Your location: Home

ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY(AIJ)
 

Uniform Reporting Format:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

Reduction of Atmospheric Pollution through modernisation of HEAT Supply system in the Town of ByCzyna

 June 2001

List of Projects

UNIFORM REPORTING FORMAT:

ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY UNDER THE PILOT PHASE

The uniform reporting format contained below is to be used in reporting on activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase. It is noted that the reporting should be consistent with decision 5/CP.1 and 8/CP.2. The SBSTA notes that the uniform reporting format could possibly require revision in the light of experience gained and methodological work conducted under the pilot phase.

A. Description of project

A. 1) Title of project:

Reduction of Atmospheric Pollution through modernisation of HEAT Supply system in the Town of ByCzyna.

A. 2) Participants/actors:

Please fill in one table for each participant/actor. For individuals fill in as from item "Function within activity".

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organisation(a):

TNO-MEP

Name of organisation (English):

TNO-MEP

Department:

Department of Energy Technology and Fluid Dynamics

Acronym:

TNO-MEP

Acronym (English):

TNO-MEP

Function within activity:

Consultant/project management

Street:

Laan van Westenenk 501

P.O. Box 342

Post code:

7300 AH

City:

Apeldoorn

Country:

Netherlands

Telephone:

+31 55 549 34 93

Fax:

+31 55 541 98 37

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

--------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Mr. Brand, B.Sc.

First name, middle name:

Roel

Job title:

Direct tel.:

+31 55 549 38 03

Direct fax:

+31 55 549 37 40

Direct E-mail:

Roel.Brand@mep.tno.nl

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organisation(a):

Rada i Zarzad Miasta Byczyna

Name of organisation (English):

Byczyna Town Council

Department:

Acronym:

Acronym (English):

Function within activity:

Realisation of modernisation programme

Street:

Rynek 1

Post code:

46-220

City:

Byczyna

Country:

Poland

Telephone:

(+48 77) 413 41 50

Fax:

(+48 77) 413 41 50

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

--------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Mr. Pawlicki

First name, middle name:

Jacek

Job title:

Mayor

Direct tel.:

(+48 77) 413 41 50

Direct fax:

(+48 77) 413 41 50

Direct E-mail:

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organisation(a):

Remeha B.V.

Name of organisation (English):

Remeha B.V.

Department:

Acronym:

Acronym (English):

Function within activity:

Supplier of boilers

Street:

Kanaal Zuid 110

Post code:

P.O. 32, 7300 AA

City:

Apeldoorn

Country:

The Netherlands

Telephone:

+31 55 549 62 67

Fax:

+31 55 549 62 87

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

--------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Mr. Stol

First name, middle name:

Harald

Job title:

Sales Manager

Direct tel.:

+31 55 549 62 67

Direct fax:

+31 55 549 62 87

Direct E-mail:

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organisation(a):

ATMOTERMâ Sp. z o.o.

Name of organisation (English):

ATMOTERMâ Ltd

Department:

Acronym:

Atmoterm

Acronym (English):

Atmoterm

Function within activity:

Environmental consultant, local project manager

Street:

Ul. Katowicka 35

Post code:

45-061

City:

Opole

Country:

Poland

Telephone:

(+48 77) 456 67 60

Fax:

(+48 77) 454 39 84

E-mail:

Sekretariat@atmoterm.pl

WWW-URL:

Http://www.atmoterm.pl

Contact person (for this activity):

--------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Mrs. Pazdan

First name, middle name:

Wanda

Job title:

Vice President

Direct tel.:

(+48) 605 259 528

Direct fax:

(+48 77) 454 20 37

Direct E-mail:

Wandapazdan@atmoterm.pl

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organisation(a):

Energetyka Cieplna Opolszczyzny

Name of organisation (English):

Opole District Heating Energy Enterprise

Department:

Acronym:

ECO

Acronym (English):

ECO

Function within activity:

Inventory of current situation, system design

Street:

ul. Harcerska 15

Post code:

45-158

City:

Opole

Country:

Poland

Telephone:

(+48 77) 454 96 85

Fax:

(+48 77) 454 33 66

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

--------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Mr. Gumieniak

First name, middle name:

Dariusz

Job title:

Head of Environmental Protection Department

Direct tel.:

(+48 77) 454 96 85 ext. 278

Direct fax:

(+48 77) 454 33 66

Direct E-mail:

Dgumien@ec.opole.pl

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organisation(a):

Narodowy Fundusz Ochrony Srodowiska i Gospodarki Wodnej

Name of organisation (English):

National Found for Environmental Protection and Water Management

Department:

Executive Office for the Climate Convention,

Sekretariat-JI

Acronym:

NFOSiGW

Acronym (English):

NFEP&WM

Function within activity:

National Focal Point, Reporting agency

Street:

Konstruktorska 3A

Post code:

02-673

City:

Warsaw

Country:

Poland

Telephone:

(+48 22) 849 22 80; 849 00 80

Fax:

(+48 22) 853 61 92

E-mail:

jolantak@nfosigw.gov.pl

WWW-URL:

http://www.nfosigw.gov.pl

Contact person (for this activity):

--------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Mrs. Galon-Kozakiewicz, Ph.D.

First name, middle name:

Jolanta

Job title:

Secretariat-JI

Direct tel:

(+48 22) 849 22 80; 849 00 80 ext. 504

Direct fax:

(+48 22) 853 61 92

Direct E-mail:

jolantak@nfosigw.gov.pl

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

A. 3) Activity:

Item

Please fill in if applicable

General description:

The project concerns the modernization of heat supply system in the town of Byczyna located in the south-western part of Poland. The area which is subject of this project covers mainly the Old Town center and one of residential quarters which were supplied by 16 coal-fired boilers. The modernization consists in application of 15 modern gas-fired boilers instead of existing coal - and coke fired boilers.

Implementation of the project involves:

The dismantling of 15 current coal-fired boiler houses;

Liquidation of one coal-fired boiler house;

The construction of a gas distribution system;

The installation of new modern gas-fired boilers in 15 boiler houses;

The construction of a small network of heat distribution connecting new boiler houses with groups of heating buildings;

The optimisation of heat distribution network.

Training component:

Several additional activities like knowledge transfer on gas-fired boiler technology and energy efficiency are included in the project. There are:

Seminar on AIJ/JI and Byczyna project, attended by decision makers;

Seminar on technical aspects of Byczyna project attended by technical staff;

Energy efficiency training for Byczyna teachers and students;

TV interview;

Article.

Type of project:a)

Fuel switching

Location (exact, e.g. city, region, state):

Byczyna, Poland

Activity starting date:

01-01-1998

Expected activity ending date:

31-12-1999

Stage of activity:b)

Mutually agreed / in progress / completed.

The project started in 1998 and is divided into two stages. At first stage (realization in 1998) 10 boiler houses were the subject of modernization (including one boiler house was liquidated, users were connected to the other modernised boiler house). At second stage (realization in 1999) remaining 6 boiler houses were modernized, where already nine modern gas-fired boilers were installed. The boilers were started-up at the end of September and began the operation in the middle of October. Their reduced emissions in 1999 concerned a period of 76 days in autumn season, which was 40% of 1999 boilers operation time.

Realisation of project was conducted according to the schedule for 1999. This implicates that there have been no changes in project conditions, compared to the situation as described in the baseline and first monitoring report. The only change in the technical realisation was the final destination of a boiler type GAS 3000 ECO/9. This boiler was mounted in another building instead of the originally selected building. As the size and thermal quality of this replacing building is comparable to the originally selected, this change do not affect the emission levels in baseline and monitoring reports.

Two monitoring studies were conducted in 1998 and 1999. The data concerning monitoring 2000 have been transferred by Opole District Heating Energy Enterprise.

Training component was realised in 1999.

Lifetime of activity if different from ending date:c)

15 years

Technical data:d)

The power of boilers to be exchanged in Byczyna within the project amounts to 4.4 MW. REMEHA boilers are as heating equipment. High-methane natural gas (calorific value - 31 MJ/m3) is a fuel.

a) For example, using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) classification: energy efficiency; renewable energy; fuel switching; forest preservation, restoration or reforestation; afforestation; fugitive gas capture; industrial processes; solvents; agriculture; waste disposal or bunker fuels.

b) Circle the appropriate option.

c) Methodological work will be required to define lifetime of activities.

d) Methodological work will be required to determine for each type of activity what the minimum data requirements are.

A. 4) Cost (to the extent possible):

Item

Year 1

1998

Year 2

1999

...

Year X

2013

Cost of the project in US$:

632 000

AIJ component in US$:

466 000

US$ per avoided ton of CO2 equivalent:

10

Describe briefly how costs are determined:

The cost effectiveness of the project (in US$ per reduced ton CO2 equivalent) is calculated according to the methodology used in the Dutch national CO2-reduction plan (annuity write of over the lifetime of the project, with an interest rate of 5 % divided by the amount of reduction per year).

A. 5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures:

Describe the procedures, including name of organisations involveda):

NFEP&WM, Executive Office for the Climate Convention, Secretariat-JI: overall responsibility for review of JI projects, co-ordination and communication to the UNFCCC Secretariat, Polish Ministry of Environment (MoE), foreign donors on matters relating to JI activities in Poland;

TNO: overall project management; support energy efficiency, individual energy cost allocation/heating systems; organisation of knowledge transfer;

Byczyna Town Council: responsibility realisation modernisation programme; exploitation of the system;

ECO Opole: inventory current situation; heat requirement study; system design;

ATMOTERMâ : monitoring, including baseline; local project manager;

REMEHA B.V.: Support TNO; delivery, installation and servicing boilers; training.

a) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organisations mentioned is reported under

section A.2 above.

B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement

Bearing in mind that all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities, which shall be shown as follows:

(a) In the case of joint reporting, the report is submitted by the designated national authority of one participating Party with the concurrence of all other participating Parties as evidenced by attached letters issued by the relevant national authorities;

(b) In the case of separate reporting, the reports are submitted separately by the designated national authority of each and every participating Party. Information will only be compiled once reports have been received from all participating Parties.

B. 1) For the activity:

* First report and joint reporting: please add copies of letters of endorsement by each designated national authority of Parties involved in the activity.

* Subsequent reports:

Activity was: ? suspended

? terminated earlier

Describe:

B. 2) This report is a joint report:

Yes, forward copy of agreement/endorsement by the designated national authorities involved

No

B. 3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:

C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socio-economic and environment priorities and strategies

Describe (to the extent possible) how the activity is compatible with and supportive of national economic development and socio-economic and environment priorities and strategies

Poland seeks energy security through stable energy deliveries at socially acceptable prices and with a minimal damage to the environment. Among the priority actions are to diversify the primary energy supplies and to comply with international environmental agreements to reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. This project is designed to be fully-integrated and consistent with the goals and development strategies of Poland.

AIR PROTECTION

This is based on:

the "Implementation Program of the National Environmental Policy till the year to 2000",

voivodeship lists of priority projects regarding environmental protection for 1998,

The aim of the undertakings concerning the air pollution control is to achieve reductions of pollutant emissions into the atmospheric air by: improving the fuel quality parameters and replacing fuel, by installing equipment that reduces the flue gas emissions of pollutants, by modernising and replacing technologies and by conserving energy.

A. Directions:

Support for the undertakings leading to reductions of the emissions into the atmospheric air of gas and particulate pollutants, by means of the modernisation and upgrading of the fuel production and burning technologies.

Support for the undertakings related to the rationalisation of heat systems, including the recovery of heat, national production of highly efficient heating equipment, combined with the use of unconventional energy sources.

B. Programmes:

National Programme for Reduction of Sulphur Dioxide Emissions.

Programme to eliminate low emissions.

Programme to reduce nitric oxide emissions.

Reduction of the exhaust gas emissions from the means of public transport, particularly in large urban-industrial agglomerations.

Programme for the use of alternative sources of energy.

D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantitative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item

Please fill in

Describe environmental benefits in detail:

The total 1999 annual emission of greenhouse gases was 47.3% lower then baseline in terms of CO2 equivalent. For the individual GHG gases the reduction ranges from 46.4% (CO2) to 78.4% (CH4).

Instead in 2000, when already all new boiler- houses have been operating, reductions in emissions of relevant greenhouse gases expressed in percents were following: 79,6% - CO2, 99,6% - CH4, 98,3% - N2O

In the case of Byczyna project the reductions of non-GHG pollutants (dust, SO2) are considerable and the environmental benefits at this side are very important. Dispersion modelling calculations show how the air quality in Byczyna will get better after the project completion.

Reduction of SO2, NO2 and dust annual emissions (99.92%, 88,26% and 99.97% respectively, comparing with baseline) caused lower long-term concentration of these pollutants in air as well as lower dust deposition, which was estimated by air dispersion modelling.

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental benefits?

Yes – monitoring reports in 1998 and 1999 and emissions data from ECO S.A.

Describe social/cultural benefits in detail:

Substantial improvement of the environmental conditions in the city and thereby improving both the living conditions and tourist value of the old town

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social benefits?

No

Describe economic benefits in detail:

Air emission is a subject for environmental fee and individual rates for pollutants (groups of pollutants) are set every year. The fee system includes several exemptions like schools, hospitals etc. Fuel change project in Byczyna caused significant reduction of atmospheric pollution and the total fee paid for emission coming form "project" boiler houses was also reduced.

The estimated difference (cost reduction) between baseline and 1999 environmental fee is at the level of 20,000 PLN per year, so environmental fees can be treated as economic aspect that influences total operational costs of heat production.

ECO S.A. estimates that operational costs of heat production in gas boiler houses decreased comparing with coal firing, however the detailed evaluation of operational costs is still ahead.

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic benefits?

Yes – monitoring report in 1999.

E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities

E. 1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):

Description of the baseline or reference scenario, including methodologies applied:

BASELINE STUDY ABSTRACT

The baseline study evaluates the starting point in pilot Joint Implementation project titled „Reduction of atmospheric pollution through modernisation of heat supply system in the town of Byczyna". Modernisation consists in application of modern gas-fired boilers instead of existing coal- and coke fired boilers.

The starting point was existing state evaluated for 1997. Below the results of baseline study are presented as well as description of methodology.

Results of baseline study

Total number of boiler houses covered by the project is 16. This includes:

- 3 boiler houses for heat and hot water supply;

- other boiler houses for heat supply.

Total number of boilers covered by the project is 27. This includes:

- 2 boilers with mechanical stoker and forced draught;

- other boilers with hand-fired grate and chimney draught.

Total installed power of boiler houses covered by the project amounts to 4.43 MW:

- 1 boiler house is of 1,8 MW power;

- 6 boiler houses are of power 0,21 ¸ 0,4 MW;

- 9 boiler houses are of power 0,025 ¸ 0,2 MW.

Total required power of boiler houses amounts to 4.11 MW.

Fuel consumption in 1997 amounted to 2569 Mg:

- 51 % is fine coal burnt in 1 boiler house – mech. Stoker;

- 42 % is fine coal and coal burnt in 13 boiler houses – hand-fired grate;

- 7 % is coke burnt in 4 boiler houses – hand-fired grate.

Calculated fuel consumption is:

- 19,2 % higher then 1997 consumption for installed power option;

- 16 % higher then 1997 consumption for required power option.

Parameters of fuel used in 1997 (not every data were available):

- calorific value 22 ¸ 29 MJ/kg;

- sulphur content 0,7 %;

- ash content 3,8 % ¸ 20 %.

Annual emission of greenhouse gases from 16 considered boiler houses amounts to:

- 6348 Mg CO2 equivalent - for 1997 fuel consumption (option I);

- 19,7 % higher for fuel calculated from installed power (option II);

- 14,3 % higher for fuel calculated from required power (option III).

Greenhouse gases emission factor for 16 considered boiler houses amounts to approximately 102 kg/GJ.

Greenhouse gases emissions

Emission - 1997 fuel consumption

Option I

Emission - fuel calculated from installed power

Option II

Emission - fuel calculated from required power

Option III

CO2

CH4a)

N2O

CO2

CH4

N2O

CO2

CH4

N2O

[Mg/a]

[kg/a]

[kg/a]

[Mg/a]

[kg/a]

[kg/a]

[Mg/a]

[kg/a]

[kg/a]

6155

7180

135

7365

8791

163

7065

6836

144

a) Methane emission from storage of coal and coke was also estimated but neglected because of low value

The other environmental aspects/impacts of considered existing 16 boiler was evaluated as follows:

- exceedings of dust deposition limit

- exceedings of 30-minutes concentration limits for sulphur dioxide and PM10

- annual amount of generated wastes (ash and slag) – approx. 500 Mg

- noise connected with the transport of fuel and wastes

Metodology

Site review

At this stage all relevant data concerning boilers and fuels as well as emitters were collected and stored in SOZATâ Local Environmental Pollution Database (LBZS). The detailed coordinates of emitters were derived using the digital map of Byczyna.

The above data were used then for assessment of greenhouse gases emissions as well as for assessment of other environmental aspects.

For the purpose of baseline study additional assumptions were made:

in the case when fuel parameters were not known (mainly sulphur content, partly also ash content and calorific value) the values were assumed basing on current practice of environmental fees calculation in Opole District:

in the case when information on 1997 consumption of fuel was not available the value calculated for installed boilers power was assumed as annual consumption

annual consumption of fuel was considered in three options:

- Ba1 = B’97 consumption of fuel registered in 1997

- Ba2 = B(Qk) calculated fuel demand for installed power of boilers (Qk); data included: number of „degree-days" (for Opole District - 3800), efficiency of existing boilers and calorific value of the fuel (as for fuel consumed in 1997)

- Ba3 = B(Qo) calculated fuel demand for required power of boilers (Qo); data included: the same as for Ba2 calculation

Greenhouse gases emission evaluation

The values of CO2, CH4 and N2O emission factors were consulted with Polish Ministry of Environment - MoE.

Non-greenhouse air pollutants emission evaluation

For CO, SO2, NOx and dust, values recommended by MoE for environmental fees were applied. For heavy metals and persistant organic pollutants (POPs) data from TNO/UBA study for Central and Eastern Europe were taken.

Emission factors of both greenhouse and non-greenhouse air pollutants are presented in the table below.

No.

Source of information

Air pollutant

Emission factor

code

Name

unit

mechanical stoker, forced draught

hard coal

hand grate, chimney draught

hard coal

hand grate, chimney draught

coke

1

MoE

001

Sulphur dioxide

kg/Mg

16´ Sc

16´ Sc

16´ Sc

2

MoE

002

Nitrogen oxides

kg/Mg

4

1

1.5

3

MoE

003

carbon monoxide

kg/Mg

20

45

25

4

TNO/UBA

005

PAH’s

g/Mg

11.9

11.9

11.9

5

TNO/UBA

034

Xylenes

g/GJ

2

2

2

6

TNO/UBA

040

Mercury

g/Mg

0.22

0.22

0.22

7

MoE

251

Methane

g/GJ

10

250

20

8

TNO/UBA

390

Nitrous oxide

g/GJ

1.4

3

2.4

9

MoE

396

Carbon dioxide

g/GJ

99000

98000

105000

10

MoE

800

Dust

kg/Mg

2´ Ar

1.5´ Ar

1.5´ Ar

11

TNO/UBA

803

Lead

g/Mg

2.5

2.5

2.5

12

TNO/UBA

804

Chromium

g/Mg

0.9

0.9

0.9

13

TNO/UBA

806

Cadmium

g/Mg

0.15

0.15

0.15

14

TNO/UBA

807

Cooper

g/Mg

2.5

2.5

2.5

15

TNO/UBA

809

Arsenium

g/Mg

0.25

0.25

0.25

16

TNO/UBA

822

Zinc

g/Mg

10

10

10

17

TNO/UBA

849

Nickel

g/Mg

1.8

1.8

1.8

18

TNO/UBA

902

Dioxins/furans

m g/Mg

10

10

10

19

MoE

Fly coal/coke

%

25

25

5

Notes:

„Sc" - total sulphur content in fuel [%]

„Ar" - ash content in fuel [%]

Calculation of emission values was performed using the SOZATâ LBZS software. Calculations were carried out for three options of fuel consumption: Ba1, Ba2 and Ba3 as described above.

Dispersion analysis (dust and sulphur dioxide)

Dispersion analysis for dust and sulphur dioxide was performed according to Polish „Guidelines for air quality assessment" using SOZATâ EK-100 software. The guidelines are based on Pasquill method for air concentration distribution and Krieb method for dust deposition.

Meteorological statistics includes:

wind velocity and direction

Pasquill-Gifford stability classes

Met statistics of the nearest station (Kluczbork town) was taken as there were no met data available for Byczyna. Kluczbork is located 15 km south from Byczyna.

Roughness factor z0 = 1 m was assumed for area being the subject of baseline study according to above mentioned guidelines.

E. 2) Estimated emissions with the activity:

Description of the scenario, including methodologies applied:

The project started in 1998 and is divided into two stages. At first stage (realization in 1998) 10 boiler houses were the subject of modernization (including one boiler house was liquidated, users were connected to the other modernised boiler house). At second stage (realization in 1999) remaining 6 boiler houses were modernized.

The boiler houses were equipped with Remeha gas boilers. The summary of installed gas-fired boilers is presented in the table below:

Address of boiler house

Type of boiler

Capacity, kW

Delivery 98

Delivery 99

ul. Zamoyskiego 6

P 500 / 12

1701

x

P 300 ECO / 13

571

x

Rynek 9

GAS 3000 ECO / 9

234

x

GAS 3000 / 9

216

x

ul. Koscielna 6

GAS 3000 ECO / 9

234

x

GAS 3000 / 9

216

x

ul. Walowa 3

GAS 350 / 4

64

x

ul. Okrezna 29

GAS 3000 ECO / 7

175

x

ul. Chopina 20

GAS 350 / 4

64

x

ul. Moniuszki 4

GAS 3000 ECO / 9

234

x

ul. Walowa 8

W 40m ECO

41

x

Rynek 1

GAS 2000 ECO / 20

155

x

GAS 2000 / 20

146

x

ul. Dluga 8

GAS 2000 ECO / 20

155

x

ul. Stawowa 14

GAS 2000 ECO / 16

111

x

W 40m ECO

41

x

ul. Poznanska 6

GAS 3000 ECO / 9

234

x

ul. Poznanska 9a

GAS 350 / 7

129

x

ul. Chopina 4

GAS 2000 ECO / 20

155

x

ul. Kluczborska 4

W 40m ECO

41

x

Modernised boiler houses and their equipment are fulfilling Polish safety and environmental regulations.

Realisation of project was conducted according to the schedule for 1999. This implicates that there have been no changes in project conditions, compared to the situation as described in the base line and first monitoring report. The only change in the technical realisation was the final destination of a boiler type GAS 3000 ECO/9. This boiler was mounted in another building (Moniuszki 4) instead of the originally selected building. As the cubature and thermal quality of this replacing building is comparable to the originally selected, this change will not affect the emission levels in base line and monitoring reports.

In the buildings connected to the reconstructed boiler houses, there were no significant changes in the demand side. As stated by the Town Council of Byczyna, the type and level of occupation (end-users) and the level of thermal insulation of buildings was identical to previous years.

The applied heat production technology in the town sector, which was not included in the project, was equal to the situation in previous years. Apart from the buidlings connected to the renovated boiler houses, no additional gas-fired technology was applied by others.

The economical and social conditions in the area of project application are judged as equivalent and comparable to previous years. Changes in the base line level due to economical, technical and social are expectantly neglectable.

The monitoring of greenhouse gases was executed by Atmoterm Sp. z o.o.

Atmoterm was chosen as the responsible and executing body for monitoring because of the expertise in the field of environmental protection. Besides, Atmoterm reported the base line for this project.

Data of fuel consumption and heat production were provided by ECO (Energetyka Cieplna Opolszczyzny S.A.), based on their frequent (monthly) reading of gas meters and heat meters.

The results of baseline study concerning greenhouse gases emissions are presented in the table below. The emissions were calculated basing on boilers power and number of degree-days in the Opole region – option no. 2 in baseline study.

GHG baseline emissions

Boiler house

Emission

address

CO2

CH4

N2O

[Mg/a]

[kg/a]

[kg/a]

ul. Zamoyskiego 6

3484

352

49.3

Rynek 9

469

1196

14.4

ul. Koscielna 6

585

1494

17.9

ul. Walowa 3

115

22

2.6

ul. Okrezna 29

270

689

8.3

ul. Chopina 20

182

35

4.2

ul. Blonie 4

553

711

14.6

ul. Walowa 8

47

121

1.5

Rynek 1

380

969

11.6

ul. Dluga 8

149

380

4.6

ul. Stawowa 14

230

588

7.1

ul. Poznanska 6

282

719

8.6

ul. Poznanska 9a

285

726

8.7

ul. Chopina 4

261

666

8.0

ul. 3-Maja 17

39

38

1.0

ul. Stawowa 1

34

88

1.1

total

7365

8791

163

The light-marked boiler houses were the subject of modernisation in 1998 (I stage). The dark-marked boiler house was dismantled, users were connected to the modernised boiler house at ul. Dluga 8. Other boiler houses were modernised in 1999 (II stage).

Input energy (gas consumption times calorific value) and GHG emissions for I stage boiler houses in 1999 are presented in the table below:

1999 - I stage boiler houses (gas)

Boiler house

Input (fuel) energy*

Emission

address

CO2

CH4

N2O

[GJ]

[Mg/a]

[kg/a]

[kg/a]

Rynek 9

2544.88

140.0

3.56

0.25

ul. Koscielna 6

3094.98

170.2

4.33

0.31

ul. Walowa 3

323.08

17.8

0.45

0.03

ul. Okrezna 29

923.00

50.8

1.29

0.09

ul. Chopina 20

460.03

25.3

0.64

0.05

ul. Walowa 8

217.14

11.9

0.30

0.02

Rynek 1

1067.77

58.7

1.49

0.11

ul. Dluga 8

671.03

36.9

0.94

0.07

ul. Chopina 4

1195.34

65.7

1.67

0.12

total

10497.25

577.3

14.70

1.05

* based on ECO measurements

Total 1999 CO2 equivalent emission for I stage amounts to 578.0 Mg/a.

Input energy and GHG emissions for gas-fired II stage boiler houses in 1999 are presented in the table below:

1999 - II stage boiler houses (gas)

Boiler house

Input (fuel) energy*

Emission

address

CO2

CH4

N2O

[GJ]

[Mg/a]

[kg/a]

[kg/a]

ul. Zamoyskiego 6

6514.43

358.3

9.12

0.65

ul. Moniuszki 4**

295.93

16.3

0.41

0.03

ul. Stawowa 14

268.92

14.8

0.38

0.03

ul. Poznanska 6

423.65

23.3

0.59

0.04

ul. Poznanska 9a

424.86

23.4

0.59

0.04

ul. Kluczborska 4***

231.26

12.7

0.32

0.02

total

8159.05

448.7

11.42

0.82

* based on ECO measurements;

** location of boiler house changed (instead of Blonie 4);

*** location of boiler house changed (instead of Stawowa 1).

The gas boilers installed in the second stage started their operation in the middle of October 1999. Their reduced emissions in 1999 concerns a period of 76 days in 1999 autumn season. For the winter/spring seasons of 1999 (114 days) the emission from old coal fired boilers is assumed. So the time shares of two fuel types in 1999 for the group of II stage boiler houses was following:

Coal firing: 60%;

Gas firing: 40%.

Using the above shares the 1999 GHG emissions for II stage boiler houses were calculated:

1999 GHG emissions for II stage group of boiler houses

Boiler house

Emission

address

CO2

CH4

N2O

[Mg/a]

[kg/a]

[kg/a]

ul. Zamoyskiego 6

2448.7

220.3

30.2

ul. Blonie 4 / Moniuszki 4

348.1

427.0

8.8

ul. Stawowa 14

152.8

353.2

4.3

ul. Poznanska 6

192.5

432.0

5.2

ul. Poznanska 9a

194.4

436.2

5.3

ul. Kluczborska 4 / Stawowa 1

33.1

53.1

0.7

total

Total 1999 CO2 equivalent emission for II stage boiler houses amounts to 3426.8 Mg/a.

1999 emissions for entire project

1999 GHG emissions for entire project can be evaluated as a sum of I and II stage emissions:

1999 GHG emissions for entire project

CO2

CH4

N2O

CO2eq

[Mg/a]

[kg/a]

[kg/a]

[Mg/a]

3946.9

1936.5

55.55

4004.8

Emissions in the next years

Emission of GHG in the next years can be provisionally evaluated basing on measurements / monitoring of input energy in 1999, with following assumptions:

for I stage boiler houses: input energy equal to 1999 gas energy (10497 GJ)

for II stage boiler houses: input energy can be estimated as 10/4 of 1999 gas energy (20398 GJ)

Basing on the above assumptions the annual predicted input gas energy amounts to 30895 GJ and results in the following GHG emissions:

2000 and next years GHG emissions for entire project

CO2

CH4

N2O

CO2eq

[Mg/a]

[kg/a]

[kg/a]

[Mg/a]

1699.3

43.25

3.09

1701

The predicted GHG emission amounts to approx. 1700 Mg CO2eq per year. This prediction can be checked and verified in forthcoming years using the measurements of gas consumption and heat consumption, which will be continued in next years.

The operator of boiler houses (ECO S.A.) will continue the measurements of gas consumption and energy input/output in the next years. According to the received information the measurement data will be available for the purpose of emission evaluation.

Fill in the following tables as applicable:

E.2.1) Summary table: Projected emission reductions:

GHG

Year 1

1999

Year 2

2000

...

Year 15

2013

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2, Mg

7 365

7 365

7 365

CH4, kg

8 791

8 791

8 791

N2O, kg

163

163

163

Other

B) Project activity scenarioa)

CO2, Mg

3 947

1 699

1 699

CH4, kg

1 937

43

43

N2O, kg

56

3

3

Other

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2, Mg

3 418

5 666

5 666

CH4, kg

6 854

8 748

8 748

N2O, kg

107

160

160

Other

D) Cumulative effect

CO2, Mg

3 418

9 084

82 742

CH4, kg

6 854

15 602

129 326

N2O, kg

107

267

2 347

Other

a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.

E. 3) The real reduction in the emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants for the year 2000:

Environmental effects achieved in the year 2000 were determined by comparison of emission magnitudes estimated earlier, using both the baseline study and values of emission needed for calculation and assignment of environmental fees, collected for commercial use of natural resources in this year. The amounts of released greenhouse gases such as CO2, CH4, and N2O correspond to emissions quantified prior in the baseline study. Nevertheless, the volume of primary emission of residual pollutants has not been published in this document and these data originate from ECO S.A. in result of its’ computations. With regards to methodology of calculations, the markers based method were applied – supposing the following set of indexes:

Type of boiler

Emission factor

Dust

SO2

NO2

CO

CO2

CH4

N2O

kg/Mg%

kg/Mg%

g/GJ

kg/Mg

kg/GJ

kg/GJ

kg/GJ

mechanical stoker, fine coal

2

16

160

5

99

0.01

0.0014

hand grate, hard coal

1.5

16

35

45

98

0.25

0.003

hand grate, coke

1.5

16

45

25

105

0.02

0.0024

gas

302

9.6

35

320

55

0.0014

0.0001

The volume of emission of pollutants in the year 2000, were quantified using the methodology founded on markers recommended by Minister of Environment on purpose to determine the pollutants charge aimed at allocation of fees for commercial use of environmental resources. Aforementioned markers both for CH4 and N2O were admitted on same levels like in baseline study.

All relevant markers, applied in this paper, are specified bellow:

Air pollutant

Unit

Value

Dust

kg/106m3

15

SO2

kg/106m3 x %Sc

2 x Sc

NO2

kg/106m3

1 280

CO

kg/106m3

360

CO2

kg/106m3

1 964 000

CH4

kg/GJ

0.0014

N2O

kg/GJ

0.0001

E.3.1) Summary table: Real emission reductions:

GHG

2000

2001

...

2013

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2 [Mg]

7 365

CH4 [kg]

8 791

N2O [kg]

163

Dust [kg]

52 200

SO2 [kg]

49 520

NO2 [kg]

8 490

CO [kg]

84 300

B) Project activity

CO2 [Mg]

1 499,2

CH4 [kg]

37,4

N2O [kg]

2,7

Dust [kg]

11,5

SO2 [kg]

38,1

NO2 [kg]

997,1

CO [kg]

274,8

C) Effect (B-A)

CO2 [Mg]

5865,8

CH4 [kg]

8 753,6

N2O [kg]

160,3

Dust [kg]

52 188,5

SO2 [kg]

49 481,9

NO2 [kg]

7 492,9

CO [kg]

84 025,2

D) Cumulative effect

CO2 [Mg]

5865,8

CH4 [kg]

8 753,6

N2O [kg]

160,3

Dust [kg]

52 188,5

SO2 [kg]

49 481,9

NO2 [kg]

7 492,9

CO [kg]

84 025,2

F. Bearing in mind that the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows, please indicate

Source of project funding

Including pre-feasibility phase

(For each source one line)

Amount

(US dollars)

Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs (PSO-JI)

466 000 (950 000 NLG)

ECO and Byczyna Town Council

166 000 (339 000 NLG)

Total

632 000 (1 289 000 NLG)

G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties

Describe briefly the transfer of environmentally sound technology and know-how including where appropriate the type of technology, terms, education, capacity building etc.

Training component in 1999 was realised by knowledge transfer seminars, educational program for schools as well as general information on the project.

Date

Product

Provider

Contents

Monitoring parameter

06.99

Seminar on JI and AIJ/JI Byczyna project, attended by decision makers

TNO

ECO

KAPE

Atmoterm

National Fund

General information on Joint Implementation and energy conservation measures; Presentation of AIJ/JI Byczyna project, short operational and environmental overview

35 handouts distributed + mailing to 80 institutions

06.99

TV interview

Regional TV Katowice

General information on AIJ/JI Byczyna project

3 minutes broadcast

11.99

Seminar on technical aspects of AIJ/JI Byczyna project attended by technical staff

TNO

Remeha

Brugman Poland

ECO

Presentation of modern gas technology; economical aspects of fuel change projects, operational figures of modernised boiler houses in Byczyna

25 handouts distributed + mailing to 60 institutions

12.99

Energy efficiency training for Byczyna teachers and students

KAPE

Radom Education Centre

Individual training for Byczyna secondary ecological school teachers, followed by the object lesson given by KAPE in Byczyna for the group of teachers and students in January 2000

7 teachers, number of secondary school students

99/00

Article

KAPE

General description of AIJ/JI Byczyna project

1 print

The successful completion of the second stage of the project has proven that the technical training for design, detailed design, mounting and operation, as provided in the first stage according to the project plan, was well fitted to the needs in the second stage.

Training activities can be confirmed by ECO and by Town Council of Byczyna.

For the years after 1999, no additional training was foreseen.

H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered

Fill in as appropriate:

H. 1) Any practical experience gained:

Emission calculation

GHG emissions in 1999 were calculated basing on below emission factors, gas calorific values, gas fuel consumption measurements and the results of baseline study.

No.

Source of information

Air pollutant

Emission factor

code

name

unit

GAS FIRING

1

MoE

001

sulphur dioxide

mg/m3

40

2

MoE

002

nitrogen oxides

mg/m3

1280

3

MoE

003

carbon monoxide

mg/m3

360

4

TNO/UBA

005

PAH’s

mg/m3

0

5

TNO/UBA

034

xylenes

g/GJ

0

6

Standard*

040

mercury

m g/m3

0.04

7

MoE

251

methane

g/GJ

1.4

8

MoE

390

nitrous oxide

g/GJ

0.1

9

MoE

396

carbon dioxide

g/GJ

55000

10

MoE

800

dust

mg/m3

15

11

TNO/UBA

803

lead

mg/m3

0

12

TNO/UBA

804

chromium

mg/m3

0

13

TNO/UBA

806

cadmium

mg/m3

0

14

TNO/UBA

807

cooper

mg/m3

0

15

TNO/UBA

809

arsenium

mg/m3

0

16

TNO/UBA

822

zinc

mg/m3

0

17

TNO/UBA

849

nickel

mg/m3

0

18

TNO/UBA

902

dioxins/furans

mg/m3

0

the maximum limit of mercury content in GZ-50 gas was assumed as an emission factor.

The gas boilers installed in the second stage started their operation in the middle of October 1999. Their reduced emissions in 1999 concerns a period of 76 days in 1999 autumn season. For the winter/spring seasons of 1999 (114 days) the emission from old coal fired boilers is assumed. The time shares of two fuel types in 1999 for the group of II stage was following:

Coal firing: 60%;

Gas firing: 40%.

Using the above shares GHG emissions in 1999 for II stage boiler houses were calculated using the option no. 2 of baseline study calculations.

Measurement procedures and devices

Gas consumption data were gathered as a monthly read-outs of gas meters in individual boiler houses. Besides the heat production was also measured by the heat meters. The accuracy of gas meters is estimated as +/- 1%. The accuracy of heat meters is estimated as +/- 5%.

H. 2) Technical difficulties:

The authors of baseline study met difficulties when collecting data on fuel consumption and parameters. For some boiler houses full range of required data was not available. In those cases the assumptions were made. The lack of data in Byczyna showed that the evidence of small boilers operational data (e.g. fuel consumption) is not very good and sometimes does not exist.

To check the assumptions additional baseline options were considered:

emission calculated for required boilers power;

emission calculated for installed boilers power.

The results showed GHG calculated emission 14.3% (required power) or 19.7% (installed power) higher then the emission evaluated from 1997 fuel consumption. Basing on that result „measuring error" of baseline can be evaluated at the level of 15-20%.

H. 3) negative impacts and/or effects encountered:

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantitative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item

Please fill in

Describe environmental negative impacts/effects in detail:

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental negative impacts/effects?

no

Describe social/cultural negative impacts/effects in detail:

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social negative impacts/effects?

no

Describe economic negative impacts/effects in detail:

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic negative impacts/effects?

no

H. 4) Other obstacles encountered:

H. 5) Other:

The following comments can be pointed on using the Uniform Reporting Format:

The scope of section E.1 (project baseline).

The question arises how much information should be presented there. Should the abstract of baseline study include evaluation of the baseline for other environmental aspects (not the GHG emissions) and for technical state? In the case of Byczyna project we presented these two additional subjects generally. Description of methodology also contained the part concerning other environmental aspects (emission calculation of all non-GHG pollutants and dispersion modelling of dust/SO2 using SOZAT software) as well as technical state (site review).

The issue of other environmental aspects seems to be very interesting when considering emission reductions (section E.2 of URF report). In the case of Byczyna project the reductions of non-GHG pollutants (dust, SO2) are considerable and the environmental benefits at this side are very important. Dispersion modelling calculations show how the air quality in Byczyna will get better after the project completion.

Reduction of SO2, NO2 and dust annual emissions (99.92%, 88,26% and 99.97% respectively, comparing with baseline) caused lower long-term concentration of these pollutants in air as well as lower dust deposition, which was estimated by air dispersion modelling.

The project was submitted to JIRC, the Dutch Joint Implementation Registration Centre, for registration.