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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY(AIJ)
 

USIJI Uniform Reporting Document:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

List of Projects

A. Description of the AIJ project

1. Title of project: Reduced Impact Logging* for Carbon Sequestration in East Kalimantan

2. Host country: Republic of Indonesia

3. Brief project description:

This project will implement reduced-impact logging techniques (RIL) to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions associated with logging practices in East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo. The project involves the development of guidelines and procedures for implementing RIL techniques, on-site training in directional felling, and the implementation of RIL techniques on a total of 600 hectares (ha) of forested land. Of the total project area, 300 ha are located in the Kiani Lestari forest concession, and 300 ha in the Bulungan Forest Reserve of the Inhutani II concession.

4. Participants:

Name of Organization or Individual Country

Ministry of Forestry

Indonesia

Association of Indonesian Forest Concession Holders (APHI)

Indonesia

Inhutani II

Indonesia

Kiani Lestari (KL)

Indonesia

Center for International Forestry (CIFOR)

Indonesia

COPEC

U.S.A.

* Reduced Impact Logging or RIL is being used by COPEC as a service mark for their particular program.

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Name of organization (English)

Ministry of Forestry

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Street

Gedung Manggala Wanabakti, Blok I, Lt. 4, Jln. Jend. Gatot Subroto

City

Senayan-Jakpus

State

Post code

Country

Indonesia

Telephone

Fax

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Sarijanto, Msc.

First name, middle name

Ir. Titus

Job title

Direct telephone

6221-573-2721 or 6221-573-0240

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Name of organization (English)

Association of Indonesian Forest Concession Holders

Acronym (original language)

APHI

Acronym (English)

(Same as above)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project administration, monitoring

Street

Gedung Manggala Wanabakti, Blok IV, Lt. 9, Wing B, JI. Jend. Gatot Subroto

City

Senayan, Jakarta

State

Post code

10270

Country

Indonesia

Telephone

Fax

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Prastowo

First name, middle name

Ir. Hendro

Job title

Direct telephone

6221-573-7036

Direct fax

6221-573-2564

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Inhutani II

Name of organization (English)

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project administration

Street

Gedung Manggala Wanabakti, JI. Jend. Gatot Subroto

City

Jakarta

State

Post code

10270

Country

Indonesia

Telephone

6121-572-1330-31

Fax

6221-573-3790

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Said

First name, middle name

Ir. Moch.

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Kiani Lestari

Name of organization (English)

(Same as above)

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project administration

Street

Wisma Kalimanis Lt. 10, JI. MT. Haryono Kav. 33

City

Jakarta Selatan

State

Post code

Country

Indonesia

Telephone

Fax

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Kramadibrata

First name, middle name

Suharsono

Job title

S.H.

Direct telephone

6221-798-5929

Direct fax

6221-798-5894

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Center for International Forestry

Name of organization (English)

(Same as above)

Acronym (original language)

CIFOR

Acronym (English)

(Same as above)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project development, monitoring

Street

JI. Gunung Batu No. 5

City

Bogor

State

Post code

16001

Country

Indonesia

Telephone

62-251-343-652

Fax

62-251-326-433

E-mail

d.dykstra@cgnet.com

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

Soekartiko

First name, middle name

Ir. Bambang

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Name of organization (English)

Acronym (original language)

COPEC

Acronym (English)

(Same as above)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project development

Street

225 Madeline Dr.

City

Pasadena

State

California

Post code

91105

Country

U.S.A.

Telephone

626-799-9059

Fax

626-799-1069

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Jones

First name, middle name

Don Justin

Job title

Managing Director

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

djustinjones@earthlink.net

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

5. Description of AIJ project activities:

Item
Type of Project

Sector(s)

Land-use change and forestry

Primary activity(ies)

Reduced impact logging

Project Location

Country

Republic of Indonesia

Exact location (city, state, region)

Site 1 is in the Kiana Lestari concession, and Site 2 is in the Bulungan Forest Reserve of the Inhutani II concession. Both sites are located in East Kalimantan, on the Island of Borneo.

Key Dates and Current Stage of Project

Project starting date (month/year)

Date dependent on funding

Project ending date (month/year)

Date dependent on funding

Project lifetime (years)

40

Current stage of project

Mutally agreed

General Project Description and Technical Data

This project will implement reduced-impact logging techniques (RIL) to decrease net greenhouse gas emissions associated with logging practices in East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo. The project involves the development of guidelines and procedures for implementation of RIL techniques, on-site training in directional felling, and implementation of RIL techniques.

RIL will be introduced on two sites of concession land: Site 1 is 300 ha of forest land within the 223,500 ha Kiani Lestari concession, and Site 2 is 300 ha of forest land within the 300,000 ha Bulungan Forest Reserve of the Inhutani II concession. The forests are lowland dipterocarp forests, which have not been previously harvested, and are not densely populated. On-site training will be conducted in RIL techniques, followed by implementation of these techniques. RIL can reduce logging damage by as much as 50% through pre-cutting vines, directional felling, and planned extraction of timber on properly constructed and utilized skid trails. RIL techniques have been successfully implemented in neighboring Malaysia.

6. Cost:

(a) Explanation of methodology for calculating cost data

Methodology for Calculating Cost Data

The estimated cost of implementing RIL in Kalimantan, Indonesia was developed based on the assumption that the costs and carbon-saving benefits in East Kalimantan are similar to that of Sabah, Malaysia. Research was conducted to support pilot projects in southeastern Sabah, Malaysia in 1992, in which a power company provided funds to a timber concessionaire to implement guidelines aimed at reducing logging damage. Based on this research, Pinard and Putz (in Retaining Forest Biomass by Reducing Logging Damage in Biotropica 28(3):278-295) estimated that it would cost U.S. $300 per ha to implement RIL guidelines in dipterocarp forests in Sabah.

The cost of applying RIL techniques to 600 ha (at approximately $300 per ha) in the Kiani Lestari and Inhutani II concessions is estimated to be $180,000.

The cost per tonne of carbon is estimated to be $5. This estimate is based on the project development and implementation costs divided by the GHG benefits. The project development costs are considered confidential by the project developer.

(b) Cost data–Project development

This information is considered confidential by the developer and therefore is not available.

(c) Cost data–Project implementation

Annual implementation cost information is not yet available.

Itemized Project Implementation Costs Image

7. Monitoring and verification of AIJ project activities and results:

Item

Party(ies) that will be monitoring project activities

CIFOR scientists, KL and Inhutani II foresters, other Indonesian researchers and technicians

Party(ies) that will be externally verifying project results

Environmental Audit Committee (EAC) participants (see below)

Date when the monitoring plan became (or will become) operational (month/year)

3 months after project implementation begins

Types of data that will be collected

Biomass density, biomass growth rate, timber extraction volumes, residual damage, and soil carbon content

Description of Monitoring and Verification Activities and Schedule for Implementation

CIFOR scientists, KL and Inhutani II foresters, other Indonesian researchers and technicians will carry out field measurements necessary to monitor actual CO2 emission reduction and enhanced sequestration from RIL. All data produced will continue to be peer reviewed and published in appropriate academic journals. Monitoring will be conducted during the period in which all 600 ha of the project area have been harvested, and then will continue at lower intensity over the project lifetime. Future updates of CO2 projections will continue to be based on field measurements of established plots.

Project proponents are jointly responsible for ensuring that RIL areas are protected over the life of the project. Contractual terms will be established to monitor over the long term.

Researchers plan to monitor the hydrological effects of RIL in comparison to conventional logging in the study area. Studies of the biodiversity consequences of RIL are also planned.

External verification of project results and compliance with RIL guidelines will be carried out by an Environmental Audit Committee (EAC), which will meet at the project site on a quarterly basis for the length of the project (40 years). The EAC will be comprised of individuals external to, but selected by the hosts and principal investors in the project. The host and principal investors each choose one member of the EAC and then select a third forest harvesting expert by mutual agreement. This group will then choose additional members with scientific credibility to strengthen the legitimacy of the project.

B. Governmental approval

Item

Please check one of the following.

This report is a first report.

Or

This report is an intermediate report.

Or

This report is a final report.

Please check one of the following:

This report is a joint report. Letter(s) of approval of this report from the designated national authority of the other Party(ies) involved in the activity is(are) attached in Section J, Annex.

Or

This report is a separate report.

Additional comments (if any):

C. Compatibility with, and supportiveness of, national economic development and socioeconomic and environmental priorities and strategies

Compatibility with Economic Development and Socioeconomic and Environmental Priorities

The forestry industry in Indonesia controls over 320 million ha of production forest. The anticipated standardization of certification guidelines after 2000 could have a significant impact on the Indonesian economy. This project will build local capacity to understand and implement sustainable logging systems in preparing for post 2000 certification standards. This project will also allow companies to begin meeting these standards and accessing niche certification markets in the U.S. and Europe.

D. Environmental, social/cultural, and economic impacts of the AIJ project

Non-Greenhouse-Gas Environmental Impacts of the Project

Through the reduction of forest damage by 50% relative to conventional logging, the project will enhance the sustainability of logging operations, improve the growth of residual trees, and encourage more rapid natural regeneration throughout much of the RIL area. Maintenance of forest cover and protection of surface soils from bulldozer damage will reduce rates of erosion. Preliminary studies suggest that by controlling the logging process, populations of understory birds (considered to be good "indicator species") will be maintained; the same species suffer greatly in conventionally harvested areas.

Social/Cultural Impacts of the Project

The KL and Inhutani II concession areas are sparsely inhabited, and population pressure in remote areas of East Kalimantan may be decreasing due to industrialization and urban migration. The probability that the RIL harvesting areas will be converted to other land use (e.g. agricultural use) is minimal. The steep slopes and infertile soils make the area inappropriate for any use that is more intensive than selective logging.

Economic Impacts of the Project

There are no data to suggest or reasons to suspect that implementation of RIL guidelines will affect local or regional supply, demand, or price of timber products. Improved market access or price premiums may result if the area is certified by an accredited agency and is well managed.

E. Greenhouse gas impacts of the AIJ project

1. Scenario description

Item
Site Designation

Site number (order of presentation in this report)

1 of 2

Site name/designation

Kiani Lestari (KL) Concession

Project sector

Land-use change and forestry

Reference Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Conventional logging

Has the reference scenario changed since the last report? (If yes, explain any changes below.)

Yes

No

This is the first project report.

Description:

Current logging practices in Kiani Lestari involve felling trees in random directions, due in part to the trees being literally tied together by vines, and extraction by bulldozers, which results in damage to both the residual stand and the soil. Studies in neighboring Malaysia indicate that these conventional logging practices break and uproot as many as 50% of the remaining trees and disturb soils on up to 40% of the land area. The Malaysian studies found that harvesting as few as 10 to 15 trees per ha released as much as 300 - 350 t CO2. In the absence of the project, uncontrolled and destructive logging practices are expected to continue in Kiani Lestari. Logging with conventional techniques is assumed to occur once, within one year, during the project lifetime.

Predicted Project Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Reduced impact logging

Description:

The project will develop and implement reduced impact logging practices on 300 ha within the 223,000 ha Kiani Lestari concession. RIL is expected to reduce logging damage by as much as 50% through pre-cutting vines, directional felling, and planned extraction of timber on properly constructed and utilized skid trails. Logging with RIL techniques is assumed to occur once during the project lifetime. Data developed in Malaysia show that there will be reduced CO2 emissions and enhanced sequestration in RIL harvested areas for decades. Even following a second harvest utilizing RIL techniques, occurring in 30 to 60 years after the first forest harvest, the CO2 benefits remain positive relative to conventional logging. RIL techniques also reduce the susceptibility of the forest to weed infestations that reduce biomass recovery rates, and lessen the susceptibility to destructive fires. In addition, reducing the amount of the forest canopy that is opened up will lessen the impacts of changes in temperature, light intensity, wind speed, and moisture on understory plants and animals. Measures to protect future crop trees, and to provide incentives to fellers and skidder operators to reduce damage to the forest will also be taken.

Actual Project

Primary activity(ies)

This information is not yet available.

Description:

This information is not yet available.

Item
Site Designation

Site number (order of presentation in this report)

2 of 2

Site name/designation

Bulungan Forest Reserve of Inhutani II Concession

Project sector

Land-use change and forestry

Reference Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Conventional logging

Has the reference scenario changed since the last report? (If yes, explain any changes below.)

Yes

No

This is the first project report.

Description:

Current logging practices in the Bulangan Forest Reserve involve felling trees in random directions, due in part to the trees being literally tied together by vines, and extraction by bulldozers, which results in damage to both the residual stand and the soil. Studies in neighboring Malaysia indicate that these conventional logging practices break and uproot as many as 50% of the remaining trees and disturb soils on up to 40% of the land area. The Malaysian studies found that harvesting as few as 10 to 15 trees per ha released as much as 300 - 350 t CO2. In the absence of the project, uncontrolled and destructive logging practices are expected to continue in Kiani Lestari. Logging with conventional techniques is assumed to occur once, within one year, during the project lifetime.

Predicted Project Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Reduced impact logging

Description:

The project will develop and implement reduced impact logging practices on 300 ha within the Inhutani II concession. RIL is expected to reduce logging damage by as much as 50% through pre-cutting vines, directional felling, and planned extraction of timber on properly constructed and utilized skid trails. Logging with RIL techniques is assumed to occur once during the project lifetime. Data developed in Malaysia show that there will be reduced CO2 emissions and enhanced sequestration in RIL harvested areas for decades. Even following a second harvest utilizing RIL techniques, occurring in 30 to 60 years after the first forest harvest, the CO2 benefits remain positive relative to conventional logging. RIL techniques also reduce the susceptibility of the forest to weed infestations that reduce biomass recovery rates, and lessen the susceptibility to destructive fires. In addition, reducing the amount of the forest canopy that is opened up will lessen the impacts of changes in temperature, light intensity, wind speed, and moisture on understory plants and animals. Measures to protect future crop trees, and to provide incentives to fellers and skidder operators to reduce damage to the forest will also be taken.

Actual Project

Primary activity(ies)

This information is not yet available.

Description:

This information is not yet available.

2. GHG emission/sequestration calculation methodology

GHG Emission/Sequestration Calculation Methodology

Site number

1 of 2

Project sector

Land-use change and forestry

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Reference Scenario

The methodology used to estimate annual net CO2 emissions tracks carbon in above- and belowground biomass and in wood products over the 40-year lifetime of the project. Following harvest in year one, portions of the wood harvest and on-site damaged biomass are assumed to decay at varying rates depending upon fate (i.e., wastewood at the mill, wood products, or on-site logging debris), and residual living biomass on site is assumed to grow and accumulate carbon. Soil carbon stocks are assumed to remain constant, and there are no post-harvest silviculture treatments or forest fires. The assumptions used in the calculations (e.g., biomass carbon stocks, the timber extraction volume and allocations to decay pools, residual damage, rates of decay, and biomass growth rates) are based on studies of conventional logging practices in lowland dipterocarp forests of Sabah, Malaysia.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Project Scenario

Under the project scenario, RIL techniques are assumed to be used on 85% of the 300 ha site; 15% of the site is assumed to be "unloggable because of restriction in the RIL guidelines" (e.g., buffer zones, steep slopes). Carbon stocks on the unlogged portion are assumed to remain constant throughout the lifetime of the project. Carbon stocks in the remainder of the project site are tracked in the same way as in the reference scenario, except that the assumptions used in the calculations (e.g., timber extraction volumes, residual damage, biomass growth rates) are based on studies of RIL in lowland dipterocarp forests of Malaysia.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Actual Project

This information is not yet available.

GHG Emission/Sequestration Calculation Methodology

Site number

2 of 2

Project sector

Land-use change and forestry

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Reference Scenario

The methodology used to estimate annual net CO2 emissions tracks carbon in above- and belowground biomass and in wood products over the 40-year lifetime of the project. Following harvest in year one, portions of the wood harvest and on-site damaged biomass are assumed to decay at varying rates depending upon fate (i.e., wastewood at the mill, wood products, or on-site logging debris), and residual living biomass on site is assumed to grow and accumulate carbon. Soil carbon stocks are assumed to remain constant, and there are no post-harvest silviculture treatments or forest fires. The assumptions used in the calculations (e.g., biomass carbon stocks, the timber extraction volume and allocations to decay pools, residual damage, rates of decay, and biomass growth rates) are all based on studies of conventional logging practices in lowland dipterocarp forests of Sabah, Malaysia.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Project Scenario

Under the project scenario, RIL techniques are assumed to be used on 85% of the 300 ha site; 15% of the site is assumed to be "unloggable because of restriction in the RIL guidelines" (e.g., buffer zones, steep slopes). Carbon stocks on the unlogged portion are assumed to remain constant throughout the lifetime of the project. Carbon stocks in the remainder of the project site are tracked in the same way as in the reference scenario, except that the assumptions used in the calculations (e.g., timber extraction volumes, residual damage, biomass growth rates) are based on studies of RIL in lowland dipterocarp forests of Malaysia.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Actual Project

This information is not yet available.

3. GHG emission/sequestration data

(a) Reporting of GHG emissions/sequestration

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(b) Additional information on GHG emissions/sequestration

Indirect or Secondary GHG Impacts (Positive and Negative)

Benefits of the project may accrue to non-project areas due to dissemination of information about RIL techniques beyond the project area. Logging crews in non-RIL areas might adopt guidelines developed by the project because they increase efficiency while decreasing harvesting damage.

One goal of RIL is to harvest the same volume of timber under RIL as under conventional logging. This goal may not be achieved for several reasons including: exclusion from harvesting of areas on steep slopes and riparian zones in RIL areas, isolation of areas due to the above guidelines, and development of RIL guidelines that might be too restrictive. This issue creates the secondary effect of displacing demand for forest products to other forested areas. The scale of the secondary effect is not known at this time.

Factors That Could Cause the Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

As discussed above, there might be a displacement of demand for forest products to other forested areas.

Regionally-based data on forest fires suggest the probability of a fire in RIL-harvested areas is less than 5% in 50 years.

Strategy for Reducing the Risk of Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

COPEC, KL, Inhutani, and CIFOR are working to resolve the issue of displacing demand for forest products to other forested areas.

Although no specific measures are being taken to reduce the risk, RIL inherently reduces this risk because it preserves the majority of the forest canopy and reduces the accumulation of logging debris.

F. Funding of the AIJ project

1. Identification of funding sources:

Currently there is no funding available and the project developers are actively seeking funding.

(a) Funding sources for project development

This information is not yet available.

(b) Funding sources for project implementation

This information is not yet available.

2. Assessment of additional funding needs:

Current or Planned Activities to Obtain Additional Funding

At this time, there have been no commitments of funding, but COPEC has approached possible private-sector investors with preliminary information about the project.

G. Contribution to capacity building and technology transfer

Contribution to Capacity Building and Technology Transfer

This information is not yet available.

H. Recent developments, technical difficulties, and obstacles encountered

Recent Project Developments

There are no recent project developments.

Technical Difficulties and Other Obstacles Encountered

This information is not yet available.

I. Additional information

Additional Information

This information is not yet available.

J. Annex

1. Host country acceptance of the AIJ project:

Country/Project Title

Name, Title, and Government Agency of the Designated National Authority

Date of Approval(day/month/year)

Reduced Impact Logging for Carbon Sequestration in East Kalimantan

Aca Sugandhy, Assistant I of the State Minister of Environment, Ministry of Environment

23 January 1997

2. Letters of approval of this AIJ project report:

See attached letter of concurrence.


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