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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY(AIJ)
Uniform Reporting Format:
Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase
A. Description of project
1) Title of project:
Burkina Faso Sustainable Energy Management
Same as previous
Same as previous
5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures
Same as previous
B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement
1) For the activity:
Activity was: __ suspended
__ terminated earlier
2) This report is a joint report:
_x_ Yes, forward copy of agreement/endorsement by the designated national authorities involved
E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities
Summary table: Projected emissions reductions:
H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered
The World Bank, DANIDA, and the Dutch Government have harmonized their approach to the sector and joint supervision missions have been conducted to monitor activities of the sector.
At the level of the Project with several components, the following issues and activities are relevant to mention:
Institutional framework: The institutional arrangements to coordinate the Program was very slow to become effective. The Program was officially launched on January 17, 1998. However, the coordination unit became effective only in May 1999. This initial delay requires an extension of the Program for about a year in order to implement programmed activities.
Community based forest management: The following activities were conducted: (i) data collection and participatory diagnostic study of in the project area. Upon completion of the work, the potentialities and constraints related, inter alia, to soil, vegetation, wildlife, hydrography and exploitation of forest resources were identified. In addition, backstopping activities with performance indicators were identified by village; and (ii) forest land use cartography. The forest inventory is the main activity to be conducted before effective management of the identified forests.
Promotion of improved carbonization technology: Studies were initiated to assess the charcoal situation (production area, production techniques, producers, distributors etc.) in relation to the five major towns in Burkina Faso. Existing carbonization techniques were evaluated and improved technologies identified. The outcomes of these studies show that charcoal production is not organized and that it is done on demand. The traditional pit, the traditional millstone, the Casamance millstone are the three carbonization technologies that were identified. The Casamance millstone was adopted as being the most energy efficient. The adoption of a master plan for supplying the major towns with charcoal still depends on the outcome of the studies on the supply of Burkina’s urban centers with charcoal.
Development and promotion of kerosene stoves: Target groups for the promotion and pilot sale of kerosene stoves were identified as well as the development of a model of stove that is effective and appropriate in technical and socio-economic terms. Under this component, it is planned to disseminate 2,000 stoves.
Promotion of solar photovoltaic systems: Studies were conducted to identify six villages to be equipped with solar photovoltaic systems. Key criteria used in the selection of the villages were strategic location in terms of enhancing social, health, educational and economic facilities. The equipment have been ordered and expected to be delivered in the coming months.
A technical evaluation of the Program was conducted in March 2001 by Dr. Youba Sokona (ENDA-Tiers Monde) and Mr. Gabriel Yameogo (EDEN). This evaluation has recommended specific capacity building activities directed to the coordination unit of the project and also to stakeholders. In addition, the evaluation has pointed out the paucity of reference data of the program making monitoring of implementation.
Project related risks
The AIJ-RPTES project has a certain flexibility for coping with unforeseen situations or factors beyond its control. In point of fact, in the annex to the grant agreement it is specified (subparagraph 2.1.i.d) that "the Beneficiary shall, if need be, enter into exchanges of views with the IDA representatives on the status of progress and the results of the activities" of the project. This provision makes it possible, in the course of implementation of the project, to propose adjustment measures together with requests for financing to the Donor if necessary in order to remove various constraints.
It was in this context that a request for adjustment of financing was submitted by the Burkina Government to enable an "operating costs" category to be taken into account at the beginning of 1999 in order to strengthen the operating capacity for implementation of the project by giving it a minimum of autonomy of operation. This request was the subject of a notice of no objection from the World Bank in June 1999, thereby authorizing that personnel and operating costs be taken into account.
May 18, 2001 7:04 PM