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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY (AIJ)

List of Projects

Uniform Reporting Format:

Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

 

The uniform reporting format contained below is to be used in reporting on activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase. It is noted that the reporting should be consistent with decision 5/CP.1 and 8/CP.2 (reproduced in annexes I and II to this reporting format). The SBSTA notes that the uniform reporting format could possibly require revision in the light of experience gained and methodological work conducted under the pilot phase.

A. Description of project

A. 1) Title of project: The Village First Program

A. 2) Participants/actors:

Please fill in one table for each participant/actor. For individuals fill in as from item A Function within activity".

Item Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

Appropriate Technology for Community and Environment Inc

Department:

Acronym:

APACE

Function within activity:

Project Development and Administration

Street:

C/o University of Technology Sydney, P.O.Box 123, Broadway

Post code:

2007

City:

Sydney

Country:

Australia

Telephone:

+61-2-95142554

Fax:

+61-2-95142611

E-mail:

Apace@UTS.edu.au

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

-----------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Bryce

First name, middle name:

Donnella

Job title:

Executive Officer

Direct tel:

+61-2-95142554

Direct fax:

+61-2-95142611

Direct E-mail:

Apace@UTS.edu.au

Item Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

Solomon Islands Village Electrification Council

Department:

Acronym:

SIVEC

Function within activity:

Project implementation

Street:

Development Services Exchange

P.O. Box 556

Post code:

City:

Honiara

Country:

Solomon Islands

Telephone:

+677 39551

Fax:

N/A

E-mail:

Tonyj@welkam.solomon.sb

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

-----------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Tutua

First name, middle name:

Joini

Job title:

Chairman

Direct tel:

+677 39080

Direct fax:

N/A

Direct E-mail:

N/A

Item Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

Solomon Islands Meteorological Service

Department:

Ministry of Transport, Works and Civil Aviation

Acronym:

SIMS

Function within activity:

AIJ Designated National Authority

Street:

P.O. Box 21

Post code:

City:

Honiara

Country:

Solomon Islands

Telephone:

+667 21757

Fax:

+667 20046

E-mail:

met@met.gov.sb

WWW-URL:

http://www.met.gov.sb

Contact person (for this activity):

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Surname:

Ariki

First name, middle name:

Mr Mike

Job title:

Director of Meteorology

Direct tel:

+667 21757

Direct fax:

+667 20046

Direct E-mail:

m.ariki@met.gov.sb

Item Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization(a):

International Greenhouse Partnerships Office

Department:

Department of Industry Science and Resources

Acronym:

IGPO

Function within activity:

Government AIJ / CDM administration

Street:

Level 3, 51 Allara Street

Post code:

2601

City:

Canberra

Country:

Australia

Telephone:

+61-2-6213 7891

Fax:

+61-2-6213 7903

E-mail:

Igp.office@isr.gov.au

WWW-URL:

http://www.isr.gov/resources/energy_greenhouse/igp

Contact person (for this activity):

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Stevens

First name, middle name:

Dr Mark R

Job title:

Assistant Manager, International Greenhouse Partnerships Office

Direct tel:

+61-2-6213 7891

Direct fax:

+61-2-6213 7903

Direct E-mail:

Mark.stevens@isr.gov.au

a) Organization includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organizations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

A. 3) Activity:

Item Please fill in if applicable

General description:

The Village First project aims to reduce the emission of Greenhouse gases through the application of micro-hydro technology to Remote Area Power Schemes (RAPS). The project will construct two complete run-of-the -river micro-hydro RAPS in prioritised rural villages participating in the Village First Program.

As a result of the long term ground work and the inherent detailed project design, the local capacity and institutional strength will be established through this project. The overall objective is to enable the activities to be replicated in all constituencies (50) in the Solomon Islands within a ten-year time frame.

The project includes the development of programs to increase the awareness in rural communities of renewable energy technologies, their application within the Melanesian community context and the regional significance of greenhouse gas submissions.

Further opportunities for capacity building will be provided by the development of methodologies for monitoring greenhouse emission savings, which will be undertaken in conjunction with the Solomon Islands Department of the Environment. The models so developed could be applicable to other Pacific Island states that have agrarian economies.

Type of project:a)

Renewable energy

Location (exact, e.g. city, region,

state):

Village 1. Bulelavata Village, Western Province, Solomon Islands

Village 2. Not yet identified but will be in one of six provinces (Guadalcanal, Malaita, Western Province, Isabel, Choiseul, Makira/Ulawa) in the Solomon Islands

Activity starting date:

July 1999

Expected activity ending date:

June 2001

Stage of activity:b)

In Progress

Lifetime of activity if different from ending date:c)

Installation of replicate systems should occur for ten years after initial project.

The systems installed in the AIJ pilot project will continue to operate in a sustainable manner for 30-50 years.

Technical data:d)

Two complete ‘run of the river’ 100 kW micro-hydro systems generating continuous 240 Volt, 50 Hertz AC electricity. Project includes distribution system and the installation of two fluorescent lights in each village house.

a) For example, using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) classification: energy efficiency; renewable energy; fuel switching; forest preservation, restoration or reforestation; afforestation; fugitive gas capture; industrial processes; solvents; agriculture; waste disposal or bunker fuels.

b) Circle the appropriate option.

c) Methodological work will be required to define lifetime of activities.

d) Methodological work will be required to determine for each type of activity what the minimum data requirements are.

A. 4) Cost (to the extent possible):

Item Total Cost

Cost of the project in US$:

$490,445

AIJ component in US$:

$402,560

US$ per avoided ton of CO2 equivalent:

$23.90

Describe briefly how costs are determined:

The costs are associated with all elements of the project including

  • Equipment
  • Salaries
  • Training
  • Administration

and are based on a conversion rate of $1 Aus to $0.64 US. A portion of the funding ($87,885 US) has been contributed by AusAID (Australia’s government aid agency) and therefore has been subtracted from the total project cost to represent the AIJ project cost.

Based on diesel substitution for the full output of the two micro-hydro electric schemes, the project will provide a saving in emissions of 683 tonnes of CO2 per annum. Applying the total project cost over the project life (30yrs) of the micro-hydro systems gives the total investment cost per avoided ton of CO2 equivalent.

Further information on emission savings is contained in Section E of this paper.

A. 5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures:

Describe the procedures, including name of organizations involved):

It is expected that the emissions from the micro-hydro electric schemes will be negligible..

Monitoring of the electricity demand when the system is in operation will refine the estimate for the substitution of Diesel fuel and the resulting avoidance of GHG emissions.

This project will also encourage the development of a greenhouse model and monitoring procedure pertinent to informal rural economies, which will be applicable through Melanesia. APACE and the Institute for Sustainable Futures (ISF) will work together with the IGPO and the Solomon Islands Department of Environment to mutually refine the greenhouse indicators, measurement and monitoring procedures.

a) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organizations mentioned is reported under

section A.2 above.

B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement

Bearing in mind that all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities, which shall be shown as follows:

(a) In the case of joint reporting, the report is submitted by the designated national authority of one participating Party with the concurrence of all other participating Parties as evidenced by attached letters issued by the relevant national authorities;

(b) In the case of separate reporting, the reports are submitted separately by the designated national authority of each and every participating Party. Information will only be compiled once reports have been received from all participating Parties.

B. 1) For the activity:

The joint reporting on this project has been endorsed by the project participants, namely Appropriate Technology for Community and Environment Inc (APACE), Solomon Islands Meteorological Service, Solomon Islands Village Electrification Council and International Greenhouse Partnerships Office (Australia).

B. 2) This report is a joint report:

The presentation of this report and its contents are considered to be submitted as a joint report from Appropriate Technology for Community and Environment Inc (APACE), Solomon Islands Meteorological Service, Solomon Islands Village Electrification Council and International Greenhouse Partnerships Office (Australia).

B. 3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:

C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socioSeconomic and environment priorities and strategies

Describe (to the extent possible) how the activity is compatible with and supportive of national economic development and socioSeconomic and environment priorities and strategies

The Government of the Solomon Islands sees the implementation of small renewable energy systems as an integral step in the process of bringing sustainable development through new possibilities in the rural areas, which is where 86% of the country’s population resides. This will reduce the level of migration from the rural to the urban setting which is creating increasing pressure on the urban infrastructure.

Aspects of the capacity building component of the project will develop skills which will be applicable beyond the boundaries of the project, such as technical capability and management skills. The methodology of the project design and implementation aims to ensure the sustainability of the scheme without the input of any external assistance.

D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantitative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item Please fill in

Describe environmental benefits in detail:

  • Greenhouse gas emission free power generation
  • Reduction in the use of diesel and its subsequent air, soil and water pollution problems.

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental benefits?

Yes – in relation to Greenhouse Gas reduction

Describe social/cultural benefits in detail:

  • Improved communication links and information flow to rural areas.
  • Increased understanding of the applications of renewable technologies to rural communities
  • Improved health and safety (reduced diesel pollution).
  • Increased capacity to absorb and adopt technological change, including skill development for operations and maintenance.
  • Improved educational and community facilities due to low cost clean power supply available 24 hours per day.

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social benefits?

No

Describe economic benefits in detail:

  • Contribution to national savings in foreign exchange due to reduction in fuel imports.
  • Capacity building in terms of greenhouse modelling and monitoring, potentially for use in other Melanesian countries.
  • Improved local government viability and provision of services

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic benefits?

Yes

E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities

E. 1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):

Description of the baseline or reference scenario, including methodologies applied:

For the community to achieve the same development objectives, the level of power generation required will exceed the current capability of the combination of kerosene, rainforest timber combustion, small diesel generator operation and dry cell battery use. Without the micro-hydroelectric scheme, power consumption will increase with time to 100% diesel generator operation. Therefore the baseline scenario for GHG emissions can be considered as the diesel generation of an equivalent amount of power, neglecting any differences in end use technology.

The area that is serviced by the micro-hydroelectricity system delineates the boundary for the consideration of GHG emissions. ie the households and enterprises that receive the electricity. The initial estimate of emissions reduction assumes that the hydro scheme will operate at rated capacity 24 hours / day, 365 days per year.

An output of 100 kWatts from this project would deliver 876,000 kWhrs/annum. Equivalent diesel generator operation at full load would consume about 0.3 x 876,000 = 262,800 litres per annum of diesel fuel. With 2.6 kg of CO2 emitted from each litre, the baseline emissions can be calculated at 683 tonnes of CO2 per annum.

In operation, the availability of water resources and the level of demand for electricity will limit the amount of hydro-electricity supplied. The actual demand for electricity will be monitored together with the load profile to enable an improved estimation of the amount of diesel, which would be used to produce this electricity. It should be noted that small diesel generators operate at low efficiency when supplying electricity to small communities where load factors are typically low.

E. 2) Estimated emissions with the activity:

Description of the scenario, including methodologies applied:

The generation of electricity through micro-hydro schemes produces negligible GHG emissions

E.2.1) Summary table: Projected emission reductions:

GHG

Over Project Year

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2

683 tonnes

B) Project activity scenarioa)

CO2

0 tonnes

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2

- 683 tonnes

D) Cumulative effect

CO2

a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.

F. Bearing in mind that the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows, please indicate

Source of project funding

(For each source one line)

Amount

(US dollars)

APACE 50,240
Solomon Islands Government 35,200
Other Solomon Islands organisations 68,800
International Greenhouse Partnerships Program 128,000
Other Australian organisations (inc Caritas) 208,205

G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties

As noted under Sections C and D of this report, the project will contribute significantly to capacity building and in the transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know how to the developing country parties involved in the project.

H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered

Annex I

EXTRACT FROM:

FCCC/CP/1995/7/Add.1:

REPORT OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES

ON ITS FIRST SESSION, HELD AT BERLIN FROM 28 MARCH TO 7 APRIL 1995

Addendum

PART TWO: ACTION TAKEN BY THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES

AT ITS FIRST SESSION

Decision 5/CP.1

Activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase

The Conference of the Parties,

Recalling that, in accordance with Article 4.2(d) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Conference is required to take decisions regarding criteria for joint implementation as indicated in Article 4.2(a),

Noting that the largest share of historical and current global emissions of greenhouse gases has originated in developed countries, that per capita emissions in developing countries are still relatively low and that the share of global emissions originating in developing countries will grow to meet their social and development needs,

Acknowledging that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible co-operation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and their social and economic conditions,

Recognizing that,

(a) According to the provisions of the Convention, the commitments under

Article 4.2(a) to adopt national policies and to take corresponding measures on the mitigation of climate change apply only to Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (Annex I Parties), and that Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (non-Annex I Parties) have no such commitments,

(b) Activities implemented jointly between Annex I Parties and non-Annex I Parties will not be seen as fulfilment of current commitments of Annex I Parties under Article 4.2(b) of the Convention; but they could contribute to the achievement of the objective of the Convention and to the fulfilment of commitments of Annex II Parties under Article 4.5 of the Convention,

(c) Activities implemented jointly under the Convention are supplemental, and should only be treated as a subsidiary means of achieving the objective of the Convention,

(d) Activities implemented jointly in no way modify the commitments of each Party under the Convention,

1. Decides:

(a) To establish a pilot phase for activities implemented jointly among Annex I Parties and, on a voluntary basis, with non-Annex I Parties that so request;

(b) That activities implemented jointly should be compatible with and supportive

of national environment and development priorities and strategies, contribute to

cost-effectiveness in achieving global benefits and could be conducted in a comprehensive manner covering all relevant sources, sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases;

(c) That all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities;

(d) That activities implemented jointly should bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities;

(e) That the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to the financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance (ODA) flows;

(f) That no credits shall accrue to any Party as a result of greenhouse gas emissions reduced or sequestered during the pilot phase from activities implemented jointly;

2. Further decides that during the pilot phase:

(a) The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice will, in coordination with the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, establish a framework for reporting, in a transparent, well-defined and credible fashion, on the possible global benefits and the national economic, social and environmental impacts as well as any practical experience gained or technical difficulties encountered in activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase;

(b) The Parties involved are encouraged to report to the Conference of the Parties through the secretariat using the framework thus established. This reporting shall be distinct from the national communications of Parties;

(c) The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, with the assistance of the secretariat are requested to prepare a synthesis report for consideration by the Conference of the Parties,

3. Further decides:

(a) That the Conference of the Parties shall, at its annual session, review the progress of the pilot phase on the basis of the synthesis report with a view to taking appropriate decisions on the continuation of the pilot phase;

(b) In so doing, the Conference of the Parties shall take into consideration the need for a comprehensive review of the pilot phase in order to take a conclusive decision on the pilot phase and the progression beyond that, no later than the end of the present decade.

10th plenary meeting

7 April 1995

Annex II

EXTRACT FROM:

FCCC/CP/1996/15/Add.1:

Report of the Conference of the Parties on its second session, held at Geneva from 8 to 19 July 1996, Part two: Action taken by the Conference of the Parties at its second session

Decision 8/CP.2

Activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase

The Conference of the Parties,

Reaffirming its decision 5/CP.1 on activities implemented jointly, whereby the Conference of the Parties is to review the progress of the pilot phase with a view to taking appropriate decisions on its continuation,

1. Takes note of the progress report on activities implemented jointly (FCCC/CP/1996/14 and Add.1);

2. Decides to continue the pilot phase;

3. Invites Parties to report in accordance with the initial reporting framework adopted by the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice at its second session (FCCC/SBSTA/1996/8, annex IV);

4. Requests the secretariat to support the work on issues relating to activities implemented jointly as agreed by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation and the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice.

8th plenary meeting

19 July 1996