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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY (AIJ)
 
USIJI Uniform Reporting Document:
Activities Implemented Jointly Under the Pilot Phase

List of Projects

A. Description of the AIJ project

1. Title of project: Zelenograd District Heating System Improvements

2. Host country: Russian Federation

3. Brief project description:

The Zelenograd District Heating System Improvements Project is an energy efficiency project in which new equipment will be installed in the district heating system of Zelenograd, Russian Federation. New controls, valves, pumps, and heat exchangers will be installed at 28 sub-stations and one boiler facility. These improvements will allow better control of the space and hot water heating supplied by the district heating system, which will reduce natural gas consumption and, hence, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Note: Although the information contained in this report is based on the USIJI project proposal and other material provided by the project developer, the developer has not yet reviewed this document.

4. Participants:

Name of Organization or Individual

Country

City of Zelenograd

Russian Federation

Russia Energy Savings Fund of the Ministry of Fuels and Energy

Russian Federation

Consortium for Integrated Resource Planning at the University of Wisconsin

U.S.A.

Johnson Controls Inc.

U.S.A.

Leonardo Academy Inc.

U.S.A.

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language) or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

City of Zelenograd

Name of organization (English)

(Same as above)

Acronym (original language)

None

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Enterprise of Heat Stations, Heat Power Network, and Gas Facilities of Zelenograd

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Street

20 Zapadny Proyezd

City

Zelenograd

State

Moscow Region

Post code

103482

Country

Russian Federation

Telephone

7-095-535-82-16

Fax

7-095-534-6811

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Podstankin

First name, middle name

Nikolai

Job title

General Director

Direct telephone

7-095-535-82-16

Direct fax

7-095-534-6811

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

Zernatsky

First name, middle name

Eduard

Job title

Consultant

Direct telephone

7-095-535-82-16

Direct fax

7-095-534-6811

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language) or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Russia Energy Savings Fund of the Ministry of Fuels and Energy

Name of organization (English)

(Same as above)

Acronym (original language)

None

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Street

31 Giljarovsky Prospekt

City

Moscow

State

Post code

129832

Country

Russian Federation

Telephone

7-095-248-81-11

Fax

7-095-975-20-45

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Vasilliev

First name, middle name

Valeri

Job title

Director

Direct telephone

7-095-248-81-11

Direct fax

7-095-975-20-45

Direct e-mail

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language)

or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Consortium for Integrated Resource Planning at the University of Wisconsin

Name of organization (English)

(Same as above)

Acronym (original language)

None

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Street

432 North Lake Street, Rm. 805

City

Madison

State

Wisconsin

Post code

53706

Country

U.S.A.

Telephone

608-255-0988

Fax

608-255-7202

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Arny

First name, middle name

Michael

Job title

Director of Consortium

Direct telephone

608-255-0988

Direct fax

608-255-7202

Direct e-mail

mdarny@facstaff.wisc.edu

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language) or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Johnson Controls Inc.

Name of organization (English)

(Same as above)

Acronym (original language)

None

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Street

507 East Michigan Street

City

Milwaukee

State

Wisconsin

Post code

53201

Country

U.S.A.

Telephone

414-274-4148

Fax

414-277-5053

E-mail

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Cronin

First name, middle name

Patrick

Job title

Director of Marketing Services

Direct telephone

414-274-4148

Direct fax

414-277-5053

Direct e-mail

patrick.j.cronin@jci.com

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

Item

Organization

Name of organization (original language) or

Name of individual if unaffiliated with any organization

Leonardo Academy Inc.

A Non-Profit Educational Foundation

Name of organization (English)

(Same as above)

Acronym (original language)

None

Acronym (English)

None

Department

Function(s) within the AIJ project activities

Street

1526 Chandler Street

City

Madison

State

Wisconsin

Post code

53711

Country

U.S.A.

Telephone

608-250-0400

Fax

608-255-7202

E-mail

leonardo97@aol.com

World Wide Web-URL address

Administrative Officer Responsible for the Project

Surname

Arny

First name, middle name

Michael

Job title

Executive Director

Direct telephone

608-250-0400

Direct fax

608-255-7202

Direct e-mail

leonardo97@aol.com

Contact Person for AIJ Activities (if different from the Administrative Officer)

Surname

First name, middle name

Job title

Direct telephone

Direct fax

Direct e-mail

5. Description of AIJ project activities

Item

Type of Project

Sector(s)

Energy

Primary activity(ies)

Energy efficiency improvements

Project Location

Country

Russian Federation

Exact location (city, state, region)

City of Zelenograd, 35 km north of Moscow

Key Dates and Current Stage of Project

Project starting date (month/year)

This information is not yet available.

Project ending date (month/year)

This information is not yet available.

Project lifetime (years)

30 years

Current stage of project

Mutually agreed

General Project Description and Technical Data

The project will reduce GHG emissions by increasing the efficiency of the open loop section of the system, which will decrease natural gas consumption at the Zelenograd district heating system. Efficiency improvements will be made at 28 sub-stations and one boiler facility, and will include the following activities:

For space heating:

  • add heat exchangers in the sub-stations between the heating distribution system and the space heating loads;
  • add pumps to circulate space heating water to buildings; and
  • add control valves and control systems to regulate the flow of hot water from the district heating system through the new heat exchangers to maintain water temperature.

For domestic hot water heating loads:

  • add heat exchangers between the distribution network and the domestic hot water heating loads;
  • add control valves and control systems to regulate the flow of hot water through the new exchangers to maintain temperature; and
  • increase the capacity of the cold potable water distribution system to provide adequate supply of cold water to be heated both in the new exchangers and in the hot water heating loads.

For system operations:

  • improve communications between sub-stations and the boilerhouse number 2; and
  • install a central control system and a data acquisitions system in boilerhouse number 2 that allow for remote monitoring and control of the sub-station operation.

6. Cost

(a) Explanation of methodology for calculating cost data

Methodology for Calculating Cost Data

This information is not yet available.

(b) Cost data–Project development

This information is not yet available.

(c) Cost data–Project implementation

This information is not yet available.

7. Monitoring and verification of AIJ project activities and results

Item

Party(ies) that will be monitoring project activities

This information is not yet available.

Party(ies) that will be externally verifying project results

This information is not yet available.

Date when the monitoring plan became (or will become) operational (month/year)

This information is not yet available.

Types of data that will be collected

Fuel consumption and energy use

Description of Monitoring and Verification Activities and Schedule for Implementation

GHG emission reductions will be monitored by measuring the fuel consumption and energy sent out from each sub-station to the buildings, and by estimating GHG emissions from these data. In addition, the controls system installed on the district heating system will include the capability to measure the amount of heat delivered from each sub-station, which provides a second measure of reductions in energy use.

All participants have agreed to allow for external verification of GHG emission reductions by a panel approved party.

B. Governmental approval

Item

Please check one of the following.

This report is a first report or

This report is an intermediate report or

This report is a final report.

Please check one of the following:

This report is a joint report. Letter(s) of approval of this report from the designated national authority of the other Party(ies) involved in the activity is(are) attached in Section J, Annex or

This report is a separate report.

Additional comments (if any):

C. Compatibility with, and supportiveness of, national economic development and socioeconomic and environmental priorities and strategies

Compatibility with Economic Development and Socioeconomic and Environmental Priorities

The project will complement the work proposed under the Environmental Technology Initiative of the Russian government. Zelenograd is one of 10 energy efficiency demonstration zones supported by the government. These demonstration zones are under development within the framework of the United Nations ECE "Energy Efficiency 2000." In the short-term, the Environmental Technology Initiative aims to reduce emissions of GHGs and acid rain precursors on a limited scale in order to demonstrate how this can be achieved on a national scale. In the long-term, it intends to provide widespread dissemination of local experience in market economy energy efficiency measures, including the promotion of trade in commercially available energy efficient and environmentally safe technologies.

D. Environmental, social/cultural, and economic impacts of the AIJ project

Non-Greenhouse-Gas Environmental Impacts of the Project

In reducing emissions, the project will help improve air quality in the surrounding area.

Social/Cultural Impacts of the Project

The project provides a more comfortable indoor environment for the residents of the buildings serviced by the district heating sub-stations included in the project.

Economic Impacts of the Project

The project will help the city of Moscow save money by reducing its district heating subsidy allocation.

E. Greenhouse gas impacts of the AIJ project

1. Scenario description

Item

Site Designation

Site number (order of presentation in this report)

1 of 1

Site name/designation

Zelenograd District Heating System

Project sector

Energy

Reference Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Conventional operation, including manual controls, infrequent adjustments to valves

Has the reference scenario changed since the last report? (If yes, explain any changes below.)

Yes

No

This is the first project report.

Description:

The city of Zelenograd is located 35 kilometers northwest of Moscow. The city covers approximately 35 square kilometers and as of 1992, had a population of 185,000.

The Zelenograd district heating system consists of three boiler house facilities and 47 heat exchange sub-stations fueled by natural gas. The reference scenario focuses on the open loop section of the system where existing boilerhouse number 2 serves 28 open loop heating sub-stations. These sub-stations were built without heat exchangers so that the flow from the heating distribution system directly meets the space heating and the domestic water heating loads for the buildings serviced by this section.

The prevailing standards for the district heating system are manual controls for sub-stations and infrequent adjustments to the valve settings. Valve setting adjustments are commonly made only two times a year and the valves are often in poor condition. Without the project, these prevailing standards for system operation are expected to continue indefinitely.

Predicted Project Scenario

Primary activity(ies)

Energy efficiency improvements

Description:

The project will reduce GHG emissions by increasing the efficiency of the open loop section of the system, which will decrease natural gas consumption at the Zelenograd district heating system. Project efficiency improvements include the installation of heat exchangers, new automated control equipment, pumps, and valves at one boiler facility and 28 sub-stations. These measures will decrease losses of energy used for space heating and hot water.

Actual Project

Primary activity(ies)

This information is not yet available.

Description:

This information is not yet available.

2. GHG emission/sequestration calculation methodology

GHG Emission/Sequestration Calculation Methodology

Site number

1 of 1

Project sector

Energy

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Reference Scenario

The reference scenario annual emissions were calculated by multiplying the annual natural gas consumption for the 28 sub-stations (165 * 106 m3) by an emission factor of 1.876 kg CO2 /m3 natural gas. The CO2 emission factor is based on a natural gas heat content of 39,305.5 BTU/m3 and a carbon content of approximately 0.013 g C/Btu. Reference scenario annual emissions are therefore estimated as 309,540 t CO2 (= 165,000,000 m3 natural gas * 1.876 kg CO2/m3 * 10-3 t/kg).

It is assumed that natural gas consumption at the 28 sub-stations remains constant throughout the life of the project.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Project Scenario

The project scenario emission estimates are based on the assumption that the controls improvements installed under the project will reduce fuel use by 17 percent at each of the 28 sub-stations. The projected reduction was developed via the TRNSYS-based model, using empirical data from district heating networks in Prague, Czech Republic, which closely represent the heating network design found in Zelenograd.

The project scenario annual emissions were calculated in the same way as in the reference scenario, i.e., by multiplying annual natural gas consumption for the 28 sub-stations (83% of reference scenario consumption, or 137 * 106 m3) by an emission factor of 1.876 kg CO2 /m3 natural gas. Therefore, project scenario annual emissions are estimated as 257,012 t CO2 (= 137,000,000 m3 natural gas * 1.876 kg CO2/m3 * 10-3 t/kg).

It is assumed that natural gas consumption at the 28 sub-stations remains constant throughout the life of the project.

Description of Calculation Methodology for the Actual Project

This information is not yet available.

3. GHG emission/sequestration data

(a) Reporting of GHG emissions/sequestration

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(b) Additional information on GHG emissions/sequestration

Indirect or Secondary GHG Impacts (Positive and Negative)

This information is not yet available.

Factors That Could Cause the Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

Given the nature of this project, once GHG benefits are achieved they cannot subsequently be lost. However, there is some risk that inadequate maintenance or equipment failure could diminish the effectiveness of the energy efficiency improvements of the project over time, which would reduce the GHG emission reductions anticipated with the project.

Strategy for Reducing the Risk of Future Loss or Reversal of GHG Benefits

The Consortium for Integrated Resource Planning will train the district heating system managers in operations and maintenance, which should help ensure that projected emission reductions are not lost due to poor maintenance or problems associated with equipment failure.

F. Funding of the AIJ project

1. Identification of funding sources

(a) Funding sources for project development

This information is not yet available.

(b) Funding sources for project implementation

This information is not yet available.

2. Assessment of additional funding needs

Current or Planned Activities to Obtain Additional Funding

Currently, efforts are under way to identify additional funding sources. Within the context of what is acceptable under the pilot phase of JI, the CO2 emission reduction credits anticipated to accrue over the life of the project will be emphasized as part of the project value. Funding is being sought through the Edison Electric Institute’s International Utility Efficiency Partnerships (IUEP) program.

G. Contribution to capacity building and technology transfer

Contribution to Capacity Building and Technology Transfer

If adequate funds are available, a training center will be built in Zelenograd to facilitate technology transfer. The training center will expand the education of district heating system operators in the development and implementation of district heating system improvements, and the development of JI projects. In addition, since many of the heating networks throughout the Russian Federation are of a similar design, the possibility of implementing comparable projects in other cities is likely.

H. Recent developments, technical difficulties, and obstacles encountered

Recent Project Developments

This information is not yet available.

Technical Difficulties and Other Obstacles Encountered

This information is not yet available.

I. Additional information

Additional Information

None.

J. Annex

1. Host country acceptance of the AIJ project

Country/Project Title

Name, Title, and Government Agency of the Designated National Authority

Date of Approval (day/month/year)

Russian Federation/Zelenograd District Heating System Improvements

Interagency Commission of the Russian Federation on Climate Change Problems

27 November 1996

2. Letters of approval of this AIJ project report

See attached concurrence form.