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Information on Data Sources


The GHG data displayed on the UNFCCC website are data from official submissions of GHG emissions/removals data by countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention. The original version of the data as submitted by Parties are available on the UNFCCC website at the following links:

  • For Annex I Parties, the latest submissions of GHG data can be found here;
  • For Annex I Parties, the source of the GHG projection's data can be found here;
  • For non-Annex I Parties, the usual source of GHG data is the national communication; the list of submitted communications can be found here;
  • Some non-Annex I Parties have also made separate GHG data submissions to the UNFCCC secretariat; such submissions are available here.

The UNFCCC data interface also contains data on population and gross domestic product (GDP). These data are displayed on the GHG data interface with kind permission of the United Nations and the World Bank, which are the primary sources of these data. They have certain policies in place concerning the use of their data and these organizations must be consulted before downloading population and GDP data for further use. In addition, data on country area is also provided on the interface.

  • For population data, the source is the UNSD Demographic Statistics accessible through the Common Database of the United Nations.
  • For GDP (at market prices, constant 2005 US$) data, the primary source is the World Bank.
  • For country area data, the sources is the Statistical Database of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

Sources and availability of GHG data for Annex I Parties

Party Data source(s) Data availability by year
Australia GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.1
1990-2012
Austria GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.4
1990-2012
Belarus GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.2
1990-2012
Belgium GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.5
1990-2012
Bulgaria GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.3
1988 (base year), 1989-2012
Canada GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.1
1990-2012
Croatia GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 2.1
1990-2012
Cyprus GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.6
1990-2012
Czech Republic GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.4
1990-2012
Denmark GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.1
1990-2012
Estonia GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.5
1990-2012
European Union (15) GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.2
1990-2012
European Union (28) GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.3
1990-2012
Finland GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.5
1990-2012
France GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 2.1
1990-2012
Germany GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.1
1990-2012
Greece GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 2.1
1990-2012
Hungary GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 2.1
1985-87 (base year), 1985-2012
Iceland GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.1
1990-2012
Ireland GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.4
1990-2012
Italy GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.3
1990-2012
Japan GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.1
1990-2012
Latvia GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 2.1
1990-2012
Liechtenstein GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.1
1990-2012
Lithuania GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.3
1990-2012
Luxembourg GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.4
1990-2012
Malta GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.4
1990-2012
Monaco GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 3.1
1990-2012
Netherlands GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.3
1990-2012
New Zealand GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.2
1990-2012
Norway GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.1
1990-2012
Poland GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 2.1
1988 (base year), 1989-2012
Portugal GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.3
1990-2012
Romania GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.4
1989 (base year), 1990-2012
Russian Federation GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 2.1
1990-2012
Slovakia GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.3
1990-2012
Slovenia GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.3
1986 (base year), 1987-2012
Spain GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.8
1990-2012
Sweden GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.2
1990-2012
Switzerland GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 2.3
1990-2012
Turkey GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.1
1990-2012
Ukraine GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.1
1990-2012
United Kingdom GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.3
1990-2012
United States GHG inventory submission of 2014,
version 1.1
1990-2012

Note: Data availability for CO2, CH4, N2O is meant in this table; data availability for HFCs, PFCs and SF6 varies considerably from Party to Party.

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Sources and availability of GHG data for non-Annex I Parties

Party Data source Data availability by year a
Afghanistan NCI (2013) 2005
Albania NCI (2002) 1990-1994
Algeria NCI (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1994
2000
Andorra NCI not available yet
Angola NCI (2012) 2000, 2005
Antigua and Barbuda NCI (2001)
NC2 (2012)
1990
2000
Argentina NC2 (2008) 1990, 1994, 1997, 2000
Armenia NCI (1998)
NC2 (2010)
1990
1990, 2000, 2006
Azerbaijan NCI (2000) 1990-1994
Bahamas NCI (2001) 1990, 1994
Bahrain NCI (2005)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Bangladesh NCI (2002)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2001, 2005
Barbados NCI (2001) 1990, 1994, 1997
Belize NCI (2002) 1994
Benin NCI (2002)
NC2 (2012)
1995
2000
Bhutan NCI (2000)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) NCI (2000)
NC2 (2010)
1990, 1994, 1998, 2000
2002, 2004
Bosnia and Herzegovina NCI (2010)
NC2 (2013)
1990
1991-2001
Botswana NCI (2001)
NC2 (2013)
1994
2000
Brazil NC2 (2010) 1990-2005
Brunei Darussalam NCI not available yet
Burkina Faso NCI (2002) 1994
Burundi NCI (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1998
2005
Cambodia NCI (2002) 1994
Cameroon NCI (2005) 1994
Cape Verde NCI (2000)
NC2 (2012)
1995
2000
Central African Republic NCI (2003) 1994
Chad NCI (2001) 1993
Chile NCI (2000)
NC2 (2012)
1993, 1994
2000, 2006
China NCI (2004)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2005
Colombia NCI (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1990, 1994
2000, 2004
Comoros NCI (2003) 1994
Congo NCI (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1994
2000
Cook Islands NCI (1999) 1994
Costa Rica NCI (2000)
NC2 (2010)
1990, 1996
2000, 2005
Côte d'Ivoire NCI (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1994
2000
Cuba NCI (2001) 1990, 1994, 1996
Cyprus NCI not available yet
Democratic People's Republic of Korea NC2 (2013) 1990, 1994, 2000, 2002
Democratic Republic of the Congo NCI (2000)
NC2 (2010)
1994
1990-2003
Djibouti NCI (2002) 1994
Dominica NCI (2001)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000-2005
Dominican Republic NCI (2003)
NC2 (2010)
1990, 1994
1998, 2000
Ecuador NC2 (2012) 1990, 1994, 2000, 2006
Egypt NCI (1999)
NC2 (2010)
1990
2000
El Salvador NCI (2000)
NC2 (2013)
1994
2005
Equatorial Guinea NCI not available yet
Eritrea NC2 (2012) 1994-2000
Ethiopia NCI (2001) 1990-1995
Fiji NCI (2006)
NC2 (2014)
1994
2004
Gabon NCI (2004)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Gambia NCI (2003)
NC2 (2013)
1993
2000
Georgia NCI (1999)
NC2 (2010)
1990-1997
2000-2006
Ghana NC2 (2012) 1990-2006
Grenada NCI (2000) 1994
Guatemala NCI (2002) 1990
Guinea NCI (2002) 1994
Guinea-Bissau NCI (2005) 1994
Guyana NC2 (2012) 1990-2004
Haiti NC2 (2013) 1994-2000
Honduras NCI (2000)
NC2 (2000)
1995
2000
India NCI (2004)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Indonesia NCI (1999)
NC2 (2012)
1990-1994
2000
Iran (Islamic Republic of) NCI (2003)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Israel INV (2010)
INV (2012)
1996, 2000
2003-2010
Jamaica NCI (2000) 1994
Jordan NCI (1997)
NC2 (2010)
1994
2000
Kazakhstan INV (2013) 1990-2011
Kenya NCI (2002) 1994
Kiribati NCI (1999) 1994
Kuwait NCI (2012) 1994
Kyrgyzstan NC2 (2008) 1990-2005
Lao People's Democratic Republic NCI (2000)
NC2 (2013)
1990
2000
Lebanon NCI (1999)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Lesotho NCI (2000)
NC2 (2013)
1994
2000
Liberia NCI (2013) 2000
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya NCI not available yet
Madagascar NCI (2004)
NC2 (2010)
1994
2000
Malawi NCI (2003) 1990, 1994
Malaysia NCI (2000)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Maldives NCI (2001) 1994
Mali NCI (2000)
NC2 (2012)
1995
2000
Marshall Islands NCI (2000)

*

Mauritania NCI (2002)
NC2 (2008)
1995
2000
Mauritius NCI (1999)
NC2 (2012)
1995
2000-2006
Mexico INV (2007)
NC4 (2010)
1990, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002
2006
Micronesia (Federated States of) NCI (1997) 1994
Mongolia NCI (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1990-1998
2006
Montenegro NCI (2010) 1990, 2003
Morocco NCI (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1994
2000
Mozambique NCI (2006) 1990, 1994
Myanmar NCI (2012) 2000-2005
Namibia NCI (2002)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Nauru NCI (1999) 1994
Nepal NCI (2004) 1994
Nicaragua NCI (2001)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Niger NCI (2000)
NC2 (2010)
1990
2000
Nigeria NCI (2003) 1994
Niue NCI (2001) 1994
Oman NCI (2013) 1994
Pakistan NCI (2003) 1994
Palau NCI (2003) 1994–2000
Panama NCI (2001)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Papua New Guinea NCI (2002) 1994
Paraguay INV (2002)
INV (2002), NCI (2002)
NC2 (2011)
1990
1994
2000
Peru NCI (2001)
NC2 (2010)
1994
2000
Philippines NCI (2000) 1994
Qatar NCI (2012) 2007
Republic of Korea NCI (1998)
NC2 (2003)
1990
2001
Republic of Moldova NC3 (2014) 1990-2010
Rwanda NCI (2005)
NC2 (2012)
2002
2005
Saint Kitts and Nevis NCI (2001) 1994
Saint Lucia NCI (2001)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines NCI (2000) 1990, 1994, 1997
Samoa NCI (1999) 1994
San Marino NCI (2010) 2007
São Tomé and Príncipe NC2 (2012) 1998, 2005
Saudi Arabia NCI (2005)
NC2 (2012)
1990
2000
Senegal NC2 (2010) 2000
Serbia NCI (2010) 1990, 1998
Seychelles NCI (2000)
NC2 (2013)
1995
1995, 2000
Sierra Leone NCI (2007) 1990-1995b
Singapore NCI (2000)
NC2 (2010)
1994
2000
Solomon Islands NCI (2004) 1994
South Africa NCI (2003) 1990, 1994
South Sudan NCI not available yet
Sri Lanka NCI (2000)
NC2 (2012)
1993-1995
2000
Sudan NCI (2003)
NC2 (2013)
1995
2000
Suriname NCI (2006) 2003
Swaziland NCI (2002) 1994
Syrian Arab Republic NCI not available yet
Tajikistan NC2 (2008) 1990-2003
Thailand NCI (2000)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia NC2 (2010) 1990-2002
Timor-Leste NCI not available yet
Togo NCI (2001)
NC2 (2012)
1992-1998
2000
Tonga NCI (2005)
NC2 (2012)
1994
2000
Trinidad and Tobago NCI (2001) 1990
Tunisia NCI (2001) 1994
Turkmenistan NC2 (2010) 1994, 2000, 2004
Tuvalu NCI (1999) 1994
Uganda NCI (2002) 1994
United Arab Emirates NCI (2007)
NC2 (2010)
NC3 (2013)
1994
2000
2005
United Republic of Tanzania NCI (2003) 1990, 1994
Uruguay NC3 (2010) 1990, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004
Uzbekistan NC2 (2008) 1990-2005
Vanuatu NCI (1999) 1994
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) NCI (2005) 1999
Viet Nam NCI (2003)
NC2 (2010)
1994
2000
Yemen NCI (2001)
NC2 (2013)
1995
2000
Zambia NCI (2004) 1994
Zimbabwe NCI (1998)
NC2 (2013)
1994
2000

Note: NCI = initial national communication; NC2 = second national communication; NC3 = third national communication; NC4 = fourth national communication; INV = separate GHG inventory. The "–" symbol indicates that data are not available, because either the initial national communication is not yet available, or GHG data from the national communication have not yet been processed and included in the database, or the national communication does not contain GHG data.
a Data are considered as available if data on CO2 emissions without LUCF are available; the availability of data on other GHGs may be different.
bThe GHG inventory submitted by Sierra Leone for the period 1990-1995 appears to contain technical errors, esp., for the Agriculture and LUCF Sectors. Therefore, this inventory is currently not included in the data interface
* The NCI does not contain GHG data.

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