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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY(AIJ)
 

USIJI Uniform Reporting Document:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

List of Projects

A. Description of the AIJ project

1. Title of project: Reduced Impact Logging() for Carbon Sequestration in East Kalimantan

2. Host country: Republic of Indonesia

3. Brief project description:

  • This project will implement reduced-impact logging techniques (RIL) to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions associated with logging practices in East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo. The project involves the development of guidelines and procedures for implementing RIL techniques, on-site training in directional felling, and the implementation of RIL techniques on a total of 600 hectares (ha) of forested land targeted for imminent harvesting. Special strategies, including collaborative planning and management, will be undertaken to ensure that RIL ultimately contributes to local sustainable development. This is to ensure that the local community will gain economic benefits.

4. Participants:

Name of Organization or Individual Country

Ministry of Environment

Indonesia

Ministry of Forestry and Estate Crops

Indonesia

Association of Indonesian Forest Concession Holders (APHI)

Indonesia

Institute Pertanian Bogor (IPB-Bogor Agricultural University)

Indonesia

Counterpart International

U.S.A

COPEC

U.S.A.

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Name of organization (English)

Ministry of Environment

Acronym (original language)

LH

Acronym (English)

ME

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Government Regulation/ Oversight

Street

Jl. D.I Pandjaitan Kav. 24

Kebon Nanas Jatinegara

City

Jakarta Timur

State

Post code

13410

Country

Indonesia

Telephone

(62) 21 851 8138

Fax

(62) 21 858 0111

E-mail

climate@cbn.net.id

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Murdiyarso

First name, middle name

Daniel

Job title

Assistant Minister and UNFCCC Focal Point

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Name of organization (English)

Ministry of Forestry and Estate Crops

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

Department

General Secretariat

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Government Regulation/ Oversight

Street

Gedung Manggala Wanabakti, Blok I, Lt. 3, Jl. Jend. Gatot Subroto

City

Senayan-Jakarta Pusat

State

Post code

Country

Indonesia

Telephone

(62) 21 570 0232

Fax

(62) 21 573 8732

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Suripto, SH

First name, middle name

Job title

Secretary General

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Name of organization (English)

Association of Indonesian Forest Concession Holders

Acronym (original language)

APHI

Acronym (English)

(Same as above)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project administration, monitoring

Street

Gedung Manggala Wanabakti, Blok IV, Lt. 9, Wing B, JI. Jend. Gatot Subroto

City

Senayan, Jakarta

State

Post code

10270

Country

Indonesia

Telephone

(62) 21 570 1154/ 21 527 2086

Fax

(62) 21 573 2564

E-mail

aphijkt@cbn.net.id

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Robianto

First name, middle name

Job title

Director, Foreign Affairs Department

Direct telephone

(62) 0816 811431

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Counterpart International

Name of organization (English)

(Same as above)

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

Department

Climate Change Program

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project Development, Project Administration, Financing

Street

1200 18th Street NW, #1100

City

Washington

State

DC

Post code

20036

Country

USA

Telephone

202-296-9676

Fax

202-296-9679

E-mail

bbeehler@counterpart.org

World Wide Web-URL address

www.counterpart.org

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Beehler

First name, middle name

Bruce

Job title

VP, Department of Environment and Natural Resources

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

DiNicola

First name, middle name

Anthony

Job title

Manager, Climate Change Program

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

tdinicola@counterpart.org

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Institute Pertanian Bogor

Name of organization (English)

Bogor Agricultural University

Acronym (original language)

IPB

Acronym (English)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Monitoring/ Verification, Technical Assistance

Street

Kampus IPB Darmaga
PO Box 243

City

Bogor

State

Java Barat

Post code

Country

Indonesia

Telephone

(62) 251 621262

Fax

(62) 251-622134

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Boer

First name, middle name

Rizaldi

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

<<A href="mailto:r_boer@altavista.net">r_boer@altavista.net>

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Name of organization (English)

Acronym (original language)

COPEC

Acronym (English)

(Same as above)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project Development, Project Administration, Financing

Street

225 Madeline Dr.

City

Pasadena

State

California

Post code

91105

Country

U.S.A.

Telephone

626-799-9059

Fax

626-799-1069

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Jones

First name, middle name

Don Justin

Job title

Managing Director

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

djustinjones@earthlink.net

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

  • 5. Description of AIJ project activities:
Item
Type of Project

Sector(s)

Land-use change and forestry

Primary activity(ies)

Reduced impact logging

Project Location

Country

Republic of Indonesia

Exact location (city, state, region)

East Kalimantan (Northeast)
Exact site identified to be identified by APHI

Key Dates and Current Stage of Project

Project starting date (month/year)

Date dependent on funding

Project ending date (month/year)

Date dependent on funding

Project lifetime (years)

40

Current stage of project

Mutually agreed

General Project Description and Technical Data

This project will implement reduced-impact logging techniques (RIL) to decrease net greenhouse gas emissions associated with logging practices in East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo. The project involves the development of guidelines and procedures for implementation of RIL techniques, on-site training in directional felling, and implementation of RIL techniques.

RIL will be implemented in East Kalimantan at a site to be determined by APHI and other stakeholders. The site will meet the criteria as outlined in the original USIJI submission. The forest is lowland dipterocarp forests, which have not been previously harvested. On-site training will be conducted in RIL techniques, followed by implementation of these techniques. RIL can reduce logging damage by as much as 50% through pre-cutting vines, directional felling, and planned extraction of timber on properly constructed and utilized skid trails. RIL techniques have been successfully implemented in neighboring Malaysia, particularly collaborative planning where population is not dense.

In implementing this project, special emphasis and strategies will be undertaken to ensure that the project results in sustainable development as defined by the local people. This will include stakeholder consultation and stakeholder involvement in the project itself.

  • 6. Cost:
    • (a) Explanation of methodology for calculating cost data

Methodology for Calculating Cost Data

The estimated cost of implementing RIL in Kalimantan, Indonesia was developed based on the assumption that the costs and carbon-saving benefits in East Kalimantan are similar to that of Sabah, Malaysia. Research was conducted to support pilot projects in southeastern Sabah, Malaysia in 1992, in which a power company provided funds to a timber concessionaire to implement guidelines aimed at reducing logging damage. Based on this research, Pinard and Putz (in Retaining Forest Biomass by Reducing Logging Damage in Biotropica 28(3):278-295) estimated that it would cost US$300 per ha to implement RIL guidelines in dipterocarp forests in Sabah.

The cost of applying RIL techniques to 600 ha (at approximately $550 per ha including project development, verification and training) in East Kalimantan concessions is estimated to be $330,000.

The cost per tonne of carbon is estimated to be $5. This estimate is based on the project development and implementation costs divided by the GHG benefits. The project development costs are considered confidential by the project developer.

  • (b) Cost data–Project development

    This information is considered confidential by the developer and therefore is not available.

    (c) Cost data–Project implementation

    Annual implementation cost information is not yet available.

Itemized Project Implementation Costs
Year(s) Item Projected Amount

(US$)

Project Costs

RIL Implementation

330,000

Subtotal

330,000

Project Revenues

No information is available.

Subtotal

0

Net Project Cost (Project Costs-Project Revenues)

330,000

  • 7. Monitoring and verification of AIJ project activities and results:
Item

Party(ies) that will be monitoring project activities

Environmental Audit Committee (EAC) participants (see below)

Party(ies) that will be externally verifying project results

Institute Pertanian Bogor (IPB-Bogor Agricultural University)

Date when the monitoring plan became (or will become) operational (month/year)

3 months after project implementation begins

Types of data that will be collected

Biomass density, biomass growth rate, timber extraction volumes, residual damage, and soil carbon content

Description of Monitoring and Verification Activities and Schedule for Implementation

Monitoring of project results and compliance with RIL guidelines will be carried out by an Environmental Audit Committee (EAC), which will meet at the project site on an annual basis for the length of the project (40 years). The EAC will be comprised of individuals external to, but selected by the hosts and principal investors in the project. The host and principal investors each choose one member of the EAC and then select a third forest harvesting expert by mutual agreement. This group will then choose additional members from adjacent local areas to assess technical and socio-economic impacts.

Foresters will carry out field measurements necessary to monitor actual CO2 emission reduction and enhanced sequestration from RIL. All data produced will continue to be peer reviewed and published in appropriate academic journals. Monitoring will be conducted during the period in which all 600 ha of the project area have been harvested, and then will continue at lower intensity over the project lifetime. Future updates of CO2 projections will continue to be based on field measurements of established plots.

Project proponents are jointly responsible for ensuring that RIL areas are protected over the life of the project. Contractual terms will be established to monitor over the long term.

Researchers plan to monitor the hydrological effects of RIL in comparison to conventional logging in the study area. Studies of the biodiversity consequences of RIL are also planned.

External verification will be carried out by IPB on an annual basis.

  • B. Governmental approval
Item

Please check one of the following.

This report is a first report.

Or

This report is an intermediate report.

Or

This report is a final report.

Please check one of the following:

This report is a joint report. Letter(s) of approval of this report from the designated national authority of the other Party(ies) involved in the activity is(are) attached in Section J, Annex.

Or

This report is a separate report.

Additional comments (if any):

  • C. Compatibility with, and supportiveness of, national economic development and socioeconomic and environmental priorities and strategies
Compatibility with Economic Development and Socioeconomic and Environmental Priorities

The forestry industry in Indonesia manages over 60 million ha of production forest. The anticipated standardization of certification guidelines after 2000 could have a significant impact on the Indonesian economy. This project will build local capacity to understand and implement sustainable logging systems in preparing for certification standards. This project will also allow companies to begin meeting these standards and accessing niche certification markets in the U.S., Japan, and Europe.

  • D. Environmental, social/cultural, and economic impacts of the AIJ project
Non-Greenhouse-Gas Environmental Impacts of the Project

Through the reduction of forest damage by 50% relative to conventional logging, the project will enhance the sustainability of logging operations, improve the growth of residual trees, and encourage more rapid natural regeneration throughout much of the RIL area. Maintenance of forest cover and protection of surface soils from bulldozer damage will reduce rates of erosion. Preliminary studies suggest that by controlling the logging process, populations of understory birds (considered to be good "indicator species") will be maintained; the same species suffer greatly in conventionally harvested areas.

Social/Cultural Impacts of the Project

As RIL is intended to promote sustainable development (biodiversity, carbon, lower "annual allowable cuts"), it is expected that RIL carried out by industrial concessionaires will have a positive impact and serve as a model of how sustainable forestry can deliver local sustainable development benefits.

Economic Impacts of the Project

There are no data to suggest or reasons to suspect that implementation of RIL guidelines will affect local or regional supply, demand, or price of timber products. Improved market access or price premiums may result if the area is certified by an accredited agency and is well managed.

Employment of local people will be a priority.

  • E. Greenhouse gas impacts of the AIJ project

    1. Scenario description

Item
Site Designation

Site number (order of presentation in this report)

1 of 1

Site name/designation

East Kalimantan

Project sector

Land-use change and forestry

Reference Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Conventional logging

Has the reference scenario changed since the last report? (If yes, explain any changes below.)

Yes

No

This is the first project report.

Description:

Current logging practices in East Kalimantan involve felling trees in random directions, due in part to the trees being literally tied together by vines, and extraction by bulldozers, which results in damage to both the residual stand and the soil. Studies in neighboring Malaysia indicate that these conventional logging practices break and uproot as many as 50% of the remaining trees and disturb soils on up to 40% of the land area. The Malaysian studies found that harvesting as few as 10 to 15 trees per ha released as much as 300 - 350 t CO2. In the absence of the project, uncontrolled and destructive logging practices are expected to continue in East Kalimantan concessions. Logging with conventional techniques is assumed to occur once, within one year, during the project lifetime.

Predicted Project Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Reduced impact logging

Description:

The project will develop and implement reduced impact logging practices on 600 ha within the Intracawood concession. RIL is expected to reduce logging damage by as much as 50% through pre-cutting vines, directional felling, and planned extraction of timber on properly constructed and utilized skid trails. Logging with RIL techniques is assumed to occur once during the project lifetime. Data developed in Malaysia show that there will be reduced CO2 emissions and enhanced sequestration in RIL harvested areas for decades. Even following a second harvest utilizing RIL techniques, occurring in 30 to 60 years after the first forest harvest, the CO2 benefits remain positive relative to conventional logging. RIL techniques also reduce the susceptibility of the forest to weed infestations that reduce biomass recovery rates, and lessen the susceptibility to destructive fires. In addition, reducing the amount of the forest canopy that is opened up will lessen the impacts of changes in temperature, light intensity, wind speed, and moisture on understory plants and animals. Measures to protect future crop trees, and to provide incentives to fellers and skidder operators to reduce damage to the forest will also be taken.

Actual Project

Primary activity(ies)

This information is not yet available.

Description:

This information is not yet available.

  • 2. GHG emission/sequestration calculation methodology
GHG Emission/Sequestration Calculation Methodology

Site number

1 of 1

Project sector

Land-use change and forestry

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Reference Scenario

The methodology used to estimate annual net CO2 emissions tracks carbon in above- and belowground biomass and in wood products over the 40-year lifetime of the project. Following harvest in year one, portions of the wood harvest and on-site damaged biomass are assumed to decay at varying rates depending upon fate (i.e., wastewood at the mill, wood products, or on-site logging debris), and residual living biomass on site is assumed to grow and accumulate carbon. Soil carbon stocks are assumed to remain constant, and there are no post-harvest silviculture treatments or forest fires. The assumptions used in the calculations (e.g., biomass carbon stocks, the timber extraction volume and allocations to decay pools, residual damage, rates of decay, and biomass growth rates) are based on studies of conventional logging practices in lowland dipterocarp forests of Sabah, Malaysia.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Project Scenario

Under the project scenario, RIL techniques are assumed to be used on 85% of the 600 ha site; 15% of the site is assumed to be "unloggable because of restriction in the RIL guidelines" (e.g., buffer zones, steep slopes). Carbon stocks on the unlogged portion are assumed to remain constant throughout the lifetime of the project. Carbon stocks in the remainder of the project site are tracked in the same way as in the reference scenario, except that the assumptions used in the calculations (e.g., timber extraction volumes, residual damage, biomass growth rates) are based on studies of RIL in lowland dipterocarp forests of Malaysia.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Actual Project

This information is not yet available.

  • 3. GHG emission/sequestration data
    • (a) Reporting of GHG emissions/sequestration

Image

Projected Greenhouse Gas Benefits by Project Site

(Tonnes, Full Molecular Weight Basis)

Site Number: 1 of 1

Reference Scenario

Emissions

Project Scenario

Emissions

Net GHG Benefits

(Reference Scenario -

Project Scenario)

Cumulative GHG Benefits

(Reference Scenario -

Project Scenario)

Year CO2 CH4 N2O CO2 CH4 N2O CO2 CH4 N2O CO2-

Equivalent

CO2 CH4 N2O CO2-

Equivalent

23

-3,615

-3,933

318

318

65,923

65,923

24

-3,756

-4,039

283

283

66,206

66,206

25

-3,897

-4,145

248

248

66,454

66,454

26

-4,027

-4,251

224

224

66,678

66,678

27

-4,156

-4,352

195

195

66,874

66,874

28

-4,281

-4,453

172

172

67,046

67,046

29

-4,405

-4,550

144

144

67,190

67,190

30

-4,530

-4,646

116

116

67,306

67,306

31

-4,649

-4,743

94

94

67,400

67,400

32

-4,773

-4,839

66

66

67,466

67,466

33

-4,887

-4,931

44

44

67,511

67,511

34

-5,006

-5,028

22

22

67,533

67,533

35

-5,120

-5,120

0

0

67,533

67,533

36

-5,233

-5,212

-21

-21

67,511

67,511

37

-5,352

-5,304

-48

-48

67,463

67,463

38

-5,466

-5,396

-70

-70

67,393

67,393

39

-5,574

-5,483

-91

-91

67,302

67,302

40

-5,688

-5,575

-113

-113

67,189

67,189

Total

-42,360

-109,549

67,189

67,189

67,189

67,189

Projected Net Greenhouse Gas Benefits: All Project Sites

(Tonnes, Full Molecular Weight Basis)

Please specify: Year 1 = Date dependent on funding


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