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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY(AIJ)
 

Uniform Reporting Format:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

List of Projects

A. Description of the AIJ project

  • 1. Title of project: Atlantic Methanol Production Company (AMPCO) – Environmentally Responsible Gas Processing on Bioko Island

    2. Host country: Equatorial Guinea

    3. Brief project description:

    • The project will reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by utilizing gas that is currently, and would otherwise, be flared into the atmosphere at an approximate rate of between 88 – 120 million cubic feet per day for the production of methanol.

    4. Participants:

    Name of Organization or Individual

    Country

    Government of Equatorial Guinea

    Equatorial Guinea

    CMS Energy

    U.S.A.

    Samedan

    U.S.A.
    Item
    Organization

    Name of organization (original language)

    or

    Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

    Government of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea

    Name of organization (English)

    Same

    Acronym (original language)

    None

    Acronym (English)

    GREG

    Department

    Ministry of Energy and Mines

    Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

    Financing

    Street

    C/o Embassy of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea

    2020 16th Street, NW

    City

    Washington

    State

    DC

    Post code

    20009

    Country

    U.S.A.

    Telephone

    (202) 518-5700

    Fax

    (202) 518-5252

    E-mail

    World Wide Web-URL address

    Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

    Surname

    Nsue

    First name, middle name

    Teodoro Biyogo

    Job title

    Ambassador to the United States

    Direct telephone

    (202) 518-5700

    Direct fax

    (202) 518-5252

    Direct e-mail

    Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

    Surname

    Same

    First name, middle name

    Job title

    Direct telephone

    Direct fax

    Direct e-mail

    Item
    Organization

    Name of organization (original language)

    or

    Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

    Samedan Oil Company

    Name of organization (English)

    Same

    Acronym (original language)

    None

    Acronym (English)

    None

    Department

    Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

    Project administration, and financing

    Street

    350 Glenborough
    Suite 300

    City

    Houston

    State

    Texas

    Post code

    77067

    Country

    U.S.A.

    Telephone

    (281) 876-6200

    Fax

    (281) 876-6153

    E-mail

    World Wide Web-URL address

    www.samedan.com

    Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

    Surname

    Cook

    First name, middle name

    Rodney

    Job title

    Manager of International Operations

    Direct telephone

    Same

    Direct fax

    Same

    Direct e-mail

    rcook@samedan.com

    Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

    Surname

    Same

    First name, middle name

    Job title

    Direct telephone

    Direct fax

    Direct e-mail

    Item
    Organization

    Name of organization (original language)

    or

    Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

    CMS Energy

    Name of organization (English)

    Same

    Acronym (original language)

    None

    Acronym (English)

    None

    Department

    CMS Oil and Gas Company
    CMS Gas Transmission Storage Company

    Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

    Project development, administration, and financing

    Street

    Fairlane Plaza South
    330 Town Center Drive
    Suite 1100

    City

    Dearborn

    State

    Michigan

    Post code

    48126

    Country

    U.S.A.

    Telephone

    (313) 436-3600

    Fax

    (202) 223-6178

    E-mail

    World Wide Web-URL address

    www.cmsenergy.com

    Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

    Surname

    Pickart

    First name, middle name

    George Anthony

    Job title

    International Affairs Director

    Direct telephone

    (202) 293-5794

    Direct fax

    (202) 223-6178

    Direct e-mail

    gapickart@cmsenergy.com

    Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

    Surname

    Same

    First name, middle name

    Job title

    Direct telephone

    Direct fax

    Direct e-mail

    • 5. Description of AIJ project activities
    Item
    Type of Project

    Sector(s)

    Energy

    Primary activity(ies)

    Utilization of flared gas

    Project Location

    Country

    Equatorial Guinea

    Exact location (city, state, region)

    Punta Europa, Bioko Island

    Key Dates and Current Stage of Project

    Project starting date (month/year)

    May 2001

    Project ending date (month/year)

    May 2026

    Project lifetime (years)

    25

    Current stage of project

    In progress

    General Project Description and Technical Data

    The Atlantic Methanol Production Company is constructing a methanol production facility adjacent to an existing gas processing facility on the northern coast of Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. Residue gas (dry methane) has been flared at the exit of the gas processing facility initially at a rate of approximately 88 million cubic feet per day (mmcf/d) to the current volume of approximately 125 mmcf/d. This flared gas will be converted by the new plant into methanol, which will be exported for sale on the international market.

    The projected greenhouse gas reductions that result from the flared gas being manufactured into a useful product are 2.85 million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents per year for each year of the project. The project will monitor gas coming into the plant and methanol being produced. From this data, GHG emissions associated with the operation can be subtracted from the calculated GHG reductions.

    • 6. Cost
      • (a) Explanation of methodology for calculating cost data
    Methodology for Calculating Cost Data

    The nature of the costs involved in developing the AIJ project include:

    Nature of Costs

    Specific Costs

    Methodology for Costs Estimates

    Application development

    Technical personnel

    Time and Materials

    ERT consulting

    Time and Travel

    Travel to Washington D.C

    Travel

    Monitoring Plan Development

    Technical Personnel

    Time and Materials

    Monitoring Equipment

    Equipment

    Bid Estimates

    Monitoring Plan Implementation

    Technical personnel

    Time and Materials

    • (b) Cost data–Project development
    Itemized Project Development Costs

    (Not Available)

    • (c) Cost data–Project implementation

      Itemized Project Implementation Costs

      (Not Available)

    • 7. Monitoring and verification of AIJ project activities and results
    Item Please Complete

    Party(ies) that will be monitoring project activities

    CMS Energy, Samedan, GREG, and Environmental Resources Trust, Inc.

    Party(ies) that will be externally verifying project results

    Environmental Resources Trust, Inc.

    Date when the monitoring plan became (or will become) operational (month/year)

    2nd Quarter, 2001

    Types of data that will be collected

    Fuel flow and combustion efficiency

    Description of Monitoring and Verification Activities and Schedule for Implementation

    The monitoring will be performed by AMPCo plant personnel and verified by Environmental Resources Trust Inc. Monitoring will commence with plant start-up scheduled to begin in May 2001. Fuel flow at many strategic points within the plant will allow the determination of GHG emissions and reductions.

    • B. Governmental approval
    Item Please Complete

    Please check one of the following.

    This report is a first report.

    or

    This report is an intermediate report.

    or

    This report is a final report.

    Please check one of the following:

    This report is a joint report. Letter(s) of approval of this report from the designated national authority of the other Party(ies) involved in the activity is(are) attached in Section J, Annex.

    or

    This report is a separate report.

    Additional comments (if any):

    • C. Compatibility with, and supportiveness of, national economic development and socioeconomic and environmental priorities and strategies
    Compatibility with Economic Development and Socioeconomic and Environmental Priorities

    The project will help to build developmental capacity and have a substantial positive effect on Equatorial Guinea’s economic growth and social progress. The partners, for instance, have worked effectively to establish a new and productive dialogue between the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the US State Department, and the Government of Equatorial Guinea to lay the groundwork for substantial progress in the areas of labor and workers rights. This dialogue has already produced both verbal and written commitments by the President of Equatorial Guinea to senior State Department officials that the government will institute new programs and policies to shore up labor and workers rights protections. These commitments are a direct result of the partners’ efforts and will be implemented, monitored and sustained through the life of the AMPCO project.

    In addition, the advent of the AMPCO methanol project, the first large onshore facility in the country, brought expansive new opportunities to Equatorial Guinea for local employment. The project emerged as a foundation for new and progressive government policies and practices on local employment, which the partners have supported and embraced.

    When operational, the plant will employ approximately 220 to 240 people total, of which roughly 140 will be skilled, professional staff. The partners will work very closely with the government of Equatorial Guinea to ensure that there will be a strong initial commitment to hiring local workers, and that the percentage of local workers will increase in significant fashion over the first five years of operation. As part of that effort, the partners have committed to a comprehensive training and education effort, which will produce a highly advanced, and technical labor pool, with an emphasis on vocational specialties, operations and maintenance, safety and language skills. These skilled workers will in turn be available for other US and foreign investors, and as additional investment accrues their ranks will grow.

    The AMPCO and Alba partners are committed to good corporate citizenship and are undertaking a number of activities beyond their contractual obligations in Equatorial Guinea to benefit the community and its people. These projects are funded through corporate contributions, or are structured so that they will be funded from royalties from the project so that profits are returned directly to the people. As an example of some of these activities, the partners have:

    • Developed, constructed and begun operation of a 10-MW power plant on Bioko Island to meet all power requirements for the island, at a cost of more than $12 million. The partners conduct ongoing meetings with the Ministry of Mines and the local power company to assist with electrical power for Malabo. The partners also have undertaken a program to clear and maintain all power transmission lines from the hydroelectric plant in Riaba, at a current cost of $20,000 per month;
    • Made a $425,000 commitment to construct a local market on the mainland;
    • Contributed $200,000 to construct a temporary bridge on the road between the airport and Malabo that was washed out by a flood, and contributed $750,000 for the construction of a permanent bridge. The partners have also agreed to participate in the reconstruction of the entire road;
    • Purchased two vehicles at $36,000 and provided two drivers and chemicals to conduct a malaria spraying program in Malabo five or more nights per week;
    • Provided $45,000 in equipment and in-kind assistance to construct facilities and provide street lighting and electricity in advance of an international conference;
    • Initiated discussions with US universities for extension programs to supplement the company’s training and vocational education effort;
    • Provided books and supplies for local schoolchildren.

    The partners have supported and will continue to support international non-governmental and other organizations that promote democratic ideals and principles through education and support for democratic systems in Equatorial Guinea. CMS Energy provided a $10,000 grant to the International Federation for Electoral Systems (IFES) to support the establishment and operations of an Elections Observer Mission for Equatorial Guinea’s most recent presidential election. CMS Energy similarly provided $7,500 to the Institute for Democratic Strategies (IDS) in support of a multifaceted democratization program in Equatorial Guinea.

    These projects are illustrative of the fact that the partners undertake a commitment to social responsibility in the community they serve. The partners exercise and encourage responsible and ethical business practices in all of dealings with customers, local partners, vendors, and suppliers. The partners continually seek to observe certain fundamental values in their interaction with local and national leaders, opinion-makers, and government officials, including adherence to the rule of law, tolerance, and respect.

    The partners also promote the establishment of greater transparency in business transactions, the development of sound and open regulatory regimes and practices, and the adoption of policies and laws that encourage free market principles.

    • D. Environmental, social/cultural, and economic impacts of the AIJ project
    Non-Greenhouse-Gas Environmental Impacts of the Project
    • 1. AMPCO as part of its initial development is creating new environmental (or health and safety) policies or procedures. These are to be based on the current environmental, health and safety policies the two majority partners (CMS and SAMEDAN) have in place as individual companies and will be implemented through the Operational and Maintenance Manual for the plant once construction has been completed. These policies and procedures will reflect recognized environmental, health and safety standards and industrial codes of good practice as specified and agreed to in the Manufacturing and Marketing Agreement with Equatorial Guinea.

      The Turnkey Agreement for the methanol plan project sets out contract and requirement for the design, construction and test operation of the plant. It outlines, a minimum compliance with the following standards and specifications:

    • OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Association, US Department of Labor),
    • NFPA (US National Fire Protection Association); and
    • World Bank environmental guidelines
    • 2. The procedures specifically developed for environmental protection on construction sites include hazardous waste management, pollution prevention, spill prevention, control and countermeasure (SPCC); spill response; storm water management; used oil management; recycling; and waste management. AMPCO’s contractor requires that all of their sub-contractors operate within the construction, environmental, health and safety policies and procedures unless the company operates under a more stringent system.

      3. Daily site walkovers are undertaken by the Environmental, Health & Safety (EH&S) Officer to monitor the implementation of general safety procedures throughout the project site and to ensure that good "housekeeping" is generally maintained. Weekly meetings attend by all on-site company representatives are held where, in addition to progress assessment, environmental and health and safety issued are discussed.

      4. Currently setting up procedures, work practices and standards for application at managerial and working levels on site - including plant modifications/design safety procedures, site safety procedures; environmental procedures and health and hygiene. The environmental procedures will address, for example, the control and disposal of wastes, effluent discharges and emission to air, protection of sensitive areas, spill prevention and response, soil protection, storage and disposal, environmental monitoring and assessment, noise surveys.

      5. Project medical facilities will contribute to local medical infrastructure.

      6. The Project has provided to the USIJI a copy of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) that was developed to support the project. The EIA has been posted on the Overseas Private Invest Corporation’s web page for the required 60-day period in which no third party comments were received. A copy of the EIA has been provided to the USIJI Technical Review Committee under separate cover.

      7. In terms of localized air quality the methanol plant is predicted not to represent a significant adverse effect on the adjacent area, due to the predicted pollutant concentrations being well within air quality criteria, the isolation of the site, the sparse population present and prevailing wind direction. Dust generation will be minimal once construction has ceased. In addition, the large reduction of GHG associated with the extinguishing of the existing ground flare will yield a substantial positive local and global impact.

      With regard to water quality, there will remain a risk of some form of surface water and marine water contamination through unexpected events such as failure of water treatment units, containment measures, and emergency situations. However, methanol has low acute toxicity to aquatic organisms. Application of good environmental management practices, maintenance of equipment and protective structures and training should help minimize the occurrence of a release and the significance of the consequences. A full time environmental engineer will be employed to implement best management practices and follow plant environmental procedures aimed at protecting the environment.

      8. The consequences of accidental release of methanol to the ground are considered insignificant. Biodegradation is the major route of removal of methanol from soil. Several species of methylobacterium and methylomonas are capable of utilizing methanol as a sole carbon source.

      9. Increased shipping will be expected to have a moderate overall net adverse effect in terms of risk of impacts associated with spills of substances such as oil, methanol and discharges of ballast/bilge water. Minor or major methanol spills are expected to have limited short term and long terms adverse environmental effects on account of the chemical properties of methanol which facilitate rapid dilution and biodegradation.

      10. It is predicted that there would be no adverse noise impact at Mongola village or at the property boundary. A minor adverse impact is likely to remain within the site from plant activity, in particular at the nearest accommodation blocks (these are expected to be moth-balled until the maintenance/shut down periods) and administration office to the methanol plant, after accounting for additional mitigation measures.

      11. Due to the potential negative health effects of methanol exposure, all employees will be given awareness training.

      12. Disposal of solid waste will be at approved facilities by qualified contractors or carriers, both during construction and throughout the operating life of the plant.

      13. Small amounts of hazardous materials may be generated. They will be disposed of through licensed disposal services.

    Based on the information contained in the EIA and the Operating and Maintenance procedures, the project is confident that the environmental impacts are negligible compared to the positive impacts of GHG emission reductions.

    Social/Cultural Impacts of the Project

    The project will engender social progress consistent with the development impacts described above, and will contribute to the development of the capabilities and professionalism of the indigenous workforce.

    Economic Impacts of the Project

    The project will have a substantial positive economic impact by creating a productive use for gas for which there had been no market and that previously had been flared as a by-product. The project will establish a new industry in Equatorial Guinea and help to strengthen and diversify the country’s export base.

    • E. Greenhouse gas impacts of the AIJ project

      1. Scenario description

    Item Please Complete for Each Site
    Site Designation

    Site number (order of presentation in this report)

    1

    Site name/designation

    Atlantic Methanol Production Co. (AMPCO)

    Project sector

    Energy

    Reference Scenario

    Primary activity(ies)

    Flaring Natural Gas

    Has the reference scenario changed since the last report? (If yes, explain any changes below.)

    Yes

    No

    This is the first project report.

    Description:

    Rich natural gas is extracted from the Alba field, off the coast of the island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea, and the condensate removed at an onshore processing plant. The resultant natural gas is disposed of by flaring. To utilize the natural gas the AMPCO Methanol Plant is being constructed. To support the plant, the Alba field was expanded to provide additional natural gas and to provide additional LPG. 30.67 Mtonnes/yr of methane was flared in the Reference case. Diversion of the flared gas to the methanol plant is assumed to occur for the next 25 years.

    Predicted Project Scenario

    Primary activity(ies)

    Utilization of Natural Gas Previously Flared

    Description:

    The construction of the Methanol Plant on the island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea will allow the termination of flaring of natural gas from the Punta Europa LPG plant. The operation of the Methanol plant is scheduled to commence in May 2001. At this time, the utilization of previously flared natural gas will used to manufacture methanol. Greenhouse gas emission reductions will occur as a result of the termination of the ground flaring of natural gas. Some greenhouse gas emissions will occur as a result of the methanol plant operation.

    Actual Project

    Primary activity(ies)

    This information is not yet available

    Description:

    • 2. GHG emission/sequestration calculation methodology
    GHG Emission/Sequestration Calculation Methodology

    Site number

    1

    Project sector

    Energy

    Description of Calculation Methodology for the Reference Scenario

    The GHG emissions associated with the flaring of waste natural gas in a ground flare were calculated based on the ideal gas law and an assumption that the ground flare was 85% efficient. Assuming 29 bcf/yr of natural gas is combusted in the ground flare;

    0.85 * 29 bcf/yr * 44lb CO2/lbmole = 1.36 Mtonnes CO2/yr

    0.15 * 29 bcf/yr * 16 lb CH4 lbmole = 0.088 Mtonees CH4/yr

    (0.088 Mtonnes CH4/yr * 21 GWP) + 1.36 Mtonnes CO2/yr = 3.20 Mtonnes CO2 eq/yr

    Description of Calculation Methodology for the Project Scenario

    GHG emissions associated with the Project scenario include emissions from the methanol plant flare and miscellaneous equipment resulting in emissions equal to 0.193 Mtonnes CO2 eq/yr.

    Emissions associated with the construction and deforestation is equivalent to 3.98 Mtonnes CO2 eq. These emissions are divided by 25 and spread out over the life of the project.

    Description of Calculation Methodology for the Actual Project

    This information is not yet available.

    • 3. GHG emission/sequestration data
      • (a) Reporting of GHG emissions/sequestration

    (Insert the following Excel spreadsheets: Site GHGs Projected, Site GHGs Actual, Total GHGs Projected, Total GHGs Actual)

    • Image
    • (b) Additional information on GHG emissions/sequestration
    Indirect or Secondary GHG Impacts (Positive and Negative)

    GHG emissions that result indirectly from the use of methanol were not considered in this AIJ project. It is estimated that approximately 66% of the chemical grad methanol is bound up chemically in products or feedstock. The other 34% (27% MTBE, 2.3% fuels and 4.1% solvents) is used to meet market demands and offset other less economical supplies of MTBE, fuels and solvents.

    Production of methanol in a new facility that burns natural gas for a majority of it’s steam and energy needs allows the GHG emissions associated with such a process to be minimized, as natural gas emits less GHG per energy unit than any other fossil fuel used in energy or steam production.

    Factors That Could Cause the Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

    Future losses of GHG reductions could occur if the natural gas supply should end prior to the estimated life of the methanol plant (25 years).

    Strategy for Reducing the Risk of Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

    The strategy for reducing the risk of loss of natural gas supply to the plant will involve well monitoring and plant operation to determine if the gas supply and the plant economics justify well field expansion.

    • F. Funding of the AIJ project

      1. Identification of funding sources

      • (a) Funding sources for project development
    Funding Source Country of Funding Source Amount ($US) Percent of Total Funding (%)

    CMS Energy

    Samedan

    U.S.A.

    U.S.A.

    $15 mm

    $15mm

    50%

    50%

    Total

    100
    • (b) Funding sources for project implementation
    Funding Source Country of Funding Source Amount ($US) Percent of Total Funding (%) Is This Funding Assured? (Y/N)

    Overseas Private Investment Corporation

    U.S.A. $173 mm 40% Y

    CMS Energy

    U.S.A. $124.7 mm 27% Y

    Samedan

    U.S.A. $124.7 mm 27% Y

    GREG

    Eq. Guinea $26.7 mm 6% Y

    Total

    $450 mm 100
    • 2. Assessment of additional funding needs:
    Current or Planned Activities to Obtain Additional Funding

    None

    • G. Contribution to capacity building and technology transfer
    Contribution to Capacity Building and Technology Transfer

    The project will demonstrate to Equatorial Guinea and to other countries in the West/Central Africa region the potential benefits to utilizing stranded gas. The project will build capacity by creating a highly skilled and professional work force among the indigenous population. The project will introduce technology and knowledge by introducing the production of methanol to the country.

    • H. Recent developments, technical difficulties, and obstacles encountered
    Recent Project Developments

    The project is under construction and expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2001.

    Technical Difficulties and Other Obstacles Encountered

    None.

    • I. Additional information
    Additional Information

    None

    J. Annex

    • 1. Host country acceptance of the AIJ project
    • 2. Letters of approval of this AIJ project report:
      • See attached letter of concurrence.

    (concurrence letter)