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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY(AIJ)
 

Uniform Reporting Format:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

List of Projects

A. Description of project

1) Title of project: Mustamäe I, Vilde tee Energy Efficiency Project

2) Participants/actors:

Item Financier/Reporter Co-reporter

Name of organisation(a):

Statens energimyndighet(*

Eesti Vabariigi Keskkonnaministeerium

Name of organisation (English):

Swedish National Energy Administration (*

Ministry of the Environment of the Republic of Estonia

Department:

Secretariat for Climate Policy and International Co-operation

International Relations Department

Acronym:

STEM

EKM

Acronym (English):

STEM

MoE

Function within activity:

Assigned by the Swedish Government for implementation including financing arrangements.

Estonian Climate responsible Organisation

Street:

Kungsgatan 43

Toompuiestee 24

Post code:

BOX 310, S-631 04

10149

City:

Eskilstuna

Tallinn

Country:

Sweden

Estonia

Telephone:

+46 16 544 20 00

+372 62 62 800

Fax:

+46 16 544 22 64

+372 62 62 801

E-mail:

klas.tennberg@stem.se

min@ekm.envir.ee

WWW-URL:

http://www.stem.se

http://www.envir.ee

Contact person (for this activity):

-------------------------------------

-------------------------------------

Surname:

Knutsson

Kratovits

First name, middle name:

Gudrun

Andres

Job title:

Head of Section, Climate Investment Programme

Counsellor

Direct tel:

+46 16 544 20 72

+372 62 62 841

Direct fax:

+46 16 544 22 64

+372 62 62 845

Direct E-mail:

gudrun.knutsson@stem.se

andres@ekm.envir.ee

(*

From 1 January, 1998, the new Swedish National Energy Administration has taken over the responsibility for the Programme for an Environmentally Adapted Energy System in the Baltic region and Eastern Europe (EAES Programme) from NUTEK (Swedish National Board for Industrial and Technical Development).

Borrower

Name of organisation(a):

Tallinna Linnavalitsus

Name of organisation (English):

Tallinn City Government

Department:

Mustamäe Linnaosa Valitsus

Acronym:

Acronym (English):

Function within activity:

Project owner

Street:

Tammsaare tee 135

Post code:

12915

City:

Tallinn

Country:

Estonia

Telephone:

+372-6-457 511

Fax:

+372-6-457 577

E-mail:

sekretar.mlov@mustamae.tallinnlv.ee

WWW-URL:

http://www.tallinn.ee

Contact person (for this activity):

Surname:

Pitsi

First name, middle name:

Priit

Job title:

Manager of housing department

Direct tel:

+372-6-457 552

Direct fax:

+372-6-457 577

Direct E-mail:

p.pitsi@mustamae.tallinnlv.ee

Item Please fill in if applicable Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

Sihtasutus Regionaalsed Energiakeskused

ÅF International

Name of organization (English):

Regional Energy Centres in Estonia

ÅF International

Department:

Võru office

AF - International

Malmö

Acronym:

SA REK

ÅFI

Acronym (English):

REC

AFI

Function within activity:

Local reporter

Technical support

Street:

Liiva 12C

Stensjögatan 3

Post code:

65602, Võru P.O., BOX 43

S-217 65

City:

Võru

MALMÖ

Country:

ESTONIA

SWEDEN

Telephone:

+372 78 282 30

+46-40-37 50 00

Fax:

+372 78 282 31

+46-40-13 03 69

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

http://www.af.se/ens/english/rec

http://www.af.se

Contact person (for this activity):

-------------------------------------

------------------------------------

Surname:

Potter

Lindgren

First name, middle name:

Elmu

Ulf

Job title:

Consultant

project leader

Direct tel:

+372 78 282 30

+46-40-37 50 97

Direct fax:

+372 78 282 31

+46-40-13 03 69

Direct E-mail:

elmu@regen.werro.ee

Ulf.lindgren@mlm.pdn.af.se

a) Organisation includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organisations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

3) Activity:

Item Please fill in if applicable

General description:

Mustamäe District of Tallinn was built in the 1960`s and 1970`s. There live about 80 000 persons in 20 000 flats. The actual project buildings were built in 1964-65. The framework is precast concrete elements and walls are of plastered light weight concrete. The roof is flat and had many leaks causing considerable energy losses. The buildings have one-pipe heating systems connected to district heating. No regulation of incoming heat or for the local heat and hot water inside the buildings. Ventilation consists of natural draught.

This project includes four buildings, 320 flats owned by municipality.

Type of project:a)

energy efficiency

Location (exact, e.g. city, region,

state):

Mustamäe district

Tallinn

ESTONIA

Activity starting date:

13. January 1994 (Letter of Intent)

In operation from:

January 1995

Expected activity ending date:

31 March 2004

Stage of activity:b)

Completed

Lifetime of activity if different from ending date:c)

Expected technical lifetime is 15 years which means that the plant is expected to be in operation till 2010.

Technical data:d)

Renovation and insulation of the roof, weather stripping of windows, new ventilation regulators in shower rooms, new substation including heat exchangers, domestic hot water circulation, expansion tanks, main pipe control valves and balancing the heating system, exchanging old and leaking pipes including new insulation. Also new entrance doors are included.

Calculated energy savings: 1150 MWh/year

a) For example, using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) classification: energy efficiency; renewable energy; fuel switching; forest preservation, restoration or reforestation; afforestation; fugitive gas capture; industrial processes; solvents; agriculture; waste disposal or bunker fuels.

b) Circle the appropriate option.

c) Methodological work will be required to define lifetime of activities.

  1. Methodological work will be required to determine for each type of activity what the minimum data requirements are.

The lifetime criteria has been arranged in different groups depending on type of implemented activities. This classification assumes a level of operation and maintenance which is normal in western countries.

Lifetime of activity

Heat production plants (bio fuel)

25 years

New installation of all main equipment parts (fuel handling system, firing equipment and boiler) and modernisation of secondary equipment.

15 years

Conversion of existing boiler but new installation fuel handling system and firing equipment. Modernisation of secondary equipment.

10 years

Limited installation of new equipment (only one part of the three main parts, normally the firing equipment). Modernisation of other equipment.

Heat distribution systems and sub-stations

25 years

Pre-fabricated pipes and installations using certified contractors and supervisor according to EN norms and applicable district heating practise

15 years

Pre-fabricated pipes and installations without using certified contractors and supervisor

10 years

Modernisation of existing pipes.

Energy efficiency in buildings

25 years

Additional insulation roofs walls etc. with Scandinavian technology.

New installed heating systems.

15 years

Renovation and balancing of heating systems including thermostat valves.

10 years

Weather stripping windows, doors etc.

* if a combination of measures is done a reasonable lifetime for the project have to be calculated.

4) Cost (to the extent possible):

To the investment costs are referred the cost of the investment proper and the accumulated interest during the grace period, generally 2 years.

The AIJ/JI cost items are the costs for:

  • Technical assistance, a technical and administrative support from consultants, during the period from definition of the project till commissioning. These costs are paid by STEM.
  • Follow-up, an annual technical and economic follow-up by consultants, hired by STEM, of the operating results of the plant with the objective to improve on its techno-economic sustainability and its climate effect. The cost indicated is an average cost per project.
  • Administration –Costs for seminars, handbooks, education (capacity building) and average costs of STEM staff per project.
  • Difference in interest rates. STEM applies for its loans generally an interest rate corresponding to 6-month STIBOR (Stockholm InterBank Rate, in April 1999 3,0 %). Assuming a normal lending rate of 7 % means that this loan is associated with a cost of 4 % in relation to normal lending rate.

Investment/instalment = the borrower’s possible own financing of the investment, followed by the borrower’s repayment of the loan.

All costs in USD

Country

Vilde tee EE(Mustamäe)

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
0 1 2 3 4

Investment

1. Loan/debt to STEM

322500 321500 281250 241000 200750

2. Added costs

17125 25250 0 0 0

3.Technical assistance

142500 0 0 0 0

AIJ/JI

4. Follow up

8750 10250 10625 2750 2834

A. Sweden

costs

5. Reporting costs

0 0 1064 0 930

6. Administration

63750 0 0 0 0

7. Difference in interest

4% 12860 11250 9640 8030

8.Accum. costs for AIJ/JI

215000 238110 261049 273439 285233

9.Total costs

554625 559610 542299 514439 485983

Investment

1. Investment/Instalment

0 43375 40250 40250 40250

2. Estonia

AIJ/JI

2. Reporting costs

0 0 0 0 0

costs

3. Other costs

0 0 0 0 0

4. Accum. costs for AIJ/JI

0 0 0 0 0

5. Total costs

0 43375 83625 123875 164125

1 USD=

8

SEK

5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures:

Describe the procedures, including name of organisations involveda):

Ministry of the Environment of Estonia is a central Estonian authority responsible on reporting of JI projects. This authority assigns a local institution, which is involved in to the evaluation of the climate effects of this project and takes the main responsibility to continue measuring, results collecting for JI-reporting.

a) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organisations mentioned is reported under section A.2 above.

B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement

Bearing in mind that all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities, which shall be shown as follows:

(a) In the case of joint reporting, the report is submitted by the designated national authority of one participating Party with the concurrence of all other participating Parties as evidenced by attached letters issued by the relevant national authorities;

(b) In the case of separate reporting, the reports are submitted separately by the designated national authority of each and every participating Party. Information will only be compiled once reports have been received from all participating Parties.

1) For the activity:

  • * Subsequent reports:

Third report. First report was submitted 1997.

2) This report is a joint report:

  • Yes, Agreement with designated national authority was signed 1997.

3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable: cf. Annex II, section B

C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socio economic and environment priorities and strategies

Describe (to the extent possible) how the activity is compatible with and supportive of national economic development and socio economic and environment priorities and strategies

The project meets the following objectives in the Estonian Energy Law, Estonian National Environmental Strategy, Estonian National Environmental Action Plan, Act on Sustainable Development and the Long-term Development Plan for the Estonian Fuel and Energy Sector:

- efficient and sustainable use of energy resources;

- to increase the share of renewable energy sources in the primary energy demand from present 8% to 13% to the year 2010;

- to reduce the environmental damage arising from fuel and energy production, transport, conversion and distribution;

- to create the reliable energy conservation system stimulating the implementation of energy conservation measures by consumers;

- creation and usage of energy efficient technologies, fuel/energy consuming and diagnostic equipment;

- stimulation of environmental awareness and environmentally friendly consumption patterns;

- to attract foreign investments for projects which ensure better use natural resources as well as environmental improvement;

- to develop co-operation between Baltic, Nordic and Central European countries

D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantitative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item Please fill in

Describe environmental benefits in detail:

Annual emissions reduction:

Projected: 1999

427 ton CO2 656 ton CO2

4,7ton SO2 7,2 ton SO2

0,9 ton Nox 1,4 ton NOx

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental benefits?

No.

Describe social/cultural benefits in detail:

The inhabitants have become much more aware of environmental aspects. Tenants and neighbours find that they can see "the light in the tunnel" - they have common positive issues to discuss. This creates of course unity and identity. The process gives also as result a form of self-identity and pride to take part in the evolution. Looking at the actors in the process from local manager to architects, engineers, suppliers they receive an example how to act commercially and at the same time keep the ethics in business.

A much better living comfort is created.

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social benefits?

Yes, some studies have been carried out i.e. in

SEI case study, 1998

Energy Utilisation Conception for Tallinn, 1988

Describe economic benefits in detail:

Energy bill decreases by about 20 %. The experiences from this project encouraged the actors to go further with new projects.

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic benefits?

Yes, some studies have been curried out

SEI case study, 1998

Energy Utilisation Conception for Tallinn, 1988

E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities

1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):

Description of the baseline or reference scenario, including methodologies applied:

Present data reflect emission reductions using status quo (emissions in the period before the conversion to renewable fuel) for the baseline case. Calculations, according to the top-down method, for emissions from different types of projects in the baseline case are being made. The changed calculation method will result in a change in emission reduction.

The new data will be introduced as soon as available.

2) Estimated emissions with the activity:

Description of the scenario, including methodologies applied:

Emission reductions are calculated using the IPCC Guidelines, using the Carbon Emission Factor (CEF) for different types of fuel, using actual system efficiency. For boiler conversion, the decrease in emissions is calculated in relation to the amount of fossil fuel replaced (status quo).

For an energy efficiency project the decrease in emissions reflects the amount of fuel that is saved through the project. In the case that the system uses renewable fuels, the reduction is calculated comparing the amount of fossil fuels that was used before the conversion to renewable fuels.

Below comparison is based upon that the base-line scenario represents a status quo solution.

Fill in the following tables as applicable:

Summary table: Projected emission reductions:

GHG

Year 1

=1995

Year 2

=1996

Year 3

=1997

Year 4

=1998

Year 5

=1999

...

Year 15

=2009

Planned energy saving MWh/year

1150

1150

1150

1150

1150

1150

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2

427

427

427

427

427

427

CH4

N2O

other

B) Project activity scenarioa)

CO2

0

0

0

0

0

CH4

N2O

other

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2

-427

-427

-427

-427

-427

-427

CH4

N2O

Other

D) Cumulative effect

CO2

-427

-854

-1281

-1707

-2134

-6403

CH4

N2O

Other

a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.

Summary table: Actual emission reductions:

GHG

Year 1

= 1995

Year 2

= 1996

Year 3

=1997

Year 4

=1998

Year 5

=1999

...

Year 15

=2009

Factual energy saving MWh per year

425

442

1200

1631

1775

1765

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2

162

164

446

607

656

656

CH4

N2O

other

B) Project activity scenarioa)

CO2

0

0

0

0

0

CH4

N2O

other

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2

-162

-164

-446

-607

-656

-656

CH4

N2O

Other

D) Cumulative effect

CO2

-162

-326

-772

-1379

-2035

-8599

CH4

N2O

Other

a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.

*Corrections for plausible increased indoor temperature have not been made.

F. Additionality to financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows

Please indicate all sources of project funding.

Category of funding

(For each source one line)

Amount

(US dollars)

Loan from NUTEK

322.500

Grant from NUTEK for technical assistance

142.500

1 USD = 8,00 SEK

G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties

Transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how Describe briefly

Schematically, the transfer of knowledge involves the following activities over time:

i) Technology transfer through NUTEK

/STEM technical specialist during the implementation of the project.

ii) Technology transfer through cooperation between foreign supplier and local partner

iii) Conferences, seminars, documentation and training.

iv) Stimulate "net-working" for the exchange of experience between plant owners with similar problems, e g "bio-clubs"

Technology transfer has taken place through:

  1. STEM technical specialist support to the local project leader and municipality;

Knowledge in negotiations to foreign companies;

Knowledge in managing and planning of projects;

Transferring of environmental issues to the local parties;

Transferring of knowledge in operation and maintenance issue.

ii) Technology transfer through co-operation between foreign consultants, supplier and local consultant and building constructor.

  1. Personal involved in the project has been invited to different seminars and workshops and, documentation for training has been handed over.

There were arranged seminars through close cooperation between STEM and Estonian partners:

  • Environmentally Adapted Energy Systems in the Baltic Region and Eastern Europe - seminar in Tallinn , 14-15 April, 1994;
  • Environmentally Adapted Energy Systems in the Baltic Region and Eastern Europe - seminar and workshops in Tartu , 25 November, 1994 (prepared information by topics in Estonian more than 150 pages);
  • EAES Programme District Heating Day in Vändra, 27 July, 1995;
  • Environmentally Adapted Local Energy Systems - seminar and presentation of translated into Estonian booklet "Environmentally Adapted Local Energy Planning" in Rakvere, 11 November, 1998 and in Tartu, 12 November, 1998;
  • Energy efficiency projects in Mustamäe residential buildings - seminar in Tallinn, 16 September, 1996.
  • information and meetings with personal involved in the project and the tenants

iv) Activities have been supported by STEM to stimulate cooperation with local experts, consultants, project owners to achieve two-way communication and to find respect for chosen solutions from both sides.

The projects have been visited by specialists of other areas (incl. From Russia, Baltic Countries) to exchange of experience.

  1. Involving professional groups besides energy experts i. E. Architects, construction engineers, fire security experts and so on to achieve optimal solutions and to secure other aspects such as aesthetic view.

Endogenous capacity supported or enhanced:

Endogenous capacity

(Name of organisation1)

Development (DEV) /

enhancement (ENH)

Describe briefly

Mustamäe District Administra-

tion of City Tallinn

(DEV)

The local project leader has been an important person who continues the energy efficiency projects in larger scale and informs others interested.

1) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organisations listed is reported under section A.2 above.

H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered

Fill in as appropriate:

  1. Any practical experience gained:

The experiences gained at this project are once again underling the importance of adjusting and adapting the measures in a building to what is required in that particular building rather than using standard applications which might well result in the desired energy savings but at necessary high costs.

0ne of the lessons learnt is that it is important to have persons responsible for the adjustment of the equipment for each building and that they have good understanding of the consequences of their actions.

A comparison of the data for the municipally owned and cooperatively owned residential buildings shows that the latter have managed energy consumption more efficiently than the former.

  1. Technical difficulties:
  2. Effects encountered:

The value of the flats, when sold, are about 3 times higher than flats where no measures have yet been undertaken.

The project has inspired other house owners to undertake measures.

4) Impacts encountered:

The experiences from the project in the houses in Mustamäe have formed the basis for a renovation plan for the entire building stock in the district, presented by the municipal authorities of Mustamäe for the years 1995 – 2005 and have used in framing Develpoment Plan of Housing Sector for Tallinn to the year 2010 and in framing Development Plan of Estonia Housing Sector to the year 2010 ( Tallinn, 1999).

5) Other obstacles encountered:

Overcoming of psychological obstacles to change a lot of inhabitants mind to start implementation of energy efficiency improvement measures. One thing is to state the need for energy saving, but another - to implement measures.

  1. Other:

Based on the experiences from projects, the Mustamäe District Council has elaborated guidelines for measuring energy efficiency in 12 different types of residential buildings common in Estonia and the other Baltic states.

Due to the conditions of the buildings there are also measures carried out that are not directly of energy conservation type. The renovation measures seemed however necessary for good result from the energy measures.

Calculations of the volume of emissions of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide in the section D are revised and new emissions values are calculated according to the Regulation No. 33 of 17. March 1999 of the Ministry of the Environment "The procedure and methods of determination of the volume of pollutants from combustion plants to the air".


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