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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY (AIJ)
Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase
The uniform reporting format contained below is to be used in reporting on activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase. It is noted that the reporting should be consistent with decision 5/CP.1 and 8/CP.2 (reproduced in annexes I and II to this reporting format). The SBSTA notes that the uniform reporting format could possibly require revision in the light of experience gained and methodological work conducted under the pilot phase.
A. Description of project
A. 1) Title of project: Chile Natural Gas Project
A. 2) Participants/actors:
Please fill in one table for each participant/actor. For individuals fill in as from item A Function within activity".
a) Organization includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organizations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.
A. 3) Activity:
a) For example, using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) classification: energy efficiency; renewable energy; fuel switching; forest preservation, restoration or reforestation; afforestation; fugitive gas capture; industrial processes; solvents; agriculture; waste disposal or bunker fuels.
b) Circle the appropriate option.
c) Methodological work will be required to define lifetime of activities.
d) Methodological work will be required to determine for each type of activity what the minimum data requirements are.
A. 4) Cost (to the extent possible):
Describe briefly how costs are determined:
The costs are associated with all elements of the project. The figures in the table are based on a conversion rate $1Aus to $0.63 US.
When all proposed elements of the project are implemented, it is estimated that annual savings in CO2 will be in the region of 1.3 million tonnes. These estimates will be refined for each element of the project, taking into consideration actual emissions at industrial sites immediately prior to implementation of the AIJ activity. The lifetime of the project will also be determined for each project element, taking into consideration the economic life of the equipment to be refurbished. As the economic life of equipment has yet to be determined, it is not possible to estimate the avoided costs of the project at this time.
Further information on emission savings is contained in Section E of this paper.
A. 5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures:
a) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organizations mentioned is reported under
section A.2 above.
B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement
Bearing in mind that all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities, which shall be shown as follows:
(a) In the case of joint reporting, the report is submitted by the designated national authority of one participating Party with the concurrence of all other participating Parties as evidenced by attached letters issued by the relevant national authorities;
(b) In the case of separate reporting, the reports are submitted separately by the designated national authority of each and every participating Party. Information will only be compiled once reports have been received from all participating Parties.
B. 1) For the activity:
B. 2) This report is a joint report:
B. 3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:
C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socioSeconomic and environment priorities and strategies
D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project
Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantitative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)
E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities
E. 1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):
Description of the baseline or reference scenario, including methodologies applied:
As noted above, it is estimated that the project will, once fully implemented, lead to a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of some 1.3 million tonnes per annum.
In relation to the gas distribution systems, Lipigas has determined, from metering of city gas manufactured compared with gas sales, that Unaccounted for Gas (UAG) is about 12% of gas manufactured. UAG is made up of gas losses from fugitive emissions and metering inaccuracies. The main component of the UAG is likely to arise from fugitive emissions. However, this will be confirmed by comparing UAG levels before and after refurbishment. Metering inaccuracies are expected to remain constant before and after refurbishment although efforts will be made to refine the estimates of metering inaccuracies. The methods developed to verify the accuracy of current emissions will be used to verify emissions after refurbishment. Procedures to monitor the various elements of UAG are well established in the international gas industry.
In relation to natural gas conversion elements of the project, the baselines for each element will be determined from the consumption of fuel oil and or coal by the industrial plant prior to its conversion to natural gas. Current fuel consumption will be determined using records of the company or its fuel supplier and savings will be calculated by comparing current fuel use with metered use of natural gas after conversion. In determining emission reductions, allowance will be made for variations in production volume by determining emission reductions on an equivalent unit basis (eg. kg of steam, kWh of electricity, tonnes of product).
The specific details of baseline development (including independent auditing) and project monitoring will be subject to the agreement of the project participants, including the designated national authorities for AIJ in Chile and Australia.
E. 2) Estimated emissions with the activity:
Description of the scenario, including methodologies applied:
See Section E1
E.2.1) Summary table: Projected emission reduction s:
a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.
F. Bearing in mind that the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows , please indicate
G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties
As noted under Sections C and D of this report, the project will contribute significantly to capacity building and in the transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to the developing country Parties involved in the project.
H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered
REPORT OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES
ON ITS FIRST SESSION, HELD AT BERLIN FROM 28 MARCH TO 7 APRIL 1995
PART TWO: ACTION TAKEN BY THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES
AT ITS FIRST SESSION
Activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase
The Conference of the Parties,
Recalling that, in accordance with Article 4.2(d) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Conference is required to take decisions regarding criteria for joint implementation as indicated in Article 4.2(a),
Noting that the largest share of historical and current global emissions of greenhouse gases has originated in developed countries, that per capita emissions in developing countries are still relatively low and that the share of global emissions originating in developing countries will grow to meet their social and development needs,
Acknowledging that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible co-operation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and their social and economic conditions,
(a) According to the provisions of the Convention, the commitments under
Article 4.2(a) to adopt national policies and to take corresponding measures on the mitigation of climate change apply only to Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (Annex I Parties), and that Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (non-Annex I Parties) have no such commitments,
(b) Activities implemented jointly between Annex I Parties and non-Annex I Parties will not be seen as fulfilment of current commitments of Annex I Parties under Article 4.2(b) of the Convention; but they could contribute to the achievement of the objective of the Convention and to the fulfilment of commitments of Annex II Parties under Article 4.5 of the Convention,
(c) Activities implemented jointly under the Convention are supplemental, and should only be treated as a subsidiary means of achieving the objective of the Convention,
(d) Activities implemented jointly in no way modify the commitments of each Party under the Convention,
(a) To establish a pilot phase for activities implemented jointly among Annex I Parties and, on a voluntary basis, with non-Annex I Parties that so request;
(b) That activities implemented jointly should be compatible with and supportive
of national environment and development priorities and strategies, contribute to
cost-effectiveness in achieving global benefits and could be conducted in a comprehensive manner covering all relevant sources, sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases;
(c) That all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities;
(d) That activities implemented jointly sh