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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY(AIJ)
 

USIJI Uniform Reporting Document:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

List of Projects

  • A. Description of the AIJ project

    1. Title of project: The Guguletu Eco-Homes Project

    2. Host country: South Africa

    3. Brief project description:

    • This project proposes to construct 6,000 energy-efficient Eco-Homes in the community of Guguletu, Republic of South Africa (RSA). The project represents an expansion of a pilot effort involving the US/RSA Bi-National Commission (BNC) to design and build Eco-Homes to replace standard low-cost homes being subsidized by the Reconstruction and Development Program (RDP) of the Mandela Administration. The estimated project life is 50 years and the carbon benefits are estimated to range from 10,000-13,000 metric tons or 40,000-50,000 tons CO2 from reduced space heating. The project will also generate non-GHG environmental benefits by reducing local air pollution and improving indoor air quality. The project will contribute to technology transfer and capacity building by training local community members in all construction phases of Eco-Homes and to understanding the behavioral aspects of living in energy efficient homes in South Africa. A "green" loan program is being proposed to provide low-interest loans for additional energy-efficient measures. The City of Cape Town estimates that there are 450,000 homeless families within the city limits. This project proposes to address less than 2% of the total number of homes needed.

    4. Participants:

Name of Organization or Individual Country

PEER Consultants

United States

International Institute for Energy Conservation

United States

Community of Guguletu

South Africa

Tambo Village Housing Support Centre

South Africa

National Urban Reconstruction Housing Association

South Africa

Item

Please Complete If Applicable
Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

PEER Consultants, P.C. / PEER Africa (PTY) Ltd.

Name of organization (English)

PEER Consultants, P.C. / PEER Africa (PTY) Ltd.

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

PEER

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project implementation

Street

12300 Twinbrook Parkway, Suite 410

City

Rockville

State

Maryland

Post code

20852

Country

United States

Telephone

301-816-0700

Fax

301-816-9291

E-mail

Peer1@ix.netcom.com

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Abron

First name, middle name

Dr. Lilia

Job title

President

Direct telephone

301-816-0700

Direct fax

301-816-9291

Direct e-mail

Peer1@ix.netcom.com

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Please Complete If Applicable
Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

International Institute for Energy Conservation (IIEC)

Name of organization (English)

International Institute for Energy Conservation

Acronym (original language)

IIEC

Acronym (English)

IIEC

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project development and coordination assistance; external verification of project performance

Street

750 First Avenue, NE, Suite 940

City

Washington

State

District of Columbia

Post code

20002

Country

U.S.A.

Telephone

202-842-3388

Fax

202-842-1565

E-mail

iiec@iiec.org

World Wide Web-URL address

www.iiec.org

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Gordon

First name, middle name

Kelly

Job title

Director of Programs

Direct telephone

202-842-3388, Ext. 508

Direct fax

202-842-1565

Direct e-mail

Kgordon@iiec.org

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Please Complete If Applicable
Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Guguletu Community Development Centre

Name of organization (English)

Guguletu Community Development Centre

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

CDC

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project implementation

Street

P.O. Box 336319

City

Glosderry

State

Post code

7702

Country

South Africa

Telephone

27 21 531 0613

Fax

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Please Complete If Applicable
Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

National Urban Reconstruction Housing Association

Name of organization (English)

National Urban Reconstruction Housing Association

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

NURCHA

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Financing

Street

710 Hall Mark Towers, 54 Siemert Street

City

New Doornfontein

State

Post code

2094

Country

South Africa

Telephone

27 11 402 4780

Fax

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

de Beers

First name, middle name

Cedric

Job title

Executive Director

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Please Complete If Applicable
Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Tambo Village Housing Support Center

Name of organization (English)

Tambo Village Housing Support Center

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project Implementation

Street

City

State

Post code

Country

South Africa

Telephone

27 21 637 3493

Fax

27 21 637 3493

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Jezile

First name, middle name

William

Job title

Coordinator

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

Matiwane

First name, middle name

Caroline

Job title

Coordinator

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

  • 5. Description of AIJ project activities
Item
Type of Project

Sector(s)

Energy

Primary activity(ies)

Energy-efficient home construction

Project Location

Country

South Africa

Exact location (city, state, region)

Guguletu, a community approximately 20 km from central Cape Town in a region referred to as the "Cape Flats"

Key Dates and Current Stage of Project

Project starting date (month/year)

Upon receipt of secured funding

Project ending date (month/year)

TBD

Project lifetime (years)

50

Current stage of project

Mutually agreed

General Project Description and Technical Data

This project proposes to construct 6,000 energy-efficient Eco-Homes in the community of Guguletu, Republic of South Africa (RSA). The project represents an expansion of a pilot effort involving the US/RSA Bi-National Commission (BNC) to design and build Eco-Homes to replace standard low-cost homes being subsidized by the Reconstruction and Development Program (RDP) of the Mandela Administration. The homes would minimize emissions through use of passive solar construction, which can reduce typical home space heating requirements by 50-70 %. Additional environmental benefits include a reduction in the use of kerosene stoves, resulting in lowered local air pollution and improved air quality. The estimated project life is 50 years and the carbon benefits are estimated to range from 10,000-13,000 metric tons or 40,000-50,000 tons CO2 from reduced space heating. Also the project will contribute to technology transfer and capacity building by training local community members in all construction phases of Eco-Homes and to understanding the behavioral aspects of living in energy efficient homes in South Africa. PEER Africa has funding available to extend bridging finance to contractors for energy-efficient interventions in affordable homes. The loan fund was capitalized by the International Finance Corporation’s Small- and Medium-size Enterprise fund and the PEER group.

  • 6. Cost
    • (a) Explanation of methodology for calculating cost data
Methodology for Calculating Cost Data

Cost estimates are based on preliminary data from contractors and equipment suppliers.

  • (b) Cost data–Project development

    Approximately $50,000 for unpaid time for PEER Africa efforts.

    (c) Cost data–Project implementation.

    Costs are estimated as follows:

    • Item Type Amount ($)
  1. Demo homes construction 50,000
  2. Community advisory support 23,000
  3. Community workshops 48,000
  4. Eco-Home design optimization 50,000
  5. Municipality negotiations-site servicing 96,000
  6. Municipality discussions-subsidy processing 160,000
  7. Construction team training 170,000
  8. Project management and supervision 1,315,000
  9. Bulk purchasing arrangements support 83,000
  10. Local industrial park establishment 250,000
  11. Eco-Home optimization-behavioral training 208,000
  12. Communications and outreach 50,000
    • TOTAL INVESTMENT 2,547,200
  • 7. Monitoring and verification of AIJ project activities and results
Item

Party(ies) that will be monitoring project activities

PEER Consultants, The Community of Guguletu and IIEC.

Party(ies) that will be externally verifying project results

To be determined

Date when the monitoring plan became (or will become) operational (month/year)

Not yet available

Types of data that will be collected

The types of data to be collected monthly for each home include the following: 1) energy types (kerosene, electricity, natural gas), 2) fuel usage by type, 3) energy use by end-use function (heating, lighting, etc), and 4) average number of residents. Other demographic, employment, air quality, economic, capacity and safety indicators will be collected.

Description of Monitoring and Verification Activities and Schedule for Implementation

Monitoring: Direct household sampling will be primary data collection method. Sample sizes will be selected to ensure statistical reliability. A control group of homes will consist of new contractor homes build in Guguletu; they will not have the thermal efficiency measures of Eco-Homes. In addition, the monitoring program will also make use of electronic data loggers to capture electricity usage in the households.

Schedule: Baseline values will be collected 1 year prior to construction. Following construction, household energy use and GHG emission data will be collected on a quarterly basis for one year. During second and third years, semi-annual data collection will occur with emphasis on the winter months. After the third year, data will be collected annually. Data related to ancillary benefits will be collected during the year prior to construction and on an annual basis thereafter.

External verification: Verification procedures will be jointly agreed upon by the project participants and the verification team. Issues to be investigated in verification include: 1) quality of Eco-Home construction and adherence to stated specifications; 2) acceptability of monitoring procedures and appropriateness of sampled sites; 3) adequacy of control group for baseline values, and 4) appropriateness of records utilized to verify achievement of stated ancillary benefits.

  • B. Governmental approval
Item

Please check one of the following.

This report is a first report.

or

This report is an intermediate report.

or

This report is a final report.

Please check one of the following:

This report is a joint report. Letter(s) of approval of this report from the designated national authority of the other Party(ies) involved in the activity is (are) attached in Section J, Annex.

or

This report is a separate report.

Additional comments (if any):

  • C. Compatibility with, and supportiveness of, national economic development and socioeconomic and environmental priorities and strategies
Compatibility with Economic Development and Socioeconomic and Environmental Priorities

Housing is a critical issue for the current government of South Africa. The vast majority of the black population lives in self-built, corrugated sheet metal shacks of scarcely twenty square meters. Housing expansion is a key component of the U.S.--South African Bi-national Commission headed by Vice President Al Gore and South African Vice President Thabo Mbeki. The 6,000 energy efficient homes built in this project would provide a higher quality alternative to standard homes now offered and would also be eligible for the low-income housing subsidy offered by the Reconstruction and Development Program (RDP).

At its outset, the Mandela administration has made housing one of its high priorities with a goal of providing 1 million low-cost housing opportunities by 2000. Only 300,000 such homes had been completed by late 1997. This project would help meet the needs of the marginalized majority black population in South Africa and would build capacity for future home-building efforts to be completed by the domestic population.

  • D. Environmental, social/cultural, and economic impacts of the AIJ project
Non-Greenhouse-Gas Environmental Impacts of the Project

The following potential non-greenhouse gas environmental impacts have been identified: improved indoor and outdoor air quality and associated human health improvements. An improved level of safety due to reduced space heating will also have human health benefits (e.g., fewer burns, less kerosene poisoning, and fewer house fires).

Social/Cultural Impacts of the Project

The Guguletu community will be closely involved in the housing construction. Women will constitute 20% of the construction teams and will be involved in housing design. The cost savings from reduced space heating needs can be used by participating families for other purposes.

Economic Impacts of the Project

This project will generate important economic development opportunities, cultural and gender effects, technology transfer, and capacity building. Unemployed people will receive training in housing construction. A "green" loan program is being proposed to provide low-interest loans for additional energy-efficient measures.

  • E. Greenhouse gas impacts of the AIJ project

    1. Scenario description

Item
Site Designation

Site number (order of presentation in this report)

1 of 1

Site name/designation

Guguletu ("Cape Flats")

Project sector

Energy

Reference Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Traditional housing

Has the reference scenario changed since the last report? (If yes, explain any changes below.)

Yes

No

This is the first project report.

Description:

The project will be implemented in phases.

Predicted Project Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Energy efficient housing: Greenhouse gas emissions reduction

Description:

Energy efficient Eco-Homes will be constructed as required to meet housing needs.

Actual Project

Primary activity(ies)

This information is not yet available.

Description:

This information is not yet available.

  • 2. GHG emission/sequestration calculation methodology
GHG Emission/Sequestration Calculation Methodology

Site number

1 of 1

Project sector

Energy

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Reference Scenario

To establish a baseline space heating projection, calculations include a component for kerosene and electricity use for space heating. The method is summarized below:

  1. determine the total kerosene (& electricity) consumption for an average home
  2. determine the fraction of the total kerosene (& electricity) consumption for space heating (31% for total kerosene & electricity based on historical data in Cape Town)
  3. CO2 emissions are calculated by multiplying appropriate emission factors by the resulting fuel consumption results from steps 1 and 2
  4. results of step 3 are multiplied by 6,000 homes to get total to get total for each year and over the 50 years

The amount consumed per home stays stable or the first five years and then gradually increases until year 15 where it remains until year 50.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Project Scenario

To establish an Eco-Home space heating projection, the calculations were used:

  1. determine the % savings in GHG emissions from the Eco-Homes type improvements over the baseline (estimated based on literature to be 50 – 70 %)
  2. multiply the baseline GHG emissions by the reduction factor from step 1
  3. multiply step 3 results by 6,000 homes to get total for each year and over the 50 years

The amount consumed per home stays stable or the first five years and then gradually increases until year 15 where it remains until year 50.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Actual Project

This information is not yet available.

  • 3. GHG emission/sequestration data
    • (a) Reporting of GHG emissions/sequestration

Image

Projected Net Greenhouse Gas Benefits: All Project Sites

(Tonnes, Full Molecular Weight Basis)

Reference Scenario

Emissions

Project Scenario

Emissions

Net GHG Benefits

(Reference Scenario -

Project Scenario)

Cumulative GHG Benefits

(Reference Scenario -

Project Scenario)

Year CO2 CH4 N2O CO2 CH4 N2O CO2 CH4 N2O CO2-

Equivalent

CO2 CH4 N2O CO2-

Equivalent

24

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

3,175

0

3,175

25

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

3,306

0

3,306

26

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

3,437

0

3,437

27

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

3,568

0

3,568

28

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

3,699

0

3,699

29

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

3,830

0

3,830

30

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

3,961

0

3,961

31

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

4,092

0

4,092

32

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

4,223

0

4,223

33

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

4,354

0

4,354

34

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

4,485

0

4,485

35

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

4,616

0

4,616

36

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

4,747

0

4,747

37

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

4,878

0

4,878

38

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

5,009

0

5,009

39

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

5,140

0

5,140

40

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

5,271

0

5,271

41

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

5,402

0

5,402

42

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

5,533

0

5,533

43

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

5,664

0

5,664

44

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

5,795

0

5,795

45

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

5,926

0

5,926

46

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

6,057

0

6,057

47

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

6,188

0

6,188

48

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

6,319

0

6,319

49

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

6,450

0

6,450

50

263

0

0

132

0

0

131

0

0

131

6,581

0

6,581

TOTAL

13,198

0

0

6,617

0

0

6,581

0

0

6,581

13,162

0

0

13,162

  • (b) Additional information on GHG emissions/sequestration
Indirect or Secondary GHG Impacts (Positive and Negative)

None

Factors That Could Cause the Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

Improper operation of energy-efficiency measures in the homes

Strategy for Reducing the Risk of Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

Verification of benefits will involve house inspections which could detect problems

  • F. Funding of the AIJ project

    1. Identification of funding sources

    • (a) Funding sources for project development

      The USIJI provided some funding to IIEC for project development.

      (b) Funding sources for project implementation

      • (1) Funding for construction of the Eco-Homes is provided by an income-scaled subsidy from the South African government, administered through the Reconstruction and Development Program (RDP).

        (2) PEER Consultants will provide engineering and management investment to demonstrate that thermally-efficient Eco-Homes can be achieved within the national housing subsidy.

        (3) No U.S. government funding is anticipated, except for the possibility that PEER Consultants may be reimbursed for constructing 6 demonstration homes.

2. Assessment of additional funding needs

Current or Planned Activities to Obtain Additional Funding

In kind technical assistance from US agencies and laboratories involved with residential energy efficiency will be sought. Project developers would like technical assistance on passive solar design optimization, applicable thermal-efficiency techniques and ventilation. An estimated commitment of 120-160 hrs of assistance is needed.

  • G. Contribution to capacity building and technology transfer
Contribution to Capacity Building and Technology Transfer

PEER Africa has funding available to extend bridging finance to contractors for energy-efficient interventions in affordable homes. The loan fund was capitalized by the International Finance Corporation’s Small- and Medium-size Enterprise fund and the PEER group.

  • H. Recent developments, technical difficulties, and obstacles encountered
Recent Project Developments

This information is not yet available.

Technical Difficulties and Other Obstacles Encountered

This information is not yet available.

  • I. Additional information
Additional Information

None.

  • J. Annex

    1. Host country acceptance of the AIJ project

Country/Project Title Name, Title, and Government Agency of the Designated National Authority Date of Approval (day/month/year)

South Africa/ The Guguletu Eco-Homes Project

Reconstruction and Development Program (RDP)

  • 2. Letters of approval of this AIJ project report

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