Your location: Home


ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY (AIJ)

List of Projects

USIJI Uniform Reporting Document:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

  • A. Description of the AIJ project

    1. Title of project: BEL/Maya Biomass Power Generation Project

    2. Host country: Belize

    3. Brief project description:

    • The BEL/Maya Biomass Power Generation Project involves the construction and operation of an 18 megawatt (MW) biomass waste-to-energy plant to be located adjacent to the Belize Sugar Industries (BSI) sugar mill in Orange Walk, Belize. The plant will generate electrical power for sale to Belize Electricity Limited (BEL) and orange processors, and produce steam and electricity for in-house use and future sugar refining at BSI. The plant will be fueled by bagasse, orange processing wastes, and wood wastes from sawmills and other nearby sources. By displacing diesel oil-fired power generation with waste biomass fuel, the project is expected to reduce utility CO2 emissions over the project life of 31 years.

    4. Participants:

Name of Organization or Individual

Country

e prime (Belize), Limited

Belize

Belize Electricity Limited (BEL)

Belize

e prime

U.S.A.

International Utility Efficiency Partnerships, Inc. (IUEP)

U.S.A.

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

e prime (Belize), Limited

Name of organization (English)

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project development, project implementation

Street

Regents House, 35 Regent Street, P.O. Box 280

City

Belize City

State

Post code

Country

Belize

Telephone

Fax

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Quigley

First name, middle name

Michael J.

Job title

President

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

Esrkine

First name, middle name

Douglas

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Belize Electricity Limited

Name of organization (English)

(Same as above)

Acronym (original language)

BEL

Acronym (English)

(Same as above)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project development, project implementation, financing

Street

City

State

Post code

Country

Telephone

Fax

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

e prime

Name of organization (English)

Acronym (original language)

Acronym (English)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Project development, project implementation, financing

Street

1331 17th Street, Suite 601

City

Denver

State

Colorado

Post code

80202

Country

U.S.A.

Telephone

303-296-3416

Fax

303-296-3659

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Tilden

First name, middle name

Gregory H.

Job title

Business Development

Direct telephone

303-296-3416

Direct fax

303-296-3659

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

International Utility Efficiency Partnerships, Inc.

Name of organization (English)

(Same as above)

Acronym (original language)

IUEP

Acronym (English)

(Same as above)

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Technical assistance

Street

701 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Suite 500

City

Washington

State

District of Columbia

Post code

20004-2696

Country

U.S.A.

Telephone

202-508-5507

Fax

202-508-5080

E-mail

ronalsee@eei.org

World Wide Web-URL address

http://www.ji.org

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Shiflett

First name, middle name

Ronald C., Jr.

Job title

Executive Director

Direct telephone

202-508-5507

Direct fax

202-508-5080

Direct e-mail

ronalsee@eei.org

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

  • 5. Description of AIJ project activities
Item
Type of Project

Sector(s)

Energy

Primary activity(ies)

Alternative energy generation (biomass)

Project Location

Country

Belize

Exact location (city, state, region)

Orange Walk community in northern Belize

Key Dates and Current Stage of Project

Project starting date (month/year)

June 1998

Project ending date (month/year)

March 2028

Project lifetime (years)

31

Current stage of project

Mutually agreed

General Project Description and Technical Data

The BEL/Maya Biomass Power Generation Project involves the construction and operation of an 18 megawatt (MW) biomass waste-to-energy plant designed to offset electricity production and associated greenhouse gases (GHG) that would have been produced by diesel-fired thermal facilities. The plant will generate electrical power for sale to Belize Electricity Limited (BEL) and orange processors. (BEL is a privately run utility responsible for the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity in Belize.) The plant also will produce steam and electricity for in-house use and future sugar refining at Belize Sugar Industries (BSI). By displacing diesel oil-fired power generation with waste biomass fuel that would revert eventually to CO2 in any case, the project is expected to reduce utility CO2 emissions by nearly 3.5 x 106 t over the project life of 31 years.

The plant will be located adjacent to the BSI sugar mill in the community of Orange Grove in northern Belize, and will be fueled primarily by sugarcane waste (bagasse) from BSI. The bagasse will be supplemented with citrus waste supplied by orange processing plants and wood wastes from sawmills and other nearby sources. Bagasse will be conveyed directly from the BSI sugar mill to the biomass plant.

The plant is expected to come on line in June 1999, and operate for a minimum of 6,000 hours per year. Electricity will be generated through the efficient combustion of the biomass waste. The proposed boiler will generate steam, which will expand through a multi-stage turbine, condensing under vacuum and driving an 18 MW net generator. Electricity will be sent to and from the plant via a new 115 kilovolt (kv) transmission line that is connected to the existing BEL transmission system. This project may be transferred to a third investor-owned utility developer for the final negotiation with BEL.

  • 6. Cost

    • (a) Explanation of methodology for calculating cost data

Methodology for Calculating Cost Data

This information is not yet available.

  • (b) Cost data–Project development

    This information is not yet available.

    (c) Cost data–Project implementation

    This information is not yet available.

  • 7. Monitoring and verification of AIJ project activities and results

Item

Party(ies) that will be monitoring project activities

e prime or its assignees

Party(ies) that will be externally verifying project results

This information is not yet available.

Date when the monitoring plan became (or will become) operational (month/year)

This information is not yet available.

Types of data that will be collected

This information is not yet available.

Description of Monitoring and Verification Activities and Schedule for Implementation

The responsible party for monitoring will be e prime, which may select a qualified subcontractor to develop and implement the monitoring plan. The collection procedures will be based on U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) methodologies and industry practice. Monitoring will be conducted annually.

Although an external verifier has not been selected at this time, the data, procedures, and methodologies for verification will be based on established EPA criteria and industry practice. Pre-construction activities will include the establishment of baseline data for selected sites and representative installations. Post-construction tasks will include measuring the emissions from the proposed biomass facility. In addition, site visits will be conducted annually to determine any changes in the GHG emission measurements and estimates.

  • B. Governmental approval

Item

Please check one of the following.

This report is a first report.

or

This report is an intermediate report.

or

This report is a final report.

Please check one of the following:

This report is a joint report. Letter(s) of approval of this report from the designated national authority of the other Party(ies) involved in the activity is(are) attached in Section J, Annex.

or

This report is a separate report.

Additional comments (if any):

  • C. Compatibility with, and supportiveness of, national economic development and socioeconomic and environmental priorities and strategies
Compatibility with Economic Development and Socioeconomic and Environmental Priorities

Belize relies, in part, on a hydroelectric power supply that has been unreliable due to low rainfall in the dry season and flooding in the rainy season. As a result, BEL has been forced into many unannounced power reductions that have affected a variety of businesses including the sugar, citrus, lumber, and secondary wood products industries. Since products manufactured by these industries are all major export commodities for Belize, the power shortages have severely hindered the growth of the Belizean economy. This project will contribute to the economic development of Belize by supplying renewable power to large industries and to the electric grid. The additional electricity supply provided by the project will mitigate adverse impacts of potential power shortages on industrial production, which will help to stabilize the Belizean economy.

  • D. Environmental, social/cultural, and economic impacts of the AIJ project

Non-Greenhouse-Gas Environmental Impacts of the Project

The biomass plant will utilize as a secondary source of fuel citrus waste from orange processors that historically has been landfilled. By using the waste as fuel, the project prevents additional waste from entering landfills and potentially adversely affecting water quality and aquatic life. The plant will, however, utilize river water for the cooling process, 50% of which will be returned to the river at an elevated temperature with additional suspended solids. The increases meet accepted standards in the United States.

The plant will improve air quality in the vicinity of the sugar mill because the mill no longer will burn its bagasse in an open, uncontrolled manner.

Operations at the biomass plant will produce solid waste in the form of ash. The ash will be managed on-site in a manner designed to minimize environmental impacts.

Social/Cultural Impacts of the Project

This information is not yet available.

Economic Impacts of the Project

Both temporary and permanent jobs will be created during the construction and operation of the plant. This will help to bolster and stabilize the local economy.

  • E. Greenhouse gas impacts of the AIJ project

    1. Scenario description

Item
Site Designation

Site number (order of presentation in this report)

1 of 1

Site name/designation

BEL/Maya Biomass Power Generation Project

Project sector

Energy

Reference Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Electricity generation from fossil fuel.

Has the reference scenario changed since the last report? (If yes, explain any changes below.)

Yes

No

This is the first project report.

Description:

The Belizean electricity supply is variable, and capacity shortfalls often result in power reductions and rationing. To satisfy the projected annual electricity load growth of 8%, incremental electricity generation and capacity additions will likely be fossil fuel-based. While the country has 80 MW of untapped hydroelectric potential, the resources are inaccessible and, therefore, impractical. As a result, BEL plans to develop 14 MW of new diesel capacity by the end of the century. The project developers assume that in the absence of the project, the electricity to be generated by the project facility would have been generated with diesel oil.

Sugar and citrus products are a significant source of revenue to the Belizean economy. Currently, disposal of waste from these industries is unregulated, and takes the form of incineration in open piles, disposal in rivers, or dumping in low-lying areas. GHG emissions resulting from the combustion or decomposition of the waste include CO2, non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), and carbon monoxide (CO), as well as carbon soot and other non-gaseous particles. Decomposition of dumped waste generates methane (CH4) as well as NMVOCs. In the absence of the project, incineration and dumping of these wastes are projected to continue.

Predicted Project Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Alternative energy generation (biomass)

Description:

The BEL/Maya Biomass Generation Project will reduce GHG emissions by displacing fossil fuel generation and decreasing emissions from uncontrolled decomposition or burning of biomass waste. The 18 MW biomass waste-to-energy plant will generate electricity for sale to BEL and orange processors, and produce steam and electricity for in-house use and sugar refining at BSI’s facility. Under the project, bagasse from BSI’s facility will be the primary fuel for the plant, providing nearly 50% of the annual fuel requirements; citrus and sawmill waste will provide the rest. The plant is expected to come on line in 1998 and operate for 31 years.

Actual Project

Primary activity(ies)

This information is not yet available.

Description:

This information is not yet available.

  • 2. GHG emission/sequestration calculation methodology
GHG Emission/Sequestration Calculation Methodology

Site number

1 of 1

Project sector

Energy

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Reference Scenario

The relevant GHG emissions to be included in the emissions baseline are those from the burning of fuel oil for electricity generation and from the uncontrolled burning and dumping of biomass wastes. However, due to the lack of reliable information on GHG emissions from uncontrolled burning and decomposition, the project developers have estimated emissions from the burning of fuel oil only.

The reference scenario methodology incorporates three assumptions. First, it is assumed that NMVOCs are not produced in the operation of Belize’s diesel generators. Second, CO2 emissions from the operation of fuel oil-fired electricity generation are calculated based on optimum operating conditions, even though some equipment is known to be performing under less than optimal conditions. Third, NOx emissions are calculated based on U.S. standards that are much more stringent than any standards enforced in Belize. These assumptions result in a more conservative estimate of net project benefits than what will probably occur.

It is assumed that the 18 MW biomass plant will directly displace 18 MW of electricity that otherwise would have been generated at a diesel oil-fired plant. Estimated CO2 emissions from the oil-fired plant are based on the following data:

Dry gas emissions in flue gas: 312,507 lb/hr

CO2 content of flue gas: 13.4 %

Therefore, (312,507 lb/hr dry gas) * (0.134 lb CO2/lb dry gas) = 41,876 lb CO2 /hr.

The biomass plant is guaranteed to operate a minimum of 6,000 hours per year, so annual emissions from use of fuel oil will be:

[(41,876 lb CO2/hr) * (6,000 hr/yr)]/ (2,205 lb/ t) = 113,948 t CO2/yr

NOx emissions are also estimated. However, this gas is not regulated by the government of Belize, so accurate emissions data do not exist. Therefore, the calculation is based on the U.S. maximum federal limit, which is believed to be more conservative than actual emissions.

U.S. maximum federal limit of NOx emissions: 0.16 lb NOx/MMB of heat input

Heat input: 372.8 MMB/hr

Therefore, [(0.16 lb NOx/MMB input heat) * (372.8 MMB input heat/hr) * (6,000 hr/yr)] / (2,205 lb/ t) =

162 t NOx/yr

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Project Scenario

Estimates of emissions from the plant have not been completed by the project developers. At present, project scenario emissions are assumed to be equivalent to the uncounted reference case emissions from waste incineration and dumping, and therefore are set to zero.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Actual Project

This information is not yet available.

  • 3. GHG emission/sequestration data

    • (a) Reporting of GHG emissions/sequestration

Image

Projected Net Greenhouse Gas Benefits: All Project Sites (Continued)

(Tonnes, Full Molecular Weight Basis)

Reference Scenario

Emissions

Project Scenario

Emissions

Net GHG Benefits

(Reference Scenario -

Project Scenario)

Cumulative GHG Benefits

(Reference Scenario -

Project Scenario)

Year CO2 CH4 NOx CO2 CH4 NOx CO2 CH4 NOx CO2-

Equivalent

CO2 CH4 NOx CO2-

Equivalent

22

113,948

162

0

0

113,948

162

113,948

2,392,911

3,402

2,392,911

23

113,948

162

0

0

113,948

162

113,948

2,506,859

3,564

2,506,859

24

113,948

162

0

0

113,948

162

113,948

2,620,807

3,726

2,620,807

25

113,948

162

0

0

113,948

162

113,948

2,734,755

3,888

2,734,755

26

113,948

162

0

0

113,948

162

113,948

2,848,703

4,050

2,848,703

27

113,948

162

0

0

113,948

162

113,948

2,962,651

4,212

2,962,651

28

113,948

162

0

0

113,948

162

113,948

3,076,600

4,374

3,076,600

29

113,948

162

0

0

113,948

162

113,948

3,190,548

4,536

3,190,548

30

113,948

162

0

0

113,948

162

113,948

3,304,496

4,698

3,304,496

31

113,948

162

0

0

113,948

162

113,948

3,418,444

4,860

3,418,444

Total

3,418,444

0

4,860

0

0

0

3,418,444

4,860

3,418,444

3,418,444

4,860

3,418,444

Note: the CO2-equivalent estimates only include CO2 because a GWP has not been developed for NOx.

  • (b) Additional information on GHG emissions/sequestration

Indirect or Secondary GHG Impacts (Positive and Negative)

The project will dispose of citrus and wood waste by controlled burning, thereby preventing emissions resulting from dumping and open burning (which have not been quantified). Additional secondary effects of the project could include the following:

  • the planting of biomass for the primary or secondary purpose of producing fuelwood
  • the effect of removal of waste biomass from the forest with respect to the incidence of forest fires
  • the effect of improved operation and maintenance of fossil fueled power plants
  • the effect of equipment additions or retrofits that may improve the efficiency of power production.
Factors That Could Cause the Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

Given the nature of this project—substitution of fossil fuel generated power with biomass power—loss or reversal of benefits accrued will not be possible. Factors that may cause the projected emissions reductions to be less than expected include ceasing of plant operations and use of fuelwood or fossil fuels to generate electricity at the plant.

Strategy for Reducing the Risk of Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

Long-term contracts for the supply of bagasse and citrus wastes will ensure adequate fuel availability and stable fuel cost, and a Power Purchase Agreement between e prime, the orange processors, and BEL will guarantee revenues.

  • F. Funding of the AIJ project

    1. Identification of funding sources

    • (a) Funding sources for project development

      This information is not yet available.

      (b) Funding sources for project implementation

Funding Source Country of Funding Source Amount
($US)
Percent of Total
Funding
(%)
Is This Funding Assured? (Y/N)

e prime

U.S.A. 13

Belize Electricity Limited (BEL)

Belize 13

Debt financing:

U.S.A./
Belize
74

Various U.S. and Belizean commercial banks

U.S. agencies

Total

100
  • 2. Assessment of additional funding needs
Current or Planned Activities to Obtain Additional Funding

e prime or its assignees will lead the syndicate for the financing of this project.

  • G. Contribution to capacity building and technology transfer

Contribution to Capacity Building and Technology Transfer

The project may create momentum for other renewable energy projects in Belize. While the project will provide an additional 18 MW of power to Belize’s electricity generation portfolio, biomass resources from the sugar and wood products industries can fuel an additional 25 MW generating capacity.

The project will transfer U.S. biomass technology to Belize’s developing economy. It also will transfer emission control technology and use environmentally friendly construction techniques. By using biomass as fuel, the project disposes of the waste in a controlled manner, as opposed to the current practices of uncontrolled burning that release significant GHG emissions.

  • H. Recent developments, technical difficulties, and obstacles encountered

Recent Project Developments

The developer has had several discussions with BEL on this project. BEL is currently evaluating privatization of certain utility assets including generation, transmission, and distribution facilities. It is anticipated that this project will progress at such time that the privatization plan and long-term energy strategy are finalized within BEL. e prime at that point may choose to assign its interest in this project to one or more independent power developers.

Technical Difficulties and Other Obstacles Encountered

This information is not yet available.

  • I. Additional information

Additional Information

None.

  • J. Annex

    1. Host country acceptance of the AIJ project

Country/Project Title Name, Title, and Government Agency of the Designated National Authority Date of Approval (day/month/year)

Belize/ BEL/Maya Biomass Power Generation Project

Joseph Cayetano, Minister, Ministry of Energy, Science, Technology, and Transportation

23 July 1996
  • 2. Letters of approval of this AIJ project report

    • See attached letter of concurrence.