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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY(AIJ)
 

Uniform Reporting Format:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

List of Projects

A. Description of project

1) Title of project: Viljandi,, Boiler conversion at Ltd ESRO, Viljandi

2) Participants/actors:

Item Financier/Reporter Estonian co-reporter

Name of organisation(a):

Statens energimyndighet

Eesti Vabariigi Keskkonnaministeerium

Name of organisation (English):

Swedish National Energy Administration (*

Ministry of the Environment of the Republic of Estonia

Department:

Secretariat for Climate Policy and International Co-operation

International Relations Department

Acronym:

STEM

EKM

Acronym (English):

STEM

MoE

Function within activity:

Assigned by the Swedish Government for implementation including financing arrangements.

Estonian Climate responsible Organisation

Street:

Kungsgatan 43

Toompuiestee 24

Post code:

BOX 310, S-631 04

10149

City:

Eskilstuna

Tallinn

Country:

Sweden

Estonia

Telephone:

+46 16 544 20 00

+372 62 62 800

Fax:

+46 16 544 22 64

+372 62 62 801

E-mail:

klas.tennberg@stem.se

min@ekm.envir.ee

WWW-URL:

http://www.stem.se

http://www.envir.ee

Contact person (for this activity):

-------------------------------------

-------------------------------------

Surname:

Knutsson

Kratovits

First name, middle name:

Gudrun

Andres

Job title:

Head of Section, Climate Investment Programme

Counsellor

Direct tel:

+46 16 544 20 72

+372 62 62 841

Direct fax:

+46 16 544 22 64

+372 62 62 845

Direct E-mail:

gudrun.knutsson@stem.se

andres@ekm.envir.ee

(* From 1 January, 1998, the new Swedish National Energy Administration has taken over the responsibility for the Programme for an Environmentally Adapted Energy System in the Baltic region and Eastern Europe (EAES Programme) from NUTEK (Swedish National Board for Industrial and Technical Development).

Borrower

Name of organisation(a):

AS ESRO

Name of organisation (English):

Ltd ESRO

Department:

Acronym:

Acronym (English):

Function within activity:

Project owner

Street:

Puidu 11

Post code:

71020

City:

Viljandi

Country:

ESTONIA

Telephone:

+372 43 37 792

Fax:

+372 44 37 783

E-mail:

esro@vil.ee

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

-------------------------------------

Surname:

Saar

First name, middle name:

Jaan

Job title:

director

Direct tel:

+372 43 37 783

Direct fax:

Direct E-mail:

Item Please fill in if applicable Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

Sihtasutus Regionaalsed Energiakeskused

ÅF International

Name of organization (English):

Regional Energy Centres in Estonia

ÅF International

Department:

Võru office

AF - International

Malmö

Acronym:

SA REK

ÅFI

Acronym (English):

REC

AFI

Function within activity:

Local reporter

Technical support

Street:

Liiva 12C

Stensjögatan 3

Post code:

65602, Võru P.O., BOX 43

S-217 65

City:

Võru

MALMÖ

Country:

ESTONIA

SWEDEN

Telephone:

+372 78 282 30

+46-40-37 50 00

Fax:

+372 78 282 31

+46-40-13 03 69

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

http://www.af.se/ens/english/rec

http://www.af.se

Contact person (for this activity):

-------------------------------------

------------------------------------

Surname:

Potter

Lindgren

First name, middle name:

Elmu

Ulf

Job title:

Consultant

project leader

Direct tel:

+372 78 282 30

+46-40-37 50 97

Direct fax:

+372 78 282 31

+46-40-13 03 69

Direct E-mail:

elmu@regen.werro.ee

Ulf.lindgren@mlm.pdn.af.se

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

3) Activity:

Item Please fill in if applicable

General description:

Viljandi, a beautiful hansa town, more than 700 years old, with 22000 inhabitants is situated in the middle of Estonia. The town consists of areas built at different times and the newest one is Männimäe. There are several boiler plants and district heating networks in Viljandi. One of the boiler plants in Männimäe area is owned privately by AS ESRO. This plant has five different types of steam boilers: one DKVR 4-13, two DE 25-14 and two DKVR 10-13 boilers working on heavy oil. One of the DKVR 10-13 boilers has been converted to wood chips firing.

Type of project:a)

Fuel switching to biofuels

Location (exact, e.g. city, region,

state):

Viljandi Town

Männimäe

Estonia

Activity starting date:

20. November 1994 (Letter of Intent)

In operation from:

September 1995

Expected activity ending date:

31. March 2005

Stage of activity:b)

Completed

Lifetime of activity if different from ending date:c)

Expected technical lifetime is 15 years which means that the plant is expected to be in operation until 2011.

Technical data:d)

An existing oil-fired DKVR 10-13 boiler has been converted to biofuels firing through installation of an integrated movable inclined grate in the boiler. Furthermore, automatic fuel storage and flue gas cleaning are included in the project.

Boiler output: 6 MW

Pre-furnace: Integrated in the boiler

Flue gas cleaning: Multicyclone <300 mg/Nm3

Fuel type: Wood chips, sawdust,

bark, 35-55%RH

Previous fuel : Mazut ( high-sulphur

content heavy fuel oil)

Estimated heat production from the wood fuel boiler: 30 000 MWh/year

Total production of the boiler plant: 48 000 MWh/year

a) For example, using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) classification: energy efficiency; renewable energy; fuel switching; forest preservation, restoration or reforestation; afforestation; fugitive gas capture; industrial processes; solvents; agriculture; waste disposal or bunker fuels.

b) Circle the appropriate option.

  1. Methodological work will be required to define lifetime of activities.
  2. Methodological work will be required to determine for each type of activity what the minimum data requirements are.

The lifetime criteria has been arranged in different groups depending on type of implemented activities. This classification assumes a level of operation and maintenance which is normal in western countries.

Lifetime of activity

Heat production plants (bio fuel)

25 years

New installation of all main equipment parts (fuel handling system, firing equipment and boiler) and modernisation of secondary equipment.

15 years

Conversion of existing boiler but new installation fuel handling system and firing equipment. Modernisation of secondary equipment.

10 years

Limited installation of new equipment (only one part of the three main parts, normally the firing equipment). Modernisation of other equipment.

Heat distribution systems and sub-stations

25 years

Pre-fabricated pipes and installations using certified contractors and supervisor according to EN norms and applicable district heating practise

15 years

Pre-fabricated pipes and installations without using certified contractors and supervisor

10 years

Modernisation of existing pipes.

Energy efficiency in buildings

25 years

Additional insulation roofs walls etc. with Scandinavian technology.

New installed heating systems.

15 years

Renovation and balancing of heating systems including thermostat valves.

10 years

Weather stripping windows, doors etc.

* if a combination of measures is done a reasonable lifetime for the project have to be calculated.

4) Cost (to the extent possible):

To the investment costs are referred the cost of the investment proper and the accumulated interest during the grace period, generally 2 years.

The AIJ/JI cost items are the costs for:

  • Technical assistance, a technical and administrative support from consultants, during the period from definition of the project till commissioning. These costs are paid by STEM.
  • Follow-up, an annual technical and economic follow-up by consultants, hired by STEM, of the operating results of the plant with the objective to improve on its techno-economic sustainability and its climate effect. The cost indicated is an average cost per project.
  • Reporting costs – i e costs in connection with the annual reporting of the project’s climate effects to UNFCCC. The cost indicated is an average cost per project.
  • Administration –Costs for seminars, handbooks, education (capacity building) and average costs of STEM staff per project.
  • Difference in interest rates. STEM applies for its loans generally an interest rate corresponding to 6-month STIBOR (Stockholm InterBank Rate, in April 1999 3,0 %). Assuming a normal lending rate of 7 % means that this loan is associated with a cost of 4 % in relation to normal lending rate.

Investment/instalment = the borrower’s possible own financing of the investment, followed by the borrower’s repayment of the loan.

All costs in USD

Country

Viljandi/ESRO

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
0 1 2 3 4

Investment

1. Loan/debt to STEM

622875 671750 579875 502500 425175

2. Added costs

0 48875 15250 0 0

3.Technical assistance

61250 0 0 0 0

AIJ/JI

4. Follow up

0 10250 10625 2750 2834

A. Sweden

costs

5. Reporting costs

0 0 1063 2500 930

6. Administration

66250 0 0 0 0

7. Difference in interest

4% 26870 23195 20100 17007

8.Accum. costs for AIJ/JI

127500 164620 199503 224853 245623

9.Total costs

750375 836370 779378 727353 670799

Investment

1. Investment/Instalment

0 0 107125 77375 77325

2. Estonia

AIJ/JI

2. Reporting costs

0 0 0 0 0

costs

3. Other costs

0 0 0 0 0

4. Accum. costs for AIJ/JI

0 0 0 0 0

5. Total costs

0 0 107125 184500 261825

1 USD=

8

SEK

0

5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures:

Describe the procedures, including name of organisations involveda):

Ministry of the Environment of Estonia is a central Estonian authority responsible on reporting of JI projects. This authority assigns a local institution, which is involved in to the evaluation of the climate effects of this project and takes the main responsibility to continue measuring, results collecting for JI-reporting.

a) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organisations mentioned is reported under section A.2 above.

B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement

Bearing in mind that all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities, which shall be shown as follows:

(a) In the case of joint reporting, the report is submitted by the designated national authority of one participating Party with the concurrence of all other participating Parties as evidenced by attached letters issued by the relevant national authorities;

(b) In the case of separate reporting, the reports are submitted separately by the designated national authority of each and every participating Party. Information will only be compiled once reports have been received from all participating Parties.

1) For the activity:

  • * Subsequent reports:

Third report. First report was submitted 1997.

2) This report is a joint report:

  • Yes, Endorsement letter was submitted 1997.

3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:

cf. Annex II, section B

C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socio economic and environment priorities and strategies

Describe (to the extent possible) how the activity is compatible with and supportive of national economic development and socio economic and environment priorities and strategies

The project meets the following objectives in the Estonian Energy Law, Estonian National Environmental Strategy, Estonian National Environmental Action Plan, Act on Sustainable Development and the Long-term Development Plan for the Estonian Fuel and Energy Sector:

- efficient and sustainable use of energy resources;

- to increase the share of renewable energy sources in the primary energy demand from present 8% to 13% to the year 2010;

- to reduce the environmental damage arising from fuel and energy production, transport, conversion and distribution;

- to create the reliable energy conservation system stimulating the implementation of energy conservation measures by consumers;

- creation and usage of energy efficient technologies, fuel/energy consuming and diagnostic equipment;

- stimulation of environmental awareness and environmentally friendly consumption patterns;

- to attract foreign investments for projects which ensure better use natural resources as well as environmental improvement;

- to develop co-operation between Baltic, Nordic and Central European countries

D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantitative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item Please fill in

Describe environmental benefits in detail:

Annual emissions reduction:

Projected: 1999

10252 ton CO2 11233 ton CO2

163,6 ton SO2 179,2 ton SO2

13,3 ton NOx 14,5 ton NOx

Improved silviculture

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental benefits?

Yes. Some measurements have been carried out at 1994.

Describe social/cultural benefits in detail:

More stable energy supply

Improved working conditions, increased motivation

More employment (new fuel and service companies),

Improved trade balance

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social benefits?

Yes. Some reports have been produced

Viljandi Town Energy Plan, 1999

Describe economic benefits in detail:

Decreased fuel costs approx. 3.5 USD/MWh. Decreased import costs approx. 27.000 US$ per year

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic benefits?

Yes. Some reports have been produced.

Viljandi Town Energy Plan, 1999.

E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities

1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):

Description of the baseline or reference scenario, including methodologies applied:

Present data reflect emission reductions using calculations, according to the top-down baseline method for emissions from heat sector in Estonian. (Top- Down Baselines setting for the revised Calculations of CO2 emission Reduction, SEI-Tallinn, Estonian Energy Research Institute, May 1999, Tallinn)

2) Estimated emissions with the activity:

Description of the scenario, including methodologies applied:

Emission reductions are calculated using the IPCC Guidelines, using the Carbon Emission Factor (CEF) for different types of fuel, using actual system efficiency. For boiler conversion, the decrease in emissions is calculated in relation to the amount of fossil fuel replaced (status quo).

For an energy efficiency project the decrease in emissions reflects the amount of fuel that is saved through the project. In the case that the system uses renewable fuels, the reduction is calculated comparing the amount of fossil fuels that was used before the conversion to renewable fuels.

Below comparison is based upon that the base-line scenario represents a status quo solution.

Summary table: Projected emission reductions:

GHG

Year 1

=1995

Year 2

=1996

Year 3

=1997

Year 4

=1998

Year 5

=1999

...

Year 16

=2010

Planned energy production on biofuels, MWh/year

12100

30000

30000

30000

30000

30000

A) Project baseline scenario (revised)

CO2

3815

9113

9021

8929

8837

7691

CH4

N2O

other

B) Project activity scenarioa)

CO2

0

0

0

0

0

0

CH4

N2O

other

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2

-3815

-9113

-9021

-8929

-8837

-7691

CH4

N2O

Other

D) Cumulative effect

CO2

-3815

-12928

-21949

-30878

-39715

-128768

CH4

N2O

Other

  1. Includes indirect GHG leakages.

Summary table: Actual emission reductions:

GHG

Year 1

= 1995

Year 2

= 1996

Year 3

=1997

Year 4

=1998

Year 5

=1999

...

Year 16

=2010

Factual energy production on biofuels, MWh/year

9860

25969

30930

30677

32871

30677

A) Project baseline scenario (revised)

CO2

3177

8187

9396

9225

9783

8510

CH4

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

other

-

-

-

B) Project activity scenarioa)

CO2

0

0

0

0

0

0

CH4

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

other

-

-

-

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2

-3177

-8187

-9396

-9225

-9783

-8510

CH4

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

Other

-

-

-

D) Cumulative effect

CO2

-3177

-11364

-20760

-29984

-39768

-138599

CH4

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

Other

-

-

-

a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.

F. Additionality to financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows

Please indicate all sources of project funding.

Category of funding

(For each source one line)

Amount

(US dollars)

Loan from NUTEK

622.875

Grant from NUTEK for technical assistance

61.250

1 USD = 8,00 SEK

G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties

Transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how Describe briefly

Schematically, the transfer of knowledge involves the following activities over time:

i) Technology transfer through STEM technical specialist during the implementation of the project.

ii) Technology transfer through co-operation between foreign supplier and local partner

iii) Conferences, seminars, documentation and training.

iv) Stimulate "net-working" for the exchange of experience between plant owners with similar problems, e g "bio-clubs"

Technology transfer has taken place through:

  1. STEM technical specialist support to the local project leader;

Knowledge in negotiations to foreign companies;

Knowledge in managing and planning of bigger industrial projects;

Transferring of environmental issues to the local parties;

Transferring of knowledge in operation and maintenance issue;

Operation and maintenance software was introduced to the plant-owners.

  1. Personal from boiler plant has been invited to different seminars and work-shops and several presentations about company experience have made, documentation for training has been handed over.

There were arranged seminars through close cooperation between STEM and Estonian partners:

  • Environmentally Friendly Energy Systems in the Baltic Region and Eastern Europe - seminar in Tallinn , 14-15 April, 1994;
  • Environmentally Friendly Energy Systems in the Baltic Region and Eastern Europe - seminar and workshops in Tartu , 25 November, 1994 (prepared information by topics in Estonian over than 150 pages);
  • EAES Programme District Heating Day in Vändra, 27 July, 1995;
  • Environmentally Adapted Local Energy Systems - seminar and presentation of translated into Estonian booklet "Environmentally Adapted Local Energy Planning" in Rakvere, 11 November, 1998 and in Tartu, 12 November, 1998.

iv)Activities have been supported by STEM to establish Estonian Biofuels Association: meetings representatives of plant owners and consultants were arranged in Haabneeme, Valga, Võru, Tartu, Pärnu and Viljandi.

The boiler plant has been visited by specialists of other boiler plants (incl. from Russia, Baltic Countries), the staff has an exchange of experience with other boiler plants. Estonian Biofuels Association is established in 1998 (mainly by "bio-club" and local experts) and the company is a member.

Endogenous capacity supported or enhanced:

Endogenous capacity

(Name of organisation1)

Development (DEV) /

enhancement (ENH)

Describe briefly

Viljandi Heating Co

(DEV)

The staff at boiler plant has got

experience in how to handle biofuel firing equipment

1) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organisations listed is reported under section A.2 above.

H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered

Fill in as appropriate:

  1. Any practical experience gained:

Good training and experience of the staff is necessary to operate biofuel boiler at full capacity.

A department for electrical supply is established in the company, which has been supplier to he STEM projects.

A department for net work supply is established and has been rather successful.

Is very important to control temperature in the prefurnace and the temperature gauge must be installed in the suitable place to avoid lining damages.

2) Technical difficulties:

To get the managers understanding about maintenance of existing equipment in co-operation to the new and operation of new equipment during guaranty time (reliability of grates, combustion process adjustment). These problems are solved and the converted boiler heat production is above projected level.

The existing gas fired boiler (used as peak load boiler) is too big to start for small loads when converted boiler is operating with full capacity.

3) Effects encountered:

Several local companies have participated in the project

Execution of the follow up and monitoring activities to get feedback to the programme and for evaluation of the results of the different measures.

Consulting support from both Swedish and Estonian side, also after commissioning.

4) Impacts encountered:

The experiences from EAES Programme projects have formed the basis for a new policy as respect to increasing renewable energy sources in the total energy balance of Estonia.

Reduced dependence on imported fuels.

5) Other obstacles encountered:

Lack of a strong national focal point to support and promote biomass energy activities.

6) Other:

About 60 % of the project costs are spent local.

No subsidies to renewables, taxation policy is not in support of biofuel use.

Calculations of the volume of emissions of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide in the section D are revised and new emissions values are calculated according to the Regulation No. 33 of 17. March 1999 of the Ministry of the Environment "The procedure and methods of determination of the volume of pollutants from combustion plants to the air".


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