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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY (AIJ)
 
UNIFORM REPORTING FORMAT:
ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY
UNDER THE PILOT PHASE

UNIFORM REPORTING FORMAT:

ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY UNDER THE PILOT PHASE

The uniform reporting format contained below is to be used in reporting on activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase. It is noted that the reporting should be consistent with decision 5/CP.1 and 8/CP.2 (reproduced in annexes I and II to this reporting format). The SBSTA notes that the uniform reporting format could possibly require revision in the light of experience gained and methodological work conducted under the pilot phase.

List of Projects

A. Description of project

A. 1) Title of project:

HORTICULTURAL PROJECT TYUMEN

A. 2) Participants/actors:

Please fill in one table for each participant/actor. For individuals fill in as from item"Function within activity".

Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization (a):

RITZA

Name of organisation (English):

Russian, Tyumen, Zavodoukovsk, Innovation of Agro-industrial companies

Department:

RITZA

Acronym:

RITZA

Acronym (English):

RITZA

Function within activity:

(standard classifiers to be developed)

Street:

Post code:

City:

Gilevo-Zavodoukovsk

Country:

Russian Federation

Telephone:

+7 34542 23664

Fax:

+7 34542 21666

E-mail:

WWW-URL:

Contact person (for this activity):

---------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Fokin

First name, middle name:

A. (Andrei)

Job title:

Manager greenhouse

Direct tel:

+7 34542 23664

Direct fax:

+7 34542 21666

Direct E-mail:

a) Organization includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organizations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.


Item

Please fill in if applicable

Name of organization (a):

V.E.K. Adviesgroep B.V.

Name of organisation (English):

V.E.K. Adviesgroep B.V.

Department:

Section Environmental Management

Acronym:

VEK/MZ

Acronym (English):

VEK/MZ

Function within activity:

(standard classifiers to be developed)

Street:

Maasdijk 86 (P.O. Box 57)

Post code:

2690 AB

City:

's-Gravenzande

Country:

The Netherlands

Telephone:

+ 31 174 417221

Fax:

+ 31 174 418066

E-mail:

vek@caiw.nl

WWW-URL:

WWW.VEK.NL

Contact person (for this activity):

---------------------------------------------------

Surname:

Raaymakers

First name, middle name:

L.J.M.

Job title:

Head of Section Environmental Management

Direct tel:

+ 31 174 417221

Direct fax:

+ 31 174 418066

Direct E-mail:

vek@caiw.nl

a) Organization includes: institutions, ministries, companies, non-governmental organizations, etc. involved in the activity, i.e. research institutes associated with the project, auditors, government agency closely following the activity.

A. 3) Activity:

Item

Please fill in if applicable

General description:

Energy efficiency improvement greenhouse production of vegetables

(see also below)

Type of projecta):

Energy efficiency, agriculture

Location (exact e.g.: city, region, state):

Zavodoukovsk district, South Tyumen region, Tyumen Oblast

Activity starting date:

November 1994

Expected activity ending date:

March 1998

Stage of projectb):

In progress

Lifetime of activity if different from ending datec):

Closing date greenhouse

Technical datad):

Modern greenhouse complex with a surface of over 1 ha, including the necessary equipment and working rooms

a) For example, using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) classification: energy efficiency; renewable energy; fuel switching; forest preservation, restoration or reforestation; afforestation; fugitive gas capture; industrial processes; solvents; agriculture; waste disposal or bunker fuels.

b) Circle the appropriate option.

c) Methodological work will be required to define lifetime of activities.

d) Methodological work will be required to determine for each type of activity what the minimum data requirements are.

Additional project information

The production of vegetables, such as tomatoes, in greenhouses requires a lot of energy, causing CO2 emissions. In general this CO2 emission is due to heating (91%), electricity (5%) an to equipment and input materials (4%). In the Netherlands the CO2 emission is calculated at 101 kg CO2/m2 and 2.1 kg/kg tomatoes. The yield of tomatoes in the Netherlands is 49.2 kg/m2 and the use of gas 51.7 m3/m2. In Russia the CO2 emission is estimated at 300-700 kg/m2 and 20-47 kg/kg tomatoes. The yield of tomatoes in Russia is estimated at 10 kg/m2.

Objectives of this project are a reduction of the CO2 emission by:

- using a modern heating installation (efficiency 90%) and/or a cogeneration unit

- on-farm heat production (no transport loss)

- low heat losses by modern greenhouse structures and use of energy saving technology

- computer controlled heat production based on actual demand

- high yields by modern production techniques and crop management (high energy efficiency per kg product).

A. 4) Cost (to the extent possible):

Item

Year 1

Year 1

...

Year Xc)

Cost of the project in US$a):

3.225.806 (total investment)

AIJ component in US$b):

I 322.500 costs

II 64.500 costs

III 5.500 profit

I 322.500 costs

II 64.500 costs

III 95.161 profit

I 322.500 costs

II 64.500 costs

III 235.600 profit

US$ per avoided ton of CO2 equivalentb):

I 68.56 costs

II 13.71 costs

III 1.17 profit

I 56.64 costs

II 11.33 costs

III 16.71 profit

I 38.40 costs

II 7.68 costs

III 28.05 profit

Describe briefly how costs are determined:

a) The cost of the project are the costs of RITZA and the cost of the Dutch side. The cost of RITZA are the costs for the building site, oil storage tank, concrete and 65% of the labour. These costs are not exactly know. The costs of the Dutch side is US$ 3.225.806. The costs of the JI simulation study is not included. Total cost year 1 till year 3 is US$ 161.000 including monitoring equipment costs, annual monitoring costs, costs for workshops.

b) For this project there are three different ways to calculate the AIJ component and the costs per avoided ton of CO2 equivalent:

I Costs on total investment: the total investment for the greenhouse complex on the Dutch side is approx. US$ 3.225.806. With a depreciation of 10% per year and an greenhouse area of 10.000 m2, the annual costs of the investment are US$ 32,25 per m2;

II Cost on high energy efficiency investment: of the total investment costs, only about 20% is needed for extra investment in high efficiency equipment.

III Profit: costs -/- proceeds.

Calculations are made with assumption that operational costs (plants, labour, fertilizer, crop protection, energy, etc.) and proceeds are stabile.

c) An extra CO2 reduction by using a Total Energy Unit and or by extending the greenhouse complex (lower costs per m2) is not included in the calculation.

A. 5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures:

Describe the procedures, including name of organizations involved):

RITZA - collects in co-operation with VEK the data for the baseline calculation

- collects the necessary data directly from metering/monitoring equipment/registration and climate computer and sends them to VEK

- has obligation to realize the highest yield in tomato production as possible with the lowest energy consumption

- organize and contribute to workshops

VEK - calculating the baseline

- setting up the monitoring system

- technical assistance in placing the monitoring system

- calculate the CO2 emission reduction and cost effectiveness

- carry out crop consultancy

- report to the government

- organize and contribute to workshops

a) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organizations mentioned is reported under

section A.2 above.

B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement

Bearing in mind that all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities, which shall be shown as follows:

(a) In the case of joint reporting, the report is submitted by the designated national authority of one participating Party with the concurrence of all other participating Parties as evidenced by attached letters issued by the relevant national authorities;

(b) In the case of separate reporting, the reports are submitted separately by the designated national authority of each and every participating Party. Information will only be compiled once reports have been received from all participating Parties.

B. 1) For the activity:

* First report and joint reporting: please add copies of letters of endorsement by each designated national authority of Parties involved in the activity.

* Subsequent reports:_

Activity was:

_ suspended

_ terminated earlier

Describe:

B. 2) This report is a joint report:
_ Yes, forward copy of agreement/endorsement by the designated national authorities involved

_ No

B. 3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:

C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socio-economic and environment priorities and strategies

Describe (to the extent possible) how the activity is compatible with and supportive of national economic development and socio-economic and environment priorities and strategies

The project:

· contributes tot the Russian energy and environmental policies by using the most modern cultivation technology for food production, which means a clean production with the use of biological control in the greenhouses and by means of using techniques which as much as possible prevent the pollution of the environment or a superfluous use of energy;

· is a fully self-employed food production project;

· has a demonstration effect on the region;

· is creating a spin-off effect by means of the involvement of private organizations and energy producers in the region.

D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item

Please fill in

Describe environmental benefits in detail:

Less air pollution

Less water pollution

Less soil pollution

Less use of energy/better energy efficiency

Less use of chemicals for crop protection

Less use of fertilizers

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental benefits:

Yes, CO2-emission, energy use/energy efficiency

No, emission of other greenhouse gases/other air pollutants, water pollution, soil pollution, use of chemicals and fertilizers. Quantitative date could be collected but are not available now.

Describe social/cultural benefits in detail:

better and safer working circumstances

employment

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social benefits:

No, could be collected but are not available now

Describe economic benefits in detail:

Lower production costs by higher production level

Higher prices by better product quality

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic benefits:

Yes

E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities

E. 1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):

Description of the baseline or reference scenario, including methodologies applied:

The baseline is based on the technical equipment of the Agrofirma Prigrodnaya nursery in Tyumen, which consists of two parts of 5 and 6 ha respectively. The greenhouses are of the single-span type. The single-span greenhouses (width 12 m) are not connected to each other, resulting in an extra surface of glas of 30% compared to multi-span greenhouses. The public power plant of Tyumen delivers heat and electricity. In the power plant steam is generated in gas fired boilers. The steam is used for electricity production and the waste heat is used for heating the greenhouses. When more heat is needed, the generated steam is used directly for heating the greenhouses. This gives a reduction of the electrical efficiency. In the present situation tomatoes and cucumbers are cultivated in the nursery. Because of sub-optimal growth circumstances, the yield of tomatoes is approximately 10 kg/m2.

Because in Russia there are different means of generating heat and power for greenhouses 5 baseline calculations are made:

I the greenhouse is heated by a nearby power plant. The power plant generates heat and power (electricity) in a co-generation installation. Overall efficiency 55%. The fuel is natural gas.

II the same as calculation I, but there is also energy used for desinfecting the soil.

III the same as calculation II, but with oil as fuel.

IV the greenhouse is heated with a nearby heating plant without co-generating. The fuel is natural gas. The electricity is generated by an gas fired power plant.

V the same as calculation IV, but with oil as fuel.

Because a life-cycle-analyses (LCA) of tomato production in greenhouses in the Netherlands situation shows that 99% of the greenhouse effect is caused by CO2, only calculations are made for the emission of CO2. The LCA also shows that the emission of greenhouse gases is for 91% due to heating of the greenhouse complex, for 5% the consequence of the use of electricity generated in a power plant and 4% is caused by the production of equipment and production of means (glass, steel, fertilizer, rockwool) and winning of raw materials. So in the calculations is only the CO2 emission due to heating and the use of electricity included.

The total CO2 emission per m2 per year and the total CO2 emission per kg product per year is calculated for the different baseline calculations as follows:

I 293 kg/m2 resp. 29.3 kg/kg

II 314 kg/m2 resp. 31.4 kg/kg

III 404 kg/m2 resp. 40.4 kg/kg

IV 505 kg/m2 resp. 50.5 kg/kg

V 696 kg/m2 resp. 69.9 kg/kg

The production level is 10 kg/m2. Baseline calculation I is used for calculating the CO2 reduction.


E. 2) Estimated emissions with the activity:

Description of the scenario, including methodologies applied:

Calculations are based on a nursery with the following dimensions and technical equipment:

- surface greenhouse complex 10,000 m2; surface shipping building and technical room 500 m2 each

- heating: boiler capacity 2 x 3,500 kW; capacity heating installation 410 W/m2

- fuel used: natural gas

Emission reduction is achieved by the following aspects:

- high efficiency conversion of fuels intor heating by modern boiling installation

- by production of heat on-site no energy loss due to transport

- by use of modern greenhouses less losses and heating of greenhouses costs less energy oper surface unit

- by computer controlled boilor and climate regulator better tuning between heat delivered and demand for heating

- by other cultivation methods (among others substrate cultivation) higher kilogramme yield per cultivation surface

Calculation

Production of tomatoes 24 kg/m2

Energy needed for heating greenhouse 3,350 MJ/m2

Use of gas for steaming rockwool 0.1 m3/m2

Electricity use 182 MJ/m3

Efficiency heating generation 95% (0% transport loss)

Efficiency electricity generation 35% (5% transport loss)

Results

Emission CO2 by heating 197.4 kg/m2

Emission by steaming rockwool 0.21 kg/m2

Emission by electricity generation 34.1 kg/m2

The RITZA ex-ante calculation is 232 kg CO2 emission per m2 per year resp. 9.7 kg CO2 emission per kg tomatoes per year. Production is estimated at 24 kg/m2/year.

Fill in the following tables as applicable:

E.2.1) Summary table: Projected emission reduction s: (kg CO2 per kg production per m2 per year)

GHG

Year 1

Year 2

...

Year X

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2

29.3

29.3

==>

29.3

CH4

-

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

-

other

-

-

-

-

B) Project activity scenarioa)

CO2

9.7

9.7

==>

6.6

CH4

-

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

-

other

-

-

-

-

C) Effect (B-A)

CO2

19.6

19.6

==>

22.7

CH4

-

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

-

other

-

-

-

-

D) Cumulative effect

CO2

19.6

39.2

==>

315

CH4

-

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

-

other

-

-

-

-

a) including indirect GHG leakage.

E.2.2) Summary table: Actual emission reductions : (kg CO2 per kg production per m2 per year)

GHG

Year 1

Year 2

...

Year X

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2

29.3

==>

CH4

-

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

-

other

-

-

-

-

B) Project activity scenario

CO2

9.8

==>

CH4

-

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

-

other

-

-

-

-

C) Effect (B-A)

CO2

19.5

==>

CH4

-

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

-

other

-

-

-

-

D) Cumulative effecta)

CO2

19.5

==>

CH4

-

-

-

-

N2O

-

-

-

-

other

-

-

-

-

a) including indirect GHG leakage.



F. Bearing in mind that the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows , please indicate

Source of project funding

including pre-feasibility phase

(For each source one line)

Amount

(US dollars)

Dutch Bilateral Support Programme PSO

3.225.806

Dutch JI Fund

161.000

RITZA

in-kind

G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties

Describe briefly the transfer of environmentally sound technology and know-how including where appropriate the type of technology, terms, education, capacity building etc.

Technology transfer from the Netherlands:

- Greenhouse technology, including greenhouse, heating and watering installation, cultivation system, technical equipment to produce tomatoes, seeds, fertilizers and selective pesticides and biological pest management.

Cultivation and technology know-how:

- One year know-how transfer by instructing workers in using installations and cultivating tomatoes by a Dutch manager on site

- Frequent visits of a crop consultant to consult on watering, fertilization, pest management, crop planning, labour management, etc.

Enhancement of endogenous capacity:

- New production site for RITZA to grow vegetables.

H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered

Fill in as appropriate:

H. 1) Any practical experience gained:

H. 2) Technical difficulties:

H. 3) Negative impacts and/or effects encountered:

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item

Please fill in

Describe environmental negative impacts/effects in detail:

Not encountered/anticipated

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental negative impacts/effects?

No

Describe social/cultural negative impacts/effects in detail:

Not encountered/anticipated

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social negative impacts/effects?

No

Describe economic negative impacts/effects in detail:

Not encountered/anticipated

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic negative impacts/effects?

No

H. 4) Other obstacles encountered:

H. 5) Other:

· The question which baseline is the right baseline;

· There is no definition of JI costs. Through that there are differences between projects in allocating costs as JI costs.

· Different ways to calculate the costs per ton CO2 reduction: costs on total investment, cost on energy efficiency investment, costs on profit.