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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY (AIJ)
Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase
The uniform reporting format contained below is to be used in reporting on activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase. It is noted that the reporting should be consistent with decision 5/CP.1 and 8/CP.2 (reproduced in annexes I and II to this reporting format). The SBSTA notes that the uniform reporting format could possibly require revision in the light of experience gained and methodological work conducted under the pilot phase.
A. Description of project
A. 1) Title of project: The Village First Program
A. 2) Participants/actors:
Please fill in one table for each participant/actor. For individuals fill in as from item A Function within activity".
a) Organization includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organizations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.
A. 3) Activity:
a) For example, using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) classification: energy efficiency; renewable energy; fuel switching; forest preservation, restoration or reforestation; afforestation; fugitive gas capture; industrial processes; solvents; agriculture; waste disposal or bunker fuels.
b) Circle the appropriate option.
c) Methodological work will be required to define lifetime of activities.
d) Methodological work will be required to determine for each type of activity what the minimum data requirements are.
A. 4) Cost (to the extent possible):
Describe briefly how costs are determined:
The costs are associated with all elements of the project including
and are based on a conversion rate of $1 Aus to $0.64 US. A portion of the funding ($87,885 US) has been contributed by AusAID (Australia’s government aid agency) and therefore has been subtracted from the total project cost to represent the AIJ project cost.
Based on diesel substitution for the full output of the two micro-hydro electric schemes, the project will provide a saving in emissions of 683 tonnes of CO2 per annum. Applying the total project cost over the project life (30yrs) of the micro-hydro systems gives the total investment cost per avoided ton of CO2 equivalent.
Further information on emission savings is contained in Section E of this paper.
A. 5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures:
a) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organizations mentioned is reported under
section A.2 above.
B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement
Bearing in mind that all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities, which shall be shown as follows:
(a) In the case of joint reporting, the report is submitted by the designated national authority of one participating Party with the concurrence of all other participating Parties as evidenced by attached letters issued by the relevant national authorities;
(b) In the case of separate reporting, the reports are submitted separately by the designated national authority of each and every participating Party. Information will only be compiled once reports have been received from all participating Parties.
B. 1) For the activity:
The joint reporting on this project has been endorsed by the project participants, namely Appropriate Technology for Community and Environment Inc (APACE), Solomon Islands Meteorological Service, Solomon Islands Village Electrification Council and International Greenhouse Partnerships Office (Australia).
B. 2) This report is a joint report:
The presentation of this report and its contents are considered to be submitted as a joint report from Appropriate Technology for Community and Environment Inc (APACE), Solomon Islands Meteorological Service, Solomon Islands Village Electrification Council and International Greenhouse Partnerships Office (Australia).
B. 3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:
C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socioSeconomic and environment priorities and strategies
D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project
Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantitative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)
E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities
E. 1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):
Description of the baseline or reference scenario, including methodologies applied:
For the community to achieve the same development objectives, the level of power generation required will exceed the current capability of the combination of kerosene, rainforest timber combustion, small diesel generator operation and dry cell battery use. Without the micro-hydroelectric scheme, power consumption will increase with time to 100% diesel generator operation. Therefore the baseline scenario for GHG emissions can be considered as the diesel generation of an equivalent amount of power, neglecting any differences in end use technology.
The area that is serviced by the micro-hydroelectricity system delineates the boundary for the consideration of GHG emissions. ie the households and enterprises that receive the electricity. The initial estimate of emissions reduction assumes that the hydro scheme will operate at rated capacity 24 hours / day, 365 days per year.
An output of 100 kWatts from this project would deliver 876,000 kWhrs/annum. Equivalent diesel generator operation at full load would consume about 0.3 x 876,000 = 262,800 litres per annum of diesel fuel. With 2.6 kg of CO2 emitted from each litre, the baseline emissions can be calculated at 683 tonnes of CO2 per annum.
In operation, the availability of water resources and the level of demand for electricity will limit the amount of hydro-electricity supplied. The actual demand for electricity will be monitored together with the load profile to enable an improved estimation of the amount of diesel, which would be used to produce this electricity. It should be noted that small diesel generators operate at low efficiency when supplying electricity to small communities where load factors are typically low.
E. 2) Estimated emissions with the activity:
Description of the scenario, including methodologies applied:
The generation of electricity through micro-hydro schemes produces negligible GHG emissions
E.2.1) Summary table: Projected emission reductions:
a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.
F. Bearing in mind that the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows, please indicate
G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties
As noted under Sections C and D of this report, the project will contribute significantly to capacity building and in the transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know how to the developing country parties involved in the project.
H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered
REPORT OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIESON ITS FIRST SESSION, HELD AT BERLIN FROM 28 MARCH TO 7 APRIL 1995
PART TWO: ACTION TAKEN BY THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES
AT ITS FIRST SESSION
Activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase
The Conference of the Parties,
Recalling that, in accordance with Article 4.2(d) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Conference is required to take decisions regarding criteria for joint implementation as indicated in Article 4.2(a),
Noting that the largest share of historical and current global emissions of greenhouse gases has originated in developed countries, that per capita emissions in developing countries are still relatively low and that the share of global emissions originating in developing countries will grow to meet their social and development needs,
Acknowledging that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible co-operation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and their social and economic conditions,
(a) According to the provisions of the Convention, the commitments under
Article 4.2(a) to adopt national policies and to take corresponding measures on the mitigation of climate change apply only to Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (Annex I Parties), and that Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (non-Annex I Parties) have no such commitments,
(b) Activities implemented jointly between Annex I Parties and non-Annex I Parties will not be seen as fulfilment of current commitments of Annex I Parties under Article 4.2(b) of the Convention; but they could contribute to the achievement of the objective of the Convention and to the fulfilment of commitments of Annex II Parties under Article 4.5 of the Convention,
(c) Activities implemented jointly under the Convention are supplemental, and should only be treated as a subsidiary means of achieving the objective of the Convention,
(d) Activities implemented jointly in no way modify the commitments of each Party under the Convention,
(a) To establish a pilot phase for activities implemented jointly among Annex I Parties and, on a voluntary basis, with non-Annex I Parties that so request;
(b) That activities implemented jointly should be compatible with and supportive
of national environment and development priorities and strategies, contribute to
cost-effectiveness in achieving global benefits and could be conducted in a comprehensive manner covering all relevant sources, sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases;
(c) That all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities;
(d) That activities implemented jointly should bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities;
(e) That the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to the financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance (ODA) flows;
(f) That no credits shall accrue to any Party as a result of greenhouse gas emissions reduced or sequestered during the pilot phase from activities implemented jointly;
2. Further decides that during the pilot phase:
(a) The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice will, in coordination with the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, establish a framework for reporting, in a transparent, well-defined and credible fashion, on the possible global benefits and the national economic, social and environmental impacts as well as any practical experience gained or technical difficulties encountered in activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase;
(b) The Parties involved are encouraged to report to the Conference of the Parties through the secretariat using the framework thus established. This reporting shall be distinct from the national communications of Parties;
(c) The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, with the assistance of the secretariat are requested to prepare a synthesis report for consideration by the Conference of the Parties,
3. Further decides:
(a) That the Conference of the Parties shall, at its annual session, review the progress of the pilot phase on the basis of the synthesis report with a view to taking appropriate decisions on the continuation of the pilot phase;
(b) In so doing, the Conference of the Parties shall take into consideration the need for a comprehensive review of the pilot phase in order to take a conclusive decision on the pilot phase and the progression beyond that, no later than the end of the present decade.
10th plenary meeting
7 April 1995
Report of the Conference of the Parties on its second session, held at Geneva from 8 to 19 July 1996, Part two: Action taken by the Conference of the Parties at its second sessionDecision 8/CP.2
Activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase
The Conference of the Parties,
Reaffirming its decision 5/CP.1 on activities implemented jointly, whereby the Conference of the Parties is to review the progress of the pilot phase with a view to taking appropriate decisions on its continuation,
1. Takes note of the progress report on activities implemented jointly (FCCC/CP/1996/14 and Add.1);
2. Decides to continue the pilot phase;
3. Invites Parties to report in accordance with the initial reporting framework adopted by the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice at its second session (FCCC/SBSTA/1996/8, annex IV);
4. Requests the secretariat to support the work on issues relating to activities implemented jointly as agreed by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation and the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice.
8th plenary meeting
19 July 1996