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ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY (AIJ)


 
UNIFORM REPORTING FORMAT:
ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY
UNDER THE PILOT PHASE

UNIFORM REPORTING FORMAT:

ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY UNDER THE PILOT PHASE

The uniform reporting format contained below is to be used in reporting on activities implemented jointly under the pilot phase. It is noted that the reporting should be consistent with decision 5/CP.1 and 8/CP.2 (reproduced in annexes I and II to this reporting format). The SBSTA notes that the uniform reporting format could possibly require revision in the light of experience gained and methodological work conducted under the pilot phase.

List of Projects

A. Description of project

A. 1) Title of project:

FOREST REHABILITATION IN KRKONOSE AND SUMAVA NATIONAL PARKS

A. 2) Participants/actors:

Please fill in one table for each participant/actor. For individuals fill in as from item AFunction within activity".

name of organization:

Krkonose Narodni Parku

name of organization (English)

Krkonose National Park

department

Head Office of Forest Management

acronym

KRNAP

acronym (English)

KRNAP

function within activity

contract partner

street

Dobrovského 3

post code

54301

city

Vrchlabi

country

Czech Republic

telephone

+420 438 285 422

fax

id

e-mail

jhtebacka@krnap.cz

WWW-URL

www.krnap.cz

contact person

Mr. O. Labek

surname

Labek

first name, middle name

Oldrich

job title

director

direct tel

+420 438 285 411

direct fax

+420 438 23 095

direct e-mail

hpasekova@krnap.cz

name of organization:

Sprava Narodniho Parku a Chranene Krajinne Oblasti Sumava

name of organization (English)

Sumava National Park

department

Head Office of Forest Management

acronym

SNP

acronym (English)

SNP

function within activity

contract partner

street

post code

385 01

city

Vimperk

country

Czech Republic

telephone

+420 339 23000

fax

+420 339 23019

e-mail

vimperk@npsumava.cz

WWW-URL

contact person

Mr. Ing. Ivan Zlabek

surname

Zlabek

first name, middle name

Ivan

job title

director

direct tel

+420 339 21221

direct fax

+420 339 23 019

direct e-mail

vimperk@npsumava.cz

name of organization:

Stichting Face

name of organization (English)

Face Foundation (Forest Absorbing carbon dioxide Emmission)

department

acronym

Face

acronym (English)

Face

function within activity

funding partner

street

Utrechtseweg 310

post code

Postbus 575, NL-6800 AN

city

Arnhem

country

The Netherlands

telephone

+31 26 372 1631

fax

+31 26 372 1613

e-mail

face@facefoundation.nl

WWW-URL

http:www.facefoundation.nl

contact person

Mr ir J.A. Verweij

surname

Verweij

first name, middle name

Hans

job title

director

direct tel

id

direct fax

id

direct e-mail

hans@facefoundation.nl

name of organization:

N.V. Samenwerkende Electriciteitsproductiebedrijven

name of organization (English)

Dutch Electricity Generating Board

department

acronym

N.V. Sep

acronym (English)

N.V. Sep

function within activity

funding partner

street

Utrechtseweg 310

post code

P.O Box 575

city

NL- 6800 AN Arnhem

country

The Netherlands

telephone

+31 26 372 14 25

fax

+31 26 443 08 58

e-mail

StibbeWAS@sep.nl

WWW-URL

contact person

surname

Van Loon

first name, middle name

Maus

job title

director

direct tel

+31 26 372 13 04

direct fax

+31 26 443 08 58

direct e-mail

A. 3) Activity:

Item

Please fill in if applicable

General description:

see text below

Type of project:a)

Forest restoration

Location (exact, e.g. city, region,

state):

Krkonose National Park

Sumava National Park

Activity starting date:

07-10-1992

Expected activity ending date:

2008

Stage of activity:b)

In progress

Lifetime of activity if different from ending date:c)

99 years

Technical data:d)

Forest restoration of 9,000 ha in Krkonose and 5,000 ha in Sumava

The project time of 15 years is divided in contracts of 3 years each

a) For example, using Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) classification: energy efficiency; renewable energy; fuel switching; forest preservation, restoration or reforestation; afforestation; fugitive gas capture; industrial processes; solvents; agriculture; waste disposal or bunker fuels.

b) Circle the appropriate option.

c) Methodological work will be required to define lifetime of activities.

d) Methodological work will be required to determine for each type of activity what the minimum data requirements are.

General description Krkonose:

Area to which Face wishes to contribute: 9,000 ha

Goal for period 1992­1997: 3,855 ha

Area planted as at 31­12­96: 2,700 ha

The Giant Mountains (Krkonose) lie in the centre of the so-called Black Tringle. The great increase in acidifying deposits in the period 1950 to 1990 resulted in large scale death or morbidity of trees in this area on the borders of the Czech Republic, Poland and the former DDR. The restoration of Krkonose National Park in the Giant Mountains commenced back in 1992. The first phase of that project has been completed and 1,352 ha of forest have been restored by planting mainly Norway spruce, beech and elderberry. In the second contract term of the reforestation project in Krkonose the initial recommendations resulting from the research carried out by the Department of Physical Geography of the University of Amsterdam, and the Opoçno Forestry Research Station have been implemented. It has been concluded (partly on the basis of these results) that several locations will recover spontaneously in the next few years. The condition of several other areas is such, however, that it is doubtful whether new plantings will succeed. The areas in these two categories have therefore been removed from the envisaged project area.

General description Sumava:

Area to which Face wishes to contribute: 5,000 ha

Goal for period 1995­1997: 1,200 ha

Area planted as at 31­12­96: 818 ha

The restoration of the Sumava National Park was started in 1995 in accordance with the agreements made with Czech Ministry for the Environment. The reduction of the area to be planted in the Giant Mountains is entirely compensated for by the restoration of the Bohemian forest (Sumava). The Sumava National Park lies on the border between the Czech Republic and the German federal state of Bavaria. It is 69,000 ha in area (including its border zones), of which 55,000 ha of forest lies in a protected area. Together with the Bavarian Forest across the border, this protected area, which is also known as the Bohemian Forest, is 82,100 ha in extent. Reforestation with monocultures in the last century and the increase in air pollution have resulted in the vitality of large areas of forest declining dramatically. Further research has shown that this deterioration is partly attributable to the planting of non­adapted species. These adult trees are not optimally suited to the conditions of this low mountain range, making them an easy prey for bark beetles such as the spruce bark beetle. The managers of the National Park are now selecting seeds for the new planting material from the remaining original trees. In total, 5,000 ha need to be restored. In the current three­year phase Face will provide financial support for the reforestation of 1,200 ha in Sumava.

A. 4) Cost (to the extent possible):

Item

Year 1

Year 2

...

Year X

Cost of the project in US$:

see separate table

AIJ component in US$:

US$ per avoided ton of CO2 equivalent:

Describe briefly how costs are determined:

Face buys the capacity of the forest to sequester CO2 and also the CO2 sequestered by the forest system. Since these products can only be delivered after a very long period, Face contracts run for 99 years. The forest owner must guarantee to maintain the forest's capacity to sequester CO2 during this period. The contract partner retains ownership and usufruct of the land and of the forest and its products. The actual afforestation always takes three years. A new contract is agreed for each new phase of the afforestation. The body responsible for the afforestation draws up a plan of operation for this, and Face provides funds after approving the planted area. In each subsequent phase Face's contribution is established on the basis of the new plan of operation. The forested areas are managed in accordance with a management plan that has been approved by Face. This plan becomes a contract document after the afforestation period (which always lasts three years). The management plan contains detailed information about the forest management during the 99 years covered by the contract, but may be revised every ten years.

Face classes as costs both its administrative expenses and its financial contributions to the forestation projects (i.e. the hectare price). Face partially funds the planting of forests and their maintenance for the first three years thereafter. Face thereby pays a price for the CO2 sequestration that the rehabilitated forest achieves during its long growing period. This is called the hectare price. The costs incurred by the contract partner, including the latter's contributions to the reafforestation are not counted as part of the costs of CO2 sequestration. The owner has an other independent, commercial interest in the forest, matched by earnings from its management. The office costs includes the costs of preparation, identification, development-monitoring and other information systems, monitoring, project supervision and overheads. Project costs include the actual project costs (the hectare price) and the costs of ancillary research.

For the projects in Czech Republic the contribution of Face comes about 80% of the total costs.

Czech Republic

year

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

Costs (in 1000 US$)

project

888

1733

2000

2210

2461

2026

1842

1842

1842

overhead Face

291

202

207

217

189

176

167

167

175

total

1.180

1.936

2.207

2.427

2.650

2.203

2.009

2.009

2.018

cumulative costs

1.180

3.115

5.323

7.750

10.400

12.603

14.611

16.620

18.638

AIJ component 80%

cost per sequestered ton CO2

3,22

5,15

3,46

3,19

3,72

2,84

2,84

2,85

cumulative cost per ton CO2

5,18

5,17

4,48

4,06

4,00

3,78

3,64

3,53

Czech Republic

year

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Costs (in 1000 US$)

project

1842

1842

1842

1842

1842

1842

802

overhead Face

175

175

193

202

202

202

211

total

2.018

2.018

2.035

2.044

2.044

2.044

1.012

cumulative costs

20.655

22.673

24.708

26.752

28.795

30.839

31.851

AIJ component 80%

cost per sequestered ton CO2

2,85

2,85

2,87

2,89

2,89

2,89

3,29

cumulative cost per ton CO2

3,45

3,39

3,34

3,30

3,27

3,24

3,24

A. 5) Mutually agreed assessment procedures:

Describe the procedures, including name of organizations involved):

see below

a) Please ensure that detailed contact information for all organizations mentioned is reported under

section A.2 above.

PROJECT MONITORING

Face has developed a monitoring system to supervise the realization of the contract as well as determining and monitoring the amount of carbon sequestrated.

There are two stages to contract implementation:

Ä 0Ä3 years. Planting and initial management

Ä 3Ä96 years. Management aimed at maintenance

In accordance with the contract every project partner will submit a detailed account of planned and executed activities. During the planting stage (0Ä3 years), the partner will submit a biannual account of the activities carried out, in a quantitative, qualitative and financial sense. The financial inspections carried out by or on behalf of Face serve among other things to guarantee that the financial contributions made by Face are supplementary and hence necessary.

Face employees visit project areas at least once a year for inspection and to discuss progress. Fixed inspections take place at the end of the planting stage (i.e. at contract end). Face is advised and supported in this by external forestry and financial experts.

Under the contract, Face employees have the authority to visit project areas announced or unannounced, and may expect full cooperation from the contract partners at all times.

As a third inspection tool, Face has satellite images of the project areas at its disposal. Due to the scale of the projects and their remote locations, this is the only opportunity to survey the forest presence and the development of these ecosystems. The development of the vegetation can be traced by comparing satellite images taken at regular intervals. Poor growth or any felling can quickly be pinpointed and checked in the field. The satellite images are used to determine:

Ä differences in vegetation (pasture turns to forest)

Ä forest development (age, type, crown cover)

Ä carbon density (biomass)

The first satellite images are compared with ground truth, to ensure that subsequent satellite images are interpreted correctly. This initial comparison is also used to decide on the best interval between the satellite images. The forest canopy in the Krknose (Giant Mountains) in the Czech Republic closes 7 years after planting.

MONIS

On account of the large quantity of information and the need for methodical presentation of this information, Face commissioned the development of an computerized monitoring and information system (MONIS), a flexible, user-friendly system which has been tailormade for use by both Face and the various project partners. It includes an integral planning system, which allows project executors to develop and monitor their own plans, in both an organizational and a financial capacity. Face is then able to obtain uniformly formatted reports on the realization of these plans.

MONIS consists of a database and a geographical information system (GIS). The project implementers are responsible for inputting the data and for this will be linked electronically with Face's central database.

The database contains information on:

_ contract

_ management

_ field data

_ calculated amount of carbon

_ inspections

_ interpretation of satellite pictures

_ project planning

_ project realization

_ cost calculation

Digital images and maps are stored in the GIS, including:

Ä satellite images

Ä topical maps based on these images (vegetation, ground cover, etc.)

Ä reproduction of contract areas (compartments)

Ä other maps, where available (aerial, soil, geology, hydrology, land use)

A Cost Comparison Model (CCM) has been developed for checking and comparing project expenditure. It will be linked to MONIS.

B. Governmental acceptance, approval or endorsement

Bearing in mind that all activities implemented jointly under this pilot phase require prior acceptance, approval or endorsement by the Governments of the Parties participating in these activities, which shall be shown as follows:

(a) In the case of joint reporting, the report is submitted by the designated national authority of one participating Party with the concurrence of all other participating Parties as evidenced by attached letters issued by the relevant national authorities;

(b) In the case of separate reporting, the reports are submitted separately by the designated national authority of each and every participating Party. Information will only be compiled once reports have been received from all participating Parties.

B. 1) For the activity:

* First report and joint reporting: please add copies of letters of endorsement by each designated national authority of Parties involved in the activity.

* Subsequent reports:

Activity was:

o suspended

o terminated earlier

Describe:

B. 2) This report is a joint report:
o Yes, forward copy of agreement/endorsement by the designated national authorities involved

o No

B. 3) General short comment by the government(s) if applicable:

A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between the Czech Ministry of Environment and Face. A Letter of Intent between the Czech Minister of Environment and the Ducth Minister of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment is being prepared.

C. Compatibility with and supportiveness of national economic development and socio-economic and environment priorities and strategies

Describe (to the extent possible) how the activity is compatible with and supportive of national economic development and socio-economic and environment priorities and strategies

Both project areas are national parks. This means that the national policy of the Czech government is to protect and restore the (natural) ecosystems in the parks. Both national parks are regarded as biosphere reserves by the UNESCO.

The national parks attract a growing number of foreign tourists per year.

D. Benefits derived from the activities implemented jointly project

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item

Please fill in

Describe environmental benefits in detail:

-sequestration of CO2

-restoration of nature and natural values in an 'UNESCO global biodiversity reserve'

-stablizing the ecosystems, therefore less pests

-increasing the waterretention capacity of the area

-protection and strengthening of the gene pool

-generating knowledge about the restoration of ecosystems

-generating knowledge about recovery after acid deposition

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental benefits?

Yes

Describe social/cultural benefits in detail:

-conservation of the landscape

-improving the variety and the attractiveness of the forest (no monocultures)

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social benefits?

Yes

Describe economic benefits in detail:

-the project offers work for 140 people for 7-8 months a year

-tourism is an important source of income for the area. The die-back of the forests would eventually lead to a less appreciated landscape and less visitors. Through durable restoration of the forests this source of income is secured

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic benefits?

Yes

E. Calculation of the contribution of activities implemented jointly projects that bring about real, measurable and long-term environmental benefits related to the mitigation of climate change that would not have occurred in the absence of such activities

E. 1) Estimated emissions without the activity (project baseline):

Description of the baseline or reference scenario, including methodologies applied:

CALCULATION OF CARBON SEQUESTRATION

The dynamic computation model CO2FIX forming part of MONIS is used to determine the quantity of carbon sequestrated by a forest ecosystem. CO2FIX has been developed in 1993 by the IBN-DLO, the Dutch Institute for Forestry and Nature Research. The model calculates the build-up of the carbon store on the basis of 14 parameters about the forest ecosystem (speed of growth, conversion of deadwood, humus accumulation, etc.).

A study to the carbon fixation in 16 different types of forest throughout the world has been doen by the IBN-DLO under commission of Face. The report on this subject entitled "Carbon fixation through forestation activities" (G.J. Nabuurs & G.M.J. Mohren, 1993, IBN-DLO Research Report 93/4, IBN-DLO, Wageningen, The Netherlands - ISSN: 0928-6896) has been reviewed and approved by international experts. The study shows that the amount of carbon sequestrated in a mature forest ecosystem varies from less than 200 tonnes to more than 500 tonnes per hectare, according to the type of forest.

The growth curve of a forest follows an S shape. During the first years the increase in stored carbon is minimal or even negative due to the release of carbon dioxide through plant activity and the decomposition of organic matter. The accumulation of biomass ensues. The mature stage is characterized by a decrease in growth. When the amount of carbon stored is equal to the amount released from the decomposition of old plant matter, the ecosystem is fully developed. There are a few ecosystems where the build-up of the carbon deposits in the soil continues after the maturity age. This signifies that in most of the forests where Face is active, carbon stores will have reached maximum levels after approximately 60 years.

The amount of carbon for which crediting can be obtained is the amount additionally sequestrated on the contract area. This is the maximum amount present in the projects financed by Face (scenario projects) minus the amount which would have been sequestrated or present without forest plantation (baseline scenario).

Cad = Ctot Ä Cba

where

Cad = the additional amount of carbon

Ctot = the total amount of carbon

Cba = the baseline amount of carbon

The CO2FIX model calculates the amount of carbon sequestrated in forest ecosystems. Additional methods will therefore be used in the definition of the baseline: literary research, field surveys and remote-sensing techniques.

Baseline

The baseline is the development of the forests given unchanged management. The died-back forests were monocultures of Norway spruce of a wide variety of origins. Research conducted by the University of Amsterdam into the ecology of the forests in the Giant Mountains reveals that in the event of unchanged management the die-back of the forests would continue unabated, leaving only grass vegetation with a sporadic chance of isolated tree growth. The carbon content of such vegetation has been determined at 153 tonnes/ha.

E. 2) Estimated emissions with the activity:

Description of the scenario, including methodologies applied:

Project scenario

Under the project scenario the forest vegetation recovers and the ecosystem contains 346 tonnes of carbon per hectare. From the point of clear-felling it would take 120 years to build up to this level. In many parts of the project area, however, the carbon stores could be built up more rapidly as it would not be a matter of starting from clear-felling.

Additional

An amount of 193 tonnes of carbon would be sequestrated additionally per hectare in 120 years, equal to 708 tonnes of CO2 per hectare.

Fill in the following tables as applicable:

E.2.1) Summary table: Projected emission reduction s:

GHG

Year 1

Year 2

...

Year X

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2

see separate table on next pages

B) Project activity scenarioa)

CO2

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2

D) Cumulative effect

CO2

a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.

E.2.2) Summary table: Actual emission reductions :

GHG

Year 1

Year 2

...

Year X

A) Project baseline scenario

CO2

see separate table on next pages

B) Project activity dataa)

CO2

C) Effect ( B-A )

CO2

D) Cumulative effect

CO2

a) Includes indirect GHG leakages.

Czech Republic

year

norm

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

Sequestration (1000 ton CO2)

projected

number of ha planted

750

750

1000

1000

837

1.000

1.000

1.000

project scenario

1270

952500

952500

1270000

1270000

1062990

1270000

1270000

1270000

baseline scenario

562

421500

421500

562000

562000

470394

562000

562000

562000

additional

708

531000

531000

708000

708000

592596

708000

708000

708000

cumulative effect

531000

1132800

1738140

2439768

3154140

3862140

4570140

5278140

actual

number of ha planted

850

605

991

1.172

project scenario

1270

1079500

768350

1258570

1488440

baseline scenario

562

477700

340010

556942

658664

additional

708

601800

428340

701628

829776

cumulative additional

601800

1030140

1731768

2561544

Czech Republic

year

norm

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

total ha

Sequestration (1000 ton CO2)

projected

number of ha planted

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

435

10.272

project scenario

1270

1270000

1270000

1270000

1270000

1270000

1270000

552450

baseline scenario

562

562000

562000

562000

562000

562000

562000

244470

additional

708

708000

708000

708000

708000

708000

708000

307980

cumulative additional

5986140

6694140

7402140

8110140

8818140

9526140

9834120

actual

number of ha planted

3618

project scenario

1270

baseline scenario

562

additional

708

cumulative addtional

F. Bearing in mind that the financing of activities implemented jointly shall be additional to financial obligations of Parties included in Annex II to the Convention within the framework of the financial mechanism as well as to current official development assistance flows , please indicate

Source of project funding

including pre-feasibility phase

(For each source one line)

Amount

(US dollars)

N.V. Sep (period: 1992-1996)

10,400,000

N.V. Sep (period: 1997-2007)

21,451,000


G. Contribution to capacity building, transfer of environmentally sound technologies and know-how to other Parties, particularly developing country Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of the Convention. In this process, the developed country Parties shall support the development and enhancement of endogenous capacities and technologies of developing country Parties

Describe briefly the transfer of environmenally sound technology and know-how including where appropriate the type of technology, terms, education, capactity building etc.

A scientific research project 'Restoration of Forest Ecosystems in the National Park Krkonose' was set up and financed by Face Foundation. Under the project extensive research has been carried out to the ecology of the forests and the impact of the acidifying emmissions. This research has been carried out by the University of Amsterdam in collaboration with the forestry research institute of Opocno and several other institutes and local companies.

Currently the research is in its second phase. Final reports are expected August 1997.

Part of the research involves the development and implementation of GIS-databases and tools.

publications:

-Spatial variation in acidification in beech stands and in spruce stands in the Krkonose Mountains, 1993, J. Conoinck and S. Rumahloine, Prof.H.C. van Hall Institute, Groningen

The MONIS system, the advanced monitoring tool developed for Face is implemented at the projects as well.

Next to this a research to the indogenous population of spruce and the development of methods to distinguish the different provenances of spruce by means of phenotypic and genotypic (terpenes, amino acid composition) is funded.

H. Additional comments, if any, including any practical experience gained or technical difficulties, effects, impacts or other obstacles encountered

Fill in as appropriate:

H. 1) Any practical experience gained:

H. 2) Technical difficulties:

H. 3) negative impacts and/or effects encountered:

Whenever possible, quantitative information should be provided. Failing that, a qualitative description should be given. If quantitative information becomes available, it could be submitted using the update(s). (If the amount of quantative information is too large, the source could be indicated.)

Item

Please fill in

Describe environmental negative impacts/effects in detail:

None

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of environmental negative impacts/effects?

Not applicable

Describe social/cultural negative impacts/effects in detail:

None

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of social negative impacts/effects?

Not applicable

Describe economic negative impacts/effects in detail:

None

Do quantitative data exist for evaluation of economic negative impacts/effects?

Not applicable

H. 4) Other obstacles encountered:

H. 5) Other:


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