social benefits of renewable energy technologies and careful project development.

Annex I

EXTRACT FROM:

FCCC/CP/1995/7/Add.1:

REPORT OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES

ON ITS FIRST SESSION, HELD AT BERLIN FROM 28 MARCH TO 7 APRIL 1995

Addendum

PART TWO: ACTION TAKEN BY THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES

AT ITS FIRST SESSION

Decision 5/CP.1

Activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling that, in accordance with Article 4.2(d) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Conference is required to take decisions regarding criteria for joint implementation as indicated in Article 4.2(a),

Noting that the largest share of historical and current global emissions of greenhouse gases has originated in developed countries, that per capita emissions in developing countries are still relatively low and that the share of global emissions originating in developing countries will grow to meet their social and development needs,

Acknowledging that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible co-operation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and their social and economic conditions,

Recognizing that,

(a) According to the provisions of the Convention, the commitments under

Article 4.2(a) to adopt national policies and to take corresponding measures on the mitigation of climate change apply only to Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (Annex I Parties), and that Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (non-Annex I Parties) have no such commitments,

(b) Activities implemented jointly between Annex I Parties and non-Annex I Parties will not be seen as fulfilment of current commitments of Annex I Parties under Article 4.2(b) of the Convention; but they could contribute to the achievement of the objective of the Convention and to the fulfilment of commitments of Annex II Parties under Article 4.5 of the Convention,

(c) Activities implemented jointly under the Convention are supplemental, and should only be treated as a subsidiary means of achieving the objective of the Convention,

(d) Activities implemented jointly in no way modify the commitments of each Party under the Convention,

1. Decides:

(a) To establish a pilot phase for activities implemented jointly among Annex I Parties and, on a voluntary basis, with non-Annex I Parties that so request;

(b) That activities implemented jointly should be compatible with and supportive

of national environment and development priorities and strategies, contribute to

cost-effectiveness in achieving global benefits and could be conducted in a comprehensive manner covering all relevant sources, sinks